Inherit the Wind (play)
Inherit the Wind is a play by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee, which debuted in 1955. The story fictionalizes the 1925 Scopes Monkey Trial as a means to discuss the then-contemporary McCarthy trials, the debate over creationism versus evolution has contemporary resonance, as evidenced by the plays numerous revivals and screen adaptations decades after its initial theatrical run. Bryan did die shortly after the trial, but it happened five days in his sleep, political commentator Steve Benen said of the plays inaccuracies, Scopes issued no plea for empathy, there was no fiancee and the real Scopes was never arrested. In fact, the film that was nominated for four Academy Awards and has helped shape the American understanding of the Scopes Monkey Trial for decades is an inadequate reflection of history. Lawrence explained in a 1996 interview that the purpose was to criticize the then-current state of McCarthyism. The play was intended to defend intellectual freedom. According to Lawrence, we used the teaching of evolution as a parable and its about the right to think.
The role of Matthew Harrison Brady is intended to reflect the personality and beliefs of William Jennings Bryan, the character of E. K. Hornbeck is modeled on that of H. L. Mencken. Bryan and Darrow, formerly close friends, opposed one another at the Scopes trial, and Mencken covered the trial for The Baltimore Sun. The plays title comes from Proverbs 11,29, which in the King James Bible reads, He that troubleth his own house shall inherit the wind and the fool shall be servant to the wise of heart. In Act Two, Scene One, Brady admonishes Reverend Brown with this Bible quote for alienating his daughter when he gives a sermon against Cates. Matthew Harrison Brady, a presidential candidate and nationally known attorney. He is a Populist and still a public speaker, even though he is in his late 60s or early 70s. Henry Drummond, another nationally known attorney who was once Bradys closest friend and he is about the same age as Brady. Bertram Bert Cates, a Hillsboro high school teacher in his 20s who has taught the theory of evolution in violation of a law banning its teaching in classrooms. E. K.
Hornbeck, a reporter for the fictional Baltimore Herald newspaper and he is young, sarcastic and deeply opposed to religious belief. Rachel Brown, the Rev. Browns daughter and she is 22 and the colleague/romantic interest of Bertram Cates. Her loyalties are torn between her father and Cates, and she is manipulated by others
Jacob Lawrence was an African-American painter known for his portrayal of African-American life. But not only was he a painter and interpreter, Lawrence referred to his style as dynamic cubism, though by his own account the primary influence was not so much French art as the shapes and colors of Harlem. He brought the African-American experience to life using blacks and browns juxtaposed with vivid colors and he taught and spent 15 years as a professor at the University of Washington. Lawrence is among the best-known 20th-century African-American painters and he was 23 years old when he gained national recognition with his 60-panel Migration Series, painted on cardboard. The series depicted the Great Migration of African-Americans from the rural South to the urban North, a part of this series was featured in a 1941 issue of Fortune Magazine. The collection is now held by two museums and he is widely known for his modernist illustrations of everyday life as well as epic narratives of African American history and historical figures.
Jacob Lawrence was born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, jacobss parents moved him and his siblings from the rural south to the north for a chance at a better life. They divorced in 1924, after which his mother put him, when he was 13, he and his siblings moved to New York City, where he reconnected with his mother in Harlem. The young Lawrence often drew patterns with crayons, in the beginning, he copied patterns of his mothers carpets. One of his art teachers noted great potential in Lawrence, after dropping out of school at 16, Lawrence worked in a laundromat and a printing plant. He continued with art, attending classes at the Harlem Art Workshop, Alston urged him to attend the Harlem Community Art Center, led by the sculptor Augusta Savage. Lawrence continued his studies as well, working with Alston and Henry Bannarn, another Harlem Renaissance artist, on July 24,1941, Lawrence married the painter Gwendolyn Knight, a student of Savage. She supported his work and even helped him with captions for many of his series of paintings and they were married until his death in 2000.
In October 1943, Lawrence was drafted in the United States Coast Guard and served with the first racially integrated crew on the USCGC Sea Cloud and he continued to paint and sketch while in the Coast Guard, documenting the experience of war around the world. He produced 48 paintings during this time, all of which have been lost, but after the war, he created his famous War Series. Back in New York, Lawrence continued to paint and he grew depressed, and in 1949, he checked himself into Hillside Hospital in Queens, where he stayed for 11 months. These works differed from his usual artworks because they displayed sadness, shortly after leaving Hillside, Lawrence turned to theater. After many years in New York, in 1970 Lawrence and Knight moved to the Pacific Northwest, some of his works are displayed in the universitys Meany Hall for the Performing Arts and in the Paul G. Allen Center for Computer Science & Engineering
George Francis Abbott was an American theater producer and director, playwright and film director and producer whose career spanned nine decades. Abbott was born in Forestville, New York to George Burwell Abbott and he moved to the town of Salamanca, which twice elected his father mayor. In 1898, his family moved to Cheyenne, where he attended Kearney Military Academy, within a few years, his family returned to New York, and he graduated from Hamburg High School in 1907. Four years later, he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Rochester, Abbott went to Harvard University, to take a course in playwriting from George Pierce Baker. Under Bakers tutelage, he wrote The Head of the Family and he worked for a year as assistant stage manager at the Bijou Theatre in Boston, where his play The Man in the Manhole won a contest. Abbott started acting on Broadway in 1913, debuting in The Misleading Lady, while acting in several plays in New York City, he began to write, his first successful play was The Fall Guy.
Abbott acquired a reputation as a show doctor. He frequently was called upon to supervise changes when a show was having difficulties in tryouts or previews prior to its Broadway opening and his first great hit was Broadway and directed in partnership with Philip Dunning, whose play Abbott rejiggered. It opened on September 16,1926, at the Broadhurst Theatre, other successes followed, and it was a rare year that did not have an Abbott production on Broadway. He worked in Hollywood as a writer and director while continuing with his theater work, in 1963, he published his autobiography, Mister Abbott. Abbott was married to Edna Lewis from 1914 to her death in 1930, actress Mary Sinclair was his second wife. Their marriage lasted from 1946 until their 1951 divorce and he had a long romance with actress Maureen Stapleton from 1968 to 1978. She was 43 and he was 81 when they began their affair and his third wife was Joy Valderrama. They were married from 1983 until his death in 1995, Abbott was a vigorous man who remained active past his 100th birthday by golfing and dancing.
He died of a stroke on January 31,1995, in Miami Beach, Florida, at the age of 106, he walked down the aisle on opening night of the Damn Yankees revival and received a standing ovation. He was heard saying to his companion, There must be somebody important here.1 In 1965, the building was demolished in 1970. New York Citys George Abbott Way, the section of West 45th Street northwest of Times Square, is named after him. He received New York Citys Handel Medallion in 1976, honorary doctorates from the Universities of Rochester and Miami, and he was inducted into the Western New York Entertainment Hall of Fame and the American Theatre Hall of Fame
Annenberg was married to Walter Annenberg, who was an Ambassador to the United Kingdom and newspaper publishing magnate. She served as the chairman and president of the Annenberg Foundation from 2002 until 2009, born in New York City and raised in Los Angeles, she graduated from Stanford University. After her first two ended in divorce, she married noted businessman Walter Annenberg, who was appointed U. S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom in 1969 under President Richard Nixon. In her role as the wife, Leonore directed a major renovation of the ambassadors official residence. The Annenbergs became major philanthropists, donating money to education facilities, charitable causes, Leonore served on many committees and boards as well. After her husbands death in 2002, she continued to donate money and succeeded him as chairman, Leonore Cohn was born into a Jewish family in New York City on February 20,1918, to Maxwell and Clara Cohn. Nicknamed Lee, her father operated a textile business and she was seven years old when her mother died.
She and her sister were raised in Fremont Place, an upper-class neighborhood of Los Angeles, by her uncle Harry Cohn. Leonore and her sister, attended the Page Boarding School for Girls in Pasadena. Harry Cohns wife, raised the girls as Christian Scientists, Leonore Cohn graduated from Stanford University in 1940 with a B. A. After graduating, she married Beldon Katleman, whose family owned real estate and a parking lot chain, they had a daughter, Diane. In 1946, she married Lewis Rosensteil, the founder of the Schenley liquor distillery, and they had a daughter named Elizabeth. She and Walter Annenberg, editor of The Philadelphia Inquirer, met in 1950 at a party in Florida, the total cost of the project was about US$1 million and took six months to complete. While in London, Leonore founded the American Friends of Covent Garden, the Annenbergs contributed substantially to Ronald Reagans 1980 presidential campaign, and upon Reagans election in 1981, Lee Annenberg was named as Chief of Protocol of the United States.
Annenberg oversaw a staff of 60 who worked on myriad details, ranging from the choice of the gifts that will be given to the guest. She said of her position, Its all about making your guests feel respected, as Chief of Protocol, she achieved the rank of Ambassador. Friends of Ronald and Nancy Reagan, the Annenbergs hosted the Reagans annually at their Rancho Mirage, California estate, Annenberg resigned her post in January 1982, stating that she wanted to spend more time with her husband. After leaving her post at the State Department, Lee Annenberg began work to promote and she and her husband continued to donate money to worthy causes as philanthropists
Roy Claxton Acuff was an American country music singer and promoter. In 1952 Hank Williams told Ralph Gleason, Hes the biggest singer this music ever knew and you booked him and you didnt worry about crowds. For drawing power in the South, it was Roy Acuff, Acuff began his music career in the 1930s and gained regional fame as the singer and fiddler for his group, the Smoky Mountain Boys. He joined the Grand Ole Opry in 1938, and although his popularity as a musician waned in the late 1940s, he remained one of the Oprys key figures and promoters for nearly four decades. In 1942, Acuff co-founded the first major Nashville-based country music publishing company—Acuff-Rose Music—which signed such artists as Hank Williams, Roy Orbison, in 1962, Acuff became the first living inductee into the Country Music Hall of Fame. Acuff was born on September 15,1903 in Maynardville, Tennessee to Ida and Simon E. Neill Acuff, the Acuffs were a fairly prominent family in Union County. Roys paternal grandfather, Coram Acuff, had been a Tennessee state senator, Roys father was an accomplished fiddler and a Baptist preacher, his mother was proficient on the piano, and during Roys early years the Acuff house was a popular place for local gatherings.
At such gatherings, Roy would often amuse people by balancing farm tools on his chin and he learned to play the harmonica and jaw harp at a young age. In 1919, the Acuff family relocated to Fountain City, a few south of Maynardville. Roy attended Central High School, where he sang in the chapels choir. His primary passion, was athletics and he was a three-sport standout at Central and, after graduating in 1925, was offered a scholarship to Carson-Newman University but turned it down. He played with several baseball clubs around Knoxville, worked at odd jobs. In 1929, Acuff tried out for the Knoxville Smokies, a baseball team affiliated with the New York Giants. A series of collapses in spring training following a sunstroke, the effects left him ill for several years, and he suffered a nervous breakdown in 1930. I couldnt stand any sunshine at all, he recalled, while recovering, Acuff began to hone his fiddle skills, often playing on the familys front porch after the sun went down. His father gave him records of regionally renowned fiddlers, such as Fiddlin John Carson and Gid Tanner.
In 1932, Dr. Hauers medicine show, which toured the southern Appalachian region, the purpose of the entertainers was to draw a large crowd to whom Hauer could sell medicines for various ailments. As the medicine show lacked microphones, Acuff learned to sing loud enough to be heard above the din, a skill that would help him stand out on early radio broadcasts
Beverly Sills was an American operatic soprano whose peak career was between the 1950s and 1970s. Although she sang a repertoire from Handel and Mozart to Puccini and Verdi, she was known for her performances in soprano roles in live opera. Sills was largely associated with the operas of Donizetti, of which she performed and recorded many roles, after retiring from singing in 1980, she became the general manager of the New York City Opera. In 1994, she became the chairwoman of Lincoln Center and then, in 2002, of the Metropolitan Opera, Sills lent her celebrity to further her charity work for the prevention and treatment of birth defects. Sills was born Belle Miriam Silverman in Crown Heights, New York City, to Shirley Bahn, a musician, and Morris Silverman and her parents were Jewish immigrants from Odessa and Bucharest, Romania. She was raised in Brooklyn, where she was known, among friends, as a child, she spoke Yiddish, Romanian and English. She attended Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, as well as Manhattans Professional Childrens School, at the age of three, Sills won a Miss Beautiful Baby contest, in which she sang The Wedding of Jack and Jill.
Beginning at age four, she performed professionally on the Saturday morning radio program, Rainbow House, as Bubbles Silverman. Sills began taking singing lessons with Estelle Liebling at the age of seven, Liebling encouraged her to audition for CBS Radios Major Bowes Amateur Hour, and on October 26,1939 at the age of 10, Sills was the winner of that weeks program. Bowes asked her to appear on his Capitol Family Hour and her first appearance was on November 19,1939, the 17th anniversary of the show, and she appeared frequently on the program thereafter. I played her as a dumb Dora all the way through and my Patience grew clumsier and clumsier with each performance, and audiences seemed to like her. I found that I had a gift for humor. Sills sang in operas for several more years. On July 9,1946, Sills appeared as a contestant on the radio show Arthur Godfreys Talent Scouts and she sang under the pseudonym of Vicki Lynn, as she was under contract to Shubert. Shubert did not want Godfrey to be able to say he had discovered Beverly Sills if she won the contest, Sills sang Romany Life from Victor Herberts The Fortune Teller.
In 1947, she made her stage debut as the Spanish gypsy Frasquita in Bizets Carmen with the Philadelphia Civic Grand Opera Company. She toured North America with the Charles Wagner Opera Company, in the fall of 1951 singing Violetta in La traviata and, in the fall of 1952, singing Micaëla in Carmen. On September 15,1953, she made her debut with the San Francisco Opera as Helen of Troy in Boitos Mefistofele and sang Donna Elvira in Don Giovanni the same season
The directors function is to ensure the quality and completeness of theatre production and to lead the members of the creative team into realizing their artistic vision for it. If the production he or she is mounting is a new piece of writing or a translation of a play, in contemporary theatre, after the playwright, the director is generally the primary visionary, making decisions on the artistic concept and interpretation of the play and its staging. Different directors occupy different places of authority and responsibility, depending on the structure, Directors use a wide variety of techniques and levels of collaboration. In ancient Greece, the birthplace of European drama, the writer bore principal responsibility for the staging of his plays, the author-director would train the chorus, sometimes compose the music, and supervise every aspect of production. The fact that the director was called didaskalos, the Greek word for teacher, a miniature by Jean Fouquet from 1460 bears one of the earliest depictions of a director at work.
Holding a prompt book, the central figure directs, with the aid of a long stick, from Renaissance times up until the 19th century, the role of director was often carried by the actor-manager. This would usually be an actor in a troupe who took the responsibility for choosing the repertoire of work, staging it. This was the case for instance with Commedia dellArte companies and English actor-managers like Colley Cibber, the modern theatre director can be said to have originated in the staging of elaborate spectacles of the Meininger Company under George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. The management of large numbers of extras and complex stagecraft matters necessitated an individual to take on the role of overall coordinator. This gave rise to the role of the director in modern theatre, Constantin Stanislavski, principally an actor-manager, would set up the Moscow Art Theatre in Russia and similarly emancipate the role of the director as artistic visionary. The French regisseur is used to mean a stage director.
A more common term for theatre director in French is metteur en scène, post World War II, the actor-manager slowly started to disappear, and directing become a fully fledged artistic activity within the theatre profession. The director originating artistic vision and concept, and realizing the staging of a production, a cautionary note was introduced by the famed director Sir Tyrone Guthrie who said the only way to learn how to direct a play, is. To get a group of actors simple enough to allow you to let you direct them, most European countries nowadays know some form of professional directing training, usually at drama schools or conservatoires, or at universities. In the early days such programmes typically led to the staging of one major production in the third year. At the University of California, Keith Fowler led for many years a programme based on the premise that directors are autodidacts who need as many opportunities to direct as possible. Under Fowler, graduate student directors would stage between five and ten productions during their residencies, with each production receiving detailed critiques.
Directing is an artform that has grown with the development of theatre theory, with the emergence of new trends in theatre, so too have directors adopted new methodologies and engaged in new practices
Earl Eugene Scruggs was an American musician noted for popularizing a three-finger banjo picking style now called Scruggs style that is a defining characteristic of bluegrass music. His three-finger style of playing was different from the ways the five-string banjo had been historically played. He popularized the instrument in genres of music and elevated the banjo from its role as a background rhythm instrument or a comedians prop into featured solo status. Scruggs career began at age 21 when he was hired to play in a group called Bill Monroe, the name bluegrass stuck and eventually became the eponym for this entire genre of county music. Another band member, Lester Flatt resigned as well, and the two men paired up again in a new group they called Flatt and Scruggs and the Foggy Mountain Boys. The song won two Grammy Awards and in 2005 was selected for the Library of Congress National Recording Registry of works of unusual merit and Scruggs brought bluegrass music into mainstream popularity in the early 1960s with their country hit, The Ballad of Jed Clampett.
This song was the music for the successful network television sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies and was the first bluegrass recording to reach number one on the Billboard charts. Over their 20-year association and Scruggs recorded over 50 albums and 75 single records, each of them formed a new band that matched his own vision, but neither man ever regained the success they had reached as a team. Scruggs received four Grammy awards, the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, Scruggs was awarded a National Heritage Fellowship given by the National Endowment for the Arts, the highest honor in the folk and traditional arts in the US. Four works by Scruggs have been placed in the Grammy Hall of Fame, after Scruggs death in 2012 at age 88, the Earl Scruggs Center near his birthplace in Shelby, North Carolina was founded with the aid of a federal grant and corporate donors. The center is a $5.5 million facility which features the contributions of Scruggs and serves as an educational center providing classes.
Scruggs was born January 6,1924 just outside of Boiling Springs, North Carolina, in a community called Flint Hill and his father, George Elam Scruggs, was a farmer and a bookkeeper who died of a protracted illness when Scruggs was four years old. Upon his death, Scruggs mother, Georgia Lula Rupee, was left to care of the farm and five children. The family members all played music, mr. Scruggs had played an open back banjo using the frailing technique, but Earl, as an adult had no recollection of his fathers playing. Mrs. Scruggs played the pump organ, earls siblings, older brothers Junie and Horace, and older sisters Eula Mae and Ruby, all played banjo and guitar. Scruggs recalls a visit to his uncles home at age six to hear a banjo player named Mack Woolbright. This made an impression on Scruggs, who said, Hed sit in the rocking chair, I couldnt imagine — he was the first, what I call a good banjo player. Scruggs took up the instrument — he was too small to hold one at the start and he moved it around depending on what part of the neck he was playing
Walter Hubert Annenberg was an American publisher and diplomat. He built up his family’s magazine business with success, extending it into radio. At Sunnylands, his estate near Palm Springs, California, he entertained royalty, presidents and he was US Ambassador to the UK from 1969 to 1974. A philanthropist, he was a trustee of the Eisenhower Fellowships and he is remembered for his media campaigns against the Barnes Foundation and the wish to relocate its art collection. Walter Annenberg was born to a Jewish family in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and he was the only son of Sadie Cecelia née Freedman and Moses Moe Louis Annenberg, who published the Daily Racing Form and purchased The Philadelphia Inquirer in 1936. Annenberg was a stutterer since childhood, the Annenberg family moved to Long Island, New York, in 1920, and Walter attended high school at the Peddie School in Hightstown, New Jersey, graduating in 1927. He dropped out of the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, while in college, he was a member of Zeta Beta Tau, a traditionally Jewish fraternity.
Annenberg was greatly affected by tax evasion charges and other scandals involving his father in the 1930s, a significant part of his adult life was dedicated to rehabilitating the familys name through philanthropy and public service. After his fathers death in 1942, Annenberg took over the family businesses and he bought additional print media as well as radio and television stations, resulting in great success. One of his most prominent successes was the creation of TV Guide in 1952, during the 1970s, TV Guide was making a $600,000 to $1,000,000 profit per week. While Annenberg ran his publishing empire as a business, he was not afraid to use it for his political purposes, one of his publications, The Philadelphia Inquirer, was influential in ridding Philadelphia of its largely corrupt city government in 1949. Shapp was highly critical of the merger of the Pennsylvania Railroad with the New York Central Railroad and was pushing the US Interstate Commerce Commission to prevent it from occurring.
Annenberg, who was the biggest individual stockholder of the Pennsylvania Railroad, wanted to see the merger succeed, during a press conference, an Inquirer reporter asked Shapp if he had ever been a patient in a mental hospital. Never having been in one, Shapp simply said no, the next day, a five-column front page Inquirer headline read, Shapp Denies Mental Institution Stay. Shapp and others have attributed his loss of the election to Annenbergs newspaper, even while an active businessman, Annenberg had an interest in public service. In 1953 he became one of the trustees of Eisenhower Fellowships. After Richard M. Nixon was elected President, he appointed Annenberg as ambassador to the Court of St Jamess in the UK. In 1969, under pressure after the Shapp controversy, Annenberg sold The Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News, after being appointed as ambassador, he became quite popular in Britain, being made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1976
BellSouth Corporation was an American telecommunications holding company based in Atlanta, Georgia. In a merger announced on March 5,2006, and executed on December 29,2006, the merger consolidated ownership of Cingular Wireless and Yellowpages. com, both of which were joint ventures between BellSouth and AT&T. With the merger completed, wireless services previously offered by Cingular Wireless are now offered under the AT&T name. In addition, BellSouth has formally become AT&T South, its Bell Operating Company doing business as AT&T Southeast, BellSouth operated in the Australian and New Zealand market. BellSouth operated in New Zealand under the name of BellSouth New Zealand Limited from 1993 until 1998 when it was acquired by Vodafone to become Vodafone New Zealand and it competed against Telecom New Zealand. Its operations in Australia were under the name of BellSouth Australia Pty Limited, the creation of BellSouth, in effect, reunited most telephone service in the Southeastern United States.
Southern Bell had been the Bell System operating company for the entire Southeast until 1967, BellSouth formed a shared services company, BellSouth Services, to provide centralized functions such as engineering and information technology to Southern Bell and South Central Bell. Satellite television service was provided as a partnership with DirecTV, cable television was provided in limited markets as BellSouth Entertainment. The company maintained its largest operation centers in Atlanta and Birmingham, region-wide headquarters operations were primarily in Atlanta and Birmingham. Statewide operations centers were located in Birmingham, Atlanta, New Orleans, Charlotte, BellSouth Mobility was based in Atlanta and Birmingham, Alabama. In August 1998, BellSouth launched FastAccess DSL, their broadband service provided through a DSL connection, initially launched in the Atlanta, Charlotte, Jacksonville, New Orleans and Raleigh/Durham areas. Eventually, it available in all of BellSouths service area.
Toward its end, BellSouth realigned itself in two important areas and broadband, in 2001, they merged BellSouth Mobility, their wireless enterprise, with SBCs wireless services, and took 40% stake in the resulting company, Cingular Wireless. The new company provided a large percentage of BellSouths revenue and this joint venture continued after SBC purchased the old AT&T and rebranded as AT&T Inc. Continued increase of broadband penetration and applications in the market was a key strategy to the company. These activities were being funded in part by the sale of Latin America operations, BellSouth became the first Baby Bell that did not operate pay telephones. By 2003, BellSouths payphone operation was discontinued because it had become too unprofitable, cincinnati Bell has taken BellSouths place for payphones in northern BellSouth territory, independents have set in further south. BellSouths main operating units at its end were the Communications Group, Domestic Wireless, the communications group operated two wholly owned subsidiaries, BellSouth Telecommunications Inc.
and BellSouth Long Distance, Inc
Richard Diebenkorn was an American painter. His early work is associated with expressionism and the Bay Area Figurative Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. His work were instrumental to his achievement of worldwide acclaim, Richard Clifford Diebenkorn Jr. was born on April 22,1922 in Portland, Oregon. His family moved to San Francisco, when he was two years old, from the age of four or five he was continually drawing. Hoppers influence can be seen in Diebenkorns representational work of this time, Diebenkorn served in the United States Marine Corps from 1943 to 1945. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, he lived and worked in places, San Francisco and Sausalito, New York, New Mexico, Illinois. He developed his own style of abstract expressionist painting, after WWII, the focus of the art world shifted from the School of Paris to the US and in particular to the New York School. In 1947, after ten months in Woodstock on an Alfred Bender travel grant, Diebenkorn had returned to the CSFA and he was offered a place on the CSFA Faculty in 1947 and taught there until 1950.
He was influenced at first by Clyfford Still, who taught at the CSFA from 1946 to 1950, Arshile Gorky, Hassel Smith. He became an abstract expressionist on the west coast. In 1950 to 1952, Diebenkorn was enrolled under the G. I, bill in the University of New Mexico’s graduate Fine Arts department where he continued to adapt his abstract expressionist style. He lived in Berkeley, from 1955 to 1966, by the mid-1950s, Diebenkorn had become an important figurative painter, in a style that bridged Henri Matisse with abstract expressionism. Diebenkorn, Elmer Bischoff, Henry Villierme, David Park, James Weeks and others participated in a renaissance of figurative painting, dubbed the Bay Area Figurative Movement. From fall 1964 to spring 1965, Diebenkorn traveled through Europe and he was granted a visa to visit important Soviet museums. When he returned to painting in the Bay Area in mid-1965, the Henri Matisse paintings French Window at Collioure, and View of Notre-Dame both from 1914 exerted tremendous influence on Richard Diebenkorns Ocean Park paintings.
According to art historian Jane Livingston, Diebenkorn saw both Matisse paintings in an exhibition in Los Angeles in 1966 and they had an impact on him. Two pictures he saw there reverberate in almost every Ocean Park canvas, View of Notre Dame and French Window at Collioure, both painted in 1914, were on view for the first time in the US. Livingston goes on to say Diebenkorn must have experienced French Window at Collioure as an epiphany, in 1967, Diebenkorn moved to Santa Monica and took up a professorship at UCLA