Green Lantern (comic book)
Green Lantern is an ongoing American comic book series featuring the DC Comics heroes of the same name. The character's first incarnation, Alan Scott, appeared in All-American Comics #16, was spun off into the first volume of Green Lantern in 1941; that series was canceled in 1949 after 38 issues. When the Silver Age Green Lantern, Hal Jordan, was introduced, the character starred in a new volume of Green Lantern starting in 1960 and has been the lead protagonist of the Green Lantern mythos for the majority of the last 60 years. Although Green Lantern is considered a mainstay in the DC Comics stable, the series has been canceled and rebooted several times; the first series featuring Hal Jordan was canceled at issue #224, but was restarted with a third volume and a new #1 issue in June 1990. When sales began slipping in the early 1990s, DC Comics instituted a controversial editorial mandate that turned Jordan into the supervillain Parallax and created a new protagonist named Kyle Rayner; this third volume ended publication in 2004, when the miniseries Green Lantern: Rebirth brought Hal Jordan back as a heroic character and made him the protagonist once again.
After Rebirth's conclusion, writer Geoff Johns began a fourth volume of Green Lantern from 2005 to 2011, a fifth volume which started after, this time showcasing both Hal Jordan and Sinestro as Green Lanterns. Volume 1 was published from 1941 until 1949 spanning a total of 38 issues; the series featured Alan Scott, the first Green Lantern character, created by writer/artist Martin Nodell and writer Bill Finger. Alan's first appearance was in the anthology series, All-American Comics #16; the Green Lantern character received his own self-titled series in Fall 1941. The first use of the Green Lantern oath was in issue #9. Artist Alex Toth did some of his earliest comics work on the title beginning with issue #28. A canine sidekick named Streak was introduced in #30 and the dog proved so popular that he became the featured character on several covers of the series starting with #34; the series was canceled with #38. Although there have been several subsequent Green Lantern revival projects over the years, this remains the only series to date to spotlight the Alan Scott character.
The Silver Age Green Lantern was created by John Broome and Gil Kane in Showcase #22 at the behest of editor Julius Schwartz. Volume 2 of Green Lantern began publication in August 1960; the series spotlighted the Silver Age Green Lantern, Hal Jordan and introduced the expansive mythology surrounding Hal’s forebearers in the Green Lantern Corps. The supervillain Sinestro was introduced in #7. In 2009, Sinestro was ranked IGN's 15th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Hal Jordan's love interest, Carol Ferris, became the Star Sapphire in issue #16. Black Hand, a character featured prominently in the "Blackest Night" storyline in 2009-2010, debuted in issue #29. A substitute Green Lantern, Guy Gardner first appeared in the story "Earth's Other Green Lantern!" in issue #59. Green Arrow joined Hal Jordan in the main feature of the title in an acclaimed series of stories by writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams beginning with issue #76 and ending with issue #122 that dealt with various social and political issues in which Green Arrow spoke for radical change while Green Lantern was an establishment conservative figure, wanting to work within existing institutions of government and law.
Where Oliver Queen advocated direct action, Hal Jordan wanted to work within the system. Each would find their beliefs challenged by the other. Oliver convinced Jordan to see beyond his strict obedience to the Green Lantern Corps, to help those who were neglected or discriminated against; as O'Neil explained: "He would be a hot-tempered anarchist to contrast with the cerebral, sedate model citizen, the Green Lantern." The duo embarked on a quest to find America, witnessing the problems of corruption, racism and overpopulation confronting the nation. O'Neil took on then-current events, such as the Manson Family cult murders, in issue #78 where Black Canary falls under the spell of a false prophet who advocates violence, it was during this period. 2, #85-86, when it was revealed that Green Arrow's ward Speedy was addicted to heroin. In his zeal to save America, Oliver Queen had failed in his personal responsibility to Speedy — who would overcome his addiction with the help of Black Canary, Green Arrow's then-love interest.
This story prompted a congratulatory letter from the Mayor of John Lindsay. Another backup Green Lantern, John Stewart was introduced in #87; the series did not match commercial expectations and Neal Adams had trouble with deadlines, causing issue #88 to be an unscheduled reprint issue. Four months Green Lantern began a backup feature in The Flash #217 and appeared in most issues through The Flash #246 until his own solo series was revived; the Green Lantern title returned with issue #90 and continued the Green Lantern/Green Arrow team format. Julius Schwartz, who had edited the title for most of its run since 1960, left the series as of issue #103. In issue # 123, Hal Jordan resumed Green Arrow left the series. On the advice of artist Joe Staton, editor Jack C. Harris gave British artist Brian Bolland his first assignment for a U. S. comics publisher, the cov
Green Lantern is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. They fight evil with the aid of rings that grant them a variety of extraordinary powers, all of which comes from imagination and/or emotions; the first Green Lantern character, Alan Scott, was created in 1940 by Martin Nodell during the initial popularity of superheroes. Alan Scott fought common criminals in New York City with the aid of his magic ring; the Green Lanterns are among DC Comics' longer lasting sets of characters. They have been adapted to television, video games, motion pictures. Martin Nodell created the first Green Lantern, he first appeared in the Golden Age of comic books in All-American Comics #16, published by All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. This Green Lantern's real name was Alan Scott, a railroad engineer who, after a railway crash, came into possession of a magic lantern which spoke to him and said it would bring power.
From this, he crafted a magic ring. The limitations of the ring were that it had to be "charged" every 24 hours by touching it to the lantern for a time, that it could not directly affect objects made of wood. Alan Scott fought ordinary human villains, but he did have a few paranormal ones such as the immortal Vandal Savage and the zombie Solomon Grundy. Most stories took place in New York; as a popular character in the 1940s, the Green Lantern featured both in anthology books such as All-American Comics and Comic Cavalcade, as well as his own book, Green Lantern. He appeared in All Star Comics as a member of the superhero team known as the Justice Society of America. After World War II the popularity of superheroes in general declined; the Green Lantern comic book was cancelled with issue #38, All Star Comics #57 was the character's last Golden Age appearance. When superheroes came back in fashion in decades, the character Alan Scott was revived, but he was forever marginalized by the new Hal Jordan character, created to supplant him.
He made guest appearances in other superheroes' books, but got regular roles in books featuring the Justice Society. He never got another solo series. Between 1995 and 2003, DC Comics changed Alan Scott's superhero codename to "Sentinel" in order to distinguish him from the newer and more popular science fiction Green Lanterns. In 2011, the Alan Scott character was revamped, his costume was redesigned and the source of his powers was changed to that of the mystical power of nature. In 1959, Julius Schwartz reinvented the Green Lantern character as a science fiction hero named Hal Jordan. Hal Jordan's powers were more or less the same as Alan Scott's, but otherwise this character was different than the Green Lantern character of the 1940s, he had a new name, a redesigned costume, a rewritten origin story. Hal Jordan received his ring from a dying alien and was commissioned as an officer of the Green Lantern Corps, an interstellar law enforcement agency overseen by the Guardians of the Universe.
Hal Jordan was introduced in Showcase #22. Gil Kane and Sid Greene were the art team most notable on the title in its early years, along with writer John Broome. With issue #76, the series made a radical stylistic departure. Editor Schwartz, in one of the company's earliest efforts to provide more than fantasy, worked with the writer-artist team of Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams to spark new interest in the comic book series and address a perceived need for social relevance, they added the character Green Arrow and had the pair travel through America encountering "real world" issues, to which they reacted in different ways — Green Lantern as fundamentally a lawman, Green Arrow as a liberal iconoclast. Additionally during this run, the groundbreaking "Snowbirds Don't Fly" story was published in which Green Arrow's teen sidekick Speedy developed a heroin addiction that he was forcibly made to quit; the stories were critically acclaimed, with publications such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek citing it as an example of how comic books were "growing up".
However, the O'Neil/Adams run was not a commercial success, the series was cancelled after only 14 issues, though an additional unpublished three installments were published as backups in The Flash #217-219. The title would know a number of cancellations, its title would change to Green Lantern Corps at one point as the popularity waned. During a time there were two regular titles, each with a Green Lantern, a third member in the Justice League. A new character, Kyle Rayner, was created to become the feature while Hal Jordan first became the villain Parallax died and came back as the Spectre. In the wake of The New Frontier, writer Geoff Johns returned Hal Jordan as Green Lantern in Green Lantern: Rebirth. Johns began to lay groundwork for "Blackest Night", viewing it as the third part of the trilogy started by Rebirth. Expanding on the Green Lantern mythology in the second part, "Sinestro Corps War", with artist Ethan van Sciver, found wide critical acclaim and commercial success with the series, which promised the introduction of a spectrum of colored "lanterns".
The series and its creators have received several awards over the years, including the 1961 Alley Award for Best Adventure Hero/Heroine with Own Book and the Academy of Comic Book Arts Shazam Award for Best Conti
Geoffrey Johns is an American comic book writer and film and television producer. He served as the President and Chief Creative Officer of DC Entertainment from 2016 to 2018, after his initial appointment as CCO in 2010; some of his most notable work has used the DC Comics characters Green Lantern, Aquaman and Superman. In 2018, he stepped down from his executive role at DC Entertainment to open a production company, Mad Ghost Productions, to focus on writing and producing film and comic book titles based on DC properties; some of his work in television includes the series Blade, Smallville and The Flash. He was a co-producer on a producer on Justice League, he co-wrote the story for Aquaman and the screenplay for Wonder Woman 1984. Geoff Johns was born January 25, 1973, in Detroit, the son of Barbara and Fred Johns, he is of half Lebanese ancestry, grew up in the suburbs of Grosse Pointe and Clarkston. As a child and his brother first discovered comics through an old box of comics they found in their grandmother's attic, which included copies of The Flash, Green Lantern, Batman from the 1960s and 1970s.
Johns began to patronize a comics shop in Traverse City, recalling that the first new comics he bought were Crisis on Infinite Earths #3 or 4 and The Flash #348 or 349, as the latter was his favorite character. As Johns continued collecting comics, he gravitated toward DC Comics and Vertigo, drew comics. After graduating from Clarkston High School in 1991, he studied media arts, film production and film theory at Michigan State University, he graduated from Michigan State in 1995, moved to Los Angeles, California. In Los Angeles, Johns cold-called the office of director Richard Donner looking for an internship, while Johns was being transferred to various people, Donner picked up the phone by accident, leading to a conversation and the internship. Johns started off copying scripts, after about two months, was hired as a production assistant for Donner, whom Johns regards as his mentor. While working on production of Donner's 1997 film Conspiracy Theory, Johns visited New York City, where he met DC Comics personnel such as Eddie Berganza, reigniting his childhood interest in comics.
Berganza invited Johns to tour the DC Comics offices, offered Johns the opportunity to suggest ideas, which led to Johns pitching Stars and S. T. R. I. P. E. A series based to editor Chuck Kim a year later. Johns expected to write comics "on the side", until he met David Goyer and James Robinson, who were working on JSA. After looking at Stars and S. T. R. I. P. E. Robinson offered Johns co-writing duties on JSA in 2000, Johns credits both him and Mike Carlin with shepherding him into the comics industry; that same year, Johns became the regular writer on The Flash ongoing series with issue 164. John's work on The Flash represents one example of his modeling of various elements in his stories after aspects of his birth town, explaining, "When I wrote The Flash, I turned Keystone City into Detroit, made it a car town. I make a lot of my characters from Detroit. I think blue-collar heroes represent Detroit. Wally West's Flash was like that. I took the inspiration of the city and the people there and used it in the books."
John's Flash run concluded with #225. He co-wrote a Beast Boy limited series with Ben Raab in 2000 and crafted the "Return to Krypton" story arc in the Superman titles with Pasqual Ferry in 2002. After writing The Avengers vol. 3 #57–76 and Avengers Icons: The Vision #1–4 for Marvel Comics, Johns oversaw the re-launch of Hawkman and Teen Titans. Johns was responsible for the return of Hal Jordan in 2005 as the writer of the Green Lantern: Rebirth mini-series and subsequent Green Lantern ongoing title. Johns was the writer of the Infinite Crisis crossover limited series, a sequel to 1985's Crisis on Infinite Earths. Following this, Johns was one of four writers, with Mark Waid, Grant Morrison, Greg Rucka, on the 2006–2007 weekly series 52. In 2006, Johns and Kurt Busiek co-wrote the "Up, Up and Away!" Story arc in Action Comics. He reunited with Richard Donner on the "Last Son" storyline in Action Comics with Donner co-plotting the series with his former assistant; the Justice Society of America series by Johns and artist Dale Eaglesham began in February 2007 and six months he and Jeff Katz launched the new Booster Gold series.
That same year, Johns helmed the critically acclaimed "Sinestro Corps War" storyline in the Green Lantern titles. He wrote the "Final Crisis" one-shot Rage of the Red Lanterns with artist Shane Davis and collaborated with Gary Frank on Action Comics. Johns and Frank produced the "Brainiac" storyline in which Superman's adopted father Jonathan Kent was killed and retold Superman's origin story in 2009's Superman: Secret Origin. In 2009, Johns teamed with artist Ethan Van Sciver on The Flash: Rebirth miniseries, which centered on the return of Barry Allen as the Flash and wrote the Blackest Night limited series. Commenting on Johns' creation of such concepts as the Blue Lantern Corps, the Red Lantern Corps, the Indigo Tribe, DC Comics writer and executive Paul Levitz noted in 2010 that "One of Johns' sharpest additions to DC mythology is the notion that the Green Lanterns are but one color within a rainbow spectrum, that the other hues have their own champions. Folding in old concepts and inventing new ones, Johns has established limitless story possibilities."
On February 18, 2010, Johns was named the Chief Creative Officer of DC Entertainment, established to expand the DC Comics brand ac
The Omega Men are a fictional team of extraterrestrial superheroes who have appeared in various comic book series published by DC Comics. They first appeared in Green Lantern #141, were created by Marv Wolfman and Joe Staton. After appearances in Green Lantern, Action Comics and The New Teen Titans, the Omega Men were featured in their own comics series which ran for 38 issues from April 1983 to May 1986. During its run, writer Roger Slifer and artist Keith Giffen created the mercenary anti-hero Lobo. Creators included writers Doug Moench and Todd Klein, artists Tod Smith, Shawn McManus and Alex Niño, inkers Mike DeCarlo, Jim McDermott and Greg Theakston. Members of the Omega Men appeared in the 2004 eight-issue Adam Strange limited series, as well as the 2005 Infinite Crisis lead-in 6-issue limited series, Rann-Thanagar War and the 2008 follow-up Rann-Thanagar Holy War. In 2006 they had their own six issue limited series with Tigorr, Elu and Ryand'r - written by Andersen Gabrych and art by Henry Flint.
The Omega Men hail from the Vega system, a planetary system with twenty-five habitable planets, which as of the early 1980s had been ruled for millennia by the Citadelians, a race of warriors cloned from the First Citadelian, the demi-godlike son of X'Hal. The Citadelians established a tyrannical regime based in a fortress moon known as the Citadel; the citadel set about to conquer the younger races of Vega. There were only two races in the Vegan system, the primitive Branx and the pacifistic Okaarans, but the Psions used Okaaran DNA to create the other twenty-three races of Vega such as the Tamaraneans, Aelloans and the Changralyns; the Omega Men were assembled as a group of renegades and representatives of conquered Vegan worlds to fight Citadelian aggression. Pre-Infinite Crisis the team was based on the planet Kuraq; the Omega Men are important peacekeepers in their sector because the Green Lantern Corps is not allowed into Vegan space, due to a long-standing agreement with the Psions. The Omega Men made a return appearance in the Adam Strange mini-series.
Still led by Tigorr, with veteran members Broot, Elu and Harpis. They were joined by a group of new members, they were still fighting the Spider Empire. A vision by one of their new members, a precog, results in them waiting in a Rannian space station for some time, it was in this storyline. Doc himself is presumed slain. In the recent Omega Men mini-series, it had been revealed that upon returning to the remains of Tamaran with Ryand'r, the Omegans are attacked by the Darkstar zombies of Lady Styx and all but five of them died; the Omega Men have been seen fleeing L. E. G. I. O. N. Robots during a hostile takeover ousting Vril Dox. An alternate future has the Earth taken over by a new Nazi movement. A division of Omega Men participates in a rescue mission and all are killed. Tigorr Broot Doc Elu Ryand'r Felicity: the same Felicity that died during Invasion!, she refused to be converted into one of Lady Styx's Darkstars and stayed in a limbo, from which she came out changed in a new super-powered form Primus: Primus is a telepath and telekinetic from planet Euphorix.
Dies during Invasion! storyline, shot down by guards. Kalista: widow of Primus, sorceress from planet Euphorix. Tigorr: Taghurrhu of planet Karna, last of his kind. Broot: super strong and durable, born of a pacifist society on Changralyn. Rejected from his society for resorting to violence. Nimbus: disembodied agent of reincarnation of Branx warriors planetary guardian of Kuraq. Harpis: sister of Demonia from planet Aello, mutated by Psions, killed by Lady Styx' Darkstars. Demonia: sister of Harpis from planet Aello, mutated by Psions, betrayed the team, killed by Tigorr. Felicity: last female of Tigorr's species, died during Invasion! Storyline when shape-shifting Durlans attacked. Doc: bio-organic doctor from Aello, killed by Durlan assassin in Adam Strange mini-series. Shlagen: team mechanic, from planet Slagg, died in battle against Lady Styx. Elu: a shy energy being and Ryand'r's best friend Ryand'r: brother of Starfire, from Old Tamaran, now goes by the name Darkfire. In the Teen Titans Go! comics, he is renamed Wildfire Auron: Lambien of Okaara, son of the goddess X'Hal, godlike energy powers Green Man: ex-Green Lantern from planet Uxor, died during Invasion!
Storyline Artin: artificial intelligence created by the Psions who holds a recording of Primus' brain in his memory, destroyed by Lady Styx's Darkstars Rynoc: male warrior from Okaara, deceased Zirral: female from Old Tamaran Ynda: Kallista's cousin from Euphorix and love interest of Ryand'r, died during Invasion! Oho-Besh: a Changralyn priest, deceased Uhlan: a Gordanian from Karna Seer Cecilia Dark Flea Chantale Vandal Lianna: female member of the Guardians of the Universe Primus Kalista Felicity Shlagen Rynoc Ynda Green Man Doc Seer Cecilia Chantale Dark Flea Demonia Harpis Vandal Typical Outrage Doc Rod Infinite Soap Exkurt Dark Ord Zen High Voltage Galanta Arguth Tilian Magnum Preside Folex Light Sheperd Deka In September 2011, The New 52 rebooted DC's continuity. In this new timeline, a modified version of the Omega Men dubbed; the new group consists of young aliens under the tutelage of Zealot. Each of the aliens' parents were enslaved by Lobo, they are united in seeking revenge on the marauder.
Primus Kalista Tigorr In 2015, as part of the "DC You" revamp of the DC Comics, a new O
Extraterrestrials in fiction
An extraterrestrial or alien is any extraterrestrial lifeform. The word extraterrestrial means "outside Earth"; the first published use of extraterrestrial as a noun occurred in 1956, during the Golden Age of Science Fiction. Extraterrestrials are a common theme in modern science-fiction, appeared in much earlier works such as the second-century parody True History by Lucian of Samosata. Gary Westfahl writes: Science fiction aliens are both metaphors and real possibilities. One can probe the nature of humanity with aliens that by contrast illustrate and comment upon human nature. Still, as evidenced by widespread belief in alien visitors and efforts to detect extraterrestrial radio signals, humans crave companionship in a vast, cold universe and aliens may represent hopeful, compensatory images of the strange friends we have been unable to find. Thus, aliens will remain a central theme in science fiction until we encounter them. Cosmic pluralism, the assumption that there are many inhabited worlds beyond the human sphere predates modernity and the development of the heliocentric model and is common in mythologies worldwide.
The 2nd century writer of satires, Lucian, in his True History claims to have visited the moon when his ship was sent up by a fountain, peopled and at war with the people of the Sun over colonisation of the Morning Star. Other worlds are depicted in such early works as the 10th-century Japanese narrative, The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, the medieval Arabic The Adventures of Bulukiya; the assumption of extraterrestrial life in the narrow sense becomes possible with the development of the heliocentric understanding of the solar system, the understanding of interstellar space, during the Early Modern period, the topic was popular in the literature of the 17th and 18th century. In Johannes Kepler's Somnium, published in 1634, the character Duracotus is transported to the moon by demons. If much of the story is fantasy, the scientific facts about the moon and how the lunar environment has shaped its non-human inhabitants are science fiction; the didactic poet Henry More took up the classical theme of Cosmic pluralism of the Greek Democritus in "Democritus Platonissans, or an Essay Upon the Infinity of Worlds".
With the new relative viewpoint that understood "our world's sunne / Becomes a starre elsewhere", More made the speculative leap to extrasolar planets, the frigid spheres that'bout them fare. The possibility of extraterrestrial life was a commonplace of educated discourse in the 17th century, though in Paradise Lost John Milton cautiously employed the conditional when the angel suggests to Adam the possibility of life on the Moon: Her spots thou seest As clouds, clouds may rain, rain produce Fruits in her softened soil, for some to eat Allotted there. In "The Excursion" David Mallet exclaimed, "Ten thousand worlds blaze forth. In 1752 Voltaire published "Micromegas" that told of a giant that visits earth to impart knowledge and Washington Irving in his novel, A History of New York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty, spoke of earth being visited by Lunarians. Camille Flammarion who lived in a time where biological science had made further progress, made speculation about how life could have evolved on other planets in works such as La pluralité des mondes habités and Recits de L'Infini, translated as Stories of Infinity in 1873.
Stories written before the genre of science fiction had found its form. Closer to the modern age is J.-H. Rosny, who wrote the short story Les Xipéhuz, about a human encounter with extraterrestrials who turns out to be a mineral life form impossible to communicate with. Authors such as H. G. Wells, Olaf Stapledon and Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote both monitory and celebratory stories of encounting aliens in their science fiction and fantasies. Westfahl sums up: "To survey science fiction aliens, one can classify them by their physiology and eventual relationships with humanity": Early works posited that aliens would be identical or similar to humans, as is true of Edgar Rice Burroughs's Martians, with variations in skin color and number of arms.... Writers realized that such humanoid aliens would not arise through parallel evolution and hence either avoided them or introduced the explanation of ancient races that populated the cosmos with similar beings; the notion surfaces in Ursula K. Le Guin's Hainish novels and was introduced to justify the humanoid aliens of Star Trek in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Chase".
Another common idea is aliens who resemble animals. Among the many fictional aliens who resemble Earth's animals, Westfahl lists: Francis Flagg's The Lizard-Men of Buh-Lo the winged Hawk-Men of the serial Flash Gordon and its sequels the insect-like alien enemies of Robert A. Hein
Olivia Jane d'Abo is an English-American actress and songwriter. She is known for her role as Karen Arnold, Kevin Arnold's rebellious teenage hippie sister on The Wonder Years, recurring villain Nicole Wallace in Law & Order: Criminal Intent. D'Abo was born on 22 January 1969 in London, the daughter of Maggie London, an English model and actress, Mike d'Abo, an English singer and member of 1960s group Manfred Mann, she has an older brother, as well as two half-brothers and one half-sister: elder brother Ben, younger half-brother Bruno, younger sibling twins Ella and Louis on her father's side. Olivia and Ben both attended high school in the United States at Los Feliz Hills School in Los Angeles and d'Abo attended Pacoima Junior High School in Pacoima, California, she is the first cousin once removed of her father's cousin Maryam d'Abo, the actress best known for her performance as Kara Milovy in the 1987 James Bond film The Living Daylights. Olivia and Maryam bought a house together in Los Angeles when Olivia was 19.
D'Abo's film debut was the supporting role of Princess Jehnna in Conan the Destroyer, released in June 1984. Two months she appeared in the supporting role of the peasant girl Paloma in Bolero, she performed a full frontal nudity scene in Bolero at the age of 14, standing in a tub while bathed by Bo Derek. D'Abo held the contract role as Karen Arnold in the ABC comedy-drama series The Wonder Years for the show's first four seasons, from 1988 to 1991, with two guest star appearances in the show's final two seasons. In 1992, she guest starred in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "True Q" as Amanda Rogers. D'Abo made five appearances recurring villain Nicole Wallace in the NBC police procedural drama series Law & Order: Criminal Intent between 2002 and 2008, she reprised the character in the 2013 episode "The Catacombes" of the French police procedural series Jo, a show created by René Balcer, who created Criminal Intent. In 2007, D'Abo played Abby Carter, the ex-wife of Sheriff Jack Carter, in the Sci-Fi Channel series Eureka for two episodes.
She has had numerous supporting roles in other television series and films, such as The Spirit of'76, The Big Green, The Twilight Zone. On stage, she appeared in the 2005 Broadway production of The Odd Couple with Matthew Broderick and Nathan Lane. In animation, D'Abo is the voices of Sonya Blade in Mortal Kombat: Defenders of the Realm. In February 2013, D'Abo began filming for Project Fedora, a video game that combines live-action footage with 3D graphics. D'Abo is a singer-songwriter and pianist, she has performed for various soundtracks. Her single "Broken" is from the movie Loving Annabelle, her debut album Not TV was released in July 2008. D'Abo performed backing vocals for Julian Lennon's Help Yourself, a duet with Seal's "Broken", she co-wrote the song "Love Comes from the Inside" with Italian singer Laura Pausini, featured on Pausini's English language debut album From the Inside. In October 2015, d'Abo started a weekly podcast called Every Friday with Dan and Olivia co-hosting the show with Dan Miles of the Friends of Dan Music Podcast.
D'Abo appeared on Ken Reid's TV Guidance Counselor podcast on 8 July 2016. D'Abo was engaged to actor Thomas Jane from 1998 to 2001, they worked in several projects together, including The Velocity of Gary and Jonni Nitro, the last two episodes of which Jane directed. She married music producer and songwriter Patrick Leonard in August 2002. Leonard filed for divorce at Los Angeles County Superior Court in November 2012, citing irreconcilable differences, revealing the couple had separated in August 2011, she has one child, born in 1995. D'Abo wrote and performed the title theme to Jonni Nitro, she was engaged to the singer Julian Lennon. Official website Olivia d'Abo on IMDb Olivia d'Abo at AllMovie
The Caucasian race is a grouping of human beings regarded as a biological taxon, depending on which of the historical race classifications used, have included some or all of the ancient and modern populations of Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, South Asia, North Africa, the Horn of Africa. First introduced in the 1780s by members of the Göttingen School of History, the term denoted one of three purported major races of humankind. In biological anthropology, Caucasoid has been used as an umbrella term for phenotypically similar groups from these different regions, with a focus on skeletal anatomy, cranial morphology, over skin tone. Ancient and modern "Caucasoid" populations were thus held to have ranged in complexion from white to dark brown. Since the second half of the 20th century, physical anthropologists have moved away from a typological understanding of human biological diversity towards a genomic and population-based perspective, have tended to understand race as a social classification of humans based on phenotype and ancestry as well as cultural factors, as the concept is understood in the social sciences.
Although Caucasian / Caucasoid and their counterparts Negroid and Mongoloid have been used less as a biological classification in forensic anthropology, the terms remain in use by some anthropologists. In the United States, the root term Caucasian has often been used in a different, societal context as a synonym for white or of European, Middle Eastern, or North African ancestry, its usage in American English has been criticized. The traditional anthropological term Caucasoid is a conflation of the demonym Caucasian and the Greek suffix eidos, implying a resemblance to the native inhabitants of the Caucasus. In its usage as a racial category, it contrasts with the terms Negroid and Australoid; the term Caucasian referred in a narrow sense to the native inhabitants of the Caucasus region. In his The Outline of History of Mankind, the German philosopher Christoph Meiners first used the concept of a "Caucasian" race in its wider racial sense. Meiners acknowledged two races: the Caucasian or beautiful, the Mongolian or ugly.
His Caucasian race encompassed all of the ancient and most of the modern native populations of Europe, the aboriginal inhabitants of West Asia, the autochthones of Northern Africa, the Indians, the ancient Guanches. In his earlier racial typology, Meiners put forth that Caucasians had the "whitest, most blooming and most delicate skin". In a series of articles, Meiners boasts about the superiority of Germans among Europeans, describes non-German Europeans' color as "dirty whites", in an unfavorable comparison with Germans; such views were typical of early proto-scientific attempts at racial classification, where skin pigmentation was regarded as the main difference between races. This view was shared by the French naturalist Julien-Joseph Virey, who believed that the Caucasians were only the palest-skinned Europeans, it was Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, a German professor of medicine and a member of the British Royal Society, who came to be considered one of the founders of the discipline of anthropology, who gave the term a wider audience, by grounding it in the new methods of craniometry and Linnean taxonomy.
Blumenbach did not credit Meiners with his taxonomy, although his justification points to Meiners' aesthetic viewpoint of Caucasus origins: Caucasian variety – I have taken the name of this variety from Mount Caucasus, both because its neighborhood, its southern slope, produces the most beautiful race of men, I mean the Georgian. Blumenbach would assert that of the various Caucasian varieties, the Northern European type represented the perfect form. In contrast to Meiners, Blumenbach was a monogenist – he considered all humans to have a shared origin and to be a single species. Blumenbach, like Meiners, did rank his Caucasian grouping higher than other groups in terms of mental faculties or potential for achievement. In various editions of On the Natural Variety of Mankind, Blumenbach expanded on Meiners' popular idea and defined five human races based on color, using popular racial terms of his day, justified with scientific terminology, cranial measurements, facial features, he established Caucasian as the "white race", Mongoloid as the "yellow race", Malayan as the "brown race", Ethiopian as the "black race", American as the "red race".
In the 3rd edition of his On the Natural Variety of Mankind, Blumenbach moved skin tone to second-tier importance after noticing that poorer European people whom he observed worked outside became darker skinned through sun exposure. He noticed that darker skin of an "olive-tinge" was a natural feature of some European populations closer to the Mediterranean Sea. Alongside the anthropologist Georges Cuvier, Blumenbach classified the Caucasian race by cranial measurements and bone morphology in addition to skin pigmentation, thus considered more than just the palest Europeans as archetypes for the Caucasian race. Following Meiners, Blumenbach described the Caucasian race as con