Zand tribe

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The Zand tribe was a tribe of Lak origin,[1][2] a branch of Lur Persians [1][2] who may have been originally Kurdish, though there isn't enough evidence to suggest such a thing as fact. [1][2] The Zands were concentrated on the villages of Pari and Kamazan in the Malayer district, but were also found roaming in the central Zagros ranges and the countryside of Hamadan.[3]

The tribe is most known for their member, Karim Khan Zand, who founded the Zand dynasty, ruling from 1751 till his death in 1779, his death was followed by internal conflicts for his succession which resulted in the weakening of the dynasty, ending with the defeat of Karim Khan's nephew Lotf Ali Khan by the Qajar ruler Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar (r. 1789-1797). The tribe was also known as one of the few where women fought alongside their husbands.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Perry 2010.
  2. ^ a b c ...the bulk of the evidence points to their being one of Lak tribes, who may originally have been immigrants of Kurdish origin., Peter Avery, William Bayne Fisher, Gavin Hambly, Charles Melville (ed.), The Cambridge History of Iran: From Nadir Shah to the Islamic Republic, Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0, p. 64.
  3. ^ Perry 2011, pp. 561–564.
  4. ^ The Zands are notable as one of the few Kurdish ruling bodies to allow women in their military. Zand women often fought alongside their husbands against invading Afghan forces Lortz, Michael (2005). "Willing to Face Death: A History of Kurdish Military Forces - the Peshmerga - From the Ottoman Empire to Present-Day Iraq". Electronic Theses, Treatises and Dissertations. 1038: 108. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 


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