Yangjiang

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Yangjiang

阳江市

Yeungkong
Hailing Island in Yangjiang
Hailing Island in Yangjiang
Location of Yangjiang City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Location of Yangjiang City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Yangjiang is located in China
Yangjiang
Yangjiang
Location in China
Coordinates: 21°51′N 111°58′E / 21.850°N 111.967°E / 21.850; 111.967
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceGuangdong
County-level divisions4
Municipal seatJiangcheng District
Government
Area
 • Prefecture-level city7,955.27 km2 (3,071.55 sq mi)
 • Urban
779.69 km2 (301.04 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,482.5 km2 (958.5 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city2,421,748
 • Density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
 • Urban
676,857
 • Urban density870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,119,619
 • Metro density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
529500

(Urban center) 529600, 529800, 529900

(Other areas)
Area code(s)0662
ISO 3166 codeCN-GD-17
GDP¥27.39 billion (2004)
GDP per capita¥10,493 (2004)
License Plate粤Q
Major NationalitiesHan
Yangjiang
YJ name.png
"Yangjiang", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Simplified Chinese阳江
Traditional Chinese陽江
Hanyu PinyinYángjiāng
Cantonese YaleYèuhnggōng
PostalYeungkong
Literal meaningSunny River
Yang River

Yangjiang, alternately romanized as Yeungkong,[a] is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Guangdong Province in the People's Republic of China. It borders Maoming to the west, Yunfu to the north, Jiangmen to the east, and looks out to the South China Sea to the south; the local dialect is the Gaoyang dialect, a branch of Cantonese. During the 2010 census, its population was 2,421,748 inhabitants of whom 1,119,619 lived in the built-up (or metro) and largely urbanized area comprising Jiangcheng District and Yangdong County.

History[edit]

Under the Qing, Yangjiang County made up part of the commandery of Zhaoqing.[3] It was later split off as a separate prefecture in its own right.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Yangjiang administers 4 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 1 county-level city and 1 counties.

Map
Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Jiangcheng District 江城区 Jiāngchéng Qū 676,857 779,69 868
Yangdong District 阳东区 Yángdōng Qū 442,762 1,702.8 260
Yangxi County 阳西县 Yángxī Xiàn 452,625 1,435 315
Yangchun 阳春市 Yángchūn Shì 849,505 4,037.8 210

Yangjiang is located, 2:30 hours from Guangzhou by bus. Notable areas include the Zhapo Beach and Hailing Island near Shapa Town.

Economy and culture[edit]

Yangjiang is the base of Yangjiang Shibazi, a knife manufacturer.

The Yangjiang Group artist collective is based in the city, and its members' work is largely inspired by the locality.

Yangjiang is home to six nuclear reactors, the largest nuclear power station in China.

Geography[edit]

Yangjiang (labelled as YANG-CHIANG (YEUNGKONG) 陽江) (1954)

The city is named for the Moyang River.

The city was hit by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake on July 25, 1969 which killed over 3,000 people. The area is known for its relatively high levels of natural background radiation.[4]

Climate[edit]

Yangjiang has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with mild to warm winters and long, hot (but not especially so) summers, and very humid conditions year-round. Winter begins sunny and dry but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast, while summer brings the heaviest rains of the year though is much sunnier; there are 12.6 days with 50 mm (1.97 in) or more rainfall. Autumn is sunny and dry; the monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 15.5 °C (59.9 °F) in January to 28.3 °C (82.9 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.74 °C (72.9 °F). The annual rainfall is around 2,221 mm (87 in), close to two-thirds of which occurs from May to August. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 18% in March to 55% in October, the city receives 1,757 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Yangjiang has also been romanized as Yang-keang[1] and Yang-kiang.[2]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), Vol. XV, "Kwang-tung".
  3. ^ Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
  4. ^ Zhang, SP (2010). "Mechanism study of adaptive response in high background radiation area of Yangjiang in China". Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine. 44: 815–819. PMID 21092626.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]