Bill Janovitz is an American musician and writer. He is the singer and songwriter of alternative rock band Buffalo Tom, has released three solo albums. Janovitz has written extensively for Allmusic, authored the Exile on Main St. book for the 33⅓ series, contributed to Boston Magazine, the Boston Phoenix, Post Road magazine. After enrolling at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Janovitz formed Buffalo Tom with fellow students Chris Colbourn and Tom Maginnis. A friendship with J. Mascis of Dinosaur Jr. helped the band's career to take off, with Mascis producing the band's first two albums to critical acclaim. Commercial success followed with their subsequent records as the band developed a fanbase both at home and abroad. In 1997, Janovitz released the solo album Lonesome Billy, with help from Joey Burns and John Convertino of Giant Sand and Calexico, utilising unused Buffalo Tom songs to form the bulk of the album. During Buffalo Tom's long hiatus after Smitten in 1998, Bill worked with keyboardist Phil Aiken and Chris Toppin and released the album Up Here in 2001.
He continued to work with Aiken and released the album Fireworks on TV! as Crown Victoria in 2004. Bill took many of the songs he wrote with his bar-band/side project The Bathing Beauties and put out a CD under the name Show People with Toppin. Beginning in November 2008, Bill, as part of his Part Time Man of Rock blog, started a Cover of the Week project, featuring new recording of cover songs along with lengthy essays detailing his relationship with each of the songs; some of these articles detail Bill's career in music, but many connect to his personal life. Janovitz's book Rocks Off: 50 Tracks That Tell the Story of the Rolling Stones was released in July 2013. Bill has a younger brother Paul. Lonesome Billy Up Here Fireworks on TV! Walt Whitman Mall BillJanovitz.com Buffalo Tom Official Website
Vicki Ann Lawrence, sometimes credited as Vicki Lawrence Schultz, is an American actress and pop music singer known for the many characters she originated on CBS's The Carol Burnett Show, where she appeared from 1967–78, for the entire series run. One such character was "The Family" matriarch Thelma Harper/Mama, the cold, unaffectionate mother of the neurotic, Eunice although Lawrence is 16 years younger than Burnett. Thelma Harper was the central character of the television situation comedy series Mama's Family on NBC and in first-run syndication, she is starring in the Fox sitcom series The Cool Kids. In 1973, she became a one-hit wonder on the U. S. chart with "The Night the Lights Went Out in Georgia". It reached number one on both the United Canada charts. Lawrence has multiple Emmy Award nominations, winning one in 1976, she is a multiple Golden Globe nominee, all for The Carol Burnett Show. Lawrence has made numerous post-Mama's Family guest TV show appearances in her famed Thelma Harper/Mama role.
On February 5, 2013, Lawrence appeared as the character in a special sketch for Betty White's 2nd Annual 90th Birthday. In addition, she hosts an untelevised stage show, titled Vicki Lawrence & Mama: A Two-Woman Show. Lawrence was born Vicki Ann Axelrad in Inglewood, the daughter of Anne Alene and Howard Axelrad, a certified public accountant for Max Factor; the family surname was changed to "Lawrence" when Vicki was young. She is a graduate of Morningside High School in Inglewood, class of 1967. Lawrence had planned on being a dental hygienist, she attended UCLA while on The Carol Burnett Show, changed her major to theater arts, but dropped out after two years. In high school, she got into the musical group The Young Americans, she stayed with the group until the end of high school. By being with the group, she gained experience from touring, performing at the Oscars, coming in contact with noteworthy performers such as Johnny Mathis and Louis Armstrong, performing on The Andy Williams Show. In her senior year, she entered the Miss Fireball of Inglewood contest for the local firefighter's ball.
A reporter for a local newspaper wrote a story about the contest and stated that Lawrence bore a striking resemblance to a young Carol Burnett. An avid fan letter-writer, Lawrence's mother urged her to write a letter, which Lawrence did, including the newspaper article. After receiving the letter, Burnett found Lawrence's father's name in the phone book, called him, said she would go to see the Miss Fireball contest. Lawrence won Burnett was called to the stage to crown her. Coincidentally, Burnett was looking for an actress to play her younger sister on her upcoming show. After a few months and auditions, Lawrence got the part for playing Chrissy in the "Carol and Sis" sketches. After Lawrence was given the job on The Carol Burnett Show, both Burnett and Harvey Korman took her under their wings. Korman taught her various sketch comedy skills, such as listening not just for a cue line, coached her in other areas, such as speaking in different accents. Lawrence has credited Korman and Burnett with being her mentors, has referred to her experience on the show as the "Harvard school of comedy".
Lawrence has stated that she learned show business from Burnett and looked up to her much, that the two share a close friendship. As a comedian and actress, Lawrence is known for her work on The Carol Burnett Show, of which she was a part from 1967 to 1978, she was the only cast member, except for Burnett herself, who stayed on the show for the entire 11 seasons. After The Carol Burnett Show ended in 1978, Lawrence and her husband Al Schultz moved with their children to Maui, but after a few years, returned to Los Angeles, where they have remained, her portrayal of the Mama character on The Carol Burnett Show's "The Family" sketches was so popular that NBC subsequently created the sitcom Mama's Family, elaborating on the Mama character. The series ran from 1983 to 1985 on NBC; the show was more successful in the renewed version. She reprised the Mama character on stage for Vicki Lawrence & Mama: A Two-Woman Show. Lawrence has made appearances on other programs, such as the sitcoms Laverne & Shirley, Major Dad, Hannah Montana, Yes, Dear.
Between the NBC and syndication runs of Mama's Family, Lawrence starred in the 1985 comedy pilot Anything for Love, which aired as a special on CBS that summer and co-starred Lauren Tewes and Rebeca Arthur. Lawrence has appeared with Burnett and Tim Conway in the Burnett show retrospectives that were broadcast in 1993, 2001, 2004. Lawrence played Sister Mary Paul in the TV special based on Nunsense Jamboree that aired on TNN in 1998. Lawrence played Mamaw Stewart in the hit Disney series Hannah Montana alongside Billy Ray Cyrus and his daughter Miley Cyrus. Lawrence played as Mama in an Ohio commercial, promoting a constitutional amendment that would permit casino gambling in Ohio. Lawrence played Phyllis, in an episode of Roseanne, she appeared in a special celebrity-edition episode of the Anne Robinson version of The Weakest Link. Playing for a charity, she ended up losing to Ed Begley, Jr.. As a singer, Lawrence got her start as one of the scores of hopefuls on the syndicated Johnny Mann's Stand Up And Cheer program.
Physical comedy is a form of comedy focused on manipulation of the body for a humorous effect. It can include slapstick, mime, physical stunts, or making funny faces. Physical comedy originated, it is now sometimes incorporated into sitcoms. Cartoons commonly depict physical comedy, such as in Tom and Jerry and Wile E. Coyote and The Road RunnerSlapstick elements include the trip, the slip, the double take, the collide, the fall, the roar. Charlie Chaplin started his film career as a physical comedian. Other comedians to employ physical comedy as a medium for their characters include Buster Keaton, The Three Stooges and Hardy, Benny Hill, Lucille Ball, Harpo Marx, Martin Short, Chevy Chase, Don Knotts, Jerry Lewis, Danny Kaye, Johnny Lever. In sitcoms, the use of physical comedy was seen in, for example, Dick van Dyke's character Rob Petrie on The Dick Van Dyke Show, Larry Hagman's character Major Anthony Nelson on I Dream of Jeannie, John Ritter's character Jack Tripper on Three's Company, the two main characters of Mark Linn-Baker and Bronson Pinchot on Perfect Strangers, Michael Richards's character Cosmo Kramer on Seinfeld, Penny Marshall's character Laverne DeFazio and Cindy Williams' character Shirley Feeney on Laverne & Shirley, Jennifer Saunders' character Edina Monsoon and Joanna Lumley's character Patsy Stone on Absolutely Fabulous, Neil Morrissey's character Tony in Men Behaving Badly, Rowan Atkinson's character Mr. Bean, Jaleel White's character Steve Urkel on Family Matters.
In the movies, physical comedy is used by, for example, Jacques Tati as Monsieur Hulot and Peter Sellers as Chief Inspector Clouseau in The Pink Panther film series. Slapstick Comedy Physical theatre Funny Business
Allison "Alley" Mills known as Alley Bean, is an American actress best known for her role as Norma Arnold, the mother in the coming-of-age series The Wonder Years, her current role as Pamela Douglas, the sister of the late Forrester matriarch Stephanie Forrester, on the soap opera The Bold and the Beautiful. Mills was born in Illinois, her father, Ted Mills, a television executive, died in August 2003. Her stepmother, whose real name was Ginette Marguerite Auger, died in March 2004. Alley's mother, Joan Mills Kerr, an author as well as an editor for American Heritage Magazine, died in November 1996, her stepfather was former director of Yale University Press. She has one sister, Hilary Mills Loomis, one brother, Tony Mills, her first acting role on television was in the short-lived comedy, The Associates, where she played an attorney, opposite a then-unknown Martin Short. She lives in Los Angeles with her husband, television, stage actor, author Orson Bean. Bean is well known for being a long-term celebrity panelist of To Tell the Truth and Match Game.
Mills is Bean's third wife, they have been married since 1993. She appeared on a special "Celebrity TV Moms" episode of the Anne Robinson version of The Weakest Link, in which she was the second one eliminated. Mills had a recurring role in the television series Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman, as Marjorie Quinn, Dr. Michaela Quinn's sister, she had appeared in the series as a saloon girl. Mills joined the cast of The Bold and the Beautiful as Pamela Douglas, the estranged sister of Stephanie Douglas Forrester, on December 1, 2006, she was put under contract, but after making only a handful of appearances, her character went insane, was confined to a mental hospital, disappeared from the show in March 2007. Mills reprised the role on recurring status in 2007 and 2008 and has been added to the opening credits as a contract player as of December 2008. Alley Mills on IMDb
The 12-hour clock is a time convention in which the 24 hours of the day are divided into two periods: a.m. and p.m.. Each period consists of 12 hours numbered: 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11; the 24 hour/day cycle starts at 12 midnight, runs through 12 noon, continues to the midnight at the end of the day. The 12-hour clock has been developed from the middle of the second millennium BC to the 16th century AD; the 12-hour time convention is common in several English-speaking nations and former British colonies, as well as a few other countries. The natural day-and-night division of a calendar day forms the fundamental basis as to why each day is split into two cycles. There were two cycles; this would evolve into the two 12-hour periods that started at midnight and noon which are used today. Noon itself is abbreviated today, but if it is, it is denoted M; the 12-hour clock can be traced back as far as ancient Egypt. Both an Egyptian sundial for daytime use and an Egyptian water clock for night-time use were found in the tomb of Pharaoh Amenhotep I.
Dating to c. 1500 BC, these clocks divided their respective times of use into 12 hours each. The Romans used a 12-hour clock: daylight was divided into 12 equal hours and the night was divided into four watches; the first mechanical clocks in the 14th century, if they had dials at all, showed all 24 hours, used the 24-hour analog dial, influenced by astronomers' familiarity with the astrolabe and sundial, their desire to model the Earth's apparent motion around the Sun. In Northern Europe these dials used the 12-hour numbering scheme in Roman numerals, but showed both a.m. and p.m. periods in sequence. This is known as the double-XII system, can be seen on many surviving clock faces, such as those at Wells and Exeter. Elsewhere in Europe in Italy, numbering was more to be based on the 24-hour system, reflecting the Italian style of counting the hours; the 12-hour clock was used throughout the British empire. During the 15th and 16th centuries, the 12-hour analog dial and time system became established as standard throughout Northern Europe for general public use.
The 24-hour analog dial was reserved for more specialized applications, such as astronomical clocks and chronometers. Most analog clocks and watches today use the 12-hour dial, on which the shorter hour hand rotates once every 12 hours and twice in one day; some analog clock dials have an inner ring of numbers along with the standard 1-to-12 numbered ring. The number 12 is paired either with a 00 or a 24, while the numbers 1 through 11 are paired with the numbers 13 through 23, respectively; this modification allows the clock to be read in the 24-hour notation. This kind of 12-hour clock can be found in countries. In several countries the 12-hour clock is the dominant written and spoken system of time, predominantly in nations that were part of the former British Empire, for example, the United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Malaysia and others follow this convention as well such as Egypt and the former American colony of the Philippines. In most countries, the 24-hour clock is the standard system used in writing.
Some nations in Europe and Latin America use a combination of the two, preferring the 12-hour system in colloquial speech but using the 24-hour system in written form and in formal contexts. The 12-hour clock in speech uses phrases such as... in the morning... in the afternoon... in the evening, and...at night. In the United Kingdom, these descriptive phrases are still used. Rider's British Merlin almanac for 1795 and a similar almanac for 1773 published in London used them. Other than English-speaking countries, the terms a.m. and p.m. are used and unknown. In most countries, computers by default show the time in 24-hour notation. Most operating systems, including Microsoft Windows and Unix-like systems such as Linux and macOS, activate the 12-hour notation by default for a limited number of language and region settings; this behavior can be changed by the user, such as with the Windows operating system "Region and Language" settings. The Latin abbreviations a.m. and p.m. are used in Spanish.
The equivalents in Greek are π.μ. and μ.μ. and in Sinhala පෙ.ව. for පෙරවරු and ප.ව. for පස්වරු. However, noon is abbreviated in any of these languages, noon being written in full. In Portuguese, there are two official options and many other used, for example, using 21:45 pm: 21h45 or 21h45min or 21:45 or 9:45 p.m. In Irish, a.m. and i.n. are used, standing for ar iarnóin respectively. Most other languages lack formal abbreviations for "before noon" and "after noon", their users use the 12-hour clock only orally and informally. However, in many languages, such as Russian and Hebrew, informal designations are used, such as "9 in the morning" or "3 in the night"; when abbreviations and phrases are omitted, one may rely on sentence context and societal norms to reduce ambiguity. For example, if one commutes to work at "
Phill Lewis is an American actor and comedian, best known for his role as Mr. Moseby on the Disney Channel series The Suite Life of Zack & Cody and its spin-off, The Suite Life on Deck. Lewis has made appearances on popular TV shows such as Lizzie McGuire, The Wayans Bros and Scrubs. Lewis was born in 1968 in Uganda. At the time, his father, former U. S. Ambassador Delano Lewis, was serving as the Peace Corps' associate director and country director for Nigeria and Uganda. Lewis has three brothers. Lewis was cast in the lead role of Teech; the show was cancelled after four episodes. He appeared in guest parts on various television series including Pacific Blue, JAG, Ally McBeal, Joan of Arcadia, Brothers & Sisters, 8 Simple Rules, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and How I Met Your Mother. Lewis has had recurring roles on A Different World, The Wayans Bros. Lizzie McGuire, Dear and Raising Hope. Lewis co-starred in the Disney Channel original series The Suite Life of Cody as Mr. Moseby. In 2008, he had reprised the role on a spin-off The Suite Life on Deck, where he plays the manager of The S.
S. Tipton, he has appeared as a guest star on Disney Channel's That's So Raven and Phineas and Ferb and in one of the channel's original films, Dadnapped. On the children's show Special Agent Oso he has a recurring role as the voice of Agent Wolfie; as a television director, he directed several episodes of The Suite Life on Deck, first making his directorial debut with The Suite Life of Zack & Cody episode "I Want My Mummy". He has since gone on to direct episodes of the Disney Channel sitcoms A. N. T. Farm, Austin & Ally, Good Luck Charlie, Kickin' It and Jessie starring his former Suite Life on Deck co-star Debby Ryan, his other television directing credits include Malibu Country, Mike & Molly, 2 Broke Girls, The Soul Man, Sullivan & Son, Melissa & Joey, Young & Hungry, The Odd Couple, One Day at a Time. He directed the live episode of Undateable in 2015. In addition to his television work, Lewis has appeared in several films, he made his film debut as Dennis in the 1989 dark comedy Heathers. He has appeared in smaller roles in more than a dozen films, including City Slickers, Bowfinger, I Spy, Surviving Christmas, Kicking & Screaming, Beverly Hills Chihuahua 2.
Lewis appeared in an episode of Jessie on March 2015, as Marion Moseby. In late December 1991, Lewis was arrested after he accidentally killed Isabel Duarte, a resident of Bethesda, Maryland, in a car crash, he was charged with driving while intoxicated. His blood alcohol level at the time measured three times the limit for legal intoxication; the court sentenced Lewis to five years in prison, but suspended four, citing Lewis's work after his arrest with a prison-based theater troupe which performed in jails and churches, to highlight the consequences of drug abuse. Lewis was ordered to serve two years' probation after his release and to perform 350 hours of community service. Phill Lewis on IMDb
CMT (U.S. TV channel)
CMT launched as CMTV, is an American pay television channel, owned by Viacom. Its name is an initialism for "Country Music Television", it was the first nationally available channel devoted to country country music videos. Programming on the channel focused on country music. CMT's current programming now consists of original reality programs and scripted series, off-network syndicated shows, theatrically-released movies; as of January 2018 92 million U. S. homes receive CMT. The channel's headquarters are located in One Astor Plaza in New York City, has additional offices in Nashville, Tennessee. CMTV, an initialism of Country Music Television, was founded by Glenn D. Daniels, the owner of Video World Productions in Hendersonville, Tennessee. Daniels put together the ownership group of Telestar Corporation and the Blinder Robinson & Company investment bank in a three-way split. Daniels served as the program director and the first president of the network; the network launched on March 5, 1983, at 6:19 p.m. CT, beating its chief competitor, TNN, to air by two days.
The first video clip to air on CMT was Faron Young's 1971 hit "It's Four in the Morning". The following summer, MTV filed a trademark infringement lawsuit over the initials CMTV, the network changed its name to CMT. In 1991, Opryland USA and its owner Gaylord Entertainment Company acquired CMT in a $34 million deal; the network was sold by a group led by radio station owner Robert Sillerman, record producer James Guercio and Nyhl L Henson. Opryland USA and owner Gaylord owned CMT's competitor The Nashville Network. In October 1992, CMT launched its first international channel, CMT Europe, as part of the Sky Multichannels package. By 1998, Gaylord reported $10 million in losses from CMT Europe and decided to cease broadcasting the declining network on March 31, 1998. Gaylord had planned to emulate the successful model created by E!, by selling large programming blocks to other European channels, but these plans never occurred. In 1994, Gaylord made its first major format change for CMT by adding several new programs, including Big Ticket, Jammin' Country, CMT Signature Series, The CMT Delivery Room, CMT Saturday Nite Dance Ranch, CMT Top 12 Countdown.
All shows were cancelled by 2001. In 1995, CMT dropped all videos by Canadian artists without U. S. record contracts in response to the network being replaced in Canada by Calgary, Alberta-based New Country Network. By March 1996, CMT had returned the dropped videos to its playlist after reaching an agreement to acquire a 20% ownership of New Country Network, in addition to renaming it CMT. In 1997, both CMT and TNN were sold to then-owner of CBS for a reported $1.5 billion. The acquisition of the two country-themed networks, along with the formation of the ill-fated CBS Eye on People network, two regional sports networks formed the CBS Cable division, based in Nashville at the Grand Ole Opry and a Charlotte office at Lowe's Motor Speedway. In 1999, Viacom acquired CBS, assuming ownership of CMT and TNN and folding them into the MTV Networks stable; the resulting moves in 2000 led to the closing of the CBS Charlotte office, while Viacom moved TNN's operations from Nashville to its own headquarters in New York City and changed its format renaming it The National Network and reformatting it again as Spike.
CMT experienced a migration of its mainline operations from Nashville to New York, experienced a format change. Over time, the number of music videos on the network had decreased with the late May 2006 rebranding of VH1 Country to CMT Pure Country, with music video programming on CMT being relegated to the overnight and morning hours. On January 3, 2006, the original Viacom split into two different companies: One being the legal successor to Viacom, CBS Corporation, the other being the'new' Viacom, with CMT, Spike TV and the MTV family of networks being part of the latter company. Despite the decrease in music videos, CMT has experienced significant ratings gains since its acquisition by MTV Networks in 1999. By 2007, the channel was available in more than 83 million homes; as of 2009, the network now reaches 88 million homes. On April 4, 2012, CMT announced its first cartoon series, Bounty Hunters, featuring the voices of Jeff Foxworthy, Larry the Cable Guy and Bill Engvall who serve as executive producers.
CMT announced that it would air Trinity 911, a 10-episode "workplace docu-comedy" that follows the police force in a small Texas town. Trinity 911 was renamed Big Texas Heat and removed from the schedule after airing four episodes. On June 10, 2016, CMT announced that they would pick up the primetime network series Nashville after ABC's cancellation of the series, renewed the series for a fifth full season of 22 episodes. In 2017, when the network announced a transition into an unscripted programming-oriented schedule, Nashville's sixth season would be its last; as part of its shift back to unscripted progra