The capital city is Lusaka, in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the northwest, originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. After visits by European explorers in the century, Zambia became the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. For most of the period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company. On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom, Kaundas socialist United National Independence Party maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia, Angola. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the legal political party under the motto One Zambia. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth, after Mwanawasas death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding office for three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. Sata died on 28 October 2014, the second Zambian president to die in office, Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015, in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the worlds fastest economically reformed countries, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa is headquartered in Lusaka. The territory of what is now Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia from 1911 and it was renamed Zambia at independence in 1964. The new name of Zambia was derived from the Zambezi river, the area of modern Zambia is known to have been inhabited by the Khoisan until around AD300, when migrating Bantu began to settle around these areas. These early hunter-gatherer groups were either annihilated or absorbed by subsequent more organised Bantu groups. Archaeological excavation work on the Zambezi Valley and Kalambo Falls show a succession of human cultures, in particular, ancient camping site tools near the Kalambo Falls have been radiocarbon dated to more than 36,000 year ago. The fossil skull remains of Broken Hill Man, dated between 300,000 and 125,000 years BC, further shows that the area was inhabited by pre-historic man. The early history of tribes of modern-day Zambia can only be gleaned from knowledge passed down by successive generations through word of mouth, in the 12th century, major waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion. Among them, the Tonga people were the first to settle in Zambia and are believed to have come from the east near the big sea, by the late 12th century, more advanced kingdoms and empires had been established in most regions of modern-day Zambia
Geography of association football
The following article gives a list of association football confederations, sub-confederations and associations around the world. The sports international governing body is FIFA, but those not affiliated to FIFA are also included in this article. In the Americas, leagues are organised as either multi-stage tournaments or separate Apertura and Clausura stages. The football associations listed in this section are members of FIFA-affiliated confederations, all UEFA associations are affiliated with FIFA. All CONMEBOL associations are affiliated with FIFA, the football associations in this section represent fully or partially recognized sovereign states or dependent territories, but are not part of FIFA or a FIFA confederation. Beneath the national level, governance of football may be divided up into regional or territorial associations, other non-national associations represent stateless populations, diasporas or micronations. Details of these are listed at non-FIFA international football
Confederation of African Football
The Confederation of African Football is the administrative and controlling body for African association football. CAF represents the football associations of Africa, runs continental, national, and club competitions. CAF is the biggest of six continental confederations of FIFA, CAF has been given 5 slots out of the 32 available since the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, this increased to 6 in 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa, to include the hosts. The number of places returned to 5 for the 2014 FIFA World Cup and its first headquarters was situated in Khartoum, Sudan for some months until a fire outbreak in the offices of the Sudanese Football Association when the organization moved near Cairo. Youssef Mohammad was the first General Secretary and Abdel Aziz Abdallah Salem the president, the administrative center since 2002 is located in 6th of October City, near Cairo. It was initially made up of 4 national associations, currently there are 56 associations,55 full members since the inclusion of Zanzibar in March 2017 and Réunion Island as associate. The current CAF President is Ahmad Ahmad, suketu Patel is the 1st Vice-President, Almamy Kabele Camara is the 2nd Vice-President while Essam El Dine Ahmed is the Acting Secretary General. Hayatou announced that he would seek another term as president for the 16 March 2017 election. On March 16,2017, Ahmad Ahmad from Madagascar was elected president, in July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football to support 10 of its principal competitions. Total started with the Africa Cup of Nations that was held in Gabon therefore renaming it Total Africa cup of Nations. Reunion holds associate membership of CAF, Zanzibar held associate membership from 1980 to 2017 when it became a full member - albeit without voting rights for CAF presidency elections, the main competition for mens national teams is the Africa Cup of Nations, started in 1957. In 2009, CAF will be organising another competition for national teams. CAF also runs national competitions at Under-20 and Under-17 levels, a third competition, the CAF Cup, started in 1992 and was absorbed into the CAF Confederation Cup in 2004. The CAF Super Cup, which pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the CAF Confederation Cup, the Afro-Asian Club Championship was jointly organised with AFC between the winners of the CAF Champions League and the winners of the AFC Champions League. The last Afro-Asian Club Championship took place in 1998, * jointly organised with AFC Legend For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament are shown. Teams are sorted by number of appearances, Legend Legend The following clubs are the top 10 clubs in CAF competitions
Promotion and relegation
In sports leagues, promotion and relegation is a process where teams are transferred between two divisions based on their performance for the completed season. In some leagues, playoffs or qualifying rounds are used to determine rankings. This process can continue through several levels of divisions, with teams being exchanged between levels 1 and 2, levels 2 and 3, levels 3 and 4, the number of teams exchanged between the divisions is almost always identical. Such variations will almost inevitably cause an effect through the lower divisions. Even in the absence of such circumstances, the pyramid-like nature of most European football league systems can still create knock-on effects at the regional level. The system is said to be the characteristic of the European form of professional sports league organization. Promotion and relegation have the effect of allowing the maintenance of a hierarchy of leagues and divisions and they also maintain the importance of games played by many low-ranked teams near the end of the season, which may be at risk of relegation. In contrast, a low-ranked US or Canadian teams final games serve little purpose, although not intrinsic to the system, problems can occur due to the differing monetary payouts and revenue-generating potential that different divisions provide to their clubs. For example, financial hardship has sometimes occurred in leagues where clubs do not reduce their wage bill once relegated, some leagues offer parachute payments to its relegated teams for the following year. The payouts are higher than the money received by some non-relegated teams and are designed to soften the financial hit that clubs take whilst dropping out of the Premier League. However, in many cases these parachute payments just serve to inflate the costs of competing for promotion among the lower division clubs as newly relegated teams retain a financial advantage. If these are not satisfied, a team may be promoted in their place. While the primary purpose of the system is to maintain competitive balance. On several occasions, the Italian Football Federation has relegated clubs found to have involved in match-fixing. This occurred most recently in 2006, when the initial champions Juventus were relegated to Serie B. An exception is the proposed UEFA Nations League, which will feature promotion and relegation across four levels, in tennis, the Davis Cup has promotion and relegation where each group uses a knockout tournament format in which first-round losers play off to avoid relegation. In the United States, Canada, and Australia, teams are not promoted or relegated. The USL set up two leagues, now known as the United Soccer League and the Premier Development League, although the system is now in place, it is not compulsory and is rarely used
CAF Champions League
The CAF Champions League is an annual international club football competition run by the Confederation of African Football. Due to sponsorship reasons, the name is Total CAF Champions League. Egypts Al Ahly is the most successful club in the competitions history, Egyptian clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, winning the title 14 times. The reigning champions are Mamelodi Sundowns of South Africa, who secured their first win in the competition after defeating Zamalek SC in the 2016 final. Starting life as the African Champions Cup in 1964, the first team to lift the trophy was Cameroonian side Oryx Douala, who beat Stade Malien of Mali 2-1 in a one-off final. Bamako won the home leg 3-1 but it all came apart for them in the game in Abidjan as the Ivorians went on to win 4-1 to take the title 5-4 on aggregate. In 1967 when Ghanas Asante Kotoko met the DRCs TP Mazembe, CAF suggested a play-off, but the Ghanaians refused to compete and the title was handed to Mazembe, who went on to win the title again the following year. However, the Ghanaians got their revenge in 1970, when Kotoko, once again, the first game ended 1-1 but against expectation the Ghanaians ran out 2-1 winners in their away game to lift the title that had eluded them three years earlier. The 1970s saw a rise in the fortunes of Cameroonian club football. Between 1971 and 1980 Cameroonian teams won the cup four times, in between the Cameroonian victories the honor was shared with another team enjoying a golden age, Guinean side Hafia Conakry, who won it three times during this period. Particularly dominant have been the two Egyptian giants and Cairo-based arch-rivals, Al Ahly and Zamalek, apart from the introduction of the away goals rule, very little changed in this competition until 1997. In this year, CAF took the step to follow the lead established a few years earlier in UEFA by creating a league stage in the tournament. CAF also introduced prize money for participants for the first time, with a purse of US$1 million on offer to the winners and US$750,000 to the losing finalist, the new Champions League became the richest club competition in Africa. In the new format, the champions of the respective CAF member countries went through a series of preliminary rounds until a last 16 stage. The 8 winners of this round were drawn into two mini-leagues of 4 teams each, with each team playing each other on a home. At the end of the stage, the top two teams in each group meet in the semifinals, with the winners going through to contest the finals. From the 2009 season, the purse was increased to US$1.5 million. In 2010, TP Mazembe of the Democratic Republic of the Congo became the first club ever to repeat as champions on two separate occasions and their first pair of wins came in 1967 and 1968, before repeating the feat again in 2009 and 2010
CAF Confederation Cup
The Total CAF Confederation Cup is an international club association football competition run by the Confederation of African Football. Select club sides from Africas football leagues are invited to participate in this competition, the winner of the tournament faces the winner of the Total CAF Champions League in the following seasons Total CAF Super Cup. The competition was founded by the CAF in 2004 by merging both the African Cup Winners Cup and the CAF Cup in a single competition, in July 2016, Total has secured an eight-year sponsorship package from the Confederation of African Football to support 10 of its principal competitions. Total started with the Africa Cup of Nations that was held in Gabon therefore renaming it Total Africa cup of Nations, the competition is played into two phases A and B. The matches of the Preliminary, the 1/16th, the 1/8th rounds are played according to the system with ties broken via the Away goals rule. The eight teams eliminated from the 1/8th finals of the CAF Champions League will automatically qualify to play the additional 1/8th finals round of the CAF Confederation Cup. The eight teams which will qualify for the matches from the additional 1/8th finals will be divided in two groups of four each. Each team shall play six matches against the three opponents one match home and one match away and points granted upon the 3-1-0 system. The two group winners meet in the final which shall be played in two matches, home and away. The team scoring the highest aggregate number of goals in the two matches will be declared winner, in case of equality in the number of goals scored during the two matches, the team scoring the greatest number of away goals will be declared winner. If the number of goals scored on the matches is equal. The match will be played in the year to that of the concerned competition, in one match. CAF Cup CAF Champions League CAF Super Cup CAF Confederation Cup page on CAF official website CAF Confederation Cup on RSSSF
ZESCO United F.C.
ZESCO United Football Club is a Zambian professional football club based in Ndola that plays in the Zambian Premier league. Founded on January 1,1974, the club have spent most of their history in the top tier of Zambian football. The clubs home ground is the 49, 800-seat Levy Mwanawasa stadium in Ndola, Northern Zambia, the club is wholly owned and sponsored by the state-owned electricity supplier ZESCO. ZESCO United had their first major success in 1980, winning the old Zambian Division One, zesco United was founded in 1974. They became the first Zambian club to qualify for the CAF African Champions League Group stage in 2009, ZESCO United are one of only 3 Zambian clubs including Nkana and Green Buffaloes who hold an all-time unbeaten home record against non-Zambian opposition. ZESCO United also became the first Zambian Club this century to play against European opposition when they played against Zenit Saint Petersburg in Abu Dhabi in 2008, zesco United are the Zambian club with the largest number of foreign players in the country. The previous season saw the arrival of Togolese defender Emmanuel Mathias, from the clubs foundation until 2012, ZESCO United played their home games at the Trade Fair Grounds. They now play at the Estadio de la Levy Mwanawasa, which was opened on June 2,2012. Designed by the Anhui Foreign Economic Construction Co, ltd, the Estadio de la Levy Mwanawasa is used mostly for football matches, and occasionally for athletics events. The stadium was erected at a cost of US $65 million with a capacity slightly over 40,000. And for the first time, the local football body – FAZ – raked in over 500,000 dollars for a match in a World Cup qualifier against Ghana in June 2012. Kelvin Mutafu, the FAZ treasurer, said from gate takings alone the body raked in about K2 billion and that is minus adding such revenue as broadcasting and commercial rights for the sell-out match. On completion of the stadium, the Chinese construction company expressed delight, ltd, the construction company, whose Ndola project was courtesy of China’s Commerce ministry and department of aid to foreign countries, completed their assignment within 26 months. They credit the successful completion of the project to all including the local casual workers who contributed immeasurable hours of hard work to deliver a world-class structure. Since the clubs foundation, ZESCO United have had various crests, traditionally, ZESCO United have always worn orange home kits, with green and white as their away and third colors respectively. ZESCO United are one of the most widely supported Zambian football team in Zambia itself, Africa, and they are passionately known by their fans as Zescolo, Team ya Ziko or Team Zega Mambo. ZESCO Uniteds traditional fanbase comes from all over the Copperbelt as well as other parts of Zambia like the capital. ZESCO United made history in the mid 2010s when they became the Zambian team with the largest overseas fan-base and they have a large, growing community of Colombian fans, with numerous official supporters clubs in Colombia and several other parts of Latin America
Nkana FC is a Zambian football club based in Kitwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. It is largely Zambias most successful and popular football club and they play their home games at Nkana Stadium in Wusakili, Kitwe. The club is sponsored by Mopani Copper Mines. Nkana FC is one of Zambia’s oldest football clubs having been formed in 1935 in Kitwes Wusakili township, the club was founded under the name of Rhokana United FC before it changed to Nkana Red Devils. In 1990, they were runners-up in the African Cup of Champions, over the years, Nkana have accumulated a record of success having won the Premier League title twelve times, most recently in 2013. On 23 May 2014, head coach Masautso Mwale died in a traffic accident on the eve of the home game against Séwé Sport of the Ivory Coast in the Group B in the 2014 CAF Confederation Cup. The accident occurred near Maposa area and his car overturned several times as he was driving back to join the team in camp in Kitwe, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, guston Mutobo Jeff Butler Beston Chambeshi Jericho Shinde Moses Simwala Patrick Phiri Ben Bamfuchile Kenneth Malitoli Masautso Mwale
MTN Group, formerly M-Cell, is a South Africa-based multinational mobile telecommunications company, operating in many African, European and Asian countries. Its head office is in Johannesburg, as of 30 June 2016, MTN recorded 232,6 million subscribers across its operations. Although MTN operates in over 20 countries, One-third of its revenues come from Nigeria, on 18 March 2010, it was announced that MTN signed a sponsorship deal with English football club Manchester United F. C. In March 2016, MTN Group, LTD appointed Rob Shuter as Chief Executive Officer, MTN acquired Investcom, mainly under the Areeba and Spacetel brands. As of Q22016, MTN is active in, MTNs competitors in South Africa includes Vodacom, Cell C, Virgin Mobile, in May 2008, it emerged that Bharti Airtel, an India-based telecommunications company, was exploring the possibility of buying MTN Group. The Financial Times reported that Bharti was considering offering US$19 billion for a 51% stake in MTN, talks fell through after a few days and Bharti Airtel pulled out of the proposed deal on 24 May. Two days later, it was reported that another Indian telecommunications company, if realised, the estimated worth of the combined entity would have been $70 billion, with 116 million subscribers worldwide. On 18 July, the two announced that they had mutually decided to end discussions regarding the merger. In June 2008, MTN Group agreed to purchase Verizon Business South Africa, the acquisition was completed on 28 February 2009. MTN positioned themselves to provide DSL Broadband services in Africa, particularly South Africa, through its partnership with leading South African ISP, Afrihost. On 26 June 2009, MTN Group participated in Belgacom International Carrier Services, BICS will function as official international gateway for all international carrier services of Belgacom, Swisscom and MTN Group. These companies respectively hold 57. 6%,22. 4% and 20. 0% of the shares of the company, South African holding company Shanduka Group acquired a minority stake in MTN Groups Nigeria business for $335 million in November 2012. On 22 October 2015, MTN emerged as the Most Admired, MTN has won a number of brand awards in recent years. MTN has been criticised for its activities in Irans telecommunications sector, MTN has a 49 percent stake in government-controlled MTN Irancell, the second-largest mobile phone operator in Iran, and 21 percent of MTNs subscriber base is from the country. In January 2012, the US-based advocacy group United Against Nuclear Iran launched a campaign calling for MTN to scale back its operations in Iran. UANI alleges that MTN technology is enabling the Iranian government to locate, oracle, which owns Sun Microsystems, said that it was investigating and denied involvement, saying that it complies with US export laws. MTN Group denied the allegations, saying that it complied with US sanctions against Iran. Turkeys Turkcell filed a $4.2 billion lawsuit in Washington, the court delayed the case in October 2012 pending a US Supreme Court decision on the Alien Tort Statute, the US human rights law on which Turkcells suit is based
Football Association of Zambia
The Football Association of Zambia is the governing body of football in Zambia. It was founded in 1929 and affiliated to FIFA in 1964 and it is also a member of the Confederation of African Football and the Council of Southern Africa Football Associations. It organizes the Zambian Premier League and the national team, the FAZ Secretariat known as Football House is located on Alick Nkhata Road in the capital Lusaka. During the 1980s, they were known as the KK11, after the country adopted multiparty politics, the side was nicknamed Chipolopolo, the Copper Bullets. The team has three Africa Cup of Nations final appearances to its credit and they were once holders of the Africa Cup of Nations, winning in the 2012 final against Ivory Coast
Forest Rangers F.C.
Forest Rangers Football Club is a Zambian football club based in Ndola. They currently play in the Zambian Premier League and their home stadium is Dola Hill Stadium. In July 2011 English Club Leicester City announced that they were tracking the progress of pacey Rangers left midfielder Elby Davidson with a view to signing the Zambian Star, Zambian Coca Cola Cup,12005 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Kabwe Warriors F.C.
Kabwe Warriors is a Zambian football club based in Kabwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ super Division. In the 2013/14 season, Kabwe Warriors was relegated to division 1 and they play their home games at Godfrey Ucar Chitalu 107 Stadium in Kabwe. The club is sponsored by Zambia Railways, Zambian football great Godfrey Chitalu played for the club between 1971 and 1982. In 1972 he scored 107 goals in all competitions for club and country, more than Lionel Messis officially recognized record set in 2012
Lusaka Dynamos F.C.
Lusaka Dynamos Football Club is a Zambian football club based in Lusaka. They play in the top division in Zambian football. It is renowned for its ability to nurture upcoming footballers into full-fledged players, the club is owned by Hanif Adams, a businessman and experienced administrator. At the moment, Hanif is seeking election for President of the Football Association of Zambia, all home games are played at Queensmead Stadium in Lusaka. The Club was formed in 1979 by Hanif Adams who was a popular DJ around Lusaka nightclubs. He was also a part time player at the club and it evolved into one that focused on giving youths from different communities an opportunity to expose themselves. Lusaka Dynamos has sold players to Germany, Isreal, South Africa to name a few destinations, Lusaka Dynamos has also in the past given opportunity to footballers who arrived as refugees in Zambia to revive their careers at the club with a number coming from Rwanda and Liberia. The club a few years ago decided to change its strategy in a bid to compete for honors, the club has signed several star players from across Africa this year as well as identifying potential stars of the Zambian game. The club has been in preseason in Livingstone over the last three weeks, Zambian Challenge Cup,12008 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, sashi Chalwe Philimon Chipeta Dudley Fichite Kalililo Kakonje Lloyd Mumba Kennedy Mweene Lameck Njovu
Mufulira Wanderers F.C.
Mufulira Wanderers are Zambia’s most successful football club and are based in the Copperbelt town of Mufulira. Popularly known as Mighty Mufulira Wanderers, the club has won 50 trophies and has produced some of the country’s greatest players. After nine years in Division I, the Wanderers returned to the Zambian Super League in 2015 and have enjoyed two seasons in the top league. So the Mufulira Mine Team came into existence from the merger of teams that took part in matches and like Blackpool. The team played their games at Mutende ground and was coached by Welfare Officer Jim Crow, the British influence was unmistakable in the names Blackpool and later Wanderers, as well as the striped shirts that both teams wore. Some of the first players in the Wanderers team were Dominic Mwenya, George Kangwa, Joseph Choongo, Fidelis Bwete, McLean Kabwe, Alphonso Bwalya and Penius Kapenta Chirwa. The newly formed team competed favourably against teams like Roan Mine, Nchanga Mine, Rhokana Mine, Luanshya All Blacks, Chingola Eleven Wise Men, Bancroft North End and town mates Blackpool. Apart from the team, the club had two reserve sides whose games would precede those of the first team on match day. He was joined by George Sikazwe the following year and the two were the youngest members at the club, by 1959, goalkeeper Bwete and the trio of Ndhlovu, Sikazwe and Chirwa had formed a combination which would launch the team to greater heights. In 1960, coach Crow and the organizers went on a recruitment drive of talented youths at the various club centres within the mine township. This was how Laurent Chishala, Willie Kunda and Elijah Mwale became part of the team, others were brothers Goodson and Sandford Mvula, Kenneth Simwanza, Joseph Menzu, Patrick Nkole and Rodson Chewe. The two reserve teams were still a feature so there was a supply of players and competition for places in the first team, of which Ndhlovu, Sikazwe. In April 1962, Wanderers home ground Shinde Stadium was opened, in the same year the National Football League was formed and the team’s name changed to Mufulira Wanderers. Although the NFL only required a team and one reserve side. The inclusion of McNeillie at centre half steadied the defence and Dickson Makwaza in particular benefited from the presence of the rugged Scot. After missing out on the inaugural NFL championship of 1962 which was won by Roan United, coach Doug Sammons retained the same team and this signalled the beginning of their dominance on the Zambian soccer scene. The men from Shinde then set their sights on winning all of the silverware on offer, Wanderers won the right to compete in this final through by defeating City of Lusaka 5–2 in the local final with Kunda grabbing a hat-trick. Wanderers left no stone unturned during preparations for the Super Castle Cup final, by this time, golfer Harry McQuillan was the coach, with Lewis Rennos as physical trainer
Power Dynamos F.C.
Power Dynamos is a Zambian football club based in Kitwe that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. They play their games at Arthur Davies Stadium in Kitwe. The club is sponsored by Copperbelt Energy Corporation. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, fred Mwila Sr Ben Bamfuchile Aggrey Chiyangi Jones Mwewa Fordson Kabole Alex Chola, Jimmy Bone Mohamed Fathy Official website
Zanaco FC is a Zambian football club based in Lusaka that plays in the MTN/FAZ Super Division. They play their games at Sunset Stadium in Lusaka. Zanaco Football Club was formed in 1978 as a social team by management trainees of Zambia National Commercial Bank. The team was launched at LOTUS INN in Lusaka, the founding members were Lloyd Choongo, Ben Banda, Nathan Lupupa and John Kasengele. Starting from the 1980s, Zanaco started growing steadily from a social club to becoming one of the most successful. Over the years the Sunset Stadium-based team has won 7 Super League trophies,4 Charity Shields,1 Coca-Cola Cup,1 Mosi Cup and 3 BP Cups. Zanaco are the team outside of Zambias Copperbelt Province to have not only won. Zanaco stands for Zambia National Commercial Bank, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Roan United F.C.
Roan United is a Zambian football club based in Luanshya. The club is a current member of the Zambian Premier League although they were most successful during the years of Zambian football. Indeed, they were the winners of the ZPL, clinching what was then called the Northern Rhodesia National Football League in 1962. They play their matches at Kafubu Stadium. The earliest organised African mine soccer team was formed in the early 1930s shortly after the opening of the Roan Antelope Copper Mine. This team was a merger of teams that played gruesome non-league soccer games that were often concluded with fist battles to define which of the tribes was superior to the others. Ben Evans, the European Welfare Officer in charge of African Affairs was behind this merger, in 1935 Roan Mine was affiliated to the Copperbelt African Football Association which was divided into three leagues. They competed against Chingola Eleven Wisemen, Luanshya All Blacks, Kitwe Lions, Rhokana Mine, Ndola Black Follies, Roan Mine FC also excelled in the Colony Cup and the Chamber of Mines competitions, the only silverware of the time alongside the CAFA league. They used Roan Soccer Field at mine recreation club, the two Roan teams were instrumental in pushing for multi-racial participation in soccer and the championining of a national football league. In 1961 a select side from both teams challenged an all European side Mufulira United to a game and won 1-0. An African player Ginger Pensulo scored the lone goal, in 1962 Roan Antelope United FC was born. Evans was Team Manager whilst Tony Castella took the role of player coach. Roan won the 1962 Castle Cup beating Nchanga Sports 4-3, in the Heinrich Chibuku Cup Final they beat Rhokana United 2–1. The same year saw Roan becoming the first club to represent the country in an international competition - the Super Castle Cup, winners of the Southern and Northern Rhodesia versions of the tournament competed for this cup. Two teams were entered in the CAFA in which the first team were league champions, similar honours were gained by the junior side.5 Roan are famed for producing great names in the history of Zambian football. The list of ex-Roan players reads like a Whos who in Zambian Soccer, three quarters of Zambia National team, Zambia Schools and Under 20 goalkeepers are traceable to Roan United and its reservoirs. Of all these the late Emmanuel Mwape still holds the record of having voted the best goalkeeper on the continent in 1974 at the Africa Cup of Nations. Most Zambian club success stories are linked to Roan United because of the players ‘poached’ from the club, most them also played for Zambia
Kitwe is the second largest city in terms of size and population in Zambia. With a population of 504,194 Kitwe is one of the most developed commercial and industrial areas in the nation, alongside Ndola and it has a complex of mines on its north-western and western edges. Kitwe is made up of townships and suburban areas including Parklands, Riverside, Buchi, Chimwemwe, Nkana East, Nkana West, Garneton and Race Course, the city is sometimes referred to as Kitwe-Nkana. Kitwe was founded in 1936 in north-central Zambia as the railway was being built by Cecil Rhodes company and it was first established as an adjunct, non-mining-related but supportive part of an expanding copper-mining centre at Nkana. The expanding copper mines at Nkana made it the dominant centre in the region and Kitwe started building up its size and significance over the years, finally surpassing Nkana as the main centre. The Rhodesia Railways main line reached the town in 1937, providing services as far south as Bulawayo. Kitwe is the base for a number of mining operations including the Mopani Copper Mines, Kitwe lies at the end of Zambia Railways passenger services from Livingstone, Lusaka and Ndola, but freight lines continue to the mining towns to the north-west. The main highway through the Copperbelt runs south-east to north-west through the city, to Ndola in the south-east, a laterite road goes west to Kasempa. Southdowns Airport lies about 12 km south-west of the town but does not receive many scheduled services, the airport was closed down for repair in 2005, and re-opened in 2008. Ndola Airport is 60 km south-east and services regular commercial flights from Lusaka, Solwezi, Addis Ababa, Nairobi, Students from Kingsmead paid a visit to the Kitwe schools in 2005. Kitwe has a number of schools, six being, Kitwe International School is a privately owned international school with a campus in Nkana West at plot 10, 9th Avenue. It offers quality tuition in sciences and arts and it also offers tuition for degree programs especially to students studying by distance. It offers consultancy services in project proposals and dissertation writeup, the school became operational on June 1,2012, Lechwe School is one of the biggest schools in the city. An international school, it provides pre-school, primary, secondary, Lechwe school is a multi-cultural school, hence there is not much religious teaching but a large number of subject options in secondary and advanced level schooling. Eppa Tembo, a player, represented Zambia in 2008 World Championship. Mpelembe Secondary School is one of the biggest secondary schools in the city and it offers Zambian Standard syllabus and Cambridge curriculum. Being one of the top 10 best schools in Zambia, Mpelembe has a selective admissions at both eighth and tenth grade entry levels. Each year, there are thousands of applicants and only one hundred
Mufulira is a town with a population of 125,336 in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. It was established in the 1930s around the site of the Mufulira Copper Mine on its north-western edge, a tarred highway to the south-west connects Mufulira to Kitwe and Chingola, and another to the south-east connects to Ndola, the commercial and transport hub of the Copperbelt. A branch of Zambia Railways, carrying freight only, serves the mine, production and employment levels are down from the 1969 peak when the Copperbelt made Zambia the worlds 4th largest copper producer. In Zambia, Mufulira is well known for being the home of the successful Mufulira Wanderers football team, zambias third President, Levy Mwanawasa, was born in Mufulira, as well as top African footballer, Kalusha Bwalya. Also notable are Welsh international sportsmen Robert Earnshaw and Dafydd James
Lusaka is the capital and largest city of Zambia. One of the cities in southern Africa, Lusaka is in the southern part of the central plateau at an elevation of about 1,279 metres. As of 2010, the population was about 1.7 million. Lusaka is the centre of commerce and government in Zambia and connects to the countrys four main highways heading north, south. English is the language of the city, but Nyanja. Lusaka was the site of a named after its headman Lusaka. In the Nyanja language, Manda means graveyard, the area was expanded by European settlers in 1905 with the building of the railway. After the federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia in 1953, it was a centre of the movement amongst some of the educated elite that led to the creation of the Republic of Zambia. In 1964, Lusaka became the capital of the newly independent Zambia, in recent years, Lusaka has become a popular urban settlement for Zambians and tourists alike. Its central nature and fast growing infrastructure sector have increased confidence and as such Zambians are seeing signs of development in the form of job creation, housing. Consequently, it is thought that with proper and effective economic reforms, Lusaka is home to a diverse community of foreign nationals, many of whom work in the aid industry as well as diplomats, representatives of religious organizations and some business people. The Parliament is situated at the Parliament complex, which features a 15-story building, the city is also the capital of Lusaka Province, the smallest and most populous of the countrys nine provinces, and forms an administrative district run by Lusaka City Council. In 2007, the mayor was Steven Chilatu, and the deputy mayor was Mary Phiri, mwewa up to 1982 List of Governors Simon C. Mwewa 1982 to 1983 Donald C, the children of the late President, Levy Mwanawasa as well as the children of Vice-President George Kunda, attend the Rhodes Park School. The city is home to the University of Zambia. The city centre includes several blocks west of Cairo Road, around which lie the New City Market and Kamwala Market, further east lies the government area, including the State House and the various ministries, around Cathedral Hill and Ridgeway neighborhoods. One of the streets and points of interest upon business is Cairo Road. Cairo Road was a section of the Great North Road and was so named because it is a link in Cecil Rhodes then dream of a Cape to Cairo Road through British colonies in Africa
Ndola is the third largest city in Zambia, with a population of 455,194. It is the industrial and commercial center of the Copperbelt, Zambias copper-mining region and it is also the commercial capital city of Zambia and has one of the three international airports, others being Livingstone and Lusaka. It lies just 10 km from the border with DR Congo, Ndola was founded in 1904, by John Edward Chiripula Stephenson just six months after Livingstone, making it the second oldest colonial-era town of Zambia. It was started as a boma and trading post, which laid its foundations as an administrative, the Rhodesia Railways main line reached the town in 1907, providing passenger services as far south as Bulawayo, with connections to Cape Town. The line was extended into DR Congo and from there linked to the Benguela Railway to the Atlantic port of Lobito. The Ndola railhead was responsible for the town becoming the centre of distribution. In 1961, an airplane carrying key United Nations figures, including the organisations second Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld, see Copperbelt Province for the history of the copper-mining industry. Ndola has a humid subtropical climate. Many closed factories and plants lie unoccupied in the town, a number of former industries such as clothing and vehicle assembly have disappeared completely. Even though the term ghost town can no longer apply to it, there are no mines in Ndola itself but the Bwana Mkubwa open-cast mine is only 10 km south-east of the city centre. Until their closure, copper and precious metals used to be brought from elsewhere in the Copperbelt for processing at the Ndola Copper Refinery, Copper exports provide 70–80% of Zambias export earnings, making the city very important to the countrys economy. The Indeni Oil Refinery in Ndola supplies the whole country with refined petroleum and it was repaired in 2001 after being severely damaged by fire in 1999. Great Lakes Africa Energy, through its subsidiary Ndola Energy Company Limited, the power is generated from heavy fuel oil supplied by the Indeni Petroleum refinery. Ndola is home to one of the national newspapers, the Times of Zambia, as well as its printer. These run as one company called TimesPrintpak, catholic church run printing press, Mission Press, is also located in Ndola. Mission Press operates as a commercial entity, the headquarters for the Zambia Postal Service Corporation and workers compensation control board are located in Ndola. Zambias ultra modern stadium is in ndola which accommodates most Zambia international sports events. One mark of Ndolas commercial significance to Zambia is shown by the presence of the major centre of operation for the countrys central bank