Historic churches of Sai Kung
The historic churches of Sai Kung form a group of 11 Roman Catholic churches and chapels established in the 19th and 20th centuries by missionaries in the Sai Kung area, across the Sai Kung District and Tai Po District of Hong Kong. The churches were established by missionaries from the Seminary of Foreign Missions of Milan; the first missionary to take up residence in Sai Kung, in 1865, was Fr. P. Gaetano Origo. A first chapel was opened in Sai Kung Town in late 1865. Hakka villages included: Wong Mo Ying, Yim Tin Tsai Punti villages included: Chek Keng, Tai Long Tsuen Roman Catholic Diocese of Hong Kong List of Catholic churches in Hong Kong Xia, Qilong; the foundation of the Catholic mission in Hong Kong, 1841-1894. The University of Hong Kong. Von Hübner, Joseph Alexander Graf. A Ramble Round the World, 1871. Macmillan and Co, London. Pp. 373–378. Constable, Nicole. Christian Souls and Chinese Spirits: A Hakka Community in Hong Kong. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520083844. Roman Catholic Churches built in Hong Kong Zhao, Shirley.
"As heritage and historic buildings succumb to redevelopment, is it too late to save old Hong Kong from the wrecking ball?". South China Morning Post
Joseph Zen Ze-kiun SDB is a cardinal of the Catholic Church from Hong Kong, who served as the sixth Bishop of Hong Kong. He was made a cardinal in 2006, has been outspoken on issues regarding human rights, political freedom, religious liberty attracting criticism from the Communist Party of China, he retired on 15 April 2009. Joseph Zen was born in Shanghai to Vincent Zen and Margaret Tseu, he studied in a church school during the Second Sino-Japanese War, but was sent to an abbey after his father suffered a stroke. Zen fled to Hong Kong from Shanghai to escape Communist rule at the end of the Chinese Civil War. After entering the Salesians at the Hong Kong novitiate, he was ordained to the priesthood on 11 February 1961 by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati. Zen obtained a licentiate in theology and a doctorate in philosophy from the Salesian Pontifical University in Rome. After 1973, he taught in the Holy Spirit Seminary College of Hong Kong – 1976 to 1978 of Macao Salesian School （澳門慈幼中學） as principal.
In 1978 he became the Provincial Superior of Salesians resigned in 1983. He was a lecturer in the seminaries in China, centres of studies acknowledged by the Communist party, between 1989 and 1996, he was appointed the coadjutor Bishop of Hong Kong in 1996 by Pope John Paul II. After he succeeded as Bishop of Hong Kong on 23 September 2002, he led the Diocese in voicing reservations about the proposed anti-subversion laws, required under Article 23 of the Basic Law, he was worried that these laws, if enacted without a thorough consultation process including a white paper, could lead to future violations of basic civil rights. On 1 July 2003, he took. Many Christians, including Catholics and those of other denominations, attended the demonstration. On 3 June 2004, the diocese held. Zen said that Hong Kong was suffering from a bloodless June Fourth Massacre without tanks, he was criticized by the Financial Minister of PRC. On 1 July 2004, Zen attended a prayer gathering at Victoria Park before the second 1 July March, but did not take part in the demonstration.
Still, many Catholics joined thousands of other citizens in the anti-government march. On 3 November 2005, after returning from Vatican City, he said that the people of Hong Kong should be allowed to decide whether or not they wanted proposed constitutional reforms, he was known as the'Voice' of Hong Kong because he made six pan-democrats that tried to support the motion of the Government to announce opposition to the motion. He was criticized by Chief Secretary Rafael Hui after the defeat of the political reform package. Cardinal Zen attended the 4 June 2006 Prayer gathering in memory of the victims of the 1989 massacre, he asked the Chinese government to let the Chinese people discuss the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. Zen led the 1 July Protest in 2007. Zen has been described as the "new conscience of Hong Kong" for his defence of human rights, political freedom, religious liberty in the face of criticism from China's communist government, he has called the Chinese crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square "a big mistake," and called on the government to "tell the truth" about those events.
He was an opponent of Hong Kong Basic Law Article 23, a since-shelved national security bill, which in 2003 prompted an anti-government protest by half a million people. Zen is a vocal proponent of a push for universal suffrage in Hong Kong, telling his flock in a 2005 homily that "a path will appear when enough people walk on it." He has publicly called on officials in Hong Kong to support the aspirations of the people, rather than functioning as spokespersons for the central government in Beijing. At a personal level, he is described by John L. Allen Jr. a Vatican watcher, as "a gracious, humble man, a moderate on most issues". Zen was named the "Person of the Year 2002" by Apple Daily. On 18 September 2005, he told Hong Kong newspaper Apple Daily reporters that he was willing to retire in January 2007, he said that he wanted to be a teacher in either mainland China or in Africa, as there are teachers shortage in Africa. Democratic Party ex-chairman Martin Lee a Roman Catholic, stated that because Zen was still healthy for his age, the Pope may request him to stay in his position.
Legislative Council member Audrey Eu praised Zen for being braver than other religious leaders in Hong Kong in sharing his political views and because "he carried out his ideas of fairness and philanthropy via actual efforts". On the other hand, some conservatives inside the church speculated that the strained relationship between Beijing and the Holy See will become more relaxed if Zen retires. Nonetheless, Zen wrote a letter to the Pope on 13 January 2006 and stated that he did want to retire from his position, though not because of his age. On 15 April 2009 Pope Benedict accepted Cardinal Zen's resignation and John Tong Hon became the Bishop of the diocese. From 22 October 2011 for three days Cardinal Zen went on hunger strike, undertaken as an act of protest against losing a long-standing legal battle with the Hong Kong government over how aided schools should be run, he wrote about his experiences in an open letter. On 22 February 2006, the Vatican announced that Zen would be elevated to the College of Cardinals by Pope Benedict XVI in t
Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, GBM, GBS is a Hong Kong politician, the 4th and current Chief Executive of Hong Kong. She served as the Chief Secretary for Administration, the most senior rank of principal officials of Hong Kong, from 2012 to 2017. After graduating from the University of Hong Kong, Lam joined the civil service in 1980 and served in various bureaux and departments, she became a key official in 2007. During her service, she earned the reputation as a "tough fighter" from her handling of the demolition of the Queen's Pier, she became Chief Secretary under the Leung Chun-ying administration in 2012. She headed the Task Force on Constitutional Development on the political reform from 2013 to 2015 and held talks with the student leaders during the large-scale occupation protests in 2014. In the 2017 Chief Executive election, Lam won the three-way election with 777 votes of the 1,194-member Election Committee as the Beijing-favoured candidate, beating former Financial Secretary John Tsang and retired judge Woo Kwok-hing, becoming the first female Chief Executive of Hong Kong.
Born Cheng Yuet-ngor to a low-income family of Zhoushan ancestry in Hong Kong, Lam was the fourth of five children. She was born and grew up in Lockhart Road, Wan Chai, where she finished her primary and secondary education at St. Francis' Canossian College, a Catholic girls' school in the neighborhood, where she was head prefect. After graduation, Lam attended the University of Hong Kong majoring in sociology, she organised exchange trips to Tsinghua University. Through her student activism, she came to know Lee Wing-tat and Sin Chung-kai who became prominent pro-democrat legislators. To better understand society and participate more in student activities, she switched her course of study from social work to sociology after the first year to avoid placements. Lam graduated with a Bachelor of Social Sciences in 1980. In 1982, the Hong Kong Government funded her studies at Cambridge University where she met her future husband, mathematician Lam Siu-por. Lam joined the Administrative Service in 1980.
She served in various bureaux and departments, spending about seven years in the Finance Bureau which involved in budgetary planning and expenditure control. She worked as Principal Assistant Secretary and subsequently as Deputy Secretary for the Treasury in the 1990s. In 2000, Lam was promoted to the position of Director of the Social Welfare Department during a period of high unemployment and severe fiscal deficits in Hong Kong, she tightened the Comprehensive Social Security Assistance scheme, making it available only to people who had lived in Hong Kong for more than seven years, excluding new immigrants. With other senior officials, she helped set up the We Care Education Fund, raising over HK$80 million to meet the long term educational needs of children whose parents died from the SARS epidemic in 2003. In November 2003, Lam was appointed Permanent Secretary for Housing and Lands and chairman of the Town Planning Board, she was soon appointed Director-General of the Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office in London in September 2004.
On 8 March 2006, Lam returned to Hong Kong to take up the position as Permanent Secretary for Home Affairs. She was involved in the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Paralympics Equestrian Events and the West Kowloon Cultural District plan. On 1 July 2007, Lam left the civil service when she was appointed Secretary for Development by Chief Executive Donald Tsang, becoming one of the principal officials. In the first days of her office, Lam oversaw the demolition of the landmark Edinburgh Place Ferry Pier for the Star Ferry and the Queen's Pier to make way for land reclamation, which triggered occupation protests by the conservationists. In July 2007, she attended a public forum at Queen's Pier in a bid to persuade the protesters to disperse and allow the demolition to begin, she repeated the government’s position that it was not an option to retain the pier and she would "not give the people false hope". Her handling of the pier conflict earned her a reputation as a "tough fighter" by the Chief Secretary for Administration Rafael Hui.
Lam put forward a new Urban Renewal Strategy to lower the threshold for compulsory sale for redevelopment from 90 percent to 80 percent in 2010. Human rights organisations criticised the policy as benefiting the big real estate developers and violating the right to housing as recognised by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenant on Economic and Cultural Rights as the bargaining power of the small owners would be undermined. In 2012, Lam led the Development Bureau in cracking down unauthorised building works found in the indigenous villages in the New Territories; the change in law enforcement policy was opposed by leaders of rural communities and the Heung Yee Kuk, a statutory body representing rural interests. The Heung Yee Kuk staged protests against Lam and accused her of "robbing villagers of their fundamental rights". Lam tried to tackle the "Small House Policy", subject to abuse amidst a land crunch; the policy gives male indigenous villagers in the New Territories the right to build a house close to their ancestral homes but the policy has drawn criticism because in some cases, it has been abused for profit.
In recognition of her achievements as Secretary for Development, she was awarded honorary member of the Hong Kong Institute of Landscape Architects, honorary fellow of the Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Property Person of the Year in the RICS Hong Kong Property Awards 2012, honorary member of the Hong Kong Institute of Architects
Chen is one of the most common East Asian surnames of Chinese origin. It ranks as the 5th most common surname in China as of 2007 and the most common surname in Singapore and Taiwan. Chen is the most common family name in Guangdong, Fujian, Hong Kong, it is the most common surname in the ancestral hometown of many overseas Hoklo. Besides 陳/陈, an uncommon Chinese surname 諶/谌 sometimes is romanized as Chen because of mispronunciation.). It is romanised as Chan in Cantonese, most used by those from Hong Kong, sometimes as Chun; the spelling, Chan, is used in Macao and Malaysia. In Min, the name is pronounced Tan. In Hakka and Taishanese, the name is spelled Chin; some other Romanisations include Zen, Ding and Dunn from Taiwan. Chen can be variously spelt as Tan, Chan or Chin in Singapore, Malaysia and other Southeast Asian countries. In Japanese, the surname is transliterated Chin. In Vietnam, this surname is written in Quốc Ngữ as Trần and it is the second most common surname. In Thailand, this surname is the most common surname of Thai Chinese pronounced according to Teochew dialect as Tang.
Chen was derived from the surname of the descendants of the legendary sage king Emperor Shun. When King Wu of Zhou established the Zhou dynasty in 1046/45 BC, he enfeoffed his son-in-law Gui Man. Gui Man was said to be a descendant of Emperor Shun, at the State of Chen, in modern Huaiyang County, Henan Province. Chen was conquered by Chu in 479 BC, the people of Chen adopted the name of their former state as their surname. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties period, Chen Baxian established the Chen Dynasty, the fourth and the last of the Southern dynasties, destroyed by the Sui Dynasty, it was during this period that nomadically-cultured Xianbei people had systematically assimilated into China's agrarian culture, adopted Chinese surnames under the state directives of Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei. Fujian was the original home of a Chen clan before that migrated under "Trần Kinh" 陳京 to Dai Viet and whose descendants established the Tran dynasty which ruled Vietnam, certain members of the clan could still speak Chinese such as when a Yuan dynasty envoy had a meeting with the Chinese speaking Tran Prince Trần Quốc Tuấn in 1282.
Chen, used in Mandarin Dan, used in Thailand Dunn, used in Taiwanese, Holo Chan, used in Cantonese in Hong Kong, Macao and Malaysia Chin, used in Hakka in Singapore and Malaysia and Taishanese in America Gin, used in Taishanese Jin, used in Korean Tan, used in Teochew and Hainanese in Singapore, Indonesia and Thailand Tang or Taing, used in Teochew and Thailand Ting or Ding, used in Fuzhou Trần, Sấn used in Vietnamese Zen, used in Shanghainese Sen, used as an alternative spelling in Limbu, Limbuwan Chen Sheng Rebel leader of the Dazexiang uprising during the Qin Dynasty Chen Ping Minister and Chancellor of the Han dynasty Chen Tang general of the Western Han Dynasty Chen Gong Advisor under warlord Lu Bu Chen Wu General under warlord Sun Quan Chen Zhen Minister of Shu Han Chen Qun Official of Cao Wei Chen Tai Official and General of Cao Wei Chen Dao General under Warlord Liu Bei Shu Han Chen Deng Politician in the late Han Dynasty Chen Biao General of Eastern Wu Chen Shi General of Shu Han Chen Shou Historian and Author in the Early Jin Dynasty Chen Baxian Founding Emperor of the Chen Dynasty Chen Qian Second Emperor of the Chen Dynasty Chen Bozong Third Emperor of the Chen Dynasty Chen Xu Fourth Emperor of the Chen Dynasty Chen Shubao Fifth and Last Emperor of the Chen Dynasty Chen Shuda Official of the Sui Dynasty and Chancellor of the Tang Dynasty Chen Li, second and the last emperor of the Dahan regime in the late Yuan Dynasty of China Chen Cheng Chen Lin, naval general of Ming Dynasty and Commander-in-chief of the Battle of Noryang Chen Yuanyuan, concubine of Wu Sangui Chen Li, Cantonese scholar of the evidential research school Tan Ting-pho, Taiwanese oil painterDynastiesRulers of the Chen Dynasty Rulers of the Trần Dynasty Note: this list is ordered by given name used in English, regardless of spelling of surname and name order.
Agnes Chan, Hong Kong singer Alexandre Chan, Brazilian architect Andrew Chan, Australian criminal executed by Indonesia. Chen, Minister of Public Construction Commission of the Republic of China Arthur Chin, Chinese-American fighter ace in the Second Sino-Japanese War, recognized as the United States' first ace in World War II Tan Boon Teik, former Attorney-General of Singapore Bruce Chen, Panamanian Major League Baseball player Charles and Lee-Lee Chan, parents of Jackie Chan Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and songwriter Chen Changwen, Chinese politician and lawyer Chen Cheng, Chinese politician and general, Vice President and Premier of the Republic of China Chen Chi-chung, acting Minister of Council of Agriculture of the Republic of China Chen In-chin, Chairperson of Central Election Commission of the Republic of China Tan Cheng Bock, Singaporean politician and doctor Tan Cheng Lock, fou
Traditional Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, in the Kangxi Dictionary; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China and Malaysia in official publications. However, several countries – such as Australia, the US and Canada – are increasing their number of printed materials in Simplified Chinese, to better accommodate citizens from mainland China.
The debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities. A large number of overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters.
The use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort; some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. For example, while the name of Taiwan is written as 臺灣, the semi-simplified name 台灣 is acceptable to write in official documents. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores.
In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan. This is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters. Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters.
An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions. Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers, they point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time. Some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" (sim
Tiu Keng Leng
Tiu Keng Leng is an area of Hong Kong in the Sai Kung District adjacent to Tseung Kwan O. The area used to be a refugee village housing former Kuomintang officials and followers who escaped to Hong Kong from Mainland China after the establishment of the People's Republic of China; the earliest traceable name referring to the area nowadays known as Tiu Keng Leng was "Chiu Keng Leng", being a reference to the clearness and calmness of the adjacent bay. The name was given by Tanka residents in the area. Both the names "Tiu Keng Leng" and "Rennie's Mill" come from a 19th-century Canadian businessman named Alfred Herbert Rennie, who established the Hong Kong Milling Company at Junk Bay; the business failed, Rennie drowned himself there in 1908, though it was mistakenly reported that he had hanged himself. The incident gave the Chinese name for the site 吊頸嶺, meaning "Hanging Ridge", a pun on the name "Chiu Keng Leng" mentioned above; because it was inauspicious, the name was changed to similar-sounding 調景嶺 On 26 June 1950 the Hong Kong Government's Social Welfare Office settled a considerable number of refugees from China – former Nationalist soldiers and other Kuomintang supporters – at Rennie's Mill, following the Chinese Civil War.
The Hong Kong Government's original intention was to settle these refugees temporarily before they would be repatriated to Taiwan by the Kuomintang or to Mainland China by the Chinese Communists. But this day never came for the Kuomintang, the residents of the enclave became more supportive to the Kuomintang cause. Thus, by the late-1950s, in correlation with the Cold War context in Asia at the time, Rennie's Mill became a "Bastion Against Communism", with the flag of the Republic of China flying, its own school system and off-limits to the Royal Hong Kong Police Force until 1962 when the Hong Kong Government decided to turn it into a resettlement estate due to its apprehension of the growing Kuomintang presence in the enclave, it had a significant missionary presence. Due to its pro-Kuomintang atmosphere, the 1967 Riots did not have an effect on Rennie's Mill. Rennie's Mill was badly damaged by Typhoon Wanda in 1962, rendering many homeless. In 1996 the Hong Kong government evicted the last of Rennie's Mill's original residents, ostensibly to make room for new town developments as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town, but believed to be a move to please the Communist Chinese government before the transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997.
After the handover, the English name of the area was changed from "Rennie's Mill" to "Tiu Keng Leng", following the Cantonese name. Tiu Keng Leng became redeveloped as a modern high-rise residential district. Metro Town is a private housing estate situated directly above the Tiu Keng Leng Station. With nine towers built on top of a carpark/shopping mall podium, it is the tallest structure in the area. To the south of Metro Town, on the site of a former steel mill operated by Shiu Wing Steel, is another private housing estate, Ocean Shores; the three public housing estates in the area are: Kin Ming Estate, Choi Ming Court and Shin Ming Estate. Before the redevelopment and reclamation in the surrounding area, Tiu Keng Leng could be reached by the winding and narrow Po Lam Road South, which ran past numerous busy quarries. At that time, Tiu Keng Leng's only public transport connections were Kowloon Motor Bus routes 90 and 290, served with minibuses, by water transport. In 2001, with the redevelopment, a segment of Po Lam Road South was rebuilt and extended to near Kwong Tin Estate in Yau Tong.
The reconstructed road was renamed O King Road and became the first road connection to modern Tiu Keng Leng. For bicycles and other non-motorised traffic, it remains the only viable route between Tseung Kwan O and Kowloon; the various centres of Tseung Kwan O were always intended to be served by the MTR metro system, the 2002 opening of Tiu Keng Leng Station of the Tseung Kwan O Line and Kwun Tong Line provided a much-used link to the urban area of Kowloon. The Hong Kong Design Institute is well known for the shape of its building. Designed by French architects Coldefy & Associs, it resembles a piece of paper floating mid-air featuring a glazed box raised seven storeys above the ground on four lattice-steel towers that rest on a sloping, grass-covered podium. Total construction cost amounted to HK$1.2 billion, it was opened in November 2010. The Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education – Lee Wai Lee campus is located next to HKDI; the campus of Caritas Institute of Higher Education is located at Tiu Keng Leng.
The institute has the aim of becoming the first Catholic University in Hong Kong. Military dependents' village History Stories: Tiu Keng Leng Hong Kong's'little Taiwan' And Flags Passing Into History
Tuen Mun or Castle Peak is a city near the mouth of Tuen Mun River and Castle Peak Bay in the New Territories, Hong Kong. It was one of the earliest settlements in what is now Hong Kong and can be dated to the Neolithic period. In the more recent past, it was home to many Tanka fishermen. Tuen Mun is now a modern residential area in the north-west New Territories; as of 2011, 487 546 over 95 % of them are Chinese. During the Tang dynasty, a navy town, Tuen Mun Tsan was established in Nantou, which lies across Deep Bay. Tuen Mun and the rest of Hong Kong were under its protection. A major clan, To, brought the name Tuen Mun to the area, they migrated from Jiangxi on the Chinese mainland and established a village Tuen Mun Tsuen late in the Yuan dynasty. As more and more villages were established, the village was renamed Tuen Mun Tai Tsuen, which means "large village" in Chinese; as yet more villages were established, a market town of Tuen Mun Hui was established. This town lies. Tuen Mun remained an important town of coastal defence until the start of British rule in 1898.
When the British took over the New Territories from the Qing government in this year, the area was renamed Castle Peak, Tuen Mun Hui to Castle Peak Market or Tsing Shan Hui. The name Tuen Mun, continued to be used by those living in the area. In 1965, "Castle Peak New Town" was planned, it was renamed Tuen Mun New Town and constructed from 1970 onwards with many buildings on the reclamed land of the former Castle Peak Bay. The name was changed back to Tuen Mun in 1972; the first public housing estate built in the town was Castle Peak Estate, opened 1971. Tuen Mun is located in the west of Hong Kong's New Territories, it is Castle Peak from the west and Kau Keng Shan from the east. Tuen Mun Trail contains 2 segments. One starts from Hoh Fuk Tong College in San Hui connected with the end of MacLehose Trail through to Yeuk Mung Yuen till Prime View Garden. Another starts from "Yeuk Mung Yuen" to Fu Tei, it opens up the hills flanking the town, seeing the broad view of picturesque Tuen Mun from the lookout points.
There are three traditional-style markets in the town: Tuen Mun Kau Hui, Tuen Mun San Hui and Sam Shing Hui. There are many government facilities including the Tuen Mun Magistracy, governmental offices. Leisure facilities include several sports complexes, a multi-story central library supplemented by two others, a theatrical and concert venue in the form of the Tuen Mun Town Hall at Tuen Mun Town Centre; the Correctional Services Department operates the Tai Lam Centre for Women in the district. Hong Kong's largest electricity generation facilities, the Castle Peak Power Station and Black Point Power Station, are located in western Tuen Mun. There are 36 primary and 38 secondary schools in Tuen Mun. There are 3 higher education institutions including Lingnan University, Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education and Chu Hai College of Higher Education Lingnan University Harrow International School Hong Kong Tuen Mun is served extensively by zones 1–3 of the MTR Light Rail, the initial phase of, completed and operational on 18 September 1988.
The government decided that services between town centres and settlements would be provided by a Light Rail Transit system, while feeder buses operated by the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation would connect remote sites to the network, replacing Kowloon Motor Bus's equivalent services where applicable. The North-west Railway, as it was known, was thus established according to the Kowloon-Canton Railway Corporation Ordinance; the system consisted of two big and three small loops serving most of the public housing estates in northern Tuen Mun. Three branches: one to On Ting Estate in the southeast, one to the Tuen Mun Ferry Pier in the southwest, another northern branch all the way into the town of Yuen Long along Castle Peak Road. With the West Rail Line opened on 20 December 2003 the Light Rail have taken the role of feeder services. On the Hong Kong-Shenzhen Western Corridor, Cross Border Shuttle Services to Shekou is operated by Citybus on route B3, which departs from Tuen Mun Ferry Pier and B3X which departs from Tuen Mun Town Centre, a five minutes walk from MTR Tuen Mun Station.
As well, Citybus route 962X allows for a cross-harbour link between Hong Kong Island. Residents can take Green Minibus service 44B to Lok Ma Chau which departs from Tuen Mun Ferry Pier. Private ferries is available in sporadic times in the public pier, 15 minutes walk from the Tuen Mun Ferry Pier; the town is served by New World First Ferry services to Tung Chung. On 28 January 2016, TurboJET launched the new cross-boundary ferry services between Tuen Mun and Shenzhen Airport. All services departs from Tuen Mun Ferry Pier. Hau Kok Tin Hau Temple Hong Kong Gold Coast Tuen Mun Town Centre "Traffic Improvements to Tuen Mun Road Town Centre Section", Hong Kong Environmental Protection Department, 2007 "Historical Background of Tuen Mun", Hong Kong Planning Department, 2002 Centalink Map of Tuen Mun Timeline of Tuen Mun's development Tuen Mun Football Team Aerial video of Tuen Mun Typhoon Shelter Item #1221. Hau Kok Tin Tin Hau Road, Tuen Mun Antiquities and Monuments Office. Brief Information on No