N Seoul Tower
The N Seoul Tower the YTN Seoul Tower and known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower, is a communication and observation tower located on Namsan Mountain in central Seoul, South Korea. At 236 metres, it marks the second highest point in Seoul. Built in 1971, the N Seoul Tower is South Korea's first general radio wave tower, providing TV and radio broadcasting in Seoul; the tower broadcasts signals for Korean media outlets, such as KBS, MBC and SBS. Built in 1969 at a cost of 2.5 million USD, Namsam tower was opened to the public in 1980. Seoul Tower was completed on December 3, 1971, designed by architects at Jangjongryul though at the time the facility interior was not furnished, it took until August 1975 for the third floor of the observatory deck, open hall, souvenir shop, in addition to bring the other facilities to completion. However, despite finalization of tower construction, the observatory was closed to the public until October 15, 1980. Since the tower has been a landmark of Seoul. Tower elevation ranges from 236.7 m at the base to 479.7 m above sea level.
Seoul Tower had its name changed to N Seoul Tower in 2005 whereas the "N" stands for'new','Namsan', and'nature.' 15 billion KRW was spent in renovating and remodeling the tower. When N Seoul Tower's original owner merged with CJ Corporation, it was renamed the N Seoul Tower, it has been known as the Namsan Tower or Seoul Tower. It is Korea's first general radio wave tower that holds transmissions antennas of KBS, MBC, SBS TV, FM, PBC, TBS, CBS, BBS FM. Seoul Tower chosen to worldwide travel expert evaluation and reader preferences is registered the world's 500 attractions in research; the N Seoul Tower is divided into three main sections, including the N Lobby, N Plaza, the N Tower. The N Plaza consists of two floors. Plaza P0/B1: Includes: Entrance to Observatory, Information Desk, Alive Museum, Children's Theater, Nursing room; the N Lobby holds the N Gift, N Sweetbar, BH Style, the Alive Museum, Nursing Room, Information booth, a cafe, entrance to observatory. Plaza P1: Includes: Ticket booth, Food Court, Light Garden, Grass Terrace, Souvenir Shop, Characters & Photos.
N Plaza has two floors. The first floor includes N Terrace, N Gift and a burger shop; the second floor houses the Place Dining, an Italian restaurant, the Roof Terrace where the "Locks of Love" can be found. Plaza P2: Includes: Restaurant, Roof Terrace, Cafe The N Tower has four floors: 1F, 2F, 3F, 5F. There are four observation decks, as well as two restaurants. Most of the city of Seoul can be seen from the top. Close to N Seoul Tower is a second lattice transmission tower; the tower offers a digital observatory with a 360° panoramic view that showcases Korea's history through 32 LCD screens. This is located on the third floor of the N Tower. Tower T1 Includes: Korean Restaurant "Hancook" Tower T2: Includes: Analogue Observatory, The Wishing Pond, Sky Restroom, Sky Coffee, Photo Studio Tower T3: Includes: Digital Observatory, Shocking Edge and Digital High-powered Telescope, Gift shop Tower T5: Includes: A revolving restaurant Many visitors ride the Namsan cable car up the Mt. Namsan to walk to the tower.
The tower is renowned for its cityscape views. The 236.7 m tower sits on the Namsan mountain. It attracts thousands of tourists and locals every year during nighttime when the tower lights up. Photographers enjoy the panoramic view; each year 8.4 million visit the N Seoul Tower, surrounded by many other attractions South Korea offers, including Namsan Park and Namsangol Hanok Village. Visitors may go up the tower for a fee that differs for the following groups: children and teenagers, adults. Rates differ for each group size. In 2012, surveys conducted by Seoul City revealed foreign tourists ranked the N Seoul Tower as the number one tourist attraction; the N Seoul Tower is now a symbol of Seoul. The N Seoul Tower is illuminated in blue from sunset to 23:00 on days where the air quality in Seoul is 45 or less. During the spring of 2012, the Tower was lit up for 52 days, four days more than in 2011; the tower uses the latest LED technology to offer visitors a digital, cultural art experience through'light art.'
The N Seoul Tower puts on many different shows, including the "Reeds of Light" and "Shower of Light." An exception to this is Earth Day. On Earth Day, lights were held nationwide to promote awareness of energy conservation. At 8 p.m KST. on that day, lights at N Seoul Tower on Namsan disappear into darkness. In a poll of nearly 2,000 foreign visitors conducted by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in November 2011, 16 percent stated that hanging named padlocks on the Tower fence as a symbol of love was their favorite activity in Seoul; this attraction is situated at the Roof Terrace. The "Locks of Love" is a popular location for people to hang locks that symbolize eternal love, has been depicted in many Korean television shows and movies for this reason.'Love padlocks' is a common couple activity consists of the purchasing of a padlock and key, where initials and symbols can be inscribed onto the surface of the lock with markers and pens. Securing the padlocks on the fences filled with locks of previous participants, the key is thrown away as a symbol of everlasting love
Cheongpa-dong is a dong, neighbourhood of Yongsan-gu in Seoul, South Korea. Cheongpa Elementary School Shinkwang Elementary School Sunrim Middle School Baemoon Middle School Sunrim Internet High School Shinkwang Women's High School Baemoon High School Administrative divisions of South Korea Yongsan-gu official website Yongsan-gu official website Cheongpa 1-dong resident office website
Bogwang-dong is a dong, neighbourhood of Yongsan-gu in Seoul, South Korea. Osan High School Osan Middle School Administrative divisions of South Korea Yongsan-gu official website Yongsan-gu official website Bogwang-dong resident office website
South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
Huam-dong is a dong, neighbourhood of Yongsan-gu in Seoul, South Korea. Seoul Samkwang Elementary School Seoul Huam Elementary School Administrative divisions of South Korea Yongsan-gu official website Yongsan-gu official website Huam-dong resident office website
War Memorial of Korea
The War Memorial of Korea is located in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, South Korea. It opened in 1994 on the former site of the army headquarters to exhibit and memorialize the military history of Korea, it was built for the purpose of preventing war through lessons from the Korean War and for the hoped for peaceful reunification of North and South Korea. The memorial building has six indoor exhibition rooms and an outdoor exhibition centre displaying war memorabilia and military equipment; the War Memorial was built to commemorate actors and victims in the wars which led to the modern nation state. The museum has the purpose of educating future generations by collecting and exhibiting various historical relics and records related to the many wars fought in the country from a South Korean perspective; the construction of the War Memorial of Korea was completed in December 1993. The project was carried out in consultation with military experts while collecting a wide range of exhibition items at home and abroad.
Upon the completion of the interior, the memorial opened on June 10, 1994, became the largest landmark of its kind in the world. Located on the old site of Army Headquarters, the War Memorial of Korea has four aboveground floors and two underground floors in the main building, which stands on an area of about 20,000 m2. On the grounds around the memorial, there are loudspeakers. In cloistered left and right galleries, flanking the facade of the main building, are rows of black marble monuments inscribed with the names of those who died during the Korean War, Vietnam War, clashes with North Korea since the Korean War and of policemen who died on duty; the plaza in the museum compound has an artificial waterfall, around it are widespread rest areas so that visitors can picnic while enjoying the pleasant landscape. In the center of the plaza stands the Statue of Brothers, the elder a South Korean soldier and the younger a North Korean soldier, which symbolizes the situation of Korea's division.
Samgakji Station exit 12 Samgakji Station exit 12 13,000 items are displayed in six halls under different themes: Memorial Hall, War History, Korean War, Expeditionary Forces, ROK Armed Forces, Large Equipment, plus the outside exhibition area. There are weapons and equipment from prehistoric times to the modern period as well as paintings of battlefields and sculptures of notable warriors and of An Jung-geun, who assassinated a former Resident-General in Manchuria in 1909. About 100 large weapons are displayed in the outside exhibition area on the lawns around the building. Upon entering the memorial halls, this English text is inscribed: Inscribed on this memorial is the names of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces Soldiers and Policemen killed in the Armed Forces Activation, Korean War, Vietnam War and Counter Infiltration Operation and the United Nations Forces Soldiers killed in the Korean War. Objects on display inside include: Full-sized replica of a turtle ship T-34/85 tank MiG-15UTI Midget, a trainer variant of the MiG-15 Fagot fighter aircraft.
Piper L-4J Grasshopper observation aircraft, shown being used as an improved bomber during the Korean War. Stinson L-5G Sentinel observation aircraft Hiller OH-23G Raven observation helicopter Yakovlev Yak-18 trainer aircraft Automobile used by Kim Il Sung Items on display include: Fixed-wing aircraft: de Havilland Canada U-6A Beaver Antonov An-2 Curtiss C-46D-20-CU Commando 44-78541, built in 1944. Served with the 45th Troop Carrier Troop Squadron in the Pacific Theater during WWII. Operated as a TC-46D Commando training aircraft by the 2578th Reserve Flying Training Center at Ellington AFB, Texas until being mothballed in April 1956. Returned to service with the 1st Air Commando Wing at Eglin AFB, Florida in 1963. Transferred to the ROKAF as part of the Cold War-era Military Assistance Program on September 25, 1968. Fairchild C-123J Provider 56-4389, was built in 1956 as a C-123B and converted to a C-123J in the 1960s; this aircraft served with the Alaska ANG's 176th Tactical Airlift Group at Kulis ANGB, servicing Alaskan Air Command radar sites until it was retired on January 21, 1976 and sent to MASDC.
On May 5, 1977, it was sent to Korea as part of the Military Assistance Program. Fairchild C-119G Flying Boxcar marked as 53-3199. A C-119F, it was converted into a C-119G between 1955 and 1957 before being transferred to the Republic of China Air Force in 1970. Donated to the War Memorial of Korea and repainted with USAF markings. Boeing B-52D Stratofortress 55-0105, one of only three B-52s displayed outside the US. Served with the 4258th Strategic Wing at U-Tapao RTAFB in Thailand during the Vietnam War and the 96th Bombardment Wing at Dyess AFB, Texas. On loan to the War Memorial of Korea. Grumman S-2A Tracker 13-6707, served with the US Navy’s VS-28 “Hukkers” on USS Wasp beginning in 1962. Retired and transferred to ROKAF in 1972. Reassigned to the ROK Navy. North American F-51D-25-NA Mustang 44-73494, built at North American Aviation's Inglewood, CA plant, it served with the 109th Fighter Squadron of the Minnesota ANG until 1952. In July of that year, it was transferred to the ROKAF as aircraft "K-205" to serve in the Korean War.
North American F-86F-30-NA Sabre 52-4308, flew with the 3200th Proof Test Group at Eglin AFB, Florida beginning in 1953 before being transferred to ROKAF in 1955. North American F-86D-35-NA Sabre 51-8502 served with the USAF’s Air Defense Command before being transferred to the ROKAF. Northrop F-5A-40-NO Freedom Fighter 68-9046, the fourth F-5A airframe made for the ROKAF. McDonnell Douglas F-4C-23-MC Phantom II 64-0766, which served with the USAF’s 12th Tactical Fighter Wing in the Vietnam War from 1967 to 1970. Transferred to the 3
National Museum of Korea
The National Museum of Korea is the flagship museum of Korean history and art in South Korea and is the cultural organization that represents Korea. Since its establishment in 1945, the museum has been committed to various studies and research activities in the fields of archaeology and art, continuously developing a variety of exhibitions and education programs. In 2012, it was reported that since its relocation to Yongsan District in 2005, the museum had attracted an attendance of 20 million visitors, or over 3 million annually which makes it one of the most visited museums in the world and Asia and the most visited in South Korea. A poll of nearly 2,000 foreign visitors, conducted by the Seoul Metropolitan Government in November 2011, stated that visiting the museum is one of their favorite activities in Seoul, it is one of the largest museums in Asia. Emperor Sunjong established Korea's first museum, the Imperial Household Museum, in 1909; the collections of the Imperial Household Museum at Changgyeonggung and the Japanese Government General Museum administered during Japanese rule of Korea became the nucleus of the National Museum's collection, established when South Korea regained independence in 1945.
During the Korean War, the museum's 20,000 pieces were safely moved to Busan to avoid destruction. When the museum returned to Seoul after the war, it was housed at both Gyeongbokgung and Deoksugung Palace. In 1972, the museum moved again to a new building on the grounds of the Gyeonbokgung Palace; the museum was moved again in 1986 to the Jungangcheong, the former Japanese General Government Building, where it was housed until the building's demolition in 1995. In December 1996, the museum was opened to the public in temporary accommodations in the renovated Social Education Hall, before reopening in its grand new building in Yongsan Family Park on October 28, 2005. In October 2005, the museum opened in a new building in Yongsan Family Park in South Korea; the museum is situated on what used to be a golf course, part of the Yongsan Garrison, the central command of the United States Forces stationed in Korea. The US Army returned a part of the land in 1992 to the Korean government, which went on to become the Yongsan Family Park.
While the plans for the museum inside the park began in 1993, its opening was delayed by a helipad, relocated in 2005 by agreement. The museum contains over 310,000 pieces in its collection with about 15,000 pieces on display at one time, it displays relics and artifacts throughout six permanent exhibition galleries such as Prehistory and Ancient History Gallery and Early Modern History Gallery, Donation Gallery and Painting Gallery, Asian Art Gallery, Sculpture and Crafts Gallery. It is the sixth largest museum in the world in terms of floor space, now covering a total of 295,551 square metres. In order to protect the artifacts inside the museum, the main building was built to withstand a magnitude 6.0 Richter Scale earthquake. The display cases are equipped with shock-absorbent platforms. There is an imported natural lighting system which utilizes sunlight instead of artificial lights and a specially designed air-conditioning system; the museum is made from fire-resistant materials and has special exhibition halls, education facilities, a children's museum, huge outdoor exhibition areas, restaurants and shops.
The museum is divided into three floors. Symbolically, the left of the museum is supposed to represent the past, while the right side of the museum represents the future; the ground floor contains parks. On the first floor is the Prehistory and Ancient History Gallery, which contains 4,500 artifacts from the Paleolithic to the Unified Silla era excavated from sites across Korea; the nine exhibition rooms in the gallery are the Palaeolithic Room, the Neolithic Room, the Bronze Age & Gojoseon Room, the Proto Three Kingdoms Room, the Goguryeo Room, the Baekje Room, the Gaya Room, the Silla Room. Ranging from chipped stone handaxes to luxurious ancient royal ornaments, the relics displayed here show the long journey taken by early settlers on the Peninsula towards developing their unique culture. Artifacts from important prehistoric sites and settlements such the Bangudae Petroglyphs and Songgung-ni are found in the Neolithic and Bronze Age Rooms. On the first floor is the Medieval and Early Modern History Gallery, which showcases the cultural and historical heritage throughout the Unified Silla, Balhae and Joseon periods.
The eight rooms of the gallery include the Unified Silla Room, Balhae Room, Goryeo Room, the Joseon Room. The second floor contains the Donation Gallery and the Calligraphy and Painting Gallery, which contains 890 pieces of art that showcase the traditional and religious arts of Korea in line and color; the Calligraphy and Painting Gallery is divided into four rooms: the Painting Room, the Calligraphy Room, the Buddhist Paintings Room, the Sarangbang. The Donation Gallery holds 800 pieces of art donated from the private collections of collectors; the gallery is divided into eleven rooms: the Lee Hong-kun Collection Room, the Kim Chong-hak Collection Room, the Yu Kang-yul Collection Room, the Park Young-sook Collection Room, the Choi Young-do Collection Room, the Park Byong-rae Collection Room, the Yoo Chang-jong Collection Room, the Kaneko Kazushige Collection Room, the Hachiuma Tadasu Collection Room, the Iuchi Isao Collection Room, the Other Collection Room. The third f