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John Carmichael (composer)

John Carmichael OAM is an Australian pianist and music therapist who has long been resident in the United Kingdom. One of his best known works is the Concierto folklorico for piano and string orchestra, his works for piano form much of his musical output, although he composes for many other instruments. His work is described as expressive and lyrical. John Carmichael was born in Melbourne in 1930, he studied piano with Margaret Schofield and in 1947 won a scholarship to the Melbourne Conservatorium, where his teacher was Raymond Lambert. He studied composition with Dorian Le Gallienne. Moving to Europe, he studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Marcel Ciampi and in London with Arthur Benjamin and Anthony Milner, a pupil of Mátyás Seiber, he wrote the music for Britain's Festival of Women during this period. He wrote reviews and critiques for music magazines. John Carmichael was a pioneer in the field of music therapy. Between 1958 and 1963, he was Music Director of the Spanish dance company Eduardo Y Navarra, during which time he became fascinated by Spanish folk idiom.

He toured internationally with the group, including an Australian visit. From this came the Concierto folklorico for piano and string orchestra. John Carmichael has twice recorded this work with himself as soloist, both times with the West Australian Symphony Orchestra. In 1980, his Phoenix Flute Concerto was premiered at the Sydney Opera House with James Galway as soloist and the Sydney Symphony Orchestra under Louis Frémaux. Galway played in the U. S. premiere the same year, at the Hollywood Bowl by the Los Angeles Philharmonic under Michael Tilson Thomas. In 1984, he appeared as soloist in a performance of his piano concerto on the "Last Night of the Proms" during the 10th Perth International Arts Festival. Writing for the piano has always stimulated ideas for compositions has led to collaborations with Australian pianists such as Victor Sangiorgio, Antony Gray and with Carles & Sofia piano duo, who have recorded Carmichael’s complete works for piano four hands for the label KNS-classical.

In the Queen's Birthday Honours of June 2011, John Carmichael was awarded the Medal of the Order of Australia for his services as a composer and concert pianist. Damon Suite Bagatelle Puppet Show Tourbillon Fetes champetres Concierto folklorico Country Fair Trumpet Concerto Thredbo Suite Phoenix Concerto Fantasy Concerto Saxophone Concerto Latin American Suite Bravura Waltzes From the Dark Side Dark Scenarios Spider Song Sea Changes Sonatine Sun Worship, concert aria Serenade for flute and strings Fantasy Sonata Aria and Finale Latin American Suite Opera Piano Concerto No. 2 A Little Night Music On the Green Hommages – Manuel de Falla, Francis Poulenc, Gabriel Fauré, Maurice Ravel Troubled Dream Escapades John Carmichael website amcoz NLA


Aviatyrannis is a genus of carnivorous tyrannosauroid theropod dinosaur from the Kimmeridgian stage of the Late Jurassic found in Portugal. In 2000 Oliver Walter Mischa Rauhut reported the find of tyrannosauroid material in the lignite coal mine of Guimarota near Leiria, which he referred to Stokesosaurus. Concluding the distinctiveness of the material justified a separate genus, Rauhut in 2003 named and described it as the type species Aviatyrannis jurassica; the species name was by Rauhut given the intended meaning of "tyrant's grandmother from the Jurassic". The generic name is derived from Latin avia, "grandmother", tyrannus, "tyrant", on the presumption tyrannis would be its genitive; the specific name means "Jurassic". The holotype, IPFUB Gui Th 1, was found in a layer of the Alcobaça Formation dating from the early Kimmeridgian, about 155 million years old, it consists of a right ilium. Rauhut in 2003 referred two other bones to Aviatyrannis: IPFUB Gui Th 2, a partial right ilium, IPFUB Gui Th 3, a right ischium.

The referred elements represent larger individuals. Additionally sixteen isolated teeth were referred: IPFUB GUI D 89-91: three teeth of the premaxilla, IPFUB GUI D 174-186: thirteen teeth of the maxilla and dentary; these had in 1998 been described by Jens Zinke. Rauhut hypothesised that a number of specimens referred to Stokesosaurus might belong to Aviatyrannis. Like other early tyrannosauroids, Aviatyrannis was a rather small bipedal predator; the holotype specimen IPFUB Gui Th 1, for example, is an ilium only ninety millimeters long. It may have belonged to a juvenile. In 2010 Gregory S. Paul estimated its length at its weight at five kilogrammes; the ilium is elongated and low with the typical tyrannosauroid vertical ridge on the outer blade surface above the hip joint. The teeth of the praemaxilla have a D-shaped cross-section; the maxillary and dentary teeth are elongated, only recurving near the top, with perpendicular denticles on both edges. Their bases are circular in cross-section. Aviatyrannis was in 2003 by Rauhut placed in a basal position.

Aviatyrannis is one of the oldest tyrannosauroids found, the oldest being Proceratosaurus. Timeline of tyrannosaur research


Mare' spelled Marea, is a town in northern Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. It is the largest town and administrative centre of the Mare' nahiyah in the Azaz District. Located some 25 kilometers north of the city of Aleppo, the town has a population of 16,904 as per the 2004 census. Nearby localities include Shaykh Issa and Tell Rifaat to the west, A'zaz to the northwest, Dabiq to the northeast, al-Bab to the southeast, Maarat Umm Hawsh and Herbel to the south. Mare' was affected by the ongoing Syrian uprising against the government of Bashar al-Assad; the Ibn Walid brigade of the opposition Free Syrian Army was formed in the town in August 2012. The Mare' Operations Room is, based around the town. In January 2015, Mare' was controlled by the Islamic Front. However, the capture of the town of Dabiq in early 2015 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant threatened the town of Mare'. One of the largest towns close to the front-line of ISIL territory, Mare' produced a salient that ISIL attempted to reduce in a number of minor offensives which continued until May 2016.

In February 2016, Russian airstrikes preceded an assault by Kurdish YPG militias, forcing the overwhelming majority of the population to escape. In August 2016, Mare' was controlled by FSA; the 2016 Dabiq offensive in September 2016 pushed the ISIL front-line back, removing the imminent threat posed to the town

Braeburn, Houston

Braeburn is a community of subdivisions in southwest Houston, Texas along Brays Bayou west of Hillcroft Avenue and south of the Sharpstown community. The first of these middle class subdivisions was developed after World War II at a time when the Richmond Farm-to-Market Road provided the route into the city, rather than U. S. Highway 59. Development continued into the 1970s; the Braeburn Country Club is located in the center of the community. Subdivisions found here include Robindell, Braeburn Terrace, Braeburn Glen, Braeburn Valley, Bonham Acres, Braes Timbers and—the acreage lot subdivision—Brae Acres; the area includes commercial and multi-family developments. Braeburn is notable for its large number of mid-century modern homes, tree lined streets, location close to the Galleria, the Texas Medical Center, Reliant Park, the major freeways- 59, 610 and the Beltway; the communities of Braeburn have in recent years formed the Braeburn Superneighborhood, a coalition of Home Owner Associations, in order to interact more with the City of Houston and other area agencies.

The Brays Bayou hike and bike trail runs through the community, providing easy access to over 15 miles of excellent trails. This neighborhood is served by Fire Station 68, located on the corner of Bissonnet and Gessner, next to Braeburn Glen Park and Lee LeClear Tennis center; the neighborhood is served by the Houston Police Department's Fondren Patrol Division, as well as the Beechnut substation. The Braeburn Police Storefront Station is located at 10101 Fondren Road. Houston Independent School District. Braes Timbers and portions of Braeburn Valley and Robindell are zoned to McNamara Elementary School, Braeburn Glen is zoned to Bonham Elementary School, Braeburn Terrace and a portion of Robindell are zoned to Herod Elementary School, a portion of Braeburn Valley is zoned to Milne Elementary School. Braeburn Glen and portions of Braeburn Valley and Robindell are zoned to Sharpstown Middle School, Braeburn Terrace and a portion of Robindell are zoned to Fondren Middle School, portions of Braeburn Valley are zoned to Welch Middle School.

Braeburn Glen, Braeburn Valley, Robindell are zoned to Sharpstown High School. Bellaire High School is nearby, Houston Baptist University is to the immediate north of Braeburn. Robindell Private School, a kindergarten through third grade private school, is in the area; the Bellaire Texan, which served the Braeburn area community in the mid-20th Century, was headquartered in Bellaire and published by the Texan Publishing Corporation. By 1975 it became known as the Bellaire & Southwestern Texan and was published by the Preston Publishing Company, it was headquartered in Houston


Stød is a suprasegmental unit of Danish phonology, which in its most common form is a kind of creaky voice, but it may be realized as a glottal stop in emphatic pronunciation. Some dialects of Southern Danish realize stød in a way, more similar to the tonal word accents of Norwegian and Swedish. In much of Zealand it is realized as something reminiscent of a glottal stop. A probably-unrelated glottal stop, with quite different distribution rules, occurs in Western Jutland and is known as the vestjysk stød; because Dania, the phonetic alphabet based on IPA, designed for Danish, uses the IPA character ⟨ʔ⟩ broadly to transcribe stød, it may be mistaken for a consonant, rather than a suprasegmental phonation. The word stød; the stød has sometimes been described as a glottal stop, but acoustic analyses have shown that there is a full stop of the airflow involved in its production. Rather it is a form of laryngealization or creaky voice, that affects the phonation of a syllable by dividing it into two phases.

The first phase has a high intensity and a high pitch, whereas the second phase sees a drop in intensity and pitch. Danish linguists such as Eli Fischer-Jørgensen, Nina Grønnum and Hans Basbøll have considered stød to be a suprasegmental phenomenon related to phonation and accent. Basbøll defines it as a "laryngeal syllable rhyme prosody"; the phonology of the stød has been studied, several different analyses have been elaborated to account for it. Most of the time the presence of stød in a word is predictable based on information about the syllable structure of the word, but there are minimal pairs where the presence or absence of stød determines meaning: Two-syllable words with accent on the first syllable do not take stød, nor do closed monosyllables ending in a non-sonorant. In Standard Danish, stød is found in words that have certain phonological patterns, namely those that have a heavy stressed syllable, with a coda of a sonorant or semivowel or one of the consonant phonemes /m, n, ŋ, l, d/.

This phonological structure is called "stød-basis". In the stød-basis model, stød is possible only on syllables that have this basis, but secondary rules need to be formulated to account for which syllables with stød-basis carry the stød; some words alternate morphologically with stød-carrying and stød-less forms, for example gul'yellow' and gule'yellow'. Grønnum considers stød to be non-phonemic in monosyllables with long vowels, whereas Basbøll considers it phonemic in this environment. Following an earlier suggestion by Ito and Mester, Riad analyzes stød as a surface manifestation of an underlying High-Low tone pattern across two syllables. Riad traces the history of stød to a tonal system similar to that found in the contemporary Swedish dialects of Mälardalen that of Eskilstuna; the argument is based both on the phonetic similarity between the stød, characterized by a sharp drop in the F0 formant, the same phenomenon found in some tonal systems, on the historical fact that tonal accents are considered to have existed prior to the stød system.

A 2013 study by Grønnum, Vazquez-Larruscaín and Basbøll however found that the tonal hypothesis was unable to account for the distribution of stød. The analysis has been critiqued by Gress-Wright, who prefers a model similar to Basbøll's. Basbøll gives an analysis of stød based on prosody and syllable weight measured in terms of morae, he analyzes Danish as having two kinds of syllables and bimoraic syllables. Unstressed syllables, syllables with short vowels, non-sonorant codas are considered monomoraic, whereas stressed syllables with long vowels, or with short vowels followed by a coda sonorants are considered bimoraic. In Basbøll's analysis, stød marks the beginning of the second mora in ultimate and antepenultimate syllables, although he recognizes that phonetically the situation is more complex as phonetic experiments have shown that the effects of stød occur across the entire syllable. Stød thus can only never in "light" syllables. In this analysis, the notion of stød-basis is unnecessary, the only thing that needs to be accounted for are those cases where syllables that ought to carry stød according to the model, in fact do not, e.g. words like øl,'beer', ven,'friend'.

Basbøll accounts for these by positing that the final sonorants in these cases are extraprosodic, meaning that they are not counting towards the moraic weight of the syllable to which they belong. This accounts for the resurfacing of stød when such words are followed by a syllabic consonant such as the definite suffix, but not when they are followed by a syllable with a vowel. Another set of exceptions are assumed to be lexically coded as lacking stød. Danish must have had stød in the 16th century as a speech against the Danes by a Swedish bishop, Hemming Gadh, quoted by Johannes Magnus, mentions a particular guttural cough associated with Danish, it has been considered that it must have arisen sometime in the early Middle Ages around 1300. But some scholars have suggested that it goes ba