Ōyodo is a town located in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2016, the town has an estimated population of 17,731 and a density of 470 persons per km²; the total area is 38.06 km². Nara Prefecture Gose Gojō Yoshino Shimoichi Takatori 1889 - Ōyodo village is created. 1921 - Ōyodo village is renamed Ōyodo town. 1952 - Ōada village is merged into Ōyodo town. Primary Schools Ōyodo Sakuragaoka Elementary School Ōyodo Midorigaoka Elementary School Ōyodo Kibougaoka Elementary School Junior High Schools Ōyodo Junior High School High Schools Ōyodo High School Kintetsu Railway Yoshino Line: Kusurimizu - Fukugami - Ōada - Shimoichiguchi - Koshibe - Muda Japan national routes Route 169 Route 309 Route 370 Media related to Ōyodo, Nara at Wikimedia Commons Ōyodo official website
Fukuda Chiyo-ni was a Japanese poet of the Edo period regarded as one of the greatest poets of haiku. Some of Chiyo's best works include The Morning Glory, Putting up my hair, Again the women. Being one of the few women haiku poets in pre-modern Japanese literature, Chiyo-ni has been seen an influential figure. Before her time, haiku by women were dismissed and ignored, she began writing Haiku at seven and by age seventeen she had become popular all over Japan and she continued writing throughout her life. Influenced by the renowned poet Matsuo Bashō but emerging and as independent figure with a unique voice in her own right, Chiyo-ni dedication toward her career not only paved a way for her career but it opened a path for other women to follow. Chiyo-ni is known as a "forerunner, who played the role of encouraging international cultural exchange", she is best known for this haiku: Today, the morning glory is a favorite flower for the people of her home town, because she left a number of poems on that flower.
Shokouji temple in Hakusan contains a display of her personal effects. Chiyo-ni was born in Matto, Kaga Province, in February 1703, the eldest daughter of a scroll mounter. At an early age, Chiyo-ni was introduced to art and poetry, she began writing haiku poetry at the age of seven. By the age of seventeen, she had become popular all over Japan for her poetry, her poems, although dealing with nature, work for a unity of nature with humanity. Her own life was that of the haikai poets who made their lives and the world they lived in one with themselves, living a simple and humble life, she was able to make connections by being observant and studying the unique things around her ordinary world and writing them down. At age twelve, Chiyo-ni's studied under two haiku poets who had themselves apprenticed with the great poet Matsuo Bashō, many in her time saw her as one of Bashō's true heirs, both in her poetry and in her humble attitude of warm awareness toward the world and her simple living, she studied Basho's style of writing poems in her early years, although she did develop on her own as an independent figure with her own unique voice.
She was well aware of being considered Bashō's heir and on a portrait of Bashō she wrote in Calligraphy: She appears to say that while she did listen to him, she did not copy him, "not to listen, fine too." In around 1720 she married a servant of the Fukuoka family of Kanazawa, had one child with him, a son, who died in infancy. Her husband died of disease not long after in 1722, she valued her independence too much, despite her loneliness, she did not remarry, so she returned home to her parents. It may be that after her husband's death Chiyo-ni lived with and cared for her elderly parents and worked in the families scroll mounting business, she wrote: After her parents died, she adopted a married couple to carry on the family business and in 1754, at the age of fifty-two, Chiyo-ni chose to become a Buddhist nun. "Not", she said, "in order to renounce the world, but as a way'to teach her heart to be like the clear water which flows night and day." Chiyo-ni shaved her head and started to live in a temple with other nuns and took the Buddhist name Soen.
She continued her writing and lived the rest of her simple yet peaceful life in the manner of haikai. In 1764, she was chosen to prepare the official gift for Maeda Shigemichi, the daimyō of her region, to the Korean Delegation led by civil minister Jo Eom. Chiyo-ni delivered 21 artworks based on her twenty-one haiku. Chiyo-ni died in 1775; the American rock band Red House Painters adapted one of Chiyo's haiku for the chorus of their song "Dragonflies". Japanese literature List of Japanese authors List of Japanese women writers
Kurotaki is a village located in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of April 2017, the village has an estimated population of 745 and a density of 16 persons per km²; the total area is 47.71 km². Located north of Mount Yoshino, it is part of the municipalities in the Kii Mountain Range. Mountains: Mount Kashihara, Hyakukaidake Nara Prefecture Gojō city Yoshino town Kawakami village Tenkawa village Shimoichi town 1889 - Minamiyoshino village is created in Yoshino District 1912 - Minamiyoshino village is divided into Kurotaki village and Niu village 1949 - A portion of the village is merged into Akino village Media related to Kurotaki, Nara at Wikimedia Commons Kurotaki official website
A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area in the form of a peak. A mountain is steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism; these forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode through the action of rivers, weather conditions, glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits. High elevations on mountains produce colder climates than at sea level; these colder climates affect the ecosystems of mountains: different elevations have different plants and animals. Because of the less hospitable terrain and climate, mountains tend to be used less for agriculture and more for resource extraction and recreation, such as mountain climbing; the highest mountain on Earth is Mount Everest in the Himalayas of Asia, whose summit is 8,850 m above mean sea level. The highest known mountain on any planet in the Solar System is Olympus Mons on Mars at 21,171 m. There is no universally accepted definition of a mountain.
Elevation, relief, steepness and continuity have been used as criteria for defining a mountain. In the Oxford English Dictionary a mountain is defined as "a natural elevation of the earth surface rising more or less abruptly from the surrounding level and attaining an altitude which to the adjacent elevation, is impressive or notable."Whether a landform is called a mountain may depend on local usage. Mount Scott outside Lawton, Oklahoma, USA, is only 251 m from its base to its highest point. Whittow's Dictionary of Physical Geography states "Some authorities regard eminences above 600 metres as mountains, those below being referred to as hills." In the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, a mountain is defined as any summit at least 2,000 feet high, whilst the official UK government's definition of a mountain, for the purposes of access, is a summit of 600 metres or higher. In addition, some definitions include a topographical prominence requirement 100 or 500 feet. At one time the U.
S. Board on Geographic Names defined a mountain as being 1,000 feet or taller, but has abandoned the definition since the 1970s. Any similar landform lower. However, the United States Geological Survey concludes that these terms do not have technical definitions in the US; the UN Environmental Programme's definition of "mountainous environment" includes any of the following: Elevation of at least 2,500 m. Using these definitions, mountains cover 33% of Eurasia, 19% of South America, 24% of North America, 14% of Africa; as a whole, 24% of the Earth's land mass is mountainous. There are three main types of mountains: volcanic and block. All three types are formed from plate tectonics: when portions of the Earth's crust move and dive. Compressional forces, isostatic uplift and intrusion of igneous matter forces surface rock upward, creating a landform higher than the surrounding features; the height of the feature makes it either a hill or, if steeper, a mountain. Major mountains tend to occur in long linear arcs, indicating tectonic plate boundaries and activity.
Volcanoes are formed when a plate is pushed at a mid-ocean ridge or hotspot. At a depth of around 100 km, melting occurs in rock above the slab, forms magma that reaches the surface; when the magma reaches the surface, it builds a volcanic mountain, such as a shield volcano or a stratovolcano. Examples of volcanoes include Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines; the magma does not have to reach the surface in order to create a mountain: magma that solidifies below ground can still form dome mountains, such as Navajo Mountain in the US. Fold mountains occur when two plates collide: shortening occurs along thrust faults and the crust is overthickened. Since the less dense continental crust "floats" on the denser mantle rocks beneath, the weight of any crustal material forced upward to form hills, plateaus or mountains must be balanced by the buoyancy force of a much greater volume forced downward into the mantle, thus the continental crust is much thicker under mountains, compared to lower lying areas.
Rock can fold either asymmetrically. The upfolds are anticlines and the downfolds are synclines: in asymmetric folding there may be recumbent and overturned folds; the Balkan Mountains and the Jura Mountains are examples of fold mountains. Block mountains are caused by faults in the crust: a plane; when rocks on one side of a fault rise relative to the other, it can form a mountain. The uplifted blocks are block horsts; the intervening dropped blocks are termed graben: these can be small or form extensive rift valley systems. This form of landscape can be seen in East Africa, the Vosges, the Basin and Range Province of Western North America and the Rhine valley; these areas occur when the regional stress is extensional and the crust is thinned. During and following uplift, mountains are subjected to the agents of erosion which wear the uplifted area down. Erosion causes the surface of mountains to be younger than the rocks that form the mountains themselves. Glacial processes produce characteristic landforms, such as pyramidal peaks, knife-edge arêtes, bowl-shaped cirques that can contai
Yoshino Mountain is a mountain located in the town of Yoshino in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. In 2004 it was designated as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range. Yoshino Mountain was the subject of a waka poem in the 10th century poetry compilation Kokin Wakashū, it is the subject of several poems in the Ogura Hyakunin Isshu. Several important religious and pilgrimage destinations are located around Mount Yoshino, including Yoshino Mikumari Shrine, Kimpu Shrine and Kimpusen-ji, it attracts many visitors every spring. Yoshino Mountain is famous for its many thousands of sakura trees, is referenced in both traditional waka poetry and folk song for its abundance of flowers in the spring, with famous poets such as Chiyo offering prose on the peak and its many flowers; these flowering specimen trees were planted in four groves at different altitudes, in part so that the famed trees would come into bloom at different times of the spring.
A 1714 account explained that, on their climb to the top, travelers would be able to enjoy the lower 1,000 cherry trees at the base, the middle 1,000 on the way, the upper 1,000 toward the top, the 1,000 in the precincts of the inner shrine at the top. Famous products that can be found in shops in the area of Mount Yoshino include edible goods made from kudzu root and persimmon leaf-wrapped sushi. Tourism in Japan Mostow, Joshua S. ed.. Pictures of the Heart: The Hyakunin Isshu in Word and Image. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-1705-3. National Archives of Japan: Yoshinoyama syokeizu, guide to Mt. Yoshino in Yamato Province written by Kaibara Ekiken, published in 1714. Kabuki play: Yoshitune Sembon Zakura, Act 4, Scene 1
Kawakami is a village located in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of March 2017, the village has an estimated population of 1,498 and a density of 5.6 persons per km². The total area is 269.26 km². Daimanazuru Kenji, former sumo wrestler Media related to Kawakami, Nara at Wikimedia Commons Kawakami official website