Arequipa is the capital and largest city of the Arequipa Region and the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru. It is Peru's second most populous city with 861,145 inhabitants, as well as its second most populous metropolitan area as of 2016, according to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics Arequipa is the second most industrialized and commercialized city in Peru, its industrial activity camelid wool products for export. The city has close trade ties with Chile and Brazil; the city was founded on 15 August 1540, by Garcí Manuel de Carbajal as "Villa Hermosa de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción". During the Colonial period, Arequipa became important for its economic prosperity and for its loyalty to the Spanish Crown. After Peru gained its independence from Spain in 1821, Arequipa acquired greater political significance, was declared the capital city of Peru from 1835 to 1883; the historic center of Arequipa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its historic heritage, natural scenery and cultural sites make the city a major tourist destination.
Its religious and republican architectural styles blend European and native characteristics into a unique style called "Escuela Arequipeña". A local tradition states that Inca Mayta Capac received a petition from his subjects to reach the valley of the River Chili, they asked him for permission to stay in the region as they were impressed by the beauty of the landscape and the mild climate. The Inca answered "Ari qhipay". However, another similar tale states that when the first Europeans arrived to the valley, they pointed at the ground and asked for the name of the land; the local chief, not understanding the question, assumed they were asking for a permission to sit down and gave a positive answer, which sounded like "Arequipa". Chroniclers Blas Valera and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega suggested that the name of the city came from an ancient Aymara phrase, "ari qquepan" meaning "trumpet sound", in reference to the sound produced from blowing into an empty conch-like seashell. Another possible origin of the city's name comes from the Aymara language phrase "qhipaya ari" or "Ari qipa", which translates to "behind the peak," referring to the nearby volcano, Misti.
The early inhabitants of the Arequipa City area were nomadic people who relied on activities such as hunting and gathering for survival. Pre-Inca cultures domesticated llamas and became sedentary with the development of agriculture. During this time, major irrigation channels were built within the valley of the Chili river, which allowed the development of agriculture by means of terraces built on both sides of the valley; the Yarabaya and Chimbe tribes settled in the city's current location, together with the Cabana and Collagua tribes they developed an agrarian economy in the valley. When the Inca Mayta Capac arrived in the valley of the Chili river, he didn't build cities. A Hispanic version of the events, detailed by chronicler Garcilaso de la Vega, described as inaccurate, suggests that around 1170 Huayna Capac stopped with his army in the valley of the Chili River, which he called Ari qepay – an expression meaning "let's stay here". Lands were distributed among three thousand families who founded the towns of Yanahuara, Tiabaya, Socabaya and others, towns that still exist nowadays.
The Spanish foundation of Arequipa was performed on 15 August 1540 by Garci Manuel de Carbajal in the valley of the Chili river as "Villa de la Asunción de Nuestra Señora del Valle Hermoso de Arequipa" in an area occupied by some Native American villages. At the time of its foundation, Arequipa had a city council, because the foundation of the town occurred in part as a relocation of Villa Hermosa de Camana, a coastal city; the name was conserved as Villa Hermosa de Arequipa. Charles V of Germany and I of Spain gave the town a status of'city' by Royal Decree on 22 September 1541; the relocation efforts were led by Garci Manuel de Carbajal, selected as the political authority for the foundation of the new town. Among the first public works carried out in the city are the Main Church, the City Hall, the bridge on the Chili River and the monastery of Nuestra Señora de Gracia. Since its Spanish founding and over three centuries, the population of the city was of Spanish origin, which represented a strong following of Spain.
One aspect that distinguished Arequipa from the rest of the country was the explicit and public commitment of the city to the Spanish Crown, a phenomenon called fidelismo. Among its most remarkable defenders were Francisco de Paula Quiroz, Mariano de Rivero, Nicolás Fernández, José Miguel de Lastarria; as a result, the Spanish Monarchy gave the city the title of Faithful by Royal Charter in 1805. Because of its distance from other Peruvian cities, Arequipa was not influenced by libertarian movements Although those libertarian movements and pro-independence military troops entered Arequipa, the city remained under Spaniard control until the Battle of Ayacucho, due to struggles for local political power, its privileged location at the crossroads of the trade route of silver during colonial times and, after independence, the wool trade route, allowed Arequipa to accumulate administrative and industrial power. Moreover, f
Uchumayo or Uchumayu is one of twenty-nine districts of the province Arequipa in Peru. Añaswayq'u Media related to Uchumayo District at Wikimedia Commons
Jacobo Hunter District
Jacobo Hunter District is one of the 29 districts of the Arequipa Province in Peru. The district is named after Jacob Dixon Hunter, a Scottish doctor (born in Madison, Indiana on 8 September 1837, his father was working there as a Presbyterian pastor. His parents returned to Scotland and he grew up in Dollar and obtained an MD from University of Edinburgh in 1858, his MD thesis was on psoriasis and lepra. In 1859 he went to South America, he arrived in Callao on the first steam-powered ship to arrive there from Europe and decided to remain in South America. In 1861 he moved to Arequipa in Peru where he practiced medicine until his death in 1926. Www.munihunter.gob.pe Official district web site ¿QUIEN ES JACOBO DICKSON HUNTER
Districts of Peru
The districts of Peru are the third-level country subdivisions of Peru. They are subdivisions of the provinces, which in turn are subdivisions of the larger regions or departments. There are 1,838 districts in total. A 1982 law requires a minimum of residents in an area for a new district to be established: 3,500 if it is located in the rainforest, 4,000 in the Andes highlands and 10,000 in the coastal area. In the dry Andean area, many districts have less than 3,500 inhabitants due to low population density in the area. In some cases, their populations have decreased in comparison to the days. Districts that are located at high altitudes tend to be scarcely populated; these districts are large in area, have few available land for use. Many basic government services do not reach all residents of these districts due to their difficult geography. Many lack financial means to govern their whole jurisdictions and they have high emigration rates. A similar pattern can be observed in many districts located in the Peruvian Amazon rainforest.
Once important settlements created during the era of colonization, they nowadays do not offer much space for agriculture. Deeper into the jungle, the districts of the'selva alta' have higher populations living on geographically large districts. Districts located outside the colonized area have low populations that are composed of Native Amazonian tribes. All over the country, many districts have higher populations than the minimum required by law; this is true of the colonized areas of the rainforest, the northern Andes as well as in the southern Andes from Huancayo to the shores of Lake Titicaca, the historical heartland of the Peruvian highlands. These districts are old and tend to be smaller in area with high population densities since prehispanic times. Districts in the Chala tend to be mid-sized except in low-density areas such as the Sechura Desert and part of the Southern coast, but all of them feature large populations due to emigration from other regions of the country that turned the Peruvian coast into the country's main economic powerhouse.
Districts with a population of more than 10 000 inhabitants should ideally be subdivided if they are large in area, as is the case in part of the Amazon rainforest. Colonization happens and boundaries of districts are not modified, except in large urban areas; this is less of a problem in the coast. However, reaching to large populations remain a problem in this area; this is a list of the top twenty Peruvian districts by population, population density and elevation. Source: INEI Source: INEI Source: INEI Source: INEI Regions of Peru Provinces of Peru Administrative divisions of Peru
Polobaya District is one of twenty-nine districts of the province Arequipa in Peru. The village of Chapi with the sanctuary of Our Lady of Chapi is located in this district
Camaná is a province in the Arequipa Region, Peru. It borders the provinces of Caravelí, Castilla, Caylloma and Islay; the province was struck by the 2001 southern Peru earthquake, which occurred on June 23, 2001. The province is divided into eight districts: Camaná José María Quimper Mariano Nicolás Valcárcel Mariscal Cáceres Nicolás de Piérola Ocoña Quilca Samuel Pastor The province is inhabited by indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Spanish is the language which the majority of the population learnt to speak in childhood, 13.30% of the residents started speaking using the Quechua language and 2.57% using Aymara. Wamp'uy
Department of Arequipa
Arequipa is a department in southwestern Peru. It is bordered by the departments of Ica, Apurímac and Cusco in the north, the Department of Puno in the east, the Department of Moquegua in the south, the Pacific Ocean in the west, its capital called Arequipa, is Peru's second-largest city. This department has a rough topography, characterised by heavy layers of volcanic lava covering large areas of its inter-Andean sector, it has deep canyons such as the ones formed by the Majes rivers. Plateaus range in height from medium, such as La Joya, high-altitude ones such the Arrieros Pampa and those located in the zones of Chivay and Pichucolla. Volcanic cones, such as Misti, Ampato, Mismi and Coropuna, emerge above the plateaus and attract snowfall. In contrast with these heights, there are deep canyons, including Majes, Colca and Ocoña, where important aspects of the ecological evolution of this zone can be observed. Along the coast, small plateaus and dunes represent characteristics of the desert of Arequipa, such as the ones located in the Majes, Sihuas and La Joya plains.
These are beautiful and developed. From a hydrographic point of view, the rivers draining its territory belong to the Pacific watershed; some rivers belong to the Amazon hydrographic system. Some of the region's main rivers are: Ocoña, Camaná and Quilca; the starting point of the Amazon River is located in the Arequipa region. The region is divided into eight provinces, which are composed of 109 districts; the provinces, with their capitals in parentheses, are: Arequipa Camaná Caravelí Castilla Caylloma Condesuyos Islay La Unión According to the 2007 Peru Census, the first language learned by most of the residents was Spanish, followed by the native language of Quechua. The Quechua variety spoken in Arequipa is Cusco–Collao Quechua; the following table shows the first languages by province in the Arequipa Region by province: There are numerous points of interest in the Arequipa region. The three coastal provinces, Caraveli and Islay all have popular beaches. Various ports can be found along the coastline, the two most important being Mollendo and Matarani, both in the province of Islay.
The Colca Canyon, twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States, is situated in the province of Caylloma. The Cotahuasi Canyon is in the La Union Province. Colca Valley provides incredible close-up views of majestic Andean condors soaring in their natural habitat. Cotahuasi, at 3,535 metres, is thought to be the deepest canyon in the world. Both canyons offer spectacular scenery and villages as yet unaffected by the modern world. In the Castilla Province near Corire, Toro Muerto is an area with more than 3,000 ancient petroglyphs dating to the ancient Wari culture of 500–1000 CE, which dominated much of this region. Further to the north near Andaguas lies the Valley of Volcanoes. 100 cones of various sizes dominate the lava-hardened landscape. 2001 southern Peru earthquake Cotahuasi Subbasin Landscape Reserve Arequipa region official website Arequipa Today