Stara Zagora is the sixth-largest city in Bulgaria, the administrative capital of the homonymous Stara Zagora Province. It has a proud history illustrated by the many impressive ancient Roman buildings preserved in its centre; the name comes from the Slavic root star and the name of the medieval region of Zagore The original name was Beroe, changed to Ulpia Augusta Traiana by the Romans. From the 6th century the city was called Vereja and, from 784, Irenopolis in honour of the Byzantine empress Irene of Athens. In the Middle Ages it was called Boruj by the Bulgarians and Železnik; the Turks called it Eski Hisar and Eski Zagra, from which its current name derives, assigned in 1871. The original Thracian settlement dates from the 5-4th century BC when it was called Beroia; the city was founded by Phillip II of Macedon in 342 BC. Under the Roman Empire, the town was renamed Ulpia Augusta Traiana in honour of emperor Trajan; the city grew to its largest extent under Marcus Aurelius and became the second most important city in the Roman province of Thrace after Philippopolis.
Its status and importance is evidenced by the visits of several emperors including Septimius Severus and Diocletian. The Battle of Beroe was fought near the city in 250 resulting in a Gothic Victory, it was after this event that the city walls were doubled like other cities in the region. In the 2nd-3rd century the city had its own coin mint showing its importance. In 377, in the Gothic War, the Goths marched on Beroe to attack the Roman general Frigiderus but his scouts detected the invaders and he promptly withdrew to Illyria; the city was rebuilt by Justinian. John's Byzantine army, many of the captives, were settled as foederati within the Byzantine frontier. In 1208 the Bulgarians defeated the Latin Empire in the battle of Boruy fought nearby; the Ottomans conquered Stara Zagora in 1371. A grade school was built in 1840 and the town's name was changed to Zheleznik in 1854 instead of the Turkish Eskizağra, but was renamed once again to Stara Zagora in 1870, it was an administrative centre in Edirne Province before 1878 as "Zağra-i Atik".
After the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule in 1878, it became part of autonomous Eastern Rumelia as a department centre before the two Bulgarian states merged in 1886 as a result of the Unification of Bulgaria. Many of the monuments from the Roman city have been excavated and are visible in situ today and include: City walls The "Antique" Forum Roman city streets and buildings The Roman Baths 4th-6th c. public building with mosaics 4th c. private house with mosaics of Silenus with Bacchantes and of Dionysus’s Procession South city gate Thracian TombOverlooking the "antique" forum is an unusual building in the form of a monumental auditorium in the shape of a theatre. Stara Zagora is the administrative centre of the Stara Zagora Province, it is about 231 kilometres near the Bedechka river in the historic region of Thrace. The city is in an area of a transitional continental climate with a considerable subtropical influence; the average yearly temperature is about 13 °C. Stara Zagora was the biggest town in today's Bulgarian territory before liberation from Ottoman rule.
But the town was burned and destroyed by Turkish army during the Liberation war in 1877-1878. During the first decade after the liberation of Bulgaria, in the 1880s the population of Stara Zagora decreased and numbered about 16,000. Since it started growing decade by decade because of the migrants from the rural areas and the surrounding smaller towns, reaching its peak in the period 1989-1991 exceeding 160,000. After this time, the population has started decreasing because of the low birth rate. Stara Zagora is one of the richest cities in Bulgaria with much better economic situation than average for the Bulgarian provinces. According to the latest 2011 census data, individuals who declared their ethnic identity were distributed as follows: Bulgarians: 117,963 Gypsies: 5,430 Turks: 1,965 Others: 579 Indefinable: 617 Undeclared: 11,718 Total: 138,272 PFC Beroe Stara Zagora is a football club in Stara Zagora, it plays at Beroe stadium. The team is a member of the "A grupa" league. Beroe has won the Bulgarian Cup two times.
Historical sites Regional Historical Museum The Antique Forum Thracian Tomb The Roman Baths Roman mosaics of “Silenus with Bacchantes" and of Dionysus’s Procession The Samarsko Zname Monument Ayazmoto Park Defenders of Stara Zagora Memorial Complex Memorial House of Geo Milev The South Gate of Augusta Trajana The Opera House, built in 1925 Stara Zagora Transmitter with one of the few Blaw-Knox Towers in Europe Neolithic Dwellings Museum Bedechka - Gradinski Central City Part Makedonski know as Chumleka Dabrava Eastern Industrial Zone Geo Milev Golesh Industrial Zone Kazanski Kolyo Ganchev Lozenets Mitropolit Metodiy Kusev (Митрополит Методий Кусев - named after a
Trebinje is a city located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is the southernmost city in Bosnia and Herzegovina situated on the banks of Trebišnjica river in the region of East Herzegovina; as of 2013, it has a population of 31,433 inhabitants. The city's old town quarter dates to the 18th-century Ottoman period, includes the Arslanagić Bridge; the city lies in the Trebišnjica river valley, at the foot of Leotar, in southeastern Herzegovina, some 30 km by road from Dubrovnik, Croatia, on the Adriatic coast. There are several mills along the river, as well as several bridges, including three in the city of Trebinje itself, as well as a historic Ottoman Arslanagić Bridge nearby; the river is exploited for hydro-electric energy. After it passes through the Popovo Polje area southwest of the city, the river — which always floods in the winter — runs underground to the Adriatic, near Dubrovnik. Trebinje is known as "the city of the sun and platan trees", it is said to be one of the most beautiful cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The city is cultural center of the region of Eastern Herzegovina. De Administrando Imperio by Constantine VII mentioned Travunija, as a "land of the Serbs". Serbian Prince Vlastimir married his daughter to Krajina, the son of Beloje, that family became hereditary rulers of Travunija. By 1040 Stefan Vojislav's state stretched in the coastal region from Ston in the north, down to his capital, set up along the southern banks of the Skadar Lake, with other courts set up in Trebinje and Bar; the town commanded the road from Ragusa to Constantinople, traversed in 1096 by Raymond IV of Toulouse and his crusaders. It belonged to the Serbian Empire until 1355. Trebinje became a part of the expanded medieval Bosnian state under Tvrtko I in 1373. There is a medieval tower in Gornje Police whose construction is attributed to Vuk Branković; the old Tvrdoš Monastery dates back to the 15th century. In 1482, together with the rest of Herzegovina, the town was captured by the Ottoman Empire; the Old Town-Kastel was built by the Ottomans on the location of the medieval fortress of Ban Vir, on the western bank of the Trebišnjica River.
The city walls, the Old Town square, two mosques were built in the beginning of the 18th century by the Resulbegović family. The 16th-century Arslanagić bridge was built at the village of Arslanagić, 5 kilometres north of the town, by Mehmed-Paša Sokolović, was run by Arslanagić family for centuries; the Arslanagić Bridge is one of the most attractive Ottoman-era bridges in Herzegovina. It has two large and two small semicircular arches. Among noble families in the Trebinje region mentioned in Ragusan documents were Ljubibratić, Starčić, Popović, Krasomirić, Preljubović, Poznanović, Dragančić, Kobiljačić, Paštrović, Zemljić and Stanjević; the burning of Saint Sava's remains after the Banat Uprising provoked the Serbs in other regions to revolt against the Ottomans. Grdan, the vojvoda of Nikšić, organized revolt with Serbian Patriarch Jovan Kantul. From 1596, the center of anti-Ottoman activity in Herzegovina was the Tvrdoš Monastery in Trebinje, where Metropolitan Visarion was seated. In 1596, the uprising broke out in Bjelopavlići spread to Drobnjaci, Nikšić, Piva and Gacko.
The rebels were defeated at the field of Gacko. It failed due to lack of foreign support; the hajduks in Herzegovina had in March 1655 carried out one of their greatest operations, raiding Trebinje, taking many slaves and carrying with them out much loot. On 26 November 1716, Austrian general Nastić with 400 soldiers and c. 500 hajduks attacked Trebinje, but did not take it over. A combined Austro-Venetian-Hajduk force of 7,000 stood before the Trebinje walls, defended by 1,000 Ottomans; the Ottomans were busy near Belgrade and with hajduk attacks towards Mostar, were thus unable to reinforce Trebinje. The conquest of Trebinje and Popovo field were given up to fight in Montenegro; the Venetians took over Hutovo and Popovo, where they recruited militarly from the population. Notable participants in the Herzegovina Uprising from Trebinje include Mićo Ljubibratić. During the Herzegovina Uprising, the Bileća and Trebinje region was led by serdar Todor Mujičić, Gligor Milićević, Vasilj Svorcan and Sava Jakšić.
During the period of Austro-Hungarian administration, several fortifications were built on the surrounding hills, there was a garrison based in the town. The imperial administrators modernized the town, expanding it westwards, building the present main street, as well as several squares, schools, tobacco plantations, etc. Trebinje grew in the era of Josip Broz Tito's Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia between 1945 and 1990, it developed its hydroelectric potential with dams, artificial lakes and hydroelectric plants. This industrial development brought a large increase in the urban population of Trebinje. Trebinje was the largest town in Serb-held eastern Herzegovina during the Bosnian War, it was controlled by Bosnian Serb forces from the fall of 1991, was used as a major command and artillery base by Yugoslav People's Army troops besieging the Croatian town of Dubrovnik. In 1992 Trebinje was declared the capital of the self-proclaimed Serbian Autonomous Region of Herzegovina. Bosniak residents were subsequently conscripted to fight with the JNA and if refused they were executed, thus they fled the region.
Ten of the town's mosques were razed to the ground during the war. Trebinje is one of two municipalities created f
Dalmatian Hinterland is the southern inland region of Croatia. The name zagora means "behind hills", a reference to the fact that it is the part of Dalmatia, not coastal. Zagora, in the strict sense, spans from Šibenik eastern hinterland to east, where it borders with Herzegovina and Livanjski kraj, its borders are present in two counties: Šibenik-Knin. The terrain in Zagora is rugged: in the region bordering the coastline, it is flat but dry covered with makija. More inland, there tend to be more greener pastures, as the climate and elevations change. Karst topography dominates the landscape; the land is interspersed with river canyons, of Krka, Čikola and others. One national park is located in the Krka National Park; the aforementioned geographical and climate conditions influenced the life patterns of the important shepherd population: in the wintertime, they were moving their numerous flocks from the mountains to the coast. Historic population of Zagora has included the Vlachs; the area has had diminishing human settlement in the last few centuries, although a lot of smaller and larger villages remain scattered all over Zagora.
The larger towns include Knin, Drniš, Sinj, Vrgorac and Imotski. Villages include Biskupija, Kijevo, Unešić, Oklaj, Ružić, Aržano, Dicmo, Muć, Cista Provo, Hrvace, Lovreć, Šestanovac, etc. Two major roads intersect Zagora - the D1 state road which comes from Zagreb, crosses from Lika through Knin and Sinj, down to Split, the built A1 highway, which meanders near Zadar and Benkovac, passing throughout Zagora, via the Dugopolje exit and on to Ploče; the railway links Zagreb with Knin, from Knin to Zadar, from Knin to Perković, where the line splits to Šibenik or to Split. Geography of Croatia Dalmatinska Zagora http://www.galerijaklovic.hr/izlozba.aspx?id=10
Zagora is a town in the Draa River valley in the Drâa-Tafilalet region of southeastern Morocco. It is flanked by the mountain Zagora from, it was called'Tazagourt' the singular of plural'Tizigirt', Berber for'twinpeaks', referring to the fortress of the Murabitun, or Almoravid, people. In old European maps the mountain Zagora is indicated but the town itself was only built in the 20th century. On the top of the Zagora mountain the remains of an Almoravid fortress can still be seen; the exact location of the former Almoravid mosque is still a matter of dispute. Each year the moussem of the Sufi saint moulay Abdelkader Jilali is celebrated at Zagora. Languages spoken in the city include Moroccan Arabic and Tamazight. A sign at the town border states "Tombouctou 52 days", the supposed time it takes to get to Timbuktu, Mali on foot or camel; the original sign have been replaced by a mural painting. Zagora has a hot desert climate. Zagora is noted for international events such as the Zagora Marathon and the Nomads Festival in M'Hamid.
Zagora on Agadir portal Lexicorient Zagora Zagora, Souss-Massa-Draâ, Morocco Zagora Draa
Mount Zagora known as Tazagourt is a mountain in south-eastern Morocco, in the region of Drâa-Tafilalet. The mountain gives its name to the nearby town of Zagora, it has a double peak with one of the summits reaching 1030 m and the other 971 m. On the top of the Zagora mountain the remains of an Almoravid fortress can still be seen. Lexicorient
Nova Zagora is a town located in the southeastern plains of Bulgaria in Sliven Province. It is the administrative centre of Nova Zagora Municipality; as of December 2009, the town had a population of 23,625 inhabitants, while the entire municipality had a population of 45,111. Nova Zagora is located on the main Sofia-Plovdiv-Burgas railroad, as well as the Trakia Highway that runs from Sofia to Burgas, it is 30 km west of Sliven. The Nova Zagora Municipality is part of the Sliven administrative district; the climate is mild, with an average winter temperature of 1.2 °C and an average temperature in August of 23.5 °C. Nova Zagora has Turkish minorities; the first traces of life in the region date back thousands of years. Many archeological sites are located in the region, showing settlements dating back to the Stone Age and the Stone-Copper age; the most prominent archeological site is in the nearby village of Karanovo. The Nova Zagora Historical Museum has many significant artifacts dating back to this era.
Nova Zagora is an agricultural center. The region is fertile, growing a wide range of produce, including grapes, sunflowers and other; the surrounding region has many farms and vineyards, various foods and wines are produced in the in towns and villages around Nova Zagora. The municipality has a manufacturing base including machine tools producer ZMM Ltd. agriculture equipment maker Perla Ltd. and textile manufacturer Miroglio Ltd. The town has a variety of sports facilities, including tennis courts, a soccer and athletics stadium, karate. Nova Zagora has a football team called Zagorets Nova Zagora. Nova Zagora is twinned with: Feres, Greece Estoril, Portugal Petroșani, Romania Taraclia, Republic of Moldova
Záhorie is a region in western Slovakia between by the Little Carpathians to the east and the Morava River to the west. Although not an administrative region, it is one of the 21 official tourism regions in Slovakia. Záhorie lies in the area of three administrative regions: Bratislava Region, Trnava Region and Trenčín Region; the region creates the borders between Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Austria. A military district of the same name is located around Malacky; the word "Záhorie" means " behind the mountains", referring to the Little Carpathians mountains that separate Záhorie from the rest of Slovakia. The Hungarian name of Záhorie, "Erdőhát" translates to " behind the forest". In the middle of the region is the Záhorská nížina, a plain between the towns of Senica and Malacky. Most of the area is forested; the forested area is used as a testing range for military vehicles tanks and artillery. The testing range is called Vojenský technický skúšobný ústav Záhorie, it contains the testing range, the Kuchyňa airbase and the village of Záhorie, built for workers at the testing range.
Headquarters are located in the village of Záhorie and includes storage facilities and research facilities. The western edge of the region is formed by the river Morava; the eastern border is the Carpathian Mountain Range. On the north is the Chvojnická pahorkatina; the Myjava River flows through the region, nearly every village has a dam or lake. The region is a plain behind mountains, so the climate is much drier than that of the rest of Slovakia; the region is well known for its wide yellow fields of rapeseed and red wine. Other grown crops are corn and grain; this region is well known for producing high quality wines in the regions around the town Skalica. This town is well known for a typical cuveé - Skalicky Rubin, a composition of three sorts of red wine - Noir de Franconie + Portugais Bleu + Saint Laurent and a typical subsort of Noir de Franconie redwine - Lampart; the region specific production of alcoholic beverages is known with wine brandy and various fruit spirits with higher volume of alcohol, 40% and more slivovica, a popular local speciality.
The population in the area is around 170,000. Towns in the region are Gbely, Holíč, Senica, Stupava and Šaštín-Stráže; the people here were for many years in the past farmers, so there are no big towns, most of the people lived in small villages not far from each other. The average distances between the villages are less than 3 km. Between the villages are often small settlements around Myjava and Brezová pod Bradlom, called kopanice, osady or samoty; because the region is geographically separated from the rest of Slovakia, its inhabitants are culturally closer to the Moravians and speak a distinct dialect of Slovak language that forms dialect continuum with the Moravian dialects of the Czech language. They are a target of frequent region-specific jokes from the rest of Slovaks, in a similar way that e.g. the Irish are mocked by the British, the people from Appenzell, Switzerland are being laughed at by the rest of the Swiss. Some parts of Záhorie are protected by Záhorie Protected Landscape Area, the first lowland protected landscape area in Slovakia.
The Landscape Area takes 275.22 km² and is divided into two separate parts – north-eastern and western. The Little Carpathians Protected Landscape Area and Biele Karpaty Protected Landscape Area are situated in Záhorie; the largest part of Záhorie is taken up by the Záhorie Lowland, divided into the Bor Lowland and the Chvojnica Hills. The Bor Lowland is named after a big artificial forest named Bor, an old Slavic word meaning pine forest; this forest was planted with Scots Pine in the 18th century on the largest blown sands of Slovakia. The importance of Záhorie for transportation purposes increased after the creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918, owing to the need to connect the two most important cities of the newly formed country, i.e. Prague and Bratislava, with a road and a railway that do not cross into any other country. Before that time, a typical horse carriage journey from Prague to Bratislava would pass through Znojmo and Vienna; as a result, the main railway track passing through Záhorie was doubled in 1920 and the track layout at the station of Kúty was modified so that the direct track from Bratislava now leads over the Morava river to Břeclav.
The connection with the Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway in Břeclav was rebuilt in 1929 too, so that direct trains between Prague and Bratislava no longer had to reverse direction in Břeclav. The construction of the D2 motorway passing through Záhorie and connecting Bratislava with Brno and further with Prague was commenced in 1969 and completed in 1980. Nowadays Záhorie provides the fastest route between Prague and Budapest for both road and rail traffic. Záhorie at Slovakia.travel Záhorie at enjoyBratislava