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Yuraygir National Park

Yuraygir is a national park in New South Wales, located 482 km northeast of Sydney. It was created in 1980, a result of the merger and enlargement of two national parks and Red Rock National Parks, both of, established in 1975. At the time of its establishment in 1980, the park was fragmented, parcels of land were bought over the following two decades to unite segments into a more contiguous protected area. Sometimes these acquisitions required protracted negotiations with land owners; the name is a phonetic translation of the local indigenous tribe who had lived in the area, had been transcribed variously as Jeigir, Jungai, Yegera, Yiegera or Youngai. Covering 65 km of coastline, it is the largest coastal park in New South Wales; the Yuraygir coastal walk traverses the coastline, takes four days to complete. There are 48 beaches, including the regarded 800-metre -long Shelley Beach. Thirty species of mammal have been recorded within the park, including the threatened rufous bettong, tiger quoll, brush-tailed phascogale and squirrel glider.

Swamps and wet heath are habitat for eastern grass owl. Pests include feral pigs, cats and horses, foxes, while problem weeds include groundsel bush, bitou bush and slash pine. Protected areas of New South Wales High Conservation Value Old Growth forest


Cure-All was a half-bred racehorse by Physician out of an unknown dam who won the 1845 Grand National Steeplechase when an unconsidered outsider. The horse was foaled in Yorkshire and in 1843 was taken to the prestigious Horncastle horse fair where he was offered at £240; the well known and respected steeplechase owner and rider Captain William Peel took an interest in the horse and requested he be allowed to take it for a ride before purchasing, as was the custom. However while out on this ride Peel found the horse to have gone lame and returned it to the representative of the owner with an apology but no offer to purchase. At the end of the week a friend of Captain Peel's, William Loft enquired as to the welfare of the horse and when told that it was still lame he made an offer of £50, accepted. Cure-All was used as a farm hack for Loft before being put to the hunting field. Cure-All showed such a good jumping ability and speed as a hunter that it was suggested he be entered into a match with a regarded local chaser named Crocous.

Despite losing 100 yards when going the wrong side of the flag at one obstacle and falling during the race, Cure-All was still beaten only a neck in the contest, bringing him to the attention of racehorse owner William Sterling-Crawford. Sterling-Crawford had placed an entry for his well fancied Rat Trap in the 1845 Grand National but when that horse was forced to withdraw through injury he was allowed to nominate a substitute to run in his colours of white with black sleeves and cap. Loft agreed to allow a lease of Cure-All to run as a nominee on condition that Loft himself be allowed to ride; the horse was walked most of the way from Healing, Lincolnshire to Aintree, arriving the on the evening before the race in a poor looking state, which led to the bookmakers offering the horse the next day at any price the public wished to offer, so poor were his chances thought to be. In addition Tom Olliver, the twice winning rider of the National who on the favourite Vanguard commented to Loft as they left the paddock that his horse looked like a Lincolnshire prize ox and might do well to complete one circuit of the course.

In addition Cure-All's position in the race had hung in the balance for some time prior to the off as his nominee owner, Sterling-Crawford being one of two owners who lodged a protest of over the safety of the ground on which the race was to be run, claiming that the rain of the previous night, followed by a sharp overnight frost had left the ground too hard. When he was outvoted by his fellow owners he decided not to withdraw the horse and the conditions worked in Cure-All's favour, coming past many tired horses to win in a new record time. One of the first riders to congratulate William Loft was Tom Olliver who, after admitting his error of judgement before the race joked that Loft must have stopped at a farmhouse during the first circuit before rejoining the runners on the second. Taken from an article published in'The Field' magazine August 1974 from an original article written circa 1890s

Calgary White Hat

The Calgary White Hat is a white felt cowboy hat, the symbol of both the Calgary Stampede annual rodeo and the city of Calgary. Created by Morris Shumiatcher, owner of Smithbilt Hat Company, it was worn for the first time at the 1946 Stampede. In the early 1950s, Mayor of Calgary Donald Hugh Mackay began presenting the white hat to visiting dignitaries, a tradition that the mayor's office continues to this day. Thousands of tourists and groups participate in "white hatting ceremonies" conducted by Tourism Calgary and by volunteer greeters at the Calgary International Airport. In 1983, the Calgary White Hat was incorporated into the design of the flag of Calgary; the Calgary White Hat was created by Morris Shumiatcher, a Russian-Jewish immigrant who came to Alberta with his father in 1909. His mother and ten other siblings joined them in Calgary in 1911. In 1919, Shumiatcher bought Calgary Hat Works, a hat cleaning and blocking firm, turned it into Smithbilt Hat Company, which would manufacture and sell hats as well.

The company operated retail stores in Alberta and British Columbia. Smithbilt produced fedoras, top hats, bowler hats. In the 1940s, the board of the Calgary Stampede decided to encourage the wearing of cowboy hats at the annual rodeo and Shumiatcher sought to meet the demand. Though light pastel hats for men were in vogue, Shumiatcher opted to manufacture a pure white cowboy hat, he imported the white felt from Russia through his Jewish contacts there who were tailors and hat makers, produced 18 white hats in 1946. William Herron, a local rancher and oilman who won the best costume prize in the Calgary Stampede parade, purchased four of them for himself and his family members, the rest sold out in a day. In 1947, Shumiatcher produced 240 white hats for the Stampede, which sold out. In 1948, 250 Calgary Stampeders fans wore their Smithbilt white hats to the 36th Grey Cup championship in Toronto. Many gave their hats to Torontonians; the 1948 Grey Cup event caused the Calgary White Hat to be regarded as a symbol of the city's hospitality.

In 1950, newly elected mayor of Calgary Donald Hugh Mackay, part of the 1948 Grey Cup excursion, initiated the practice of presenting a Smithbilt white hat to every visiting dignitary. City Council aldermen grew uncomfortable with the practice, which they viewed as a show: Alderman P. N. R. Morrison protested that "The white hats undermine efforts to establish Calgary as an oil and industrial centre", Alderman Grant MacEwan said, "The presentations have been carried to a foolish extreme". In 1958, the City Council voted to limit the number of mayoral hat-giving ceremonies to 15 per year. Mackay responded by launching a White Hat Fund with the help of local businessmen; the mayor's white hatting ceremony is considered the equivalent of bestowing the keys to the city. The mayor's office conducts 15 to 25 white hatting ceremonies per year. In 1969, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, tolerated the white hatting faux pas of new mayor Rod Sykes when Sykes, who had not received the message that the Duke possessed two Calgary White Hats from previous visits, welcomed the arriving royal with a white hat.

Philip muttered, "Not another one". He remarked, "You must give out dozens of these things.... I can always use it for carrying water around... or to put flowers in when I get home". Today, thousands of white hatting ceremonies are conducted annually by Tourism Calgary and by volunteer greeters at Calgary International Airport. Tourism Calgary conducts white hatting ceremonies for organizations. In September 2012, for example, 900 attendees to the Airport Council International-North America annual conference participated in a white hatting ceremony in which they received certificates naming them as honorary citizens of the city; the white hatting ceremony for individual tourists and groups arriving at the airport began in 1991 with a staff of 45 volunteers. Between 1991 and 2016, the airport greeters conducted close to 4,000 white hatting ceremonies for more than 12,520 visitors. Any individual or group can order a white hatting ceremony at the airport; the airport greeters, outfitted in white shirts, red vests, Calgary White Hats answer questions and provide directions and assistance to travelers.

As part of the white hatting ceremony conducted for tourists and groups, recipients are asked to recite the following oath: "I/we, havin' pleasured ourselves in the only genuine cowtown in Canada, namely Calgary and havin' been duly exposed to exceptional amounts of heart warmin', hand shakin', foot stompin', down home, country style Western Spirit, do promise to share this here brand of Western Hospitality with all folks and critters who cross our path". The one leading the oath adds, "On the count of three, raise your hat and shout a big ole' Calgary'YAHOO!!!'" The "YAHOO!!!" Shout echoes the traditional cowboy call heard at the Calgary Stampede. Smithbilt Hats, the official hat maker for the Calgary Stampede, produces the Calgary White Hat in straw, Merino wool, 100% rabbit fur; the straw and canvas models are selected by tourists, with a retail

In the Dark

In the Dark or in the dark may refer to: In the Dark, an album by Dutch indie band Face Tomorrow In the Dark In the Dark - Live at Vicar Street, an album by Josh Ritter In the Dark In the Dark "In the Dark", "In the Dark" from Don't Say No "In the Dark", from The Night The Sun Came Up "In the Dark", from Elements of Life "In the Dark", a song by 3 Doors Down from Us and the Night "In the Dark", a song by The Birthday Massacre from Pins and Needles "In the Dark", a song by Bring Me the Horizon from Amo "In the Dark", a song by Camila Cabello, from her debut studio album Camila "In the Dark", the working title of "You're the One" by Charli XCX "In the Dark", a song by Corinne Bailey Rae from The Heart Speaks in Whispers "In the Dark", a song by Flyleaf from Memento Mori "In the Dark", a song by JoJo from Can't Take That Away from Me "In the Dark", a song by Kate Miller-Heidke from Nightflight "In the Dark," a song from "Nina Simone Sings the Blues," 1967, RCA, an adaptation of "Two Cigarettes in the Dark," et al.

"In the Dark", a 1999 episode of the television program Angel "In the Dark", a 2004 episode of the television program Law & Order: Criminal Intent "In the Dark", a 2007 episode of the television program NCIS "In the Dark", a 2005 episode of the television program Tru Calling In the Dark, a 2013 TV movie directed by Richard Gabai and starring Elisabeth Röhm In the Dark, a BBC crime drama miniseries, based on a novel by Mark Billingham In the Dark, a 2019 drama series on The CW In the Dark, a novel by Mark Billingham In the Dark, a novel by Mai Jia In the Dark, a novel by Alexander Kuprin In the Dark, a horror novel by Richard Laymon In the Dark, a true crime and investigative journalism podcast produced by American Public Media "in the dark", a poker term — see Glossary of poker terms In the Dark, a 2012 horror film starring Shannon Elizabeth

Charles Henry Pace

Charles Henry Pace was an American composer and choral director of Christian music. At the age of 13, he relocated with his family to Chicago. There, he continued to study piano, composed gospel songs and arranged spirituals for Beth Eden Baptist Church and for Liberty Baptist Church. In 1925, he founded Pace Jubilee Singers, a gospel group which recorded songs written by himself, Charles Albert Tindley, others for Victor and for Brunswick Records 1926–1929. Thomas A. Dorsey accompanied the group. In 1936, Pace moved to Pittsburgh, where he founded the Pace Gospel Choral Union: an ensemble of 25 singers, enlarged to around 300 on special occasions, which performed gospel songs and spirituals. African-American churches in Pittsburgh and its suburbs would raise funds by having the ensemble perform for them, he founded two music publishing houses in Pittsburgh: Old Ship of Zion Music Company and Charles H. Pace Music Publishers, through which he published most of his 104 sacred compositions and arrangements and his 26 secular songs.

Between 1941–45, Old Ship of Zion Music Company had 301 agents committed to selling its songs, 2,511 direct mail order customers in the U. S.. His gospel songs "are in the style of Tindley’s songs, with a verse-chorus structure, memorable melodies, simple, effective harmonies". In a 1980 doctoral thesis for the University of Pittsburgh, Mary Tyler divided his 104 gospel songs into five categories: personal testimonies, questioning belief and introspection, scriptural messages, dialogue with God, personal counsel to listeners, his archives are preserved at the University of Pittsburgh. Some sources confuse or conflate him with Harry Pace, American music publisher and insurance executive, founder of Black Swan Records

List of types of seafood

The following is a list of types of seafood. Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans, it prominently includes fish and roe. Shellfish include various species of molluscs and echinoderms. Sea mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent in modern times. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are eaten as seafood around the world in Asia. In North America, although not in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is extended to fresh water organisms eaten by humans, so any edible aquatic life may be broadly referred to as seafood; some of the following are referred to as whitefish in the market, but are not whitefishes in a taxonomic sense. Anchovies barracuda Basa Bass Black cod/Sablefish Blowfish Bluefish Bombay duck Bream Brill Butter fish Catfish Cod Dogfish Dorade Eel Flounder Grouper Haddock Hake Halibut Herring Ilish John Dory Lamprey Lingcod Mackerel Mahi Mahi Monkfish Mullet Orange roughy Parrotfish Patagonian toothfish Perch Pike Pilchard Pollock Pomfret Pompano Sablefish Salmon Sanddab Pacific sanddab Sardine Sea bass Shad Shark Skate Smelt Snakehead Snapper Sole Sprat Sturgeon Surimi Swordfish Tilapia Tilefish Trout Tuna Turbot Wahoo Whitefish Whiting Witch Whitebait Caviar Ikura Kazunoko Lumpfish roe Masago Shad roe Tobiko Crab Crayfish Langostino known as the squat lobster.

Lobster Shrimp Cockle Cuttlefish Clam Loco Mussel Octopus Oyster Periwinkle Scallop Squid Conch Nautilus Dolphin Seal Whale These are common in some Asian cuisines Sea cucumber Uni Some species of jellyfish are edible and used as a source of food. Microcosmus sabatieri known as sea fig or violet, is eaten in parts of Europe; the raw sea fig is cut in half. It tastes of iodine. List of seafood dishes Seafood restaurant Different Classifications of Fresh Fish and Seafood