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Yes (band)

Yes are an English progressive rock band formed in London in 1968 by singer Jon Anderson, bassist Chris Squire, guitarist Peter Banks, keyboardist Tony Kaye, drummer Bill Bruford. The band has undergone numerous formations throughout its history. Since June 2015, it has consisted of guitarist Steve Howe, drummer Alan White, keyboardist Geoff Downes, singer Jon Davison, bassist Billy Sherwood. Yes have explored several musical styles over the years, are most notably regarded as progressive rock pioneers. Yes began performing original songs and rearranged covers of rock, pop and jazz songs, as evident on their first two albums. A change of direction in 1970 led to a series of successful progressive rock albums until their disbanding in 1981, their most successful being The Yes Album and Close to the Edge. Yes toured as a major rock act that earned the band a reputation for their elaborate stage sets, light displays, album covers designed by Roger Dean; the success of "Roundabout", the single from Fragile, cemented their popularity across the decade and beyond.

In 1983, Yes reformed with a new line-up that included Trevor Rabin and a more commercial and pop-oriented musical direction. The result was 90125, their highest-selling album, which contained the U. S. number-one single, "Owner of a Lonely Heart". From 1990 to 1992, Yes were an eight-member formation after they merged with Anderson Bruford Wakeman Howe for Union and its tour. Since 1994, Yes have released albums with varied levels of success and completed tours from 1994 to 2004. After a four-year hiatus, they continue to release albums. In 2016, a new group of former Yes members began touring and named themselves Yes Featuring Jon Anderson, Trevor Rabin, Rick Wakeman. Yes are one of the most successful and longest-lasting progressive rock bands, they have sold 13.5 million RIAA-certified albums in the US. In 1985, they won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance with "Cinema", received five Grammy nominations between 1985 and 1992, they were ranked No. 94 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock.

Yes have headlined annual progressive rock-themed cruises since 2013 named Cruise to the Edge. Their discography spans 21 studio albums. In April 2017, Yes were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, which chose to bestow the honour upon current and former members Anderson, Bruford, Howe, Wakeman and Rabin. In 1967, bassist Chris Squire formed the rock band Mabel Greer's Toyshop, with singer and guitarist Clive Bayley, drummer Bob Hagger, guitarist Peter Banks, they played at the Marquee Club in Soho, London where Jack Barrie, owner of the nearby La Chasse club, saw them perform. "There was nothing outstanding about them", he recalled, "the musicianship was good but it was obvious they weren't going anywhere". Barrie introduced Squire to singer Jon Anderson, a worker at the bar in La Chasse, who found they shared interests in Simon & Garfunkel and harmony singing; that evening at Squire's house they wrote "Sweetness,", included on the first Yes album. Meanwhile, Banks had left Mabel Greer's Toyshop to join Neat Change, but he was dismissed by this group on 7 April 1968.

In June 1968, Hagger was replaced in the nascent Yes by Bill Bruford, who had placed an advertisement in Melody Maker, Banks was recalled by Squire, replacing Bayley as guitarist. The classically trained organist and pianist Tony Kaye, of Johnny Taylor's Star Combo and the Federals, became the keyboardist and the fifth member; the newborn band rehearsed in the basement of The Lucky Horseshoe cafe on Shaftesbury Avenue between 10 June and 9 July 1968. Anderson suggested. Squire suggested. Banks responded "yes", and, how the band were named; the first gig under the new brand followed at a youth camp in East Mersea, Essex on 4 August 1968. Early sets were formed of cover songs from artists such as the Beatles, the 5th Dimension and Traffic. On 16 September, Yes performed at Blaise's club in London as a substitute for Sly and the Family Stone, who failed to turn up, they were well received by the audience, including the host Roy Flynn, who became the band's manager that night. That month, Bruford decided to quit performing to study at the University of Leeds.

His replacement, Tony O'Reilly of the Koobas, struggled to perform with the rest of the group on-stage. After Bruford was refused a year's sabbatical leave from Leeds and Squire convinced him to return for Yes's supporting slot for Cream's farewell concert at the Royal Albert Hall on 26 November. After seeing an early King Crimson gig in 1969, Yes realised that there was stiff competition on the London gigging circuit, they needed to be much more technically proficient, starting regular rehearsals, they subsequently signed a deal with Atlantic Records, that August, released their debut album Yes. Compiled of original material, the record includes renditions of "Every Little Thing" by the Beatles and "I See You" by the Byrds. Although the album failed to break into the UK album charts, Rolling Stone critic Lester Bangs complimented the album's "sense of style and subtlety". Melody Maker columnist Tony Wilson chose Yes and Led Zeppelin as the two bands "most to succeed". Following a tour of Scandinavia with the Small Faces, Yes performed a solo concert at the Queen Elizabeth Hall on 21 March 1970.

The second half consisted of excerpts from their second album Time and a Word, accompanied by a 20-piece youth orchestra. Banks left the group in 18 April 1970, just three months before the album's release. Having expressed


AutoMaidan was an socio-political movement that began in Kiev within the Euromaidan. The initial goals of AutoMaidan included the resignation of the Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovych, as well as Ukraine's alignment with international movements that respect freedom, human rights and campaign for peace; the movement consisted of drivers who were willing to risk and able to protect the protest and supply revolutionary camps, disobey the oppressive government, block streets and bring the Euromaidan to "the ruling elite's" doorsteps. The movement originated on 30 November 2013. In the early morning hours, after the dispersion of protesters on Independence Square in Kiev, car owners started driving around the city with the specific purpose of signaling and displaying Ukrainian and European flags to agitate for massive protests against the oppressive-turned-violent government. Drivers brought hundreds of people to St. Michaels Square for free from across suburbs. Automaidan organized numerous car processions to residencies of anti-Ukrainian officials including the one on December 29, 2013 to the president's residence in Mezhyhirya to voice their protests at his refusal to sign the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement in December 2013.

The motorcade was stopped a couple of hundred metres short of his residence. This resulted in AutoMaidan members being identified and becoming a major target of violent attacks by government forces and government sponsored titushkys. One of the organisers, Dmytro Bulatov, was kidnapped by unknown assailants on 22 January 2014 and reappeared on 30 January, having been tortured and visibly injured. On 6 February 2014, while undergoing treatment in Lithuania, he stated at a press conference in Vilnius that he was tortured to admit that his organization was funded and aided by Americans and the U. S. ambassador to Ukraine and that he was hired to organize the Automaidan and the riots against the current government. During the press conference Bulatov stressed that he believed he was abducted by the Russian special forces and that the leader of the Ukrainian Choice Viktor Medvedchuk might have been involved in his abduction; the kidnapping of Bulatov condemned by many, including the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Catherine Ashton.

In an official statement released from her office on 31 January, she said "I am appalled by the obvious signs of prolonged torture and cruel treatment of Auto-Maidan organiser Dmytro Bulatov, found alive yesterday after having been missing for a week. All such acts are unacceptable and must be stopped, it is the authorities' responsibility to take all necessary measures to address the current atmosphere of intimidation and impunity which allows for such acts to take place. All unlawfully detained people have to be released and perpetrators brought to justice." Two criminal cases involving Bulatov have been opened, one treats him as a victim of abduction, another as a suspect in criminal proceedings on mass riots. On 19 January 2014 at about 14:00 during viche, one of the members of Automaidan Sergey Coba, who demanded that the leaders of the three opposition parties represented in parliament choose one of them as the resistance leader, was supported by the gathered people. If his demand was not met within half an hour Mr. Coba promised that Automaidan would go to the parliament building and peacefully picket it until parliamentary deputies cancel the "dictatorship laws".

The demand was not met and AutoMaidan, Self-defence and thousands of viche supporters went to the parliament building via Hrushevskoho Street. The street was blocked by riot police and internal troops and before 15:40 when aggressive actions began; the same day at 16:00 Dmitry Bulatov posted a disclaimer on his Facebook page, saying that he, Serhij Poyarkov and Andrej Telizhenko were against unmotivated use of force, hadn't called on people to go to the parliament building and were trying to persuade AutoMaidan activists and other people to resist authority's provocations. In February 2014 AutoMaidan leader Dmytro Bulatov was appointed Minister for Youth and Sports in the first Yatsenyuk Government; the 2 December 2014 appointed second Yatsenyuk Government. In Odessa on 30 August 2015 AutoMaidan activists occupied the estate of former MP Serhiy Kivalov to expose his wealth. On 31 October 2015 100 AutoMaidan vehicles protested at the mansion of president Petro Poroshenko demanding the resignation of Prosecutor General Viktor Shokin.

They accused Shokin of sabotaging corruption and the deaths of Euromaidan demonstrators investigations. Mid-February 2016 AutoMaidan activists from Zhytomyr blocked the passage of trucks with Russian registration plates at the Belarusian-Ukrainian border; the idea of a motorized socio-political protest force was accepted and reproduced in numerous regional organizations in Ukraine as well as abroad. In Kiev, the movement has become a spring board for many public initiatives, individual personalities and organizations. Several AutoMaidan members have been expelled from the organisation due to "their involvement in paid-for activities in the past"; the organisations has complained that there have been rallies that were claimed to be AutoMaidan rallies but were not supported by AutoMaidan. After the violent dispersion of AutoMaidan in Cherkasy on 27 February 2014 many of their activists separated into a new group called Autodozor, they announced two reasons for that – unwillingness to supply the personal data that AutoMaidan office body wanted and the appearance of people involved in financial frauds among self-proclaimed leaders of AutoMaidan.

As of 27 February

Peter Middleton (footballer)

Peter Watson Middleton was an English professional footballer who played all of his career with Bradford City. His career was cut short following an accident just days after his Plymouth Argyle debut, he was one of eight children, including four boys, born in Rawmarsh, England. One of his brothers, John played for Bradford City, he was found dead in his car in 1977. Middleton was a schoolboy with Sheffield Wednesday, he became a regular in the reserves, signing as a full-time player in 1965. But after three years without a first team game he moved to Bradford City. City paid £500 for him, he played for four full seasons at Bradford City and into the start of 1972–1973 season, scoring 25 goals in 131 league appearances. He had a good scoring record in the FA Cup and League Cup, with three goals in the former and six in the latter in a total of 20 cup games. In September 1972 he left Valley Parade to join Plymouth Argyle, he scored on his debut against Shrewsbury Town but it proved to be his last first-team appearance.

A few days he was struck by a car as he crossed a road. He tried to resurrect his career scoring twice in a reserve game, but he quit following advice from a specialist, he had a benefit game against Manchester United. In April 1977 he was found dead in his car

Gilbert O. Wymond Jr.

Lieutenant Colonel Gilbert O. Wymond Jr. was a USAAC and United States Air Force fighter pilot during World War II with service overseas in Africa and Italy campaigns. He was noted for his feature role in the filming of the documentary Thunderbolt. Gilbert Osborne Wymond Jr. was born on September 23, 1919, in Louisville, Kentucky to Gilbert Osborne Wymond and Lucille Graham Wymond. After attending the University of Kentucky for two years, on April 25, 1941, he enlisted in the Aviation Cadet Program of the United States Army Air Corps. Wymond was commissioned a second lieutenant in the USAAC, on December 12, 1941, awarded his pilot wings at Kelly Field, five days after the Attack on Pearl Harbor, his first assignment from December 1941 to July 1942 was as a fighter pilot, flying Curtiss P-40 Warhawks with the 65th Fighter Squadron of the 57th Fighter Group at Bradley Field, Trumbull Field and Rentschler Field, Connecticut. Wymond deployed with his squadron aboard the aircraft carrier USS Ranger.

He took off from the carrier on July 19, 1942, landing at Accra in the Gold Coast before moving to Cairo, Egypt in August 1942. Between August 1942 and May 1945, promoted to a Captain and Major and Lieutenant Colonel, Wymond moved with his squadron through Egypt, Tunisia, Malta and Italy. During this period, the squadron transitioned from the P-40 to the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt. During Wymond's operational deployment, he served as Commanding Officer of the 65th Fighter Squadron from May 13, 1943 to May 1945, with short periods on leave in the United States from July to September 1943, May to June 1944, he flew 153 combat missions, was credited with the destruction of three enemy aircraft, plus two probables, in aerial combat. His first Hun Hunter was P-40F 41-13947, by the end of the war, Wymond was flying his 16th aircraft name "Hun Hunter XVI", a P-47D 44-90460. For his action on May 2, 1944, Wymond was awarded the Silver Star. On part, the citation reads: "For gallantry in action as pilot of a P-47 aircraft... at Rignano, Lieutenant Colonel Wymond observed activity in a concentration of factory buildings near Montevescala.

Leaving his formation, Lieutenant Colonel Wymond dived to minimum altitude in attack and as his accurate fire struck the objective, a tremendous explosion resulted destroying a factory containing large quantities of enemy ammunition. Displaying superior flying skill, Lieutenant Colonel Wymond regained control of his shattered plane and returned safely to base, his courage, selfless devotion to duty and outstanding proficiency as a combat pilot reflect great credit upon himself and the Military Service of the United States."Wymond was recognized in an article in the February 2002 issue of Air Classics by the former armament chief of the 65th FS with being an early driving force in the development of the Thunderbolt from a high altitude escort fighter into the premier fighter-bomber of World War II. In 1944, Wymond, at 24 years of age, a Lt Col, took part in the filming of Thunderbolt; the film was directed by William Wyler and John Sturges and documented the American aerial operations of Operation Strangle in World War II, when flyers of the Twelfth Air Force based on Corsica impeded Axis supply lines to the Gustav Line and Anzio beachhead.

After the war, Wymond completed jet transition training in the Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star and attended Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell AFB, Alabama. Lt Col Wymond took command of the 55th Fighter Squadron at Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina, in April 1949. Wymond was killed in the crash of his Republic F-84 Thunderjet on May 11, 1949. Gilbert O. Wymond Jr. on IMDb Gilbert O. Wymond Jr. at the TCM Movie Database Gilbert O. Wymond Jr. at AllMovie

Water resources management in Mexico

Water resources management is a significant challenge for Mexico. Furthermore, water management is imposing a heavy cost to the economy; the arid northwest and central regions contain 77% of Mexico's population and generate 87% of the gross domestic product. By contrast, the poorer southern regions have abundant water resources; the country has in place a system of water resources management that includes both central and decentralized institutions. Mexico has a long and well-established tradition on water resources management which started in the 1930s when the country began investing in water storage facilities and groundwater development to expand irrigation and supply water to the increasing population; the 1934 Código Agrario, promulgated during the Cárdenas administration, granted the federal government powers to define the “public interest” to which water could be harnessed. By virtue of such legislation, between the 1930s and 1970s, the rural community and ejido sector were subject to direct federal control over water.

Private landowners, on the other hand, enjoyed the benefits of federally subsidized irrigation infrastructure and guaranteed market prices. Over time, large landowners became capitalized, while small land owners, by the 1970s, were suffering from the effects of water monopolies. In the 1970s, the Mexican government entered into a tripartite agreement with the World Bank and the United Nations Development Program to prepare the 1975 National Water Plan, which identified the need to enact a New Water Law and a National Water Authority as well as decentralize responsibilities and promote water user participation in operational and maintenance; the NWP spurred a significant institutional development and infrastructural achievements: the federal government transfer responsibilities for water supply and sanitation to municipalities and states in 1983, the Mexican Institute of Water Technology was established in 1986, the National Commission on Water was established in 1988, in 1989, the first Basin Council was created in Lerma Chapala, incorporating water users from multiple sectors.

During the 1990s, there was a rapid groundwater development and aquifer pumping for combined agricultural and industrial demand. The federal government decentralized responsibility for large irrigation infrastructure to autonomous agencies. In 1992, Mexico adopted the Ley de Aguas Nacionales, which contained specific provisions for the role of the CONAGUA, the structure and functioning of river basin councils, public participation in water management, etc. In 1993 the Cutzamala system, one of the largest pumping schemes in the world, was completed; the Cutzamala system pumps 19 cubic meters per second of water into the Mexico City metropolitan area. In 1997 the first technical groundwater committee was created to manage an overexploited aquifer in the state of Guanajuato. With the 2004 Revision of the National Water Law, the thirteen decentralized CNA regions would become basin organizations serving as the technical arm of more broad-based basin councils that incorporate civil society interests including the private sector and citizens’ groups.

Mexico's internal renewable water resources per capita is 4,016 cubic metres, below the average in the Central American and the Caribbean region, 6,645 cubic metres. A volume of 396 cubic kilometres of water per year flows through Mexico's rivers, including imports from other countries and excluding exports. A total of 65% of this surface runoff occurs in seven rivers: Grijalva, Papaloapan, Balsas, Panuco and Tonala, whose total watershed area represents 22% of the country's total land area; the Balsas and Santiago rivers empty on the Pacific Ocean, while the other five empty into the Gulf of Mexico. The historical mean annual precipitation is 773 mm, with 77% of all precipitation accruing between June and October. A little over 70% of rainwater in Mexico is lost through evapotranspiration and returns to the atmosphere; the rest streams or infiltrates into the subsoil and recharges groundwater. Mexico shares three watersheds with the United States, four with Guatemala and one with Belize and Guatemala.

The waters are shared with the U. S. in accordance with the stipulations included in the Treaty on the Utilization of the Waters of the Colorado and Rio Grande Rivers, signed in 1944. Groundwater accounts for 64% of the volume for public water supply, 33% of all water used for agriculture and livestock, 24% of water utilized by self-supplied industry. There are 653 groundwater aquifers in Mexico. CONAGUA estimates the total amount of groundwater recharge to be around 77 cubic kilometres per year, 36.4% of which, are used. This average rate does not represent the situation of the arid region, where a negative balance is threatening the sustainable use of groundwater resources. Groundwater is a key water supplier for several users in the arid region or in some cities where groundwater is most of the time the sole water resource available. About 71% of the groundwater is used for agriculture, 20% for water urban supply and 3% for domestic and animal use. Mexico counts with 4,000 dams and other hydraulic infrastructure with a storage capacity of 180 cubic kilometres, which

Sylvester equation

In mathematics, in the field of control theory, a Sylvester equation is a matrix equation of the form: A X + X B = C. Given matrices A, B, C, the problem is to find the possible matrices X that obey this equation. All matrices are assumed to have coefficients in the complex numbers. For the equation to make sense, the matrices must have appropriate sizes, for example they could all be square matrices of the same size, but more A and B must be square matrices of sizes n and m and X and C both have n rows and m columns. A Sylvester equation has a unique solution for X when there are no common eigenvalues of A and −B. More the equation AX + XB = C has been considered as an equation of bounded operators on a Banach space. In this case, the condition for the uniqueness of a solution X is the same: There exists a unique solution X when the spectra of A and −B are disjoint. Using the Kronecker product notation and the vectorization operator vec, we can rewrite Sylvester's equation in the form vec ⁡ X = vec ⁡ C, where A is of dimension n × n, B is of dimension m × m, X of dimension n × m and I k is the k × k identity matrix.

In this form, the equation can be seen as a linear system of dimension m n × m n. Proposition. Given complex n × n matrices A and B, Sylvester's equation has a unique solution X for all C if and only if A and − B have no common eigenvalues. Proof. Consider the linear transformation S: M n → M n given by X ↦ A X + X B. Suppose that A and − B have no common eigenvalues, their characteristic polynomials f and g have highest common factor 1. Hence there exist complex polynomials p and q such that p f + q g = 1. By the Cayley–Hamilton theorem, f = 0 = g. Let X be any solution of S = 0. Hence by the rank plus nullity theorem S is invertible, so for all C there exists a unique solution X. Conversely, suppose that s is a common eigenvalue of A and − B. Note that s is an eigenvalue of the transpose A T. There exist non-zero vectors v and w such that A T w = s w and B v = − s v. Choose C such that C v = w ¯, the vector whose entries are the complex conjugates of w. A X + X B = C has no solution X, as is clear from the complex bilinear pairing ⟨ ( A