Simon Yam Tat-wah is a Hong Kong actor and film producer. He received international acclaim for his performances in international film festival and box office hits such as Naked Killer, SPL: Sha Po Lang, Election 2, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – The Cradle of Life and The Thieves. Yam started off as a model before becoming an actor in the mid 1970s, he signed with the Hong Kong television network TVB, starring and co-starring in a number of television series prior to "apply his trades" in the film industry in 1987. His elder brother is a retired former Deputy Commissioner of Hong Kong Police. In 1989, he starred in the Japanese-Hong Kong co-production of Bloodfight; this was the first of its kind. In 1992, Yam gained critical acclaim for his role as the maniacal Judge in the crime film Full Contact, where he faced off in a bloody battle against Chow Yun-fat's character. In 1993, he starred as "Dhalsim" in the action-comedy film Future Cops, a parody of Street Fighter directed by Wong Jing. In 1996, Yam began his role as Chiang Tin-Sung, the leader of the Hung Hing triads in the first three instalments of the Young and Dangerous film series.
In 2000, Yam starred as Cheung San, the progenitor of all vampires, in the television series My Date with a Vampire II, produced by ATV. In 2003, Yam made his Hollywood film debut in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider – The Cradle of Life as Shaolin crime lord. In 2013, Yam directed his first film, as part of the Hong Kong portmaneau horror film Tales from the Dark 1. Yam is married to Sophia Kao, known as an international model. Kao raised in Austria, they have a daughter, Ella. Ocean Flame A House Is Not a Home The Good, the Bad and the Ugly The Shell Game The Return of the Condor Heroes The New Adventures of Chor Lau-heung Reincarnated Princess New Heavenly Sword and Dragon Sabre The Legend of the Book and the Sword War of the Dragon Heaven's Retribution ICAC Investigators 1996 My Date with a Vampire II Tokyo Juliet The Great Adventurer Wesley Dancing in the Storm The Thunder Hong Kong Film Awards Best Supporting Actor Nomination for The Be No. 1 Best Supporting Actor Nomination for Juliet in Love Best Supporting Actor Nomination for Midnight Fly Best Actor Nomination for PTU Best Actor Nomination for Election Best Supporting Actor Nomination for Election 2 Best Actor Nomination for Eye in the Sky Best Actor Nomination for Sparrow Best Actor Nomination for Night and Fog Best Actor for Echoes of the Rainbow Golden Horse Awards Best Actor Nomination for PTUGolden Bauhinia Awards Best Actor for PTU Best Actor for ElectionAsia Pacific Screen Awards Best Performance by an Actor for Sparrow Simon Yam at LoveHKFilm.com Simon Yam on IMDb HK Cinemagic entry Simon Yam discusses Ocean Flame
Triad (organized crime)
A triad is one of many branches of Chinese transnational organized crime syndicates based in China, Hong Kong and Taiwan and in countries with significant Chinese populations, such as the United States, Vietnam, Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. The Hong Kong triad is distinct from mainland Chinese criminal organizations. In ancient China, the triad was one of three major secret societies, it established branches in Macau, Hong Kong and Chinese communities overseas. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, all secret societies were destroyed in mainland China in a series of campaigns organized by Mao Zedong. Although organized-crime groups have returned to China after Mao, they are not triad societies. Known as "mainland Chinese criminal organizations", they are of two major types: dark forces and black societies. Two features which distinguish a black society from a dark force are the ability to achieve illegal control over local markets, receiving police protection.
The Hong Kong triad refers to traditional criminal organizations operating in Hong Kong, Macau and south-east Asian countries and regions, while organized-crime groups in mainland China are known as "mainland Chinese criminal groups". Y. K. Chu's The Triads as Business examines the rise of the Hong Kong triad and the role of triad societies in legal and international markets. Peng Wang's The Chinese Mafia studies the origin of Chinese secret societies in ancient China, explores the rise of organized crime in post-Mao China, investigates the ways in which local gangs offer quasi-law enforcement and private protection to local governments and individuals. Wang's book explores how local gangs form mutually-beneficial networks with police officers and how the formation of a political-criminal nexus enables local gangs to control illegal markets and sell protection to citizens and businesses. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, "triad" is a translation of the Chinese term San Ho Hui, referring to the union of heaven and humanity.
Another theory posits that the word "triad" was coined by British authorities in colonial Hong Kong as a reference to the triads' use of triangular imagery. It has been speculated that triad organizations took after, or were part of, revolutionary movements such as the White Lotus, the Taiping and Boxer Rebellions and the Heaven and Earth Society; the generic use of the word "triads" for all Chinese criminal organizations is imprecise. "Triads" are traditional organized-crime groups originating from Hong Kong and Taiwan. Criminal organizations operating in, or originating from, mainland China are "mainland Chinese criminal groups" or "black societies". After years of repression, only some elements of triad groups are involved with illegal activities. Triads in Hong Kong are less involved with "traditional" criminal activity and are becoming associated with white-collar crime. Triad, a China-based criminal organization, secret association or club, was a branch of the secret Hung Society; the society was fragmented, one group became a criminal organization.
After the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, secret societies in mainland China were suppressed in campaigns ordered by Mao Zedong. Most Chinese secret societies, including the triads and some of the remaining Ching Gang, relocated to British-controlled Hong Kong, Southeast Asia and overseas countries and competed with the Tong and other Chinese secret societies. Chinese secret societies turned to drugs and extortion for income; the Heaven and Earth Society, a fraternal organization, was founded during the 1760s. As the society's influence spread throughout China, it branched into several smaller groups with different names; these societies adopted the triangle as their emblem accompanied by decorative images of swords or portraits of Guan Yu. British Hong Kong was intolerant of secret societies, the British considered the triads a criminal threat. Triads were imprisoned under British law. During the 19th century, many such societies were seen as legitimate ways of helping immigrants from China settle into a new country.
Secret societies were banned by the British government in Singapore during the 1890s, reduced in number by successive colonial governors and leaders. Facilitating the origins of Singapore gangs, the opium trade and brothels were banned. Immigrants were encouraged to seek help from a local kongsi instead of turning to secret societies, which contributed to the societies' decline. After World War II, the secret societies saw a resurgence as gangsters took advantage of uncertainty and growing anti-British sentiment; some Chinese communities, such as "new villages" in Kuala Lumpur and Bukit Ho Swee in Singapore, became notorious for gang violence. When the Chinese Communist Party came to power in 1949 in mainland China, law enforcement became stricter and a government crackdown on criminal organizations forced the triads to migrate to British Hong Kong. An estimated 300,000 triad members lived in Hong Kong during the 1950s. According to the University of Hong Kong, most triad societies were established between 1914 and 1939 and there were once more than 300 in the terri
Anthony Wong (Hong Kong actor)
Anthony Wong Chau-sang, known professionally as Anthony Wong, is a Hongkonger actor, best known in the West for his roles in the 1992 action film Hard Boiled, the 2002 critically acclaimed Infernal Affairs and as General Yang in the 2008 Hollywood film The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor. Anthony Perry was born on 2 September 1961 to a Hong Kong ethnic Chinese mother Wong Juen Yee, her name adopted as part of his current name, Anthony Wong and English-born Frederick William Perry, who served with the RAF during World War II and as colonial officer. Frederick Perry walked out on the family when Anthony was four, so he lived with his mother "in the staircase of a pre-war building in Wan Chai" until he was sent to live with various relatives for two years while his mother "held down three jobs". In his acting career, Wong's established a reputation for critiquing the Hong Kong film industry and its practices, actors' performances and pop culture in interviews and his personal microblog. In some of those critiques, he's revealed his experiences of being bullied and discriminated against—for being a "mixed race foreigner" and "during the 1960s, English-Chinese mixed race people like me were regarded as bastards" and for being born outside Hong Kong—while growing up in Hong Kong and during the early years of his acting career.
During his late teens, Wong moved to Britain to attend a college of further education. He returned to Hong Kong to attend a training course in hairdressing until he quit to join ATV's training programme when he was 21. After completing ATV's training programme, he continued his training at The Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, he had stated in an interview that his mixed ethnicity caused him to be typecast as a villain, due to institutionalised racism in the Hong Kong film industry during this period. He, won a Hong Kong Film Award for his performance as a real-life serial killer, who made meat buns from his victims' flesh, in The Untold Story in 1993. In the following years, Wong appeared in a wide range of genre films including Rock n' Roll Cop, Hard Boiled, The Heroic Trio, Infernal Affairs, The Mission and The Medallion, he had several appearances in the popular Young and Dangerous film series as Tai Fei. Wong had appeared in a number of international English-language films including The Painted Veil and The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor.
In 1995, Wong made his directorial debut with The New Tenant. In 2014, Wong made his culinary debut in Dinner Confidential, where he would prepare one dish out of a table d'hote candle-lit dinner menu for guests. In 2015, Wong became the first Hong Kong actor to have won the best lead actor role award in TV and movies when he won 2015 TVB Anniversary Awards for Best Actor and Best Drama for Lord of Shanghai, marking his triumphant return to TVB, he became the first Hong Kong actor to have won Best Actor awards in films, stage theatre and TV. He became the first Hong Kong actor to win TVB's Best Actor award on his first nomination. Wong has two sons, Wong Yat Yat and Ulysses Wong. Wong is taking care of his mother who now has dementia, while his sons now live outside of Hong Kong. In a 2005 interview with Star eCentral, Wong stated that amongst his prolific output during the 1980s and the 1990s, a considerable number of films he appeared in were poor and exploitative. He, has no regrets because he needed the money to support his wife, their sons and his mother.
In March 2018, Wong reunited with his half-brothers, twins John William and David Frederick Perry, after a BBC story on Wong's search for his family was published. His father died in 1988 in Australia, where he and his first family settled after they left Hong Kong. In June 2018, it was revealed that he had a son named William, with a woman known only as "Joyce", the niece of veteran actor and producer John Shum; the Justice of Life 他來自江湖, Johnson Man When Things Get Tough 午夜太陽, Tsing Kwan Lord of Shanghai 梟雄, Kiu Ngo-tin Strangers, David Chen Stained 心冤, Wayne Lau EQQUS Le Dieu Du Carnage Le Dieu Du Carnage Le Dieu Du Carnage A Midsummer Night's Dream A Midsummer Night's Dream Speed the Plow Anthony Wong on IMDb Anthony Wong bio Anthony Wong 13 Stupid Questions for Anthony Wong
Contract killing is a form of murder in which one party hires another party to kill a target individual or group of people. It involves an illegal agreement between two or more parties in which one party agrees to kill the target in exchange for some form of payment, monetary or otherwise. Either party may be group, or an organization. In the United States, the crime is punishable by 15 years to life in a state penitentiary. Contract killing has been associated with organized crime, government conspiracies, vendettas. For example, in the United States, the gang Murder, Inc. committed hundreds of murders on behalf of the National Crime Syndicate during the 1930s and 1940s. Contract killing provides the hiring party with the advantage of not having to commit the actual killing, making it more difficult for law enforcement to connect said party with the murder; the likelihood that authorities will establish that party's guilt for the committed crime due to lack of forensic evidence linked to the contracting party, makes the case more difficult to attribute to the hiring party.
A study by the Australian Institute of Criminology of 162 attempted or actual contract murders in Australia between 1989 and 2002 indicated that the most common reason for murder-for-hire was insurance policies payouts. The study found that the average payment for a "hit" was $15,000 with variation from $5,000 up to $30,000 and that the most used weapons were firearms. Contract killings accounted for 2% of murders in Australia during that time period. Contract killings make up a similar percentage of all killings elsewhere. For example, they made up about 5% of all murders in Scotland from 1993 to 2002. Glennon Engleman, American dentist who moonlighted as a hitman Christopher Dale Flannery, reputed Australian hitman Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano, an underboss Charles Harrelson, American hitman, father of actor Woody Harrelson Richard Kuklinski, American contract killer, claims to have murdered over 200 men Marinko Magda, Serbian hitman convicted for 11 murders, including a Hungarian family Alexander Solonik, Russian hitman, known for carrying a firearm in each hand, who killed more than 30 Russian mafia bosses Benjamin Siegel, a Jewish hitman who headed the Bugs and Meyer Mob and was a hitman for Murder, Inc..
He was paid by his brother. Grady Stiles, freak show performer whose family hired a hitman to kill him because of his abusiveness Harry Greenberg, a Mafia associate of Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Meyer Lansky, Siegel, he was killed by Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Albert Tannenbaum, Frankie Carbo in 1939. Joe Masseria, a Mafia boss murdered by Siegel, Vito Genovese, Albert Anastasia, Joe Adonis in 1931 Salvatore Maranzano, a Castellammarese Mafia boss and rival to Masseria in the Castellammarese War, killed by Siegel and several other men in 1931 Benjamin Siegel, Las Vegas mob boss and Flamingo Hotel owner, killed by unknown assailants in 1947 Dan Markel, an attorney and legal academic murdered in Tallahassee, Florida in 2014 Nicole Doucet Ryan attempted to hire an undercover Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer to kill her husband. After ruling that she could not use the defense of duress, the Supreme Court of Canada ordered she could not be retried. Tim Lambesis, former vocalist of heavy metal bands As I Lay Dying, Austrian Death Machine and Pyrithion, who attempted to hire someone to murder his wife through a contact at his gym.
The alleged "hitman" turned out to be a police officer masquerading as a hitman. Silas Jayne, Chicago-area stable owner, was convicted in 1973 of hiring hitmen to murder his half-brother George. Mike Danton, former NHL player, hired an undercover federal agent to kill his sports agent. Italian crime boss John Gotti hired hitmen to murder Paul Castellano outside of Sparks Steak House. Wanda Holloway: The Positively True Adventures of the Alleged Texas Cheerleader-Murdering Mom is based on Holloway's hiring a hitman to kill the mother of a girl competing with her daughter at cheerleading. Lawrence Horn, record producer whose hiring of a hitman led to the case Rice v. Paladin Press Charlotte Karin Lindström, Swedish waitress/model who attempted to hire a hitman to kill persons testifying against her boyfriend in a drug trial in Australia. Pamela Smart of Derry, New Hampshire, who made national headlines in 1991 for hiring teenage lover Billy Flynn and his friends to murder her husband Gregory Smart.
Wallace Souza, Brazilian television presenter, accused of hiring hitmen to murder at least five people in 2009 to increase his programme's ratings. Ruthann Aron, convicted of hiring a hitman to kill her husband and a lawyer who had won a fraud case against her. Charles "Lucky" Luciano, American Mafia and Luciano crime family boss. Ordered Siegel, Genovese, Buchalter and Krakower to murder Mustache Petes Joe Masseria and Sal Maranzano in 1931, stool pigeon Harry Greenberg in 1939; the Commission, American Mafia ruling body that ordered Siegel's murder in 1947. Jennifer Pan, Canadian woman who hired three men to stage a home invasion in order to eliminate her par
Gigi Lai is a Hong Kong actress and Cantopop singer. Lai was under a contract with the television station TVB and she retired in October 2008, she is popularly nicknamed by the Hong Kong media as the "Goddess of Beauty". On 1 October 1971 Lai was born in Hong Kong. Lai's grandfather Lai Man-Wai was a key figure of the first generation of Hong Kong filmmakers, her grandmother Lim Cho Cho was a silent era star. Lai's father was deaf; when Lai's family went bankrupt, she entered the entertainment industry at the age of 14 to earn money to support her family and her younger brother's education in England. Lai began her career as a singer, releasing several albums in the 1990s in both Cantonese and Mandarin. In her early acting career, Lai turned down roles. However, she overcame her "superficial and childish image" and began to embrace many critically acclaimed roles, she won the Most Popular Actress Award at the 2004 TVB Anniversary Awards for her role in War and Beauty. Lai performed in several box office hits, including the Young and Dangerous film series.
At the premiere of The Gem of Life, Lai announced that she would be retiring from the industry to concentrate on looking after her brother's business after he was injured in a car accident in 2007. In 2008, Lai married businessman Patrick Ma Ting-kung to rumours that they were expecting their first child, however Lai dismissed the rumours of her pregnancy. In March 2010, Lai confirmed that she was pregnant with twins, on July 25, 2010, she gave birth to two girls and Gianna. In October 8, 2012, she gave birth to her third daughter, Pegella. 1993 Best Selling Single 1994 Top 10 Chinese Songs 1994 JSG Best New Talent Singer 2004 TVB 37th Anniversary – Best Actress Award, as Yuk Ying in War and Beauty 2004 TVB 37th Anniversary – Best Character Award, as Yuk Ying in War and Beauty 2004 Black and White Television Characters Awards, Favourite Actress Award 2004 Metro's Best Duet Collaboration Award for the Song “Poison” with Bowie Lam 2004 Metroshowbiz TV awards – Top 10 TV Actors and Actresses 2004 Watson's Annual Health & Beauty Awards – Artiste with Perfect Skin 2005 TVB Weekly Popularity Awards – Most Popular Magazine Cover Artiste 2005 TVB Weekly Popularity Awards – Most Popular Female Artiste 2005 TVB Weekly Popularity Awards – Most Popular Female in Ancient Drama 2005 TVB Weekly Popularity Awards – Most Popular of them all 2005 Next Magazine TV Awards Top 10 TV Artists 2005 Next Magazine Sponsorship Award - Best Style Actress 2005 Top Ten Best Dressed Personalities Awards 2005 Watson's Annual Health & Beauty Awards – Artiste with Perfect Skin 2005 Astro TV Drama Award – Favourite Female Character Award for War and Beauty 2005 Astro TV Drama Award – Favourite Lethal Beauty Award for War and Beauty 2005 Metroshowbiz TV awards – Top 10 TV Actors and Actresses 2006 TVB Weekly Popularity Awards – Top 10 TV Artists 2006 Watson's Annual Health & Beauty Awards – Artiste with Perfect Skin 2006 China Entertainment Awards – Most Popular Non-Mainland Actress 2007 Astro TV Drama Award – Favorite Moment Award for Frances in Healing Hands 3 2007 Health Choice Award 2007 China/HK 10th Entertainment Awards - Most Popular Actress Award 2007 China/HK 10th Entertainment Awards - Best Couple Award with Bowie Lam 2007 Watson's HWB Awards - Top Diamond Award 2007 Singapore I-weekly Magazine - Top 10 Most Loved Hong Kong Actresses 2007 TVB 40th Anniversary - Mainland Audience's Fave TVB Actress Award 2008 Astro TV Drama Award – Favourite Actress Award for Dance of Passion 2008 Astro TV Drama Award – Favourite Character Award for Dance of Passion 2008 Hong Kong-Asia Film Financing Forum - Top Six Most Popular Hong Kong TV Female Artistes 2008 HKFDA 20th Annual Best Dressed Personalities Awards 2009 New York Festivals Television and Film Award - Hong Kong, TVB: Best Performance for The Ultimate Crime Fighter Gigi Lai on IMDb Gigi Lai at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase spcnet.tv entry
A mistress is a long-term female lover and companion, not married to her partner when her partner is married to someone else. The relationship is stable and at least semi-permanent, but the couple does not live together and the relationship is but not always, secret. There is also the implication that the mistress is sometimes “kept" – i.e. that her lover is contributing to her living expenses. The term "mistress" was used as a neutral feminine counterpart to "mister" or "master"; the term has denoted a "kept woman", maintained in a comfortable lifestyle by a wealthy man so that she would be available for his sexual pleasure. Such a woman could move between the roles of a mistress and a courtesan depending on her situation and environment. In modern times, the word "mistress" is used to refer to the female lover of a man, married to another woman. A man "kept" a mistress; as the term implies, he was responsible for her debts and provided for her in much the same way as he did his wife, although not bound to do so.
In more recent times, she may be less, financially dependent on the man. A mistress is not a prostitute: while a mistress, if "kept", may, in some sense, be exchanging sex for money, the principal difference is that a mistress has sex with fewer men and there is not so much of a direct quid pro quo between the money and the sex act. There is an emotional and social relationship between a man and his mistress, whereas the relationship to a prostitute is predominantly sexual, it is important that the "kept" status follows the establishment of a relationship of indefinite term as opposed to the agreement on price and terms established prior to any activity with a prostitute. The best known and most-researched mistresses are the royal mistresses of European monarchs, for example, Agnès Sorel, Diane de Poitiers, Barbara Villiers, Nell Gwyn and Madame de Pompadour; the keeping of a mistress in Europe was not confined to royalty and nobility, but permeated down through the social ranks to any man who could afford to do so.
Any man who could afford a mistress could have one, regardless of social position. A wealthy merchant or a young noble might have a kept woman. Being a mistress was an occupation for a younger woman who, if she were fortunate, might go on to marry her lover or another man of rank; the ballad "The Three Ravens" extolls the loyal mistress of a slain knight, who buries her dead lover and dies of the exertion, as she was in an advanced stage of pregnancy. It is noteworthy that the ballad-maker assigned this role to the knight's mistress rather than to his wife. In the courts of Europe Versailles and Whitehall in the 17th and 18th centuries, a mistress wielded great power and influence. A king might have numerous mistresses, but have a single "favourite mistress" or "official mistress", as with Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour; the mistresses of both Louis XV and Charles II were considered to exert great influence over their lovers, the relationships being open secrets. Other than wealthy merchants and kings, Alexander VI is but one example of a Pope who kept mistresses.
While the wealthy might keep a mistress for life, such was not the case for most kept women. In 1736, when George II was newly ascendant, Henry Fielding has his Lord Place say, " but, every one now keeps and is kept; the mistress is in a superior position both financially and to her lover. As a widow, Catherine the Great was known to have been involved with several successive men during her reign. In literature, D. H. Lawrence's work Lady Chatterley's Lover portrays a situation where a woman becomes the mistress of her husband's gamekeeper; until a woman's taking a inferior lover was considered much more shocking than the reverse situation. During the 20th century, as many women became better educated and more able to support themselves, fewer women found satisfaction in the position of being a mistress and were more to be in relationships with unmarried men; as divorce became more acceptable, it was easier for men to divorce their wives and marry the women who, in earlier years, might have been their mistresses.
The practice of having a mistress continued among some married men the wealthy. Men married their mistresses; the late Sir James Goldsmith, on marrying his mistress, Lady Annabel Birley, declared, "When you marry your mistress, you create a job vacancy". One recent example of a mistress is Camilla Parker-Bowles. For male mistress, the more general term "lover" can be used, but it does not carry the same implications. "Paramour" is sometimes used, but this term can apply to either partner in an illicit relationship, so it is not male. If the man is being financially supported by a wealthy older woman or man, he is a kept man; the term mister-ess has been suggested. In 18th and 19th-century Italy, the terms