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About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #0014A8
sRGBB  (rgb) (0, 20, 168)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (1, .88, 0, .34)
HSV       (h, s, v) (233°, 1%, .66%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Zaffre, a pre-scientific substance (see List of alchemical substances), is a deep blue pigment obtained by roasting cobalt ore, and is made of either an impure form of cobalt oxide[1] or impure cobalt arseniate. During the Victorian Era, zaffre was used to prepare smalt and to stain glass blue.[2]

The first recorded use of zaffre as a color name in English was sometime in the 1550s (exact year uncertain).[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ClayArt
  2. ^ Mackenzie's Five Thousand Receipts in All the Useful and Domestic Arts , 1845, "Pottery: Black glazing p 369.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 207; Color Sample of Zaffre: Page 109 Plate 43 Color Sample D11