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Yenisei River

The Yenisei Romanised Yenisey, Jenisej, is the largest river system flowing to the Arctic Ocean. It is the central of the three great Siberian rivers. Rising in Mungaragiyn-Gol, it follows a northerly course to the Yenisei Gulf in the Kara Sea, with the Western Siberian Plain to the west and the Central Siberian Plateau to the east, it drains a large part of central Siberia. Yenisei is the fifth-longest river system in the world; the maximum depth of the Yenisei is 24 metres and the average depth is 14 metres. The depth of river outflow is 32 metres and inflow is 31 metres; the river flows through Tuva and the city of Krasnoyarsk. The river forms at the confluence of the Little Yenisei River; the Yenisei tributaries include the Angara, Big Pit, Stony Tunguska, Lower Tunguska, Kan, Bazaikha, Tanama, Kem, Abakan, Yeloguy, Big Kheta, Turukhan and Tuba rivers. The 320-kilometre navigable Upper Angara River feeds into the northern end of Lake Baikal from the Buryat Republic but the largest inflow is from the Selenga which forms a delta on the southeastern side.

The Yenisei River basin is home to 55 native fish species, including two endemics: Gobio sibiricus and Thymallus nigrescens. The grayling is restricted to its tributaries. Most fish found in the Yenisei River basin are widespread Euro-Siberian or Siberian species, such as northern pike, common roach, common dace, Siberian sculpin, European perch and Prussian carp; the basin is home to many salmonids and the Siberian sturgeon. The Yenisei River valley is habitat for numerous flora and fauna, with Siberian pine and Siberian larch being notable tree species. In prehistoric times Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris, was abundant in the Yenisei River valley circa 6000 BC. There are numerous bird species present in the watershed, for example, the hooded crow, Corvus cornix; the Taimyr reindeer herd, a migrating tundra reindeer, the largest reindeer herd in the world, migrated to winter grazing ranges along the Yenisei River. River steamers first came to the Yenesei River in 1864 and were brought in from Holland and England across the icy Kara Sea.

One was the SS Nikolai. The SS Thames attempted to explore the river, overwintered in 1876, but was damaged in the ice and wrecked in the river. Success came with the steamers Frazer, Express in 1878, the next year, Moscow hauling supplies in and wheat out; the Dalman reached Yeneisisk in 1881. Imperial Russia placed river steamers on the massive river in an attempt to free up communication with land-locked Siberia. One boat was the SS St. Nicholas which took the future Tsar Nicholas II on his voyage to Siberia, conveyed Vladimir Lenin to prison. Engineers attempted to place river steamers on regular service on the river during the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway; the boats were needed to bring in the rails and supplies. Captain Joseph Wiggins sailed the Orestes with rail and parted out river steamers in 1893. However, the sea and river route proved difficult with several ships lost at sea and on the river. Both the Ob and Yenisei mouths feed into long inlets, several hundred kilometres in length, which are shallow, ice bound and prone to high winds and thus treacherous for navigation.

After the completion of the railway, river traffic reduced only to local service as the Arctic route and long river proved much too indirect a route. The first recreation team to navigate the Yenisei's entire length, including its violent upper tributary in Mongolia, was an Australian-Canadian effort completed in September 2001. Ben Kozel, Tim Cope, Colin Angus and Remy Quinter were on this team. Both Kozel and Angus wrote books detailing this expedition, a documentary was produced for National Geographic Television. A canal inclined plane was built on the river in 1985 at the Krasnoyarsk Dam. Nomadic tribes such as the Ket people and the Yugh people have lived along the banks of the Yenisei river since ancient times, this region is the location of the Yeniseian language family; the Ket, numbering about 1000, are the only survivors today of those who lived throughout central southern Siberia near the river banks. Their extinct relatives included the Kotts, Arins and Pumpokols who lived further upriver to the south.

The modern Ket lived in the eastern middle areas of the river before being assimilated politically into Russia during the 17th through 19th centuries. Some of the earliest known evidence of Turkic origins was found in the Yenisei Valley in the form of stelae, stone monoliths and memorial tablets dating from between the 7th and 9th centuries AD, along with some documents that were found in China's Xinjiang region; the written evidence gathered from these sources tells of battles fought between the Turks and the Chinese and other legends. There are examples of Uyghur poetry, though most have survived only in Chinese translation. Wheat from the Yenisei was sold by Muslims and Uighurs during inadequate harvests to Bukhara and Soghd during the Tahirid era. Russians first reached the upper Yenisei in 1605, travelling from the Ob River, up the Ket River, portaging and th

Alūksne Castle

Alūksne Castle is a castle of Teutonic Knights in current Alūksne, North-Eastern Latvia. The castle was built in 1342 on the largest of the islands in the Lake Alūksne and called Marienburg; the first castle was constructed by the Landmeister Burkhard von Dreileben. It was part of a major reinforcement of the Eastern border of Livonia, the same year another major castle nearby was founded as well. Soon thereafter, center of komturei was moved from Gaujiena to Alūksne; the strength of the castle was proven by repelling a number of attacks in the 16th century. Alūksne was captured by the troops of Ivan IV of Russia in 1560 during the Livonian War, it was incorporated into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1582. The town became part of the Swedish Empire in 1629. After the fall of the Old Livonia, the castle remained habitable, it was destroyed in 1702 in the Great Northern War by its Swedish garrison to avoid falling in the hands of Russians. The ruins remained untouched. Today, it forms a part of a recreational area of the Pils Island.

The initial castle was built of wood. The outer walls were constructed of fieldstone and the convent house of bricks; the plan is in many ways similar to that of Viljandi Castle, including the convent building with a flanking tower. The outer wall originates from the same time as the convent house from periods, notably from the time of the political tensions in the early 16th century; the main gate, protected by two round towers, is of late medieval origin. At the end of the 17th century, the castle was supplied with ravelines and ramparts. Media related to Alūksne Castle at Wikimedia Commons

Garfinny Church

Garfinny Church is a medieval church and National Monument in County Kerry, Ireland. Garfinny Church is located with an area of 0.776 ha. It lies 2.3 km east-northeast of Dingle. Of the ancient church only the east gable survives. One stone in the graveyard bears the inscription: Here lie Maurice Kennedy and his wife Judith Carrane, James Kennedy and his wife Alice Moriarty Achillon - said Maurice and James were the sons of John, son of Maurice, son of John Kennedy, who in the days of Cromwell left Nenagh in Ormond and settled in the Parish of Garfinach; this stone is consecrated to their memory by Jos. Kennedy, M. D. and the Revd. James Kennedy, P. P. of Dingle, sons of the said James, A. D. 1816. This illustrates the transfer of the O'Kennedys, among many other Irish clans and people, from Munster to Kerry during the Cromwellian land confiscations

Speyside Cooperage

The Speyside Cooperage is a cooperage located in Craigellachie, Scotland. Its visitor centre, the only such in Britain, is part of the Malt Whisky Trail; each year, it produces and repairs nearly 150,000 oak casks used by the surrounding Speyside Whisky distilleries, as well as distilleries elsewhere throughout Scotland. Owned by the Taylor family since its founding in 1947, the cooperage was sold in 2008 to the French firm Tonnellerie François Frères. Started in the early 1980s, Scotland's Malt Whisky Trail of seven working Speyside single malt distilleries includes a historic distillery and the Speyside Cooperage. According to a 2012 BBC article, visitors to the cooperage can view the making of a cask from start to completion, employing "traditional methods and tools for creating exceptional casks from American oak, many of which are sent around the world". Http://www.speysidecooperage.co.uk/

List of Hellblazer creators

This article is a list of creators who have worked on the Vertigo comic book series Hellblazer. 1–24: Jamie Delano 25–26: Grant Morrison 27: Neil Gaiman 28–31: Jamie Delano 32: Dick Foreman 33–40: Jamie Delano 41–50: Garth Ennis 51: John Smith 52–83: Garth Ennis 84: Jamie Delano 85–88: Eddie Campbell 89–128: Paul Jenkins 129–133: Garth Ennis 134–143: Warren Ellis 144–145: Darko Macan 146–174: Brian Azzarello 175–215: Mike Carey 216–228: Denise Mina 229: Mike Carey 230-244: Andy Diggle 245-246: Jason Aaron 247-249: Andy Diggle 250: Jamie Delano, Brian Azzarello, Dave Gibbons, China Miéville and Peter Milligan 251-300: Peter Milligan Mike Carey Jamie Delano Andy Diggle Garth Ennis Peter Hogan Paul Jenkins and John Ney Rieber Mat Johnson John Ney Rieber Simon Oliver John Shirley Si Spencer Ian Rankin Brian Azzarello Mike Carey Jamie Delano Garth Ennis Dave Gibbons Paul Jenkins China Miéville Peter Milligan Dave McKean Kent Williams David Lloyd Tom Canty Sean Phillips Glenn Fabry John Eder Tim Bradstreet Greg Lauren Lee Bermejo Leonardo Manco Simon Bisley Note that Tim Bradstreet supplied cover art for an unpublished version of issue 141.

The story that would have appeared in this issue, "Shoot" by writer Warren Ellis and artist Phil Jimenez, was deemed unsuitable for publication after the Columbine shootings, as it focused on an FBI agent investigating school shootings. However, Shoot was published in 2010 as Vertigo Resurrection #1. Additionally, there were two covers commissioned for issue 218: the solicited one by Greg Lauren showing John Constantine being crucified, the published one by Lee Bermejo showing Constantine lighting a cigarette in the wind; the reasons for the change of cover remain unknown. Other Hellblazer covers have been commissioned but not used, are available for viewing here. Lee Bermejo Tim Bradstreet Steve Dillon Glenn Fabry David Lloyd Leonardo Manco Sean Murphy Phil Noto Sean Phillips Kent Williams Ronald Wimberly John Ridgway Richard Piers Rayner Mike Hoffman Mark Buckingham Ron Tiner David Lloyd Dave McKean Sean Phillips Steve Pugh Will Simpson Steve Dillon Peter Snejbjerg Al Davison Charles Adlard Warren Pleece John Higgins Frank Teran Tim Bradstreet Javier Pulido James Romberger Marcelo Frusin Gary Erskine Richard Corben Guy Davis Giuseppe Camuncoli Stefano Landini Jock Lee Bermejo Doug Alexander Gregory Leonardo Manco Chris Brunner Frazer Irving Cristiano Cucina John Paul Leon Daniel Zezelj Sean Murphy Goran Sudžuka and Rodney Ramos Simon Bisley Note that Hellblazer #75 and #142 each contained two stories by two different artists.

Issue 75 contained "Damnation's Flame part 4: Hail to the Chief" with art by Steve Dillon and "Act of Union" with art by William Simpson. Issue 142 contained "Setting Sun" with art by Javier Pulido and "One Last Love Song" illustrated by James Romberger. Phil Jimenez supplied art for "Shoot", a Warren Ellis-penned tale focusing on high-school shootings that would have been the original issue 141, it was removed from the publishing schedule. Tony Akins Philip Bond Steve Dillon Jock Paul Lee David Lloyd Leonardo Manco Dean Motter Sean Murphy Goran Sudžuka Bryan Talbot (Hellblazer Annual story: "The Bloody Sa

Mayrhofen

Mayrhofen is a town in the Zillertal in the Austrian state of Tyrol. It is located an hour from the Tyrolean capital city of Innsbruck; the town offers a variety of summer and winter sports including skiing, mountain biking and paragliding. Mayrhofen is situated near the Hintertux glacier, which, at 3,250 metres above sea level, is above the snowline. Skiing is available all year round here. Mayrhofen sits between the Penken and the Ahorn mountains which provide ski runs in the winter and mountain biking and paragliding in the summer; the Ahorn offers easy and intermediate runs, but has a long, steep black run, once on the World Cup Downhill circuit but was removed as it was deemed too dangerous. The Penken mountain offers Austria's steepest piste, named Harakiri, as well as a large range of ski runs at different levels of difficulty, it is connected by lifts with the villages of Finkenberg and Schwendau. The Penken is reached by a Gondola system, located on the main street next to the Sport Hotel Strass, in the centre of the village, while the Ahorn Cable car, which as of 2008 is the largest cable car in Austria is situated at the southern end of the town.

Mayrhofen is a snowboard-minded village with a funpark sponsored by Vans, the snowboardhotel Gasthof Zillertal owned by the Dutch organisation'SAIKO expeditions'. Mountaineer Peter Habeler and Downhill Racer Uli Spiess both come from Mayrhofen; the Ahornbahn cable car has gondolas - the biggest in Austria. The size of the gondola means that it can be used as a "floating café" when the weather is bad; the town provides an excellent base for walkers - there are hundreds of marked walks suitable for everyone from beginners who can walk along the Ziller valley to experienced walkers who can walk on the mountains. There are excellent bus and rail services both along the valley and up into the mountains; each spring, Mayrhofen hosts the Snowbombing music festival. Since the initial event in 2000, snowbombing has gathered much notoriety and respect in the electronic dance music world as one of the major festivals; the event has been hosted by Mayrhofen since 2005. Mayrhofen has one railway station, located next to the Zillertaler Bundestrasse.

The station is a terminus for all Train services operated by the Zillertalbahn, the valley's main public transport operator. The railway runs between Jenbach and Mayrhofen itself, there are several intermediate stations, which provide access to many of the valley's well known ski areas, namely Zell am Ziller, Fügen and Uderns; the railway operates year-round, although in summer there are a variety of "special" services, such as a steam train service. The Zillertalbahn run bus routes in the valley, which are regular and cover an extensive area. There are many extra services in the winter during the ski season, to cater for the skiers and snowboarders visiting the valley. Elevation: Top: 2,500 metres Lifts: 48 Terrain: 157 kilometres of groomed slopes in the region Chur, Switzerland Bad Tölz, Germany Bad Homburg, Germany Terracina, Italy Cabourg, France Bad Mondorf, Luxembourg Beilngries, Germany Hinterzarten, Germany Mayrhofen Secrets Mayrhofen Business Directory Official Mayrhofen Tourist Information site Mayrhofen cable car company Zillertaler Flugschule - Paraglide & Hangglide