Yue or Yueh is a group of similar Sinitic languages spoken in southern China the provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi, which are collectively known as Liangguang. The name Cantonese is used for the whole group, but linguists prefer to reserve that name for the variety of Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Macau, the prestige dialect. Taishanese, from the coastal area of Jiangmen located southwest of Guangzhou, was the language of most of the 19th-century emigrants from Guangdong to Southeast Asia and North America. Most migrants have been speakers of Cantonese. Yue varieties are not mutually intelligible with other varieties of Chinese, they are among the most conservative varieties with regard to the final consonants and tonal categories of Middle Chinese, but have lost several distinctions in the initial and medial consonants that other Chinese varieties have retained. The prototypical use of the name Cantonese in English is for the Yue variety of Guangzhou, but it is used for Yue as a whole. To avoid confusion, academic texts may call the primary branch of Chinese "Yue", following the Mandarin pinyin spelling, either restrict "Cantonese" to its common usage for the Guangzhou variety, or avoid the term "Cantonese" altogether and distinguish Yue from Guangzhou dialect.
In Chinese, people of Hong Kong and Macau, as well as Cantonese immigrants abroad call their language Gwóngdūng wá "speech of Guangdong". The people of Guangdong and Guangxi use the term Yuht Yúh "Yue language" and the term baahk wá, as for example in an expression like "南寧白話", which means the "baak waa of Nanning"; the area of China south of the Nanling Mountains, known as the Lingnan, was home to peoples known to the Chinese as the Hundred Yue. Large-scale Han Chinese migration to the area began after the Qin conquest of the region in 214 BC. Successive waves of immigration followed at times of upheaval in Northern and Central China, such as the collapse of the Han and Song dynasties; the most popular route was via the Xiang River, which the Qin had connected to the Li River by the Lingqu Canal, into the valley of the Xi Jiang. A secondary route followed the Gan River and the Bei Jiang into eastern Guangdong. Yue-speakers were joined by Hakka-speakers following the North River route, Min-speakers arriving by sea.
After the fall of Qin, the Lingnan area was part of the independent state of Nanyue for about a century, before being incorporated in the Han empire in 111 BC. After the Tang dynasty collapsed, much of the area became part of the state of Southern Han, one of the longest-lived states of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, between 917 and 971. Large waves of Chinese migration throughout succeeding Chinese dynasties assimilated huge numbers of Yue aborigines, with the result that today's Southern Han Chinese Yue-speaking population is descended from both groups; the colloquial layers of Yue varieties contain elements influenced by the Tai languages spoken in the area and still spoken by people such as the Zhuang or the Dong. The port city of Guangzhou lies in the middle of Pearl River Delta, with access to the interior via the West River, North River and East River, which all converge at the delta, it has been the economic centre of the Lingnan region since Qin times, when it was an important shipbuilding centre.
By 660, it was the largest port in part of a trade network stretching as far as Arabia. During the Southern Song, it became the cultural centre of the region. Like many other Chinese varieties it developed a distinct literary layer associated with the local tradition of reading the classics; the Guangzhou dialect was used in the popular Yuèōu, Mùyú and Nányīn folksong genres, as well as Cantonese opera. There was a small amount of vernacular literature, written with Chinese characters extended with a number of non-traditional characters for Cantonese words. Guangzhou became the centre of expanding foreign trade after the maritime ban was lifted, with the British East India Company establishing a chamber of commerce in the city in 1715; the ancestors of most of the Han Chinese population of Hong Kong came from Guangzhou after the territory was ceded to Britain in 1842. As a result, Hong Kong Cantonese, the most spoken language in Hong Kong and Macau, is an offshoot of the Guangzhou dialect; the popularity of Cantonese-language media and the Cinema of Hong Kong has since led to substantial exposure of Cantonese to China and the rest of Asia.
On the Mainland, the national policy is to promote Standard Chinese, the medium of instruction in schools. The place of local Cantonese language and culture remains contentious. In 2010, a controversial proposal to switch some programming on Guangzhou local television from Cantonese to Mandarin was abandoned following widespread backlash accompanied by public protests. Yue languages are spoken in the southern provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi, an area long dominated culturally and economically by the city of Guangzhou at the delta of the Pearl River; the Cantonese variety spoken in Hong Kong and Macau, is the prestige variety of Yue. The influence of Guangzhou has spread westward along the Pearl River system, so that, for example, the speech of the city of Wuzhou some 190 km upstream in Guangxi is much more similar to that of Guangzhou than dialects of coastal districts that are closer but separated from the city by hilly terrain. One of these coastal languages, Taishanese, is the most common Yue variety among overseas communities.
Yue varieties are not at all mutually in
CD151 molecule known as CD151, is a human gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the transmembrane 4 superfamily known as the tetraspanin family. Most of these members are cell-surface proteins that are characterized by the presence of four hydrophobic domains; the proteins mediate signal transduction events that play a role in the regulation of cell development, activation and motility. This encoded protein is a cell surface glycoprotein, known to complex with integrins and other transmembrane 4 superfamily proteins, it is involved in cellular processes including cell adhesion and may regulate integrin trafficking and/or function. This protein enhances cell motility and metastasis of cancer cells. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants that encode the same protein have been described for this gene. CD151 has been shown to interact with CD46. Cluster of differentiation Tetraspanin Raph blood group system in the BGMUT blood group antigen gene mutation database Human CD151 genome location and CD151 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser.
This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain
Corpus Christi College is a transfer oriented academic college, located adjacent to the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia. The Vancouver campus is located in the University Endowment Lands on Point Grey, the name given to the height of land above the point of the same name; the college's claims include the high percentage of students involved in community service, the small class sizes, the ability to take credited courses at UBC. St. Mark's Chapel, Vancouver St. Mark's College, Vancouver University Endowment Lands Regent College List of universities in British Columbia Higher education in British Columbia William C. Gibson'Wesbrook & His University' George Woodcock & Tim Fitzharris.'The University of British Columbia – A Souvenir'.. Corpus Christi College website Corpus Christi College Facebook The University of British Columbia Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada Profile
Havant War Memorial Hospital was a health facility in Crossway in Havant, England. It was managed by Southern Health NHS Foundation Trust; the foundation stone for the facility was laid by Major General John Seely, Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, in January 1928. The building, designed by Vernon-Inkpen and Rogers, was opened in July 1929. A fine frieze of Wedgwood tiles depicting nursery rhymes was added to the children's ward in 1935; the hospital joined the National Health Service in 1948 and a casualty department was added in June 1957. After services transferred to modern facilities such as Fareham Community Hospital, Havant War Memorial Hospital closed in September 2011 and was subsequently converted for use as a care home
John J. Marty is a member of the Minnesota Senate, representing District 66, which includes portions of Ramsey County in the northern Twin Cities metropolitan area; as a young state senator, he ran for Governor of Minnesota in 1994. He won the DFL party nomination and the Democratic primary but lost the general election to the incumbent governor, Arne Carlson, he ran for governor again in 2010, but withdrew from the race after failing to win his party's endorsement. As senator, Marty represents Roseville, Falcon Heights, northern St. Paul. John Marty was born in Evanston, Illinois, on November 1, 1956, he is the son of theologian Martin E. Marty, he attended St. Olaf College and graduated with a BA in Ethics in 1978. In 1979 and 1980 he worked in the DFL Party as a campaign aide and communications director, he became an administrator and researcher for the Criminal Justice Committee of the Minnesota House of Representatives in 1980, before working as a grant administrator at the Lutheran Brotherhood Foundation for two years beginning in 1985.
After his election to the Minnesota Senate in 1986, he became a member of the board of directors of the National Youth Leadership Council. From 1993 to 1996 he served on the board of Goodwill/Easter Seals Minnesota, a local nonprofit organization. Marty was elected state senator from District 63 on November 4, 1986, sworn in on January 6, 1987, for the 75th legislative session; the 1992 legislative redistricting, in conjunction with the U. S. Census, changed Marty's Senate district from 63 to 54. On November 7, 2006, Marty was reelected to a sixth term, winning 62.05% of the vote and carrying each of the seven suburbs in his district. The 2012 legislative redistricting changed Marty's Senate District from 54 to 66. In 1994 Marty sought to unseat incumbent Republican Governor Arne Carlson, he was the DFL party's endorsed nominee and won its primary by two percentage points over former state commerce commissioner and future Attorney General Mike Hatch Marty's self-imposed campaign finance limits, feasible in his small state senate reelection campaigns handicapped his ability to reach as far as his opponent statewide.
After spending most of his campaign funds on the primary, he lost to Carlson by a nearly two-to-one margin. Marty was one of seven DFLers who entered the 1998 gubernatorial campaign, but he dropped out of the race without filing for office; the party nominated state Attorney General Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III. In an upset, the Reform Party nominee, former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura, won the election. On December 22, 2008, Marty announced that he had launched an exploratory campaign for governor after encouragement from health care reformers, he made a formal announcement several months later. On February 2, 2010, Marty finished in fourth place in a precinct caucus straw poll with 9.5% of the vote, behind Minneapolis mayor R. T. Rybak and Speaker of the Minnesota House Margaret Anderson Kelliher, who each received more than 20%. Uncommitted voters came in third, with 14.7%. On March 31, 2010, Marty announced state senator Patricia Torres Ray as his running mate. On April 24, 2010, Marty withdrew from the race at the DFL state convention, after it became clear he could not win the party endorsement.
Marty gave his support to the party's nominee. When the national Democratic Party was picking their 2004 presidential nominee, Marty joined State Senate Majority Leader John Hottinger in endorsing Congressman Dennis Kucinich of Ohio. On Super Tuesday, Kucinich received 17% of the vote in Minnesota's presidential caucus, one of his best showings that year. During the 2008 presidential campaign, Marty was a strong supporter of Barack Obama. Marty is best known to Minnesota residents as an advocate on environmental issues, health-care reform, government ethics and campaign-finance reform, he is the author of a comprehensive single payer healthcare plan. In 2016, he authored a book, Healing Healthcare, that makes the case for a universal healthcare system. Marty does not accept soft money contributions or contributions from lobbyists, he limits the contributions he will accept from any one person. Among Marty's ethics legislation was the Minnesota law banning lobbyists from giving gifts to public officials.
Marty opposes the public funding of stadiums and professional sports teams and was outspoken in his criticism of proposals for new stadiums for the Minnesota Twins and Minnesota Vikings. He is a supporter of medical marijuana, made an appearance in the movie Super High Me. Over the years, Marty has pushed for legislation, dismissed as being politically impossible due to opposition of powerful interest groups building support and passing legislation several years later, he has authored a wide range of laws over the years, including renewable energy legislation that created community solar and multiplied the use of solar power in Minnesota. He authored the ban on mercury in consumer products, creation of public benefit corporations as an alternative form of business enterprise, authorization for nurses to dispense oral contraceptives in family planning clinics, significant restrictions on special interest money in politics, numerous DWI and public safety laws. Marty’s legislative ideas have made Minnesota the first state to adopt such ideas, with other states following in years, such as his law banning smoking in hospitals and health care facilities, a ban on the pesticide Triclosan and a prohibition on using several toxic flame retardants.
On LGBTQ rights, Marty was pushing for equality in early 1990s in the midst of strong publi
Valerie Murtagh is an English singer and songwriter, a member of The Avons. After singing with the Avons vocal trio in the 1950s and 60s, alongside her husband's sister Elaine Murtagh and Elaine's husband Ray Adams, Murtagh became a songwriter under the name Valerie Avon. Together with Adams and Elaine Murtagh, she wrote "Dance On!". This was a UK number one hit in 1963, the year returned to the UK Singles Chart in a vocal version by Kathy Kirby with lyrics by Marcel Stellman. With her songwriting partner, Harold Spiro, she wrote "Long Live Love", performed by Olivia Newton-John, the UK entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 1974, she co-wrote the following songs: "In Summer" – Ray Adams, Valerie Avon and Elaine Murtagh "Don't Move Away" – Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro "Annabella Umbrella" – Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro "Easy Lovin', Easy Livin'" – Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro "Easy Loving" – Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro "Desdemona" – Valerie Avon, Harold Spiro "I'm Gonna Find Myself A Girl" – Ray Adams, Valerie Avon and Elaine Adams United Kingdom in the Eurovision Song Contest Songwriting database Valerie Murtagh discography at Discogs