New Delhi railway station
The New Delhi Railway Station, situated between Ajmeri Gate and Paharganj is the main railway station in Delhi. It is the one of the busiest railway stations in the country in terms of train frequency and passenger movement. Around 400 trains start, end, or passes through the station daily, which handled 1,68,370 passengers daily with 16 platforms; the New Delhi railway station holds the record for the largest route interlocking system in the world along with the Kanpur Central Railway Station i.e. 48. The station is about two kilometres north in central Delhi. Most eastbound and southbound trains originate at New Delhi Railway Station. Most pairs of Shatabdi Express terminate at this station, it is the main hub for the Rajdhani Express. Before the new imperial capital New Delhi was established after 1911, the Old Delhi Railway Station served the entire city and the Agra-Delhi railway line cut through what is today called Lutyens' Delhi and the site earmarked for the hexagonal All-India War Memorial and Kingsway.
The railway line was opened in 1924 to make way for the new capital. Minto and Hardinge rail bridges came up for this realigned line; the East Indian Railway Company, that overlooked railways in the region, sanctioned the construction of a single story building and a single platform between Ajmeri Gate and Paharganj in 1926. This was known as New Delhi Railway station; the government's plans to have the new station built inside the Central Park of Connaught Place was rejected by the Railways as it found the idea impractical. In 1927–28, New Delhi Capital Works project involving construction of 4.79 miles of new lines was completed. The Viceroy and royal retinue entered the city through the new railway station during the inauguration of New Delhi in 1931. New structures were added to the railway station and the original building served as the parcel office for many years. In 2007, Farrells were commissioned to modernise and expand the station in time for the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi. Farrells are the lead consultant for the Masterplan for Indian Railways for the redevelopment of New Delhi Railway Station to be in line with the pace of modernisation and growth in the city centre.
To provide station and property development over and around the station. The first phase was planned to be operational by the time of the games; the redevelopment was expected to cost ₹60 billion and 13 consortiums have placed bids to win the contract to upgrade and modernise the terminal on a Build-Operate-Transfer basis for 30 years. The station occupies 86 ha and 10–20% of it could be used for retail and commercial use. In September 2009, the new building of the station on the Ajmeri Gate side was opened by Northern Railway. Vivaan Solar, a Gwalior based company has won the contract to install 1.1 MW of rooftop solar project at the railway station in 2016. The solar power project is to be set up under Public Private Partnership and will be executed on design, finance and transfer basis; the company will be responsible for maintaining the plant for a period of 25 years. Vivaan solar has installed and commissioned 1.1 MW on New Delhi railway station in the month of November 2017. Northern Railways concluded a tender in May 2013, won by a Mumbai-based company, to enable free Wi-Fi connectivity at the station, at an approximate cost of ₹8 million.
Service became available in the year. New Delhi Railway Station is served by New Delhi station on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro, by the Delhi Airport Metro Express, which connects it directly to Indira Gandhi International Airport and further to the Blue Line. Mau Junction railway station Delhi Junction Railway station Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station Delhi Metro New Delhi Railway Station Layout Map New Delhi Railway Station map
Kashmere Gate metro station
The Kashmere Gate is a Delhi Metro station in Delhi, on the Red Line, Yellow Line and Violet Line. It is a transfer station between the Red Line on the highest upper level, the Yellow Line on the lowest underground level and Violet Line on the parallel underground level, it was named on 25 December 2002. The Kashmere Gate Metro station services the historic Kashmiri Gate area of Delhi, is the largest metro station within the Delhi metro with area of about 118,400 square feet and the only 3 line interchange metro station in India; the giant station has over 6 floors. It has facilities like restaurants, fast food centres, McDonald's, Burger King, water vending machines, 3 toilet complexes, over 35 escalators, Ticket vending machines etc. Under the Delhi Metro Phase III plan, the Violet Line was extended from its current terminus to meet the Yellow and Red Lines at Kashmere Gate station; this will provide an alternative route between Central Secretariat and Kashmere Gate, alleviating crowds on the used Yellow Line.
It was inaugurated on 28 May 2017 by the Union minister Sh. Venkaiah Naidu. Rajiv Chowk metro station Transport in Delhi Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Delhi Metro Annual Reports
Railway electrification system
A railway electrification system supplies electric power to railway trains and trams without an on-board prime mover or local fuel supply. Electric railways use electric locomotives to haul passengers or freight in separate cars or electric multiple units, passenger cars with their own motors. Electricity is generated in large and efficient generating stations, transmitted to the railway network and distributed to the trains; some electric railways have their own dedicated generating stations and transmission lines but most purchase power from an electric utility. The railway provides its own distribution lines and transformers. Power is supplied to moving trains with a continuous conductor running along the track that takes one of two forms: overhead line, suspended from poles or towers along the track or from structure or tunnel ceilings. Both overhead wire and third-rail systems use the running rails as the return conductor but some systems use a separate fourth rail for this purpose. In comparison to the principal alternative, the diesel engine, electric railways offer better energy efficiency, lower emissions and lower operating costs.
Electric locomotives are usually quieter, more powerful, more responsive and reliable than diesels. They have an important advantage in tunnels and urban areas; some electric traction systems provide regenerative braking that turns the train's kinetic energy back into electricity and returns it to the supply system to be used by other trains or the general utility grid. While diesel locomotives burn petroleum, electricity can be generated from diverse sources including renewable energy. Disadvantages of electric traction include high capital costs that may be uneconomic on trafficked routes. Different regions may use different supply voltages and frequencies, complicating through service and requiring greater complexity of locomotive power; the limited clearances available under overhead lines may preclude efficient double-stack container service. Railway electrification has increased in the past decades, as of 2012, electrified tracks account for nearly one third of total tracks globally. Electrification systems are classified by three main parameters: Voltage Current Direct current Alternating current Frequency Contact system Third rail Fourth rail Overhead lines Overhead lines plus linear motor Four rail system Five rail systemSelection of an electrification system is based on economics of energy supply and capital cost compared to the revenue obtained for freight and passenger traffic.
Different systems are used for intercity areas. Six of the most used voltages have been selected for European and international standardisation; some of these are independent of the contact system used, so that, for example, 750 V DC may be used with either third rail or overhead lines. There are many other voltage systems used for railway electrification systems around the world, the list of railway electrification systems covers both standard voltage and non-standard voltage systems; the permissible range of voltages allowed for the standardised voltages is as stated in standards BS EN 50163 and IEC 60850. These take into account the number of trains drawing their distance from the substation. Increasing availability of high-voltage semiconductors may allow the use of higher and more efficient DC voltages that heretofore have only been practical with AC. 1,500 V DC is used in Japan, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland, France, New Zealand, the United States. In Slovakia, there are two narrow-gauge lines in the High Tatras.
In the Netherlands it is used on the main system, alongside 25 kV on the HSL-Zuid and Betuwelijn, 3000 V south of Maastricht. In Portugal, it is used in Denmark on the suburban S-train system. In the United Kingdom, 1,500 V DC was used in 1954 for the Woodhead trans-Pennine route; the system was used for suburban electrification in East London and Manchester, now converted to 25 kV AC. It is now only used for the Wear Metro. In India, 1,500 V DC was the first electrification system launched in 1925 in Mumbai area. Between 2012-2016, the electrification was converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC, the countrywide system. 3 kV DC is used in Belgium, Spain, the northern Czech Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, former Soviet Union countries and the Netherlands. It was used by the Milwaukee Road from Harlowton, Montana to Seattle-Tacoma, across the Continental Divide and including extensive branch and loop lines in Montana, by the Delaware, Lackawanna & Western Railroad in the United States, the Kolkata suburban railway in India, before it was converted to 25 kV 50 Hz AC. DC volt
Chhatarpur metro station
Chhatarpur is an elevated station on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro. It is located in the Chhatarpur locality of the South West district of India. Shree Adya Katyayani Shakti Peeth, popularly known as the Chhatarpur Temple is located near the station; the station was to be opened in June 2010, along with the other stations of the elevated corridor of the Yellow Line from Qutub Minar–HUDA City Centre. However, construction on the station was delayed due to land acquisition issues. To make the station operational before the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation adopted a special design to construct the Chhatarpur station, using pre-fabricated structures; the station was opened to public on 26 August 2010, being built in a record time of nine months. Chhatarpur is the only station in the Delhi Metro network to be made of steel. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. started to acquire land in Chattarpur area to construct the station since September 2006. Two hectare plot was required for constructing the main Metro station, an electrical sub station, parking space and other utilities.
After having land acquisition problems in acquiring three plots for construction, DMRC decided to skip the station. But the gap between the two stations on either side of Chhatarpur would have been 2.7 km, too long for a MRTS system. As the station was expected to see a ridership of about 11,723 passengers daily by 2011 in Vasant Kunj area and the Chhatarpur temple, DMRC decided to construct the station using a special design costing an additional 30 to 50% expense to construct the station within the time frame; the construction work of the station was delayed as the land for the building of the station was acquired by DMRC in October 2009 after prolonged litigation. The elevated station was constructed using a unique method using special pre-fabricated/structural steel as the conventional construction technique by concrete would have taken at least 18 to 24 months; the steel structures were fabricated in a factory in Gurgaon. The quality of the construction was checked through Radiography of the joints and Dye-Penetration Tests.
To ensure quality work, the welding activity was not carried at Chhatarpur and the steel structures had to be joined using bolting arrangements. The Qutub Minar-Huda City Centre corridor of the Yellow Line was made operational in June 2010 with ten stations with no stoppage at the Chhatarpur station; the work on the station was completed by August 2010 and the mandatory clearance was given by R K Kardam, the Commissioner of Metro rail safety on 25 August 2010. The Chhatarpur station was opened to public on 26 August 2010, built in a record time of 9 months; the Chhatarpur station is an elevated station built in an area of 26,000 sq. m. The station has a receiving sub-station built in 1 hectare area and the largest parking area in the Delhi Metro network; the parking lot has been built over about 12,000 square metres. However, only about 4,000 square metres of parking area was opened for use where 800 two wheelers and 200 cars can be parked; the rest of the parking area will be opened in a phased manner.
The station caters to the localities of Chhatarpur, Mehrauli village, Kishangarh Village and Vasant Kunj area and the huge number of devotees who visit Chhatarpur temple. The expected ridership of this station as per the detailed project report made by the DMRC is 11,723 in 2011. List of available ATM at Chhatarpur metro station are, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Delhi Metro Annual Reports "Station Information". Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. UrbanRail. Net – descriptions of all metro systems in the world, each with a schematic map showing all stations
Kumagai Gumi Co. Ltd. is a Japanese construction company founded in Fukui, Fukui Prefecture, Japan. The company still has registered headquarters in Fukui, but the actual head office is located in Shinjuku, Tokyo. Santaro Kumagai, the company's founder, began his career as a civil servant in a police department, his construction career started as a stonemason, crafting religious monuments and performing work for the expanding railway network. Kumagai founded his own company in 1898 and incorporated it in 1938. Between 1955 and 1983 the company accounted for more than 10% of all contracts awarded to the fifty-seven members of the Overseas Construction Association of Japan, a figure that outranked the ‘Big Five’ domestic giant construction companies; as overseas projects were riskier, these five companies were reluctant to expand beyond Japan. Kumagai Gumi took advantage of the situation and sought work overseas, as both as a construction company and a developer, using BOT as project financing, becoming one of the leading proponents of BOT in Southeast Asia.
By 1985 overseas earnings amounted to 46% of Kumagai's total contracts. In the 1980s the company became the largest Japanese real estate investor in New York City, investing in projects in Manhattan, including in projects developed by William Zeckendorf, Jr.. Tokuyama Dam Mass Transit Railway - Hong Kong Delhi Metro Yellow line - Delhi Taipei Metro Bannan Line - Taipei Bangkok Metropolitan Rapid Transit Blue Line - Bangkok Marmaray rail link - Istanbul Seikan Tunnel Sydney Harbour Tunnel - Sydney Eastern Harbour Crossing - Hong Kong Western Harbour Crossing - Hong Kong Eagle's Nest Tunnel - Hong Kong Taipei 101 - Taipei Bank of China Tower - Hong Kong Shun Hing Square - Shenzen CITIC Plaza - Guangzhou Dayabumi Complex - Kuala Lumpur Bank of China Tower - Shanghai Kumagai Gumi Kumagai Gumi
Magenta Line (Delhi Metro)
The Magenta Line is a metro rail line of the Delhi Metro, a rapid transit system in Delhi and the first driverless metro in India. It consists of 25 metro stations from Janakpuri West to Botanical Garden, out of which 10 are elevated and rest 15 are underground; the total length of the line is 38.235 km out of which 14.428 km is elevated and 23.807 km is underground. Unlike the Airport Metro Express, this line will directly serve Terminal 1 of the Indira Gandhi International Airport; the line has been operational between Botanical Garden to Kalkaji Mandir since 25 December 2017 and rest of the section between Janakpuri West and Kalkaji Mandir was made operational on 29 May 2018. The Hauz Khas station on this line and the current Yellow Line is the deepest Metro station at a depth of 32 metres, surpassing the record set by Chawri Bazaar station on the Yellow Line, at a depth of 22 metres. Janakpuri West metro station on the line contains India's tallest escalator with vertical height of 15.6 metres.
The Magenta Line has interchanges with the Yellow Line at Hauz Khas, Blue Line at Janakpuri West & Botanical Garden and the Violet Line at Kalkaji Mandir of the Delhi Metro network. Shankar Vihar metro station on the line is unique as it is the only station on the network where free movement of civilians is restricted by the military, as it falls in the Delhi Cantonment area and according to DMRC official "located right in the heart of the defence zone, it thus will cater to defence personnel".. For the first time in India, the construction work of two parallel tunnels was completed together at Dabri Mor station; the Janakpuri West, Dabri Mor & Dashrath Puri stations on Janakpuri West-Botanical Garden line have been executed by an HCC-Samsung joint venture. The line was targeted for completion in December 2016, this date was extended due to difficult tunnelling conditions; the trials of the line began in August 2017. The line got inaugurated in two stages where the first section from Botanical Garden to Kalkaji Mandir was opened for public by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 December 2017 and the second stage got inaugurated by Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on 28 May 2018.
The remaining section of the line became functional and opened for public use from 29 May 2018 at 06:00 hrs IST. A stretch of 8.679 km having 9 stations from Botanical Garden-Kalkaji Mandir was opened to public on 25 December 2017. The remaining portion of line opened on 28 May 2018. Phase 4 In addition to the Kalindi Kunj, the Magenta Line will have a new depot at Mangolpuri. Under this phase, the line will be further extended from Janakpuri West to RK Ashram, providing an interchange for Blue Line and improving connectivity in the northern parts of Delhi. Work is slated to begin in 2019 and has a deadline of 2023-24. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Delhi Metro Annual Reports UrbanRail. Net – descriptions of all metro systems in the world, each with a schematic map showing all stations
Chawri Bazar metro station
Chawri Bazar is an underground station located on the Yellow Line of the Delhi Metro, a rapid transit system serving Delhi and its satellite cities in the National Capital Region of India. It is located in the Chawri Bazaar locality of Old Delhi and was inaugurated on 3 July 2005 as part of the Kashmere Gate – Central Secretariat corridor. Chawri Bazar is the second deepest metro station after Hauz Khas, Magenta Line of the Delhi Metro network and is situated about 30 metres below ground level, it is located close to the monuments of Jama Masjid, the largest mosque in India and Red Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Major stations such as Delhi Junction and New Delhi Railway Station of the Indian Railways are located close to Chawri Bazar. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Delhi Metro Annual Reports "Station Information". Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.. Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. UrbanRail. Net – descriptions of all metro systems in the world, each with a schematic map showing all stations