click links in text for more info

Yet another

Among programmers, yet another is an idiomatic qualifier in the name of a computer program, organisation, or event, confessedly unoriginal. Stephen C. Johnson is credited with establishing the naming convention in the late 1970s when he named his compiler-compiler yacc, since he felt there were numerous compiler-compilers in circulation at the time. Yabasic – Yet Another BASIC Yacc – Yet another compiler compiler Yacas – Yet another computer algebra system YaDICs – Yet another Digital Image Correlation Software YADIFA – Yet Another DNS Implementation For All YafaRay – Yet another free Ray tracer YAFFS – Yet Another Flash File System Yafra – Yet Another Framework YAGO – Yet Another Great Ontology Yahoo! – Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle Yakuake – Yet Another Kuake YAM – Yet Another Mailer, an email client YAML – Yet Another Markup Language. Redefined to YAML Ain't Markup Language, making a recursive acronym Yandex – Yet another indexer, a web search engine and index YA-NewsWatcher – a Usenet client for classic Mac OS YANG – Yet Another Next Generation YAP – Yet Another Previewer, document previewer YAP – Yet Another Prolog, an implementation of the Prolog programming language YAPC – Yet Another Perl Conference YARN – Yet Another Resource Negotiator YARP – Yet Another Robot Platform YARV – Yet Another Ruby VM Yasara – Yet Another Scientific Artificial Reality Application, a molecular modeling program Yasca – Yet Another Source Code Analyzer YAS – Yet Another Society, a non-profit organization organizing YAPCs YaST – Yet another Setup Tool, an operating system installation and configuration wizard for SUSE Linux distributions Y.

A. S. U. – Yet Another SecuROM Utility Yate – Yet Another Telephony Engine, VoIP software YAWC – Yet Another Wersion of Citadel YAWL – Yet Another Workflow Language, a business process modeling language for diagramming workflow patterns Yaws – Yet another web server Another All articles starting with "Yet Another …" or "Yet another …" Reinventing the wheel

Armi Kuusela

Armi Helena Kuusela is a Finnish charity worker and beauty queen. In 1952 she won the national beauty contest Suomen Neito and was presented with a trip to the United States to participate in the first-ever Miss Universe pageant, becoming its first titleholder; when Kuusela won Finland's national pageant, Suomen Neito, on 24 May 1952, she was awarded a box of chocolates, a gold bangle, a return ticket sponsored by Pan American Airways to the United States. On 17 June, Kuusela took a Pan Am flight from Helsinki to Long Beach, California where she took part in the first Miss Universe contest. Thirty contestants participated in the first Miss Universe pageant in 1952, it was held on 28 June 1952, Kuusela, as Suomen Neito, captured the crown. At her crowning she was only 17 years old. At the time she weighed 49 kg, her height was 1.65 m. After her winning there was a Finnish movie made of her, called Maailman kaunein tyttö where she played herself, Tauno Palo played the role of Jack Coleman, it was directed with writing credits going to Mika Waltari.

On 22 February 1953, Kuusela took a journey round the world, during which time she met Filipino businessman Virgilio Hilario. Less than a year after being crowned, Kuusela chose to give up her Miss Universe crown on 4 May 1953 to marry Hilario in Tokyo after a whirlwind courtship, they had met in March at a dance in Baguio, the summer capital of the Philippines, when Kuusela as Miss Universe had gone to the country for the International Trade Exposition. They honeymooned in the Hawaiian Islands, toured the United States and Europe, before settling in Manila, in the Philippines where they had five children: Hilario died of a heart attack on 7 September 1975, Kuusela remarried to American diplomat Albert Williams on 8 June 1978; the couple moved to Barcelona to Izmir, before settling in La Jolla, a community in San Diego, United States. As of 2011, she and her husband were still living there. In 2012 Kuusela was awarded the Order of the White Rose of Finland, with the rank of Knight, she visited her native town of Muhos in August 2014.

Her visit was an official meeting with the city municipal manager. Kuusela is still active in her community, participating in charities and involved in cancer research at the Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute. Official Miss Universe website – Past titleholders

Malik ibn Nuwayrah

Malik ibn Nuwaira spelled as Malik ibn Nuwera, was a Sahabi and chief of the Bani Yarbu', a large section of the powerful tribe of Bani Tamim which inhabited the north-eastern region of Arabia, between Bahrain and Najd. The tribe was pagan; the centre of Malik's clan was Butah. Famous for his generosity and hospitality, Malik is said to have kept a light burning outside his house all night so that any traveller passing that way would know where to find shelter and food, he would get up during the night to check the light. A strikingly handsome man, he had a thick head of hair and his face, a contemporary has said, was "as fine as the moon." He was skilful in the use of weapons and noted for his courage and chivalry, he was an accomplished poet. Malik possessed all the qualities, he was married to Layla bint al-Minhal, considered to be one of the most beautiful women in Arabia. In view of his distinguished position in the tribe and his unquestionable talents, Muhammad appointed him as an officer over the clan of Bani Handhalah.

His main responsibility was the collection of their despatch to Madinah. When the news of Muhammed's death reached Butah, Malik had just collected a good deal of tax but not yet despatched it to Madinah, he returned the money to the taxpayers. "O Bani Handhalah!" he announced, "your wealth is now our own." Malik was a chief of some distinction. Bravery and poetry were the three qualities most admired among the Arabs. During the Ridda wars, which broke out in Arabia after the death of Muhammad, Abu Bakr sent his most talented general, Khalid bin Waleed, into Najd with 4000 men, to submit the tribes of the surrounding areas. Malik was guilty for his acts against the state of Madinah. After the death of Muhammad, he broke in open revolt against Madinah. At the time of Muhammad, he had been appointed as a tax collector for the Tribe of Banu Tamim; as soon as Malik heard of the appointment of Abu Bakr as caliph, he gave back all the tax to his tribesmen. He gave back all the tax to his tribes people, saying that "Now you are the owner of your wealth".

Moreover he was to be charged. This agreement stated that first they would deal with local enemy tribes together, they would confront the state of Madinah; when Malik heard about Khalid bin Walid's victories against powerful Arab tribes, he ordered his tribesmen not to engage the approaching Khalid in battle, to stay at home, hope for peace. Malik himself moved away across the desert with his family. So as to prove himself loyal to the state of Madinah, he collected the tax and sent it to Madinah, his riders were stopped by Khalid's army at the town of Battah. Khalid asked them about the signing of a pact with Sajjah but they said it was only to exact revenge on their terrible enemies; when Khalid reached Najd, he found no opposing army, so he sent his cavalry to nearby villages and ordered them to call the Azaan to each party they meet. Zirrar bin Azwar, a group leader, arrested the family of Malik claiming they did not answer the call to prayer; when arrested, Malik was asked by Khalid about his crimes.

Malik's response was "your master said this your master said that" referring to the caliph Abu bakir. Khalid declared Malik a rebel apostate and ordered his execution and married his wife, Layla bint al-Minhal. Although Shia claim that Khalid married his wife on the same night, the Sunni argue that Islamically, Khalid would have had to wait for her to complete the waiting period or iddah of a widow, four months and ten days before he would have been able to marry her. Abu Qatada al-Ansari was a companion of Muhammad, he was so shocked at Malik's murder by Khalid that he returned to Medina telling Abu Bakr that he would not serve under a commander who had killed a Muslim. The death of Malik and Khalid's taking of his wife, created a controversy; some officers of his army—including a prominent companion of Muhammad, Abu Qatadah—believed that Khalid killed Malik to take his wife. After the pressure exerted by Umar—Khalid's cousin and one of Caliph Abu Bakr's main advisors—Abu Bakr called Khalid back to Madina to explain himself.

Umar demanded from Abu Bakr the immediate dismissal of Khalid. He said that Khalid had to be put on trial for the twin crimes of adultery. According to Islamic law, Khalid had to be stoned to death, but Abu Bakr defended Khalid, said that he had made "an error of judgment and how can I punish the one whose sword is praised by Allah" When arrested, Malik was asked by Khalid about his crimes. Khalid's interpretation of Malik's response was "your master said this, your master said that". Khalid understood this to be a transparent attempt by Malik to save his own life by any means at his disposal. Khalid ordered his execution. Khalid ordered, he ordered the execution. Umar ibn Al Khattab ordered Khalid to be punished, but Abu Bakr defended him saying it was "How can I punish the one whose sword is praised by Allah." Layla bint al-Minhal

Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar

See Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar for the church in Buenos AiresThe Cathedral-Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar is a Roman Catholic church in the city of Zaragoza, Aragon. The Basilica venerates Blessed Virgin Mary, under her title Our Lady of the Pillar praised as "Mother of the Hispanic Peoples" by Pope John Paul II, it is reputed to be the first church dedicated to Mary in history. Local traditions take the history of this basilica to the dawn of Christianity in Spain attributing to an apparition to Saint James the Great, the apostle, believed by tradition to have brought Christianity to the country; this is the only reported apparition of Mary to have occurred. Many of the kings of Spain, many other foreign rulers and saints have paid their devotion before this statue of Mary. Saint John of the Cross, Saint Teresa of Ávila, Saint Ignatius of Loyola, Blessed William Joseph Chaminade are among the foremost ones; the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar is one of two minor basilicas in the city of Zaragoza, is co-cathedral of the city alongside the nearby La Seo de Zaragoza.

The architecture is of Baroque style, the present building was predominantly built between 1681 and 1872. According to ancient local tradition, soon after the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, Saint James was preaching the Gospel in Spain, but was disheartened because of the failure of his mission. Tradition holds that on 2 January 40 AD, while he was deep in prayer by the banks of the Ebro, the Mother of God appeared to him and gave a column of jasper and instructed him to build a church in her honor: "This place is to be my house, this image and column shall be the title and altar of the temple that you shall build." About a year after the apparition, James is believed to have had a small chapel built in Mary's honor, the first church dedicated to her. After James returned to Jerusalem, he was executed by Herod Agrippa in about 44 AD, the first apostle to be martyred for his faith. Several of his disciples returned it for final burial in Spain; this first chapel was destroyed with various other Christian shrines, but the statue and the pillar stayed intact under the protection of the people of Zaragoza.

Numerous churches have been built upon this site through the years. The tiny chapel built by Saint James gave way to a basilicalike enclosure during Constantine I's time; the venerated shrines at Zaragoza date to the Christian Reconquest by King Alfonso I in 1118. A church in the Romanesque style was built under the pontificate of Pedro de Librana, credited with the oldest written testimonial to the Virgin at Zaragoza. A tympanum on the south wall of this Romanesque church still stands; the Romanesque church was damaged by fire in 1434, reconstruction began in the Mudéjar Gothic style. A Gothic-style church was built in the 15th century but only a few parts of it remain intact or were restored, including the choir stand and the altarpiece in alabaster by Damián Forment; the present spacious church in Baroque style was begun in 1681 by Charles II, King of Spain and completed in 1686. The early constructions were supervised by Felipe Sanchez and were modified by Francisco Herrera the Younger under John of Austria the Younger.

In 1725, the Cabildo of Zaragoza decided to change the aspect of the Holy Chapel and commissioned the architect Ventura Rodríguez, who transformed the building into its present dimensions of 130 meters long by 67 wide, with its eleven cupolas and four towers. The area most visited is the eastern part of the chapel, because this is where the Holy Chapel by Ventura Rodríguez is built, which houses the venerated image of the Virgin. Around the Holy Chapel are the vaults or domes painted with frescoes by Francisco Goya: The Queen of Martyrs and Adoration of the Name of God. By 1718 the church had been vaulted over. However, it was not until 1872 that the final touches were put to these vaults, when the main dome and the final spire were finished. During the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939 three bombs were dropped on the church but none of them exploded. Two of them are still on show in the Basilica. Notable choirmasters include the Baroque composer Joseph Ruiz Samaniego; the statue rests on a column of jasper.

The tradition of the shrine of El Pilar, as given by Our Lady in an apparition to Sister Mary Agreda and written about in The Mystical City of God, is that Our Lady was carried on a cloud by the angels to Zaragoza during the night. While they were traveling, the angels built a pillar of marble, a miniature image of Our Lady. Our Lady gave the message to St James and added that a church was to be built on the site where the apparition took place; the pillar and the image were to be part of the main altar. The image was crowned in 1905 with a crown designed by the Marquis of Griñi, valued at 450,000 pesetas; the building, which can be seen from the nearby Ebro River, is a large rectangle with a nave and two aisles, with two other all-brick chapels, thus giving the whole a Aragonese touch. It is illuminated by large oculi, characteristic of the monuments of the region from the 17th century onwards. Twelve enormous pillars support the vaults of aisles; the chapels within the Basilica include: Chapel of the Rosary Chapel of Joachim Chapel of Saint Lawrence Chapel of Saint Pedro de Arbués Chapel of Saint Braulio Chapel of Saint Anthony Chapel of Saint Joseph Chapel of Saint Anna Chapel of Saint John The first organ was built in 1463 by Enrique de Colonia.

In 1537, Martín de C

Ranganathaswamy Temple, Bangalore

Ranganathaswamy Temple is an ancient and famous Hindu Vaikhanasa temple in Bangalore, dating back to the 16th century C. E dedicated to Lord Ranganathaswamy; the temple is built in the Vijayanagara style of architecture and has beautifully carved granite pillars reminiscent of Hoysala influence. The sanctum sanctorum which houses idols of Sri Ranganatha Swamy, his consorts Sri Bhudevi and Neela Devi; the temple is located in the Chikkapete area of central Bangalore on Rangaswamy Temple Street. The road is named after the famous Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple; the temple's Chariot Festival takes place on Chaitra Shuddha Pournami every year and thousands of people come to see the Chariot Festival. The famous Bangalore Karaga Festival happens to be on the same day. Vaikuntha Ekadasi Uttara dwaara DarSanam attracts thousands of people to this temple every year. Only On this auspicious day, people are allowed to perform a PradakshiNaa within the inner Praakaara surrounding the main temple. Numerous volunteers throng to this temple on this day to manage the crowd and help the temple management in maintaining the crowds and facilitating darshan of Moolavar and Utsavar murthis of Sri Ranganatha Swamy

Everyday Sexism Project

The Everyday Sexism Project is a website founded on 16 April 2012 by Laura Bates, a British feminist writer. The aim of the site is to document examples of sexism from around the world. Entries may be submitted directly by email or tweet; the accounts of abuse are collated by a small group of volunteers. The launch of this website is considered to be the beginning of fourth-wave feminism. After graduating from Cambridge University with a degree in English Literature, Bates worked as a nanny and found that the young girls she looked after were preoccupied with their body image, she set up the Everyday Sexism Project in April 2012 after finding it difficult to speak out about sexism. Nearly a year after beginning the website, Bates reflected. "Again and again, people told me sexism is no longer a problem – that women are equal now, more or less, if you can’t take a joke or take a compliment you need to stop being so'frigid' and get a sense of humor", she told Anna Klassen of The Daily Beast website in April 2013.

"Even if I couldn’t solve the problem right away, I was determined that nobody should be able to tell us we couldn’t talk about it anymore."At the time of the 2012 foundation of Everyday Sexism website, Bates had "hoped to gather 100 women's stories", but a year after the launch she wrote in The Guardian that it had grown rapidly "as more and more women began to add their experiences – women of all ages and backgrounds, from all over the world", was "about to spread to 15 countries". The Financial Times journalist Lucy Kellaway wrote about Bates and the project in the summer of 2014: "I have undergone an unsettling change of heart, dumped all my beliefs on what it is to be a woman in Britain." The project affected Kellaway "in a way that the writings of Camille Paglia, Natasha Walter or Naomi Wolf never have. For the first time since the 1970s, I find myself cross on behalf of women, rather inclined to take up cudgels. What has swayed me are not arguments but real stories of sexism. So far she has collected more than 60,000 of them, which sit there online, hard to ignore or dismiss."

One feminist critic has been uncomplimentary. "Simply coughing up outrage into a blog will get us nowhere", wrote Germaine Greer in the New Statesman when she reviewed Bates' book Everyday Sexism in May 2014. In April 2014, Bates was named as one of Britain's most influential women in the BBC Woman's Hour Power List 2014. In January 2014, Everyday Sexism campaigned for the removal of the mobile app Plastic Surgery & Plastic Doctor & Plastic Hospital Office for Barbie Version from the App Store and Google Play, for its promotion of a poor perspective on the concept of body image to those of a young age; the Everyday Sexism Project has advised British Transport Police on the training of their officers to respond to complaints of unwanted sexual behaviour as part of Project Guardian, an initiative to increase reporting of sexual offences on public transport in London. Bates told Brogan Driscoll of The Huffington Post in April 2015: "The entries have been used to work on policy with ministers and members of parliament in multiple countries, to start conversations about consent in schools and universities, to tackle sexual harassment in businesses and workplaces and to help police forces raise the reporting and detection rates on sexual offences."

Bates, Laura. Everyday sexism. London: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781471131578. Everyday Lesbophobia, website about the negativity and discrimination faced by lesbians Official website Everyday Sexism on Twitter Women Under Siege