The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the century, Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company. On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom, Kaundas socialist United National Independence Party maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia, Angola. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the legal political party under the motto One Zambia. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth, after Mwanawasas death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. Sata died on 28 October 2014, the second Zambian president to die in office, Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015, in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the worlds fastest economically reformed countries, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa is headquartered in Lusaka. The territory of what is now Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911 and it was renamed Zambia at independence in 1964. The new name of Zambia was derived from the Zambezi river, the area of modern Zambia is known to have been inhabited by the Khoisan until around AD300, when migrating Bantu began to settle around these areas. These early hunter-gatherer groups were either annihilated or absorbed by subsequent more organised Bantu groups. Archaeological excavation work on the Zambezi Valley and Kalambo Falls show a succession of human cultures, in particular, ancient camping site tools near the Kalambo Falls have been radiocarbon dated to more than 36,000 year ago. The fossil skull remains of Broken Hill Man, dated between 300,000 and 125,000 years BC, further shows that the area was inhabited by pre-historic man. The early history of tribes of modern-day Zambia can only be gleaned from knowledge passed down by successive generations through word of mouth, in the 12th century, major waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion. Among them, the Tonga people were the first to settle in Zambia and are believed to have come from the east near the big sea, by the late 12th century, more advanced kingdoms and empires had been established in most regions of modern-day Zambia
Geography of association football
The following article gives a list of association football confederations, sub-confederations and associations around the world. The sports international governing body is FIFA, but those not affiliated to FIFA are also included in this article. In the Americas, leagues are organised as either multi-stage tournaments or separate Apertura and Clausura stages. The football associations listed in this section are members of FIFA-affiliated confederations, all UEFA associations are affiliated with FIFA. All CONMEBOL associations are affiliated with FIFA, the football associations in this section represent fully or partially recognized sovereign states or dependent territories, but are not part of FIFA or a FIFA confederation. Beneath the national level, governance of football may be divided up into regional or territorial associations, other non-national associations represent stateless populations, diasporas or micronations. Details of these are listed at non-FIFA international football
Confederation of African Football
The Confederation of African Football is the administrative and controlling body for African association football. CAF represents the football associations of Africa, runs continental, national, and club competitions. CAF is the biggest of six continental confederations of FIFA, CAF has been given 5 slots out of the 32 available since the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, this increased to 6 in 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, to include the hosts. The number of places returned to 5 for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and its first headquarters was situated in Khartoum, Sudan for some months until a fire outbreak in the offices of the Sudanese Football Association when the organization moved near Cairo. Youssef Mohammad was the first General Secretary and Abdel Aziz Abdallah Salem the president, the administrative center since 2002 is located in 6th of October City, near Cairo. It was initially made up of 4 national associations, currently there are 56 associations,55 full members since the inclusion of Zanzibar in March 2017 and Réunion Island as associate. The current CAF President is Ahmad Ahmad, suketu Patel is the 1st Vice-President, Almamy Kabele Camara is the 2nd Vice-President while Essam El Dine Ahmed is the Acting Secretary General. Hayatou announced that he would seek another term as president for the 16 March 2017 election. On March 16,2017, Ahmad Ahmad from Madagascar was elected president, in July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football to support 10 of its principal competitions. Total started with the Africa Cup of Nations that was held in Gabon therefore renaming it Total Africa cup of Nations. Reunion holds associate membership of CAF, Zanzibar held associate membership from 1980 to 2017 when it became a full member - albeit without voting rights for CAF presidency elections, the main competition for mens national teams is the Africa Cup of Nations, started in 1957. In 2009, CAF will be organising another competition for national teams. CAF also runs national competitions at Under-20 and Under-17 levels, a third competition, the CAF Cup, started in 1992 and was absorbed into the CAF Confederation Cup in 2004. The CAF Super Cup, which pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the CAF Confederation Cup, the Afro-Asian Club Championship was jointly organised with AFC between the winners of the CAF Champions League and the winners of the AFC Champions League. The last Afro-Asian Club Championship took place in 1998, * jointly organised with AFC Legend For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament are shown. Teams are sorted by number of appearances, Legend Legend The following clubs are the top 10 clubs in CAF competitions
Promotion and relegation
In sports leagues, promotion and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between two divisions based on their performance for the completed season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are used to determine rankings. This process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, the number of teams exchanged between the divisions is almost always identical. Such variations will almost inevitably cause an effect through the lower divisions. Even in the absence of such circumstances, the pyramid-like nature of most European football league systems can still create knock-on effects at the regional level. The system is said to be the characteristic of the European form of professional sports league organization. Promotion and relegation have the effect of allowing the maintenance of a hierarchy of leagues and divisions and they also maintain the importance of games played by many low-ranked teams near the end of the season, which may be at risk of relegation. In contrast, a low-ranked US or Canadian teams final games serve little purpose, although not intrinsic to the system, problems can occur due to the differing monetary payouts and revenue-generating potential that different divisions provide to their clubs. For example, financial hardship has sometimes occurred in leagues where clubs do not reduce their wage bill once relegated, some leagues offer parachute payments to its relegated teams for the following year. The payouts are higher than the money received by some non-relegated teams and are designed to soften the financial hit that clubs take whilst dropping out of the Premier League. However, in many cases these parachute payments just serve to inflate the costs of competing for promotion among the lower division clubs as newly relegated teams retain a financial advantage. If these are not satisfied, a team may be promoted in their place. While the primary purpose of the system is to maintain competitive balance. On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have involved in match-fixing. This occurred most recently in 2006, when the initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B. An exception is the proposed UEFA Nations League, which will feature promotion and relegation across four levels, in tennis, the Davis Cup has promotion and relegation where each group uses a knockout tournament format in which first-round losers play off to avoid relegation. In the United States, Canada, and Australia, teams are not promoted or relegated. The USL set up two leagues, now known as the United Soccer League and the Premier Development League, although the system is now in place, it is not compulsory and is rarely used
CAF Champions League
The CAF Champions League is an annual international club football competition run by the Confederation of African Football. Due to sponsorship reasons, the name is Total CAF Champions League. Egypts Al Ahly is the most successful club in the competitions history, Egyptian clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, winning the title 14 times. The reigning champions are Mamelodi Sundowns of South Africa, who secured their first win in the competition after defeating Zamalek SC in the 2016 final. Starting life as the African Champions Cup in 1964, the first team to lift the trophy was Cameroonian side Oryx Douala, who beat Stade Malien of Mali 2-1 in a one-off final. Bamako won the home leg 3-1 but it all came apart for them in the game in Abidjan as the Ivorians went on to win 4-1 to take the title 5-4 on aggregate. In 1967 when Ghanas Asante Kotoko met the DRCs TP Mazembe, CAF suggested a play-off, but the Ghanaians refused to compete and the title was handed to Mazembe, who went on to win the title again the following year. However, the Ghanaians got their revenge in 1970, when Kotoko, once again, the first game ended 1-1 but against expectation the Ghanaians ran out 2-1 winners in their away game to lift the title that had eluded them three years earlier. The 1970s saw a rise in the fortunes of Cameroonian club football. Between 1971 and 1980 Cameroonian teams won the cup four times, in between the Cameroonian victories the honor was shared with another team enjoying a golden age, Guinean side Hafia Conakry, who won it three times during this period. Particularly dominant have been the two Egyptian giants and Cairo-based arch-rivals, Al Ahly and Zamalek, apart from the introduction of the away goals rule, very little changed in this competition until 1997. In this year, CAF took the step to follow the lead established a few years earlier in UEFA by creating a league stage in the tournament. CAF also introduced prize money for participants for the first time, with a purse of US$1 million on offer to the winners and US$750,000 to the losing finalist, the new Champions League became the richest club competition in Africa. In the new format, the champions of the respective CAF member countries went through a series of preliminary rounds until a last 16 stage. The 8 winners of this round were drawn into two mini-leagues of 4 teams each, with each team playing each other on a home. At the end of the stage, the top two teams in each group meet in the semifinals, with the winners going through to contest the finals. From the 2009 season, the purse was increased to US$1.5 million. In 2010, TP Mazembe of the Democratic Republic of the Congo became the first club ever to repeat as champions on two separate occasions and their first pair of wins came in 1967 and 1968, before repeating the feat again in 2009 and 2010
CAF Confederation Cup
The Total CAF Confederation Cup is an international club association football competition run by the Confederation of African Football. Select club sides from Africas football leagues are invited to participate in this competition, the winner of the tournament faces the winner of the Total CAF Champions League in the following seasons Total CAF Super Cup. The competition was founded by the CAF in 2004 by merging both the African Cup Winners Cup and the CAF Cup in a single competition, in July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football to support 10 of its principal competitions. Total started with the Africa Cup of Nations that was held in Gabon therefore renaming it Total Africa cup of Nations, the competition is played into two phases A and B. The matches of the Preliminary, the 1/16th, the 1/8th rounds are played according to the system with ties broken via the Away goals rule. The eight teams eliminated from the 1/8th finals of the CAF Champions League will automatically qualify to play the additional 1/8th finals round of the CAF Confederation Cup. The eight teams which will qualify for the matches from the additional 1/8th finals will be divided in two groups of four each. Each team shall play six matches against the three opponents one match home and one match away and points granted upon the 3-1-0 system. The two group winners meet in the final which shall be played in two matches, home and away. The team scoring the highest aggregate number of goals in the two matches will be declared winner, in case of equality in the number of goals scored during the two matches, the team scoring the greatest number of away goals will be declared winner. If the number of goals scored on the matches is equal. The match will be played in the year to that of the concerned competition, in one match. CAF Cup CAF Champions League CAF Super Cup CAF Confederation Cup page on CAF official website CAF Confederation Cup on RSSSF
ZESCO United F.C.
ZESCO United Football Club is a Zambian professional football club based in Ndola that plays in the Zambian Premier league. Founded on January 1,1974, the club have spent most of their history in the top tier of Zambian football. The clubs home ground is the 49, 800-seat Levy Mwanawasa stadium in Ndola, Northern Zambia, the club is wholly owned and sponsored by the state-owned electricity supplier ZESCO. ZESCO United had their first major success in 1980, winning the old Zambian Division One, zesco United was founded in 1974. They became the first Zambian club to qualify for the CAF African Champions League Group stage in 2009, ZESCO United are one of only 3 Zambian clubs including Nkana and Green Buffaloes who hold an all-time unbeaten home record against non-Zambian opposition. ZESCO United also became the first Zambian Club this century to play against European opposition when they played against Zenit Saint Petersburg in Abu Dhabi in 2008, zesco United are the Zambian club with the largest number of foreign players in the country. The previous season saw the arrival of Togolese defender Emmanuel Mathias, from the clubs foundation until 2012, ZESCO United played their home games at the Trade Fair Grounds. They now play at the Estadio de la Levy Mwanawasa, which was opened on June 2,2012. Designed by the Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Co, ltd, the Estadio de la Levy Mwanawasa is used mostly for football matches, and occasionally for athletics events. The stadium was erected at a cost of US $65 million with a capacity slightly over 40,000. And for the first time, the local football body – FAZ – raked in over 500,000 dollars for a match in a World Cup qualifier against Ghana in June 2012. Kelvin Mutafu, the FAZ treasurer, said from gate takings alone the body raked in about K2 billion and that is minus adding such revenue as broadcasting and commercial rights for the sell-out match. On completion of the stadium, the Chinese construction company expressed delight, ltd, the construction company, whose Ndola project was courtesy of China’s Commerce ministry and department of aid to foreign countries, completed their assignment within 26 months. They credit the successful completion of the project to all including the local casual workers who contributed immeasurable hours of hard work to deliver a world-class structure. Since the clubs foundation, ZESCO United have had various crests, traditionally, ZESCO United have always worn orange home kits, with green and white as their away and third colors respectively. ZESCO United are one of the most widely supported Zambian football team in Zambia itself, Africa, and they are passionately known by their fans as Zescolo, Team ya Ziko or Team Zega Mambo. ZESCO Uniteds traditional fanbase comes from all over the Copperbelt as well as other parts of Zambia like the capital. ZESCO United made history in the mid 2010s when they became the Zambian team with the largest overseas fan-base and they have a large, growing community of Colombian fans, with numerous official supporters clubs in Colombia and several other parts of Latin America
Nkana FC is a Zambian football club based in Kitwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. It is largely Zambias most successful and popular football club and they play their home games at Nkana Stadium in Wusakili, Kitwe. The club is sponsored by Mopani Copper Mines. Nkana FC is one of Zambia’s oldest football clubs having been formed in 1935 in Kitwes Wusakili township, the club was founded under the name of Rhokana United FC before it changed to Nkana Red Devils. In 1990, they were runners-up in the African Cup of Champions, over the years, Nkana have accumulated a record of success having won the Premier League title twelve times, most recently in 2013. On 23 May 2014, head coach Masautso Mwale died in a traffic accident on the eve of the home game against Séwé Sport of the Ivory Coast in the Group B in the 2014 CAF Confederation Cup. The accident occurred near Maposa area and his car overturned several times as he was driving back to join the team in camp in Kitwe, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, guston Mutobo Jeff Butler Beston Chambeshi Jericho Shinde Moses Simwala Patrick Phiri Ben Bamfuchile Kenneth Malitoli Masautso Mwale
MTN Group, formerly M-Cell, is a South Africa-based multinational mobile telecommunications company, operating in many African, European and Asian countries. Its head office is in Johannesburg, as of 30 June 2016, MTN recorded 232,6 million subscribers across its operations. Although MTN operates in over 20 countries, One-third of its revenues come from Nigeria, on 18 March 2010, it was announced that MTN signed a sponsorship deal with English football club Manchester United F. C. In March 2016, MTN Group, LTD appointed Rob Shuter as Chief Executive Officer, MTN acquired Investcom, mainly under the Areeba and Spacetel brands. As of Q22016, MTN is active in, MTNs competitors in South Africa includes Vodacom, Cell C, Virgin Mobile, in May 2008, it emerged that Bharti Airtel, an India-based telecommunications company, was exploring the possibility of buying MTN Group. The Financial Times reported that Bharti was considering offering US$19 billion for a 51% stake in MTN, talks fell through after a few days and Bharti Airtel pulled out of the proposed deal on 24 May. Two days later, it was reported that another Indian telecommunications company, if realised, the estimated worth of the combined entity would have been $70 billion, with 116 million subscribers worldwide. On 18 July, the two announced that they had mutually decided to end discussions regarding the merger. In June 2008, MTN Group agreed to purchase Verizon Business South Africa, the acquisition was completed on 28 February 2009. MTN positioned themselves to provide DSL Broadband services in Africa, particularly South Africa, through its partnership with leading South African ISP, Afrihost. On 26 June 2009, MTN Group participated in Belgacom International Carrier Services, BICS will function as official international gateway for all international carrier services of Belgacom, Swisscom and MTN Group. These companies respectively hold 57. 6%,22. 4% and 20. 0% of the shares of the company, South African holding company Shanduka Group acquired a minority stake in MTN Groups Nigeria business for $335 million in November 2012. On 22 October 2015, MTN emerged as the Most Admired, MTN has won a number of brand awards in recent years. MTN has been criticised for its activities in Irans telecommunications sector, MTN has a 49 percent stake in government-controlled MTN Irancell, the second-largest mobile phone operator in Iran, and 21 percent of MTNs subscriber base is from the country. In January 2012, the US-based advocacy group United Against Nuclear Iran launched a campaign calling for MTN to scale back its operations in Iran. UANI alleges that MTN technology is enabling the Iranian government to locate, oracle, which owns Sun Microsystems, said that it was investigating and denied involvement, saying that it complies with US export laws. MTN Group denied the allegations, saying that it complied with US sanctions against Iran. Turkeys Turkcell filed a $4.2 billion lawsuit in Washington, the court delayed the case in October 2012 pending a US Supreme Court decision on the Alien Tort Statute, the US human rights law on which Turkcells suit is based
Football Association of Zambia
The Football Association of Zambia is the governing body of football in Zambia. It was founded in 1929 and affiliated to FIFA in 1964 and it is also a member of the Confederation of African Football and the Council of Southern Africa Football Associations. It organizes the Zambian Premier League and the national team, the FAZ Secretariat known as Football House is located on Alick Nkhata Road in the capital Lusaka. During the 1980s, they were known as the KK11, after the country adopted multiparty politics, the side was nicknamed Chipolopolo, the Copper Bullets. The team has three Africa Cup of Nations final appearances to its credit and they were once holders of the Africa Cup of Nations, winning in the 2012 final against Ivory Coast
Forest Rangers F.C.
Forest Rangers Football Club is a Zambian football club based in Ndola. They currently play in the Zambian Premier League and their home stadium is Dola Hill Stadium. In July 2011 English Club Leicester City announced that they were tracking the progress of pacey Rangers left midfielder Elby Davidson with a view to signing the Zambian Star, Zambian Coca Cola Cup,12005 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Kabwe Warriors F.C.
Kabwe Warriors is a Zambian football club based in Kabwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ super Division. In the 2013/14 season, Kabwe Warriors was relegated to division 1 and they play their home games at Godfrey Ucar Chitalu 107 Stadium in Kabwe. The club is sponsored by Zambia Railways, Zambian football great Godfrey Chitalu played for the club between 1971 and 1982. In 1972 he scored 107 goals in all competitions for club and country, more than Lionel Messis officially recognized record set in 2012
Lusaka Dynamos F.C.
Lusaka Dynamos Football Club is a Zambian football club based in Lusaka. They play in the top division in Zambian football. It is renowned for its ability to nurture upcoming footballers into full-fledged players, the club is owned by Hanif Adams, a businessman and experienced administrator. At the moment, Hanif is seeking election for President of the Football Association of Zambia, all home games are played at Queensmead Stadium in Lusaka. The Club was formed in 1979 by Hanif Adams who was a popular DJ around Lusaka nightclubs. He was also a part time player at the club and it evolved into one that focused on giving youths from different communities an opportunity to expose themselves. Lusaka Dynamos has sold players to Germany, Isreal, South Africa to name a few destinations, Lusaka Dynamos has also in the past given opportunity to footballers who arrived as refugees in Zambia to revive their careers at the club with a number coming from Rwanda and Liberia. The club a few years ago decided to change its strategy in a bid to compete for honors, the club has signed several star players from across Africa this year as well as identifying potential stars of the Zambian game. The club has been in preseason in Livingstone over the last three weeks, Zambian Challenge Cup,12008 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, sashi Chalwe Philimon Chipeta Dudley Fichite Kalililo Kakonje Lloyd Mumba Kennedy Mweene Lameck Njovu
Mufulira Wanderers F.C.
Mufulira Wanderers are Zambia’s most successful football club and are based in the Copperbelt town of Mufulira. Popularly known as Mighty Mufulira Wanderers, the club has won 50 trophies and has produced some of the country’s greatest players. After nine years in Division I, the Wanderers returned to the Zambian Super League in 2015 and have enjoyed two seasons in the top league. So the Mufulira Mine Team came into existence from the merger of teams that took part in matches and like Blackpool. The team played their games at Mutende ground and was coached by Welfare Officer Jim Crow, the British influence was unmistakable in the names Blackpool and later Wanderers, as well as the striped shirts that both teams wore. Some of the first players in the Wanderers team were Dominic Mwenya, George Kangwa, Joseph Choongo, Fidelis Bwete, McLean Kabwe, Alphonso Bwalya and Penius Kapenta Chirwa. The newly formed team competed favourably against teams like Roan Mine, Nchanga Mine, Rhokana Mine, Luanshya All Blacks, Chingola Eleven Wise Men, Bancroft North End and town mates Blackpool. Apart from the team, the club had two reserve sides whose games would precede those of the first team on match day. He was joined by George Sikazwe the following year and the two were the youngest members at the club, by 1959, goalkeeper Bwete and the trio of Ndhlovu, Sikazwe and Chirwa had formed a combination which would launch the team to greater heights. In 1960, coach Crow and the organizers went on a recruitment drive of talented youths at the various club centres within the mine township. This was how Laurent Chishala, Willie Kunda and Elijah Mwale became part of the team, others were brothers Goodson and Sandford Mvula, Kenneth Simwanza, Joseph Menzu, Patrick Nkole and Rodson Chewe. The two reserve teams were still a feature so there was a supply of players and competition for places in the first team, of which Ndhlovu, Sikazwe. In April 1962, Wanderers home ground Shinde Stadium was opened, in the same year the National Football League was formed and the team’s name changed to Mufulira Wanderers. Although the NFL only required a team and one reserve side. The inclusion of McNeillie at centre half steadied the defence and Dickson Makwaza in particular benefited from the presence of the rugged Scot. After missing out on the inaugural NFL championship of 1962 which was won by Roan United, coach Doug Sammons retained the same team and this signalled the beginning of their dominance on the Zambian soccer scene. The men from Shinde then set their sights on winning all of the silverware on offer, Wanderers won the right to compete in this final through by defeating City of Lusaka 5–2 in the local final with Kunda grabbing a hat-trick. Wanderers left no stone unturned during preparations for the Super Castle Cup final, by this time, golfer Harry McQuillan was the coach, with Lewis Rennos as physical trainer
Power Dynamos F.C.
Power Dynamos is a Zambian football club based in Kitwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. They play their games at Arthur Davies Stadium in Kitwe. The club is sponsored by Copperbelt Energy Corporation. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, fred Mwila Sr Ben Bamfuchile Aggrey Chiyangi Jones Mwewa Fordson Kabole Alex Chola, Jimmy Bone Mohamed Fathy Official website
Zanaco FC is a Zambian football club based in Lusaka that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. They play their games at Sunset Stadium in Lusaka. Zanaco Football Club was formed in 1978 as a social team by management trainees of Zambia National Commercial Bank. The team was launched at LOTUS INN in Lusaka, the founding members were Lloyd Choongo, Ben Banda, Nathan Lupupa and John Kasengele. Starting from the 1980s, Zanaco started growing steadily from a social club to becoming one of the most successful. Over the years the Sunset Stadium-based team has won 7 Super League trophies,4 Charity Shields,1 Coca-Cola Cup,1 Mosi Cup and 3 BP Cups. Zanaco are the team outside of Zambias Copperbelt Province to have not only won. Zanaco stands for Zambia National Commercial Bank, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Roan United F.C.
Roan United is a Zambian football club based in Luanshya. The club is a current member of the Zambian Premier League although they were most successful during the years of Zambian football. Indeed, they were the winners of the ZPL, clinching what was then called the Northern Rhodesia National Football League in 1962. They play their matches at Kafubu Stadium. The earliest organised African mine soccer team was formed in the early 1930s shortly after the opening of the Roan Antelope Copper Mine. This team was a merger of teams that played gruesome non-league soccer games that were often concluded with fist battles to define which of the tribes was superior to the others. Ben Evans, the European Welfare Officer in charge of African Affairs was behind this merger, in 1935 Roan Mine was affiliated to the Copperbelt African Football Association which was divided into three leagues. They competed against Chingola Eleven Wisemen, Luanshya All Blacks, Kitwe Lions, Rhokana Mine, Ndola Black Follies, Roan Mine FC also excelled in the Colony Cup and the Chamber of Mines competitions, the only silverware of the time alongside the CAFA league. They used Roan Soccer Field at mine recreation club, the two Roan teams were instrumental in pushing for multi-racial participation in soccer and the championining of a national football league. In 1961 a select side from both teams challenged an all European side Mufulira United to a game and won 1-0. An African player Ginger Pensulo scored the lone goal, in 1962 Roan Antelope United FC was born. Evans was Team Manager whilst Tony Castella took the role of player coach. Roan won the 1962 Castle Cup beating Nchanga Sports 4-3, in the Heinrich Chibuku Cup Final they beat Rhokana United 2–1. The same year saw Roan becoming the first club to represent the country in an international competition - the Super Castle Cup, winners of the Southern and Northern Rhodesia versions of the tournament competed for this cup. Two teams were entered in the CAFA in which the first team were league champions, similar honours were gained by the junior side.5 Roan are famed for producing great names in the history of Zambian football. The list of ex-Roan players reads like a Whos who in Zambian Soccer, three quarters of Zambia National team, Zambia Schools and Under 20 goalkeepers are traceable to Roan United and its reservoirs. Of all these the late Emmanuel Mwape still holds the record of having voted the best goalkeeper on the continent in 1974 at the Africa Cup of Nations. Most Zambian club success stories are linked to Roan United because of the players ‘poached’ from the club, most them also played for Zambia
Kitwe is the second largest city in terms of size and population in Zambia. With a population of 504,194 Kitwe is one of the most developed commercial and industrial areas in the nation, alongside Ndola and it has a complex of mines on its north-western and western edges. Kitwe is made up of townships and suburban areas including Parklands, Riverside, Buchi, Chimwemwe, Nkana East, Nkana West, Garneton and Race Course, the city is sometimes referred to as Kitwe-Nkana. Kitwe was founded in 1936 in north-central Zambia as the railway was being built by Cecil Rhodes company and it was first established as an adjunct, non-mining-related but supportive part of an expanding copper-mining centre at Nkana. The expanding copper mines at Nkana made it the dominant centre in the region and Kitwe started building up its size and significance over the years, finally surpassing Nkana as the main centre. The Rhodesia Railways main line reached the town in 1937, providing services as far south as Bulawayo. Kitwe is the base for a number of mining operations including the Mopani Copper Mines, Kitwe lies at the end of Zambia Railways passenger services from Livingstone, Lusaka and Ndola, but freight lines continue to the mining towns to the north-west. The main highway through the Copperbelt runs south-east to north-west through the city, to Ndola in the south-east, a laterite road goes west to Kasempa. Southdowns Airport lies about 12 km south-west of the town but does not receive many scheduled services, the airport was closed down for repair in 2005, and re-opened in 2008. Ndola Airport is 60 km south-east and services regular commercial flights from Lusaka, Solwezi, Addis Ababa, Nairobi, Students from Kingsmead paid a visit to the Kitwe schools in 2005. Kitwe has a number of schools, six being, Kitwe International School is a privately owned international school with a campus in Nkana West at plot 10, 9th Avenue. It offers quality tuition in sciences and arts and it also offers tuition for degree programs especially to students studying by distance. It offers consultancy services in project proposals and dissertation writeup, the school became operational on June 1,2012, Lechwe School is one of the biggest schools in the city. An international school, it provides pre-school, primary, secondary, Lechwe school is a multi-cultural school, hence there is not much religious teaching but a large number of subject options in secondary and advanced level schooling. Eppa Tembo, a player, represented Zambia in 2008 World Championship. Mpelembe Secondary School is one of the biggest secondary schools in the city and it offers Zambian Standard syllabus and Cambridge curriculum. Being one of the top 10 best schools in Zambia, Mpelembe has a selective admissions at both eighth and tenth grade entry levels. Each year, there are thousands of applicants and only one hundred
Mufulira is a town with a population of 125,336 in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. It was established in the 1930s around the site of the Mufulira Copper Mine on its north-western edge, a tarred highway to the south-west connects Mufulira to Kitwe and Chingola, and another to the south-east connects to Ndola, the commercial and transport hub of the Copperbelt. A branch of Zambia Railways, carrying freight only, serves the mine, production and employment levels are down from the 1969 peak when the Copperbelt made Zambia the worlds 4th largest copper producer. In Zambia, Mufulira is well known for being the home of the successful Mufulira Wanderers football team, zambias third President, Levy Mwanawasa, was born in Mufulira, as well as top African footballer, Kalusha Bwalya. Also notable are Welsh international sportsmen Robert Earnshaw and Dafydd James
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the cities in southern Africa, Lusaka is in the southern part of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,279 metres. As of 2010, the population was about 1.7 million. Lusaka is the centre of commerce and government in Zambia and connects to the countrys four main highways heading north, south. English is the language of the city, but Nyanja. Lusaka was the site of a named after its headman Lusaka. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard, the area was expanded by European settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway. After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was a centre of the movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia, in recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector have increased confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreign nationals, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organizations and some business people. The Parliament is situated at the Parliament complex, which features a 15-story building, the city is also the capital of Lusaka Province, the smallest and most populous of the countrys nine provinces, and forms an administrative district run by Lusaka City Council. In 2007, the mayor was Steven Chilatu, and the deputy mayor was Mary Phiri, mwewa up to 1982 List of Governors Simon C. Mwewa 1982 to 1983 Donald C, the children of the late President, Levy Mwanawasa as well as the children of Vice-President George Kunda, attend the Rhodes Park School. The city is home to the University of Zambia. The city centre includes several blocks west of Cairo Road, around which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, further east lies the government area, including the State House and the various ministries, around Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway neighborhoods. One of the streets and points of interest upon business is Cairo Road. Cairo Road was a section of the Great North Road and was so named because it is a link in Cecil Rhodes then dream of a Cape to Cairo Road through British colonies in Africa
Ndola is the third largest city in Zambia, with a population of 455,194. It is the industrial and commercial center of the Copperbelt, Zambias copper-mining region and it is also the commercial capital city of Zambia and has one of the three international airports, others being Livingstone and Lusaka. It lies just 10 km from the border with DR Congo, Ndola was founded in 1904, by John Edward Chiripula Stephenson just six months after Livingstone, making it the second oldest colonial-era town of Zambia. It was started as a boma and trading post, which laid its foundations as an administrative, the Rhodesia Railways main line reached the town in 1907, providing passenger services as far south as Bulawayo, with connections to Cape Town. The line was extended into DR Congo and from there linked to the Benguela Railway to the Atlantic port of Lobito. The Ndola railhead was responsible for the town becoming the centre of distribution. In 1961, an airplane carrying key United Nations figures, including the organisations second Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld, see Copperbelt Province for the history of the copper-mining industry. Ndola has a humid subtropical climate. Many closed factories and plants lie unoccupied in the town, a number of former industries such as clothing and vehicle assembly have disappeared completely. Even though the term ghost town can no longer apply to it, there are no mines in Ndola itself but the Bwana Mkubwa open-cast mine is only 10 km south-east of the city centre. Until their closure, copper and precious metals used to be brought from elsewhere in the Copperbelt for processing at the Ndola Copper Refinery, Copper exports provide 70–80% of Zambias export earnings, making the city very important to the countrys economy. The Indeni Oil Refinery in Ndola supplies the whole country with refined petroleum and it was repaired in 2001 after being severely damaged by fire in 1999. Great Lakes Africa Energy, through its subsidiary Ndola Energy Company Limited, the power is generated from heavy fuel oil supplied by the Indeni Petroleum refinery. Ndola is home to one of the national newspapers, the Times of Zambia, as well as its printer. These run as one company called TimesPrintpak, catholic church run printing press, Mission Press, is also located in Ndola. Mission Press operates as a commercial entity, the headquarters for the Zambia Postal Service Corporation and workers compensation control board are located in Ndola. Zambias ultra modern stadium is in ndola which accommodates most Zambia international sports events. One mark of Ndolas commercial significance to Zambia is shown by the presence of the major centre of operation for the countrys central bank
Kabwe is the capital of the Zambian Central Province with a population estimated at 202,914 at the 2010 census. Formerly named Broken Hill, it was founded when lead and zinc deposits were discovered in 1902, Kabwe also has a claim to being the birthplace of Zambian politics as it was an important political centre during the colonial period. It is an important transportation and mining centre, the name Kabwe or Kabwe-Ka Mukuba means ore or smelting but the European/Australian prospectors named it Broken Hill after a similar mine in Broken Hill, New South Wales, Australia. The mine was the largest in the country for thirty years until it was overtaken in the early 1930s by larger copper mining complexes on the Copperbelt. Apart from lead and zinc it also produced silver, manganese and heavy metals such as cadmium, vanadium, in 1921 a human fossil, a skull, called Broken Hill Man or Rhodesian Man was found in the mine. The mine, which occupies a 2.5 km² site 1 km south-west of the centre, is closed. A study by the Blacksmith Institute found Kabwe to be one of the ten most polluted places in the world due mostly to heavy metal tailings making their way into the water supply. A recent report indicates that childrens blood lead levels continue to be elevated even though mining has stopped, a locomotive maintenance facility was constructed there. In 1909 the railway reached Ndola in what was to become the Copperbelt, the railway workers unions played a large role in the politics of the country. Today, the town is the headquarters of Zambia Railways but employment levels on the railway have been heavily cut, the towns name was changed to Kabwe in 1966, shortly after independence. As well as being on the main Lusaka-Copperbelt railway line, it lies on the Great North Road, to the east of the city are the hydro-electric power stations of the Mulungushi Dam, Mita Hills Dam and Lunsemfwa Falls, built to power the mine and town. Closure of the led to economic decline for Kabwe. Other industries include pharmaceuticals, milling and cotton ginning, and Kabwes first Drinking Water Plant, commercial farming areas surround the city about 10 km from the centre, and the road and rail links provide ready access to the markets of the Copperbelt and Lusaka. The valleys are scenic wilderness with good wildlife potential, however, there is no proper road access to the area. Mulungushi Rock of Authority, north of the city Mulungushi University Lunsenfwa hydro power company Radio Maranatha 103 and it was one of the worst road accidents in Zambian history. Best selling novelist Wilbur Smith was born in Broken Hill on January 9,1933, the boxer Michael Norgrove was born in Broken Hill. The remains of an extinct hominid referred to as Rhodesian man or Kabwe cranium were found in a located in Kabwe by miners in 1921. At that time it was the oldest hominid fossil ever found, terracarta/International Travel Maps, Vancouver Canada, Zambia, 2nd edition,2000
Luanshya is a town in Zambia, in the Copperbelt Province near Ndola. It has a population of 117,579, the antelope fell to the ground, its head resting on a rock where an exposed seam of copper ore was visible. The mining company formed to exploit Colliers find was named Roan Antelope Copper Mines Ltd. For most of the 20th century, copper was mined in great quantities at Luanshya but towards the end of the century, mining became increasingly uneconomic. There is still a fair amount of copper underground, whether the town sees a revival in its fortunes will depend on how efficiently the copper is extracted and sold. The city is the birthplace of singer, John Edmond. Grayling and former Vice President of Zambia, the late George Kunda, the Roan Antelope Rugby Club in Luanshya formerly held the record for highest goal posts in the world, which were recognised by the Guinness Book of Records. They were 110 ft,6 inches high, Luanshya is the home base of a Technical and Vocational Teachers College or TVTC from which a generation of the countrys teachers have graduated. The town also has Luanshya Technical and Business College offering technical subjects to tertiary students, the Vasco da Gama school is the only school in the Copperbelt Province for people with disabilities, is managed by nuns and named after the famous Portuguese explorer. Before Independence, schools were segregated, with separate schooling for Europeans, Asians, Cape Coloureds. There were two schools for pupils, Luanshya Primary School and Luanshya High School. During Zambias painful privatisation period, thousands of miners were laid off by the Indian run RAMCOZ, the mines were quickly taken over by a Chinese firm. The Chinese workforce has been accused of negligence and flouting Labour laws. In 2011 three Chinese workers were arrested for allegedly molesting local girls by taking advantage of their economic status. While the opening of the mines may have some social problems to Luanshya, employment rates have risen. The agricultural sector is growing as small farmers are increasing their crop outputs to cope with growing demand. Main crops that are harvested include maize, wheat, and soybeans, for a long time, the town was a bastion for the fallen ruling party the Movement for Multy-Party democracy. P whilst outspoken Minister of Sport Chishimba Kambwili re-elected for the Roan seat. There have been calls for a youth representation from the district, 21-year-old Law student and native of Luanshya
Zambia national football team
The Zambia national football team represents Zambia in association football and is governed by the Football Association of Zambia. During the 1980s, they were known as the KK11, after the country adopted multiparty politics, the side was nicknamed Chipolopolo, the Copper Bullets. The team has three Africa Cup of Nations final appearances to its credit and they were once holders of the Africa Cup of Nations, winning in the 2012 final against Ivory Coast. After the departure of George Lwandamina in 2016, Wedson Nyirenda was appointed interim coach, as of 29 October, Nyirenda is reportedly being considered for promotion to permanent head coach. The countrys football association was formed in 1929 and joined FIFA in 1964,1930 to 1966 – Did not enter 1970 to 2014 – Did not qualify The following players were called up for the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification match against Cameroon on 12 November 2016. Caps and Goals updated as of 12 November 2016 after the game against Cameroon, the following players have been called up for Zambia in the last 12 months. Caps and goals correct as of March 27,2016, Zambia at FIFA. com Zambian Football Association official website ZambianFootball. net
Zambia women's national football team
Zambia womens national football team, nicknamed The She-polopolo, represents the country in international match. There is also a Zambia womens national football team, a Zambia womens national under-20 football team, and Olympic qualifying team. The country has participated in qualifying tournaments for the FIFA Womens World Cup. The team is currently ranked 119th best team in the world, Zambia womens national football team is called The She-polopolo. In 1985, almost no country in the world had a national football team. Womens football was organised by the Football Association of Zambia in 1983. Since that time, Zambia has created a senior national team. Womens football continues to be supported by the federation who have budgeted money for the womens game. In 2009, there were 100 womens teams for players over 16, there is a national womens league established in the country along with regional and school competitions. When quality football players are produced in Africa, often leave the country to seek greater opportunities elsewhere. Funding also is a problem for the game in Africa, with most of the funding for womens football in the Africa coming from FIFA. Zambia womens national team has had their kit sponsored. In 2003, the kit for the team was provided as a result of a sponsorship deal with Umbro who first agreed to sponsor the Zambia national football team. The teams official kit colours include green shorts, a green jersey, the team has received media coverage from the Daily Mail, Times of Zambia and the Post Newspapers. This coverage has included pictures of players being printed in the newspaper, some of the earliest matches Zambia womens national football team played were in 1994, for qualification for 1995 FIFA Womens World Cup. They played in a 5 November 1994 World Cup qualifier against South Africa in South Africa, in the return match in Lusaka, Zambia on 17 November 1994, Zambia lost again but with a score of 2–6. Between these games and 2001, the country did not play in any FIFA sanctioned matches, the country participated in the 2002 Confederation of Southern African Football Associations womens tournament in Harare, Zimbabwe. They were in Group A. Zambia beat the Malawi womens national football team 8–0 on 20 April, Zambia played against Zimbabwe womens national football team on 22 April where they lost 0–4
Zambia women's national under-20 football team
Zambia womens national under-20 football team, the Young She-polopolo, represents the country in international U20 competitions. The team, originally a U19 national team until 2006, has competed in the African Women U-19 Championship qualifying competition, because of local conditions related to the whole of womens football on the contintent, the team faces challenges for improving their performance. Zambia womens national football team is nicknamed the Young She-polopolo. The teams official kit colours include green shorts, a green jersey, Womens football was formally organised by the Football Association of Zambia in 1983. Since that time, Zambia has created a senior national team. Womens football continues to be supported by the federation who have budgeted money for the womens game. In 2009, there were 100 womens teams for players over 16, when quality football players are produced in Africa, often they leave the country to seek greater opportunities elsewhere, to the detriment of the local game. Funding also is a problem for the game in Africa, with most of the funding for womens football in the Africa coming from FIFA. Zambia womens national football team has participated in qualification tournaments for several events including the U19/U20 World Cup. Up until the 2006, the FIFA Women World Cup close to this age group was for U19, but for the 2006 World Cup, Zambia has participated in the qualification process for this competition as both the FIFA Women U19 World Cup and FIFA Women U20 World Cup. The team participated in the first edition of the African Women U-19 Championship held in 2002, Zambia earned a bye in the first round when Malawi withdrew from the competition. They made it to the quarterfinals, where they met South Africa womens national football team whom Zambia lost to twice with scores of 0–1. Zambia womens national football team participated in the 2006 African Women U-20 Championship. They played a home and away series in Round 1 against Mozambique womens national football team. In the return match in Mozambique, they won 2–1 and they participated in the FIFA CAF U-20 World Cup 2008 Qualifying. They played against Egypt in the opening round, in the first match in Lusaka on 12 January 2008, they tied 2–2. In the return match on 25 January 2008 in Ismailia, they against tied, Zambia participated in the 2010 Africa Cup qualifiers. As part of a home and away series in the competition against South Africa, in the first round, Zambia womens national under-20 football team beat Kenya womens national under-20 football team at home 2–1
Zambia women's national under-17 football team
Zambia womens national under-17 football team, nicknamed the Junior She-polopolo, represents the country in international under-17 matches. The team has participated in FIFA sanctioned events, including U-17 World Cup qualifiers, Zambia womens national under-17 football team is nicknamed the Junior She-polopolo. The teams official kit colours include green shorts, a green jersey, womens football was formally organised by the Football Association of Zambia in 1983. Since that time, Zambia has created a senior national team. Womens football continues to be supported by the federation who have budgeted money for the womens game. In 2009, there were 100 womens teams for players over 16, when quality football players are produced in Africa, often they leave the country to seek greater opportunities elsewhere, to the detriment of the local game. Funding also is a problem for the game in Africa, with most of the funding for womens football in the Africa coming from FIFA. The team participated in the 2008,2010 and 2012 African qualification tournaments for the FIFA U-17 World Cup, Zambia womens national under-17 football team participated in the 2008 African Women U-17 Championship. In the preliminary round, they played Ghana womens national football team. In the 3 February match in Lusaka, they lost 0–2, in the 17 February match in Accra, Zambia lost 0–4. The 2012 season coach was Beauty Mwamba, the assistant coach was Angela Sunga. This team competed in the Confederation of African Football qualifiers for the FIFA U-17 World Cup that will be held in Azerbaijan in September 2012 and they did not advance out of their region. In the early rounds, Zambia played Botswana womens national football team in Gaborone. In the return match against Botswana in Lusaka, Zambia won 2–0, during qualification, Zambia played Nigeria, losing 1–2 at home and 0–5 in Nigeria. Zambian officials suspected that the Nigerian team cheated by having age ineligible players on their squad, the national federation would have liked to appear the decision but it would have cost US$2,000 and they did not have the money to make the appeal. The loss also brought to question continued support by the Football Association of Zambia to support the team
1993 Zambia national football team air disaster
The flight was carrying most of the Zambian national football team to a FIFA World Cup Qualifier against Senegal in Dakar. All 25 passengers and five members were killed. A Gabonese official investigation into the accident concluded that the pilot had shut down the engine after a fire. The investigation found that fatigue and an instrument error had contributed to the accident. The accident is recreated in the 2014 Spanish/Zambian documentary film Eighteam, the flight had been specially arranged by the Zambian Air Force for the football team. The journey was scheduled to make three refuelling stops, the first at Brazzaville, Congo, the second at Libreville, Gabon, at the first stop in Brazzaville engine problems were noted. Despite this, the continued and a few minutes after taking off from the second stop in Libreville the left engine caught fire. A Gabonese report released in 2003 attributed the actions to a faulty warning light. The aircraft entered service in 1975, the plane had been out of service for five months from late 1992 until 21 April 1993. Test flights were carried out on 22 April and 26 April, prior to the departure for Senegal, checks revealed a number of defects in the engine, carbon particles in oil filters, disconnected cables and trace of heating. However, the flight went ahead as scheduled, the Chipolopolo were a very promising Zambia national team. At the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul they thrashed Italy 4–0 and they had their eyes on the 1993 Africa Cup of Nations trophy and a place at their first World Cup. All 30 passengers and crew, including 18 players, as well as the team coach and support staff. Charles Musonda, at the playing in Belgium for Anderlecht, was previously injured. A campaign to have the Gabonese crash investigation publicly released continued into the 2000s, in November 2003 a preliminary crash investigation report was released by the Gabonese government. Despite this relatives of the continue to lobby the Zambian government to produce a report on how the aircraft was allowed to leave Zambia. The members of the team killed in the crash were buried in what became known as Heroes Acre. The resurrected team defied the odds, and displaying an attacking playing style and they took the lead in the first half, but the Super Eagles quickly equalised and followed up with the winner in the second half
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1
It is the countrys primary football competition and serves as the top division of the Algerian football league system. Ligue 1 is one of two divisions making up the Ligue de Football Professionnel, the other being Ligue Professionnelle 2, the league is contested by 16 clubs, and it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with Ligue 2. In 2009 it was known as Championnat dAlgérie D1 Nedjma and from 2010 to 2014, from 2014, the league is officially known as Ligue Professionnelle 1 Mobilis as it is sponsored by Algerian telecommunications company Mobilis. The league was created in 1962, when Algeria became an independent nation, until 1950, only regional leagues were contested. Some national playoffs were played in the first decade of the 20th century, between 1920 and 1956 the winners played off for the North African Championship, together with league winners from Morocco and Tunisia. Between 1957 and 1962 a North African Championship without participation from Morocco, on August 21,2010, the FAF announced that the name of the league would change to Ligue Professionnelle 1 to reflect the professionalization of the league. The history of football in Algeria is closely linked to the French football, when football appeared in France in the year 1872, it appeared in its turn naturally around 1894 in North Africa, a region of the world subject to French authority. Then it came to an end in the year 1962, when Algeria became the last territory in North Africa to abandon French rule, the championship is once again modified during the season 1963-1964. Most teams that participated in the competition last season are grouped into three regional divisions, the championship then took the name of ephemeral DH, the Honor Division. Unlike the previous season, instead of individual groups composed three regions or regional football leagues, only one group per region was implemented. She beats the departmental final MSP Batna winner of Group II and this time the three were regional champions met in Constantine to determine who will win the second title. As the edition takes place in city, it was decided that the fourth team to accompany the three champions, the dolphin would be the Honorary Division of the League of Constantine, the MSP Batna. After the competition, the USM Annaba winner in the semifinals of the ASM Oran), will be needed in the final against NA Hussein Dey and this is to date the first and only league title usmistes of Annaba. After two competitive seasons in the form of regional tournaments with a national tournament, the Algerian Football Federation reorganized once again the championship. This time she opted during the season 1964-1965 to create a championship to direct confrontation between the sixteen best teams of the three regional leagues of Algerian football. For this, she referred the results of last season including the first five of each of the regional leagues, different formulas of the first division. The CR Belcourt is a new club at this time, from the district of Belcourt to Algiers which will be renamed Belouizdad and this club was born from the merger of two former clubs from the same district, WRB and the CAB. These two former clubs were known for playing football competitions in the French colonial era, for both affiliated to the FFFA and LAFA, in the sixties, this team has dominated the national football by winning no fewer than four titles between seasons 1964–1965 and 1970–1971