Zentralbibliothek Zürich is the main library of both the city and the University of Zurich, housed in the Predigerkloster, the former Black Friars' abbey, in the old town's Rathaus quarter. It was founded in 1914 by a merger of the former cantonal and city libraries, its history goes back to the Stiftsbibliothek of the Grossmünster abbey, first attested in 1259. Much of the abbey's library was lost in the Swiss Reformation in an incident of book burning on 14 September 1525, reducing it to a total inventory of 470 volumes. From 1532, Konrad Pellikan began rebuilding the Stiftsbibliothek with the purchase of Zwingli's private library, the library catalogue in 1551 lists 770 volumes; the city library had been established in 1634, its policy to allow access only to citizens of Zurich led to disputes with the University, which led to the establishment of a cantonal library in 1835, built from some 3,500 volumes with 14,000 titles of the Stiftsbibliothek, some 340 volumes of the recent University Library and some 1,700 volumes of the Gymnasiumsbibliothek.
The Zentralbibliothek houses some 5.1 million items, among these 3.9 million printed volumes, 124,000 manuscripts, 243,000 maps and 560,000 microfiches. Predigerkirche and the adjoint Musikabteilung are listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class object. Predigerkirche Zürich Predigerkloster Official Zentralbibliothek Zürich website— Zentralbibliothek Zürich website— Main public library catalog Media related to Zentralbibliothek Zürich manuscripts collection at Wikimedia Commons
The Cumberland Gap is a pass through the long ridge of the Cumberland Mountains, within the Appalachian Mountains, near the junction of the U. S. states of Kentucky and Tennessee. It is famous in American colonial history for its role as a key passageway through the lower central Appalachians. Long used by Native American nations, the Cumberland Gap was brought to the attention of settlers in 1750 by Thomas Walker, a Virginia physician and explorer; the path was used by a team of frontiersmen led by Daniel Boone, making it accessible to pioneers who used it to journey into the western frontiers of Kentucky and Tennessee. It was an important part of the Wilderness Road and is now part of the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park; the Cumberland Gap is one of many passes in the Appalachian Mountains but the only one in the continuous Cumberland Mountain ridgeline. It lies within Cumberland Gap National Historical Park and is located on the border of present-day Kentucky and Virginia 0.25 miles northeast of the tri-state marker with Tennessee.
The V-shaped gap serves as a gateway to the west. The base of the gap is about 300 feet above the valley floor though the north side of the pass was lowered 20 feet during the construction of Old U. S. Route 25E. To the south, the ridge rises 600 feet above the pass, while to the north the Pinnacle Overlook towers 900 feet above; because it is centrally located in the United States, the region around Cumberland Gap experiences all four seasons. The summers are sunny and humid with average high temperatures in the mid to upper 80s F. In the winter months, January through March, temperatures range in the 30s to 40s F and are mild with rain and few periods of snow; the nearest cities are Middlesboro and Harrogate, Tennessee. The gap was formed by the development of three major structural features: the Pine Mountain Thrust Sheet, the Middlesboro Syncline, the Rocky Face Fault. Lateral compressive forces of sedimentary rocks from deep layers of the Earth's crust pushing upward 320 to 200 million years ago created the thrust sheet.
Resistance on the fault from the opposing Cumberland Mountain to Pine Mountain caused the U-shaped structure of the Middlesboro Syncline. The once flat-lying sedimentary rocks were deformed 40 degrees northwest. Further constriction to the northwest of Cumberland Mountain developed into a fault trending north-to-south called the Rocky Face Fault, which cut through Cumberland Mountain; this combination of natural geological processes created ideal conditions for weathering and erosion of the rocks. The discovery of the Middlesboro impact structure has proposed new details in the formation of Cumberland Gap. Less than 300 million years ago a meteorite, "approximately the size of a football field", struck the earth, creating the Middlesboro Crater. One of three astroblemes in the state, it is a 3.7-mile diameter meteorite impact crater with the city of Middlesboro, built inside it. Detailed mapping by geologists in the 1960s led many to interpret the geological features of the area to be the site of an ancient impact.
In 1966 Robert Dietz discovered shatter cones in nearby sandstone. Shatter cones, a rock-shattering pattern formed only during impact events, are found in abundance in the area; the presence of shatter cones found helped confirm the origin of impact. In September 2003, the site was designated a Distinguished Geologic Site by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists. Without the Rocky Face Fault, it would have been difficult for pack-horses to navigate this gap and the gap in Pine Mountain near Pineville, it would be improbable that wagon roads would have been constructed at an early date. Middlesboro is the only place in the world. Special mining techniques must be used in the complicated strata of this crater; the passage created by Cumberland Gap was well traveled by Native Americans long before the arrival of European-American settlers. The passage through the gap was created by herds of woodland buffalo that traveled across it over thousands of years, drawn by the abundance of salt in the region.
The earliest written account of Cumberland Gap dates by Abraham Wood of Virginia. The gap was named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, son of King George II of Great Britain, who had many places named for him in the American colonies after the Battle of Culloden; the explorer Thomas Walker gave the name to the Cumberland River in 1750, the name soon spread to many other features in the region, such as the Cumberland Gap. In 1769 Joseph Martin built a fort nearby at present-day Rose Hill, Virginia, on behalf of Walker's land claimants, but Martin and his men were chased out of the area by Native Americans, Martin did not return until 1775. In 1775 Daniel Boone, hired by the Transylvania Company, arrived in the region leading a company of men to widen the path through the gap to make settlement of Kentucky and Tennessee easier. On his arrival, Boone discovered that Martin had arrived in Powell Valley, where Martin and his men were clearing land for their own settlement – the westernmost settlement in English colonial America at the time.
By the 1790s, the trail that Boone and his men built had been widened to accommodate wagon traffic and became known as the Wilderness Road. Several American Civil War engagements occurred in and around the Cumberland Gap and are known as the Battle of the Cumberland Gap. In June 1862, Union Army General George W. Morgan captured the gap for the Union. In September of that year, Confederate States Army forces under Edmund Kirby Smith occupied the gap du
Williamstown Town Hall is a civic building located in Williamstown, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The hall was built in two stages, the first being the front municipal offices, designed in the Greek revival style to the design of young architect Joseph Plottel, dating from 1919; the hall behind was added to the design of Gibbs, Finlay & Morsby, opened in 1927. After the City of Williamstown was amalgamated with the City of Altona in 1994 to form the new City of Hobsons Bay, the building continued to be used for council meetings, though not as as its Altona counterpart. List of town halls in Melbourne
Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. is a Chinese holding company, the second largest shareholder of Suning Appliance. Since June 2016 Suning Appliance Group became the third largest shareholder, after Zhang Jindong, founder of Suning and Alibaba Group; the company known as Jiangsu Suning Appliance Co. Ltd. and Jiangsu Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd.. As at 2002, Jiangsu Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. was owned by the ex-senior staff of Suning Appliance Co. Ltd. namely Liu Xiaomeng, Zhang Jindong, Sun Weimin and Chen Jinfeng for 42%, 28%, 18% and 12% stake respectively. The company leased to Suning Domestic Appliance; when Suning Domestic Appliance was listed in Shenzhen Stock Exchange, Jiangsu Suning Appliance Group owned 18.29% stake. In 2009 the Chinese name of the company was changed from Jiangsu Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. to Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd.. Circa 2010s, Liu and Chen were withdrew as a shareholder of Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd.. The latter still owned an equity stake in Suning Commerce Group directly.
Moreover, Bu Yang, a senior staff of Suning Commerce Group, was introduced as a shareholder of Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd.. In 2013 Zhang owned 39.75% stake, Bu owned 40.17% and Sun owned 20.08%. In the same year, via Hong Kong incorporated subsidiary Suning International Limited, Suning Appliance Group purchased about 1% stake in Hong Kong listed company Hydoo International Holding Limited; as at the first quarter of 2016, Zhang owned 48.10% stake in Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. as the second largest shareholder, Bu was the major shareholder for 49.1% stake, with Sun was the third for 2.8% stake. Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. owned 7.37% stake in Japanese listed company LAOX, which after Suning Commerce and Nihon Kanko Menzei as the third largest shareholder. As in 2015, Suning Appliance Group still leasing some properties to Suning Commerce, for example a floor area of 13,182 sq.m in Suning Galaxy International Plaza, on 1 Shanxi Road, Nanjing. In 2016 Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. purchased 100% stake of Jiangsu Football Club.
In mid-2016 Suning Appliance Group Co. Ltd. became the third largest shareholder for 15.62% stake, after new shares was issued to Alibaba Group. Suning Appliance Group owned 25% stake in Suning Real Estate. In 2017, the company subscribed CN¥20 billion new shares of Hengda Real Estate, a subsidiary of Evergrande Group. Jiangsu F. C. Jiangsu Lady Football Club Novotel Nanjing Central Suning
Neupré is a municipality of Belgium. It lies in Province of Liege. On January 1, 2006, Neupré had a total population of 9,798; the total area is 31.69 km² which gives a population density of 309 inhabitants per km². The municipality consists of the following sub-municipalities: Éhein, Neuville-en-Condroz and Rotheux-Rimière. On the southeast edge of Neupré lies the Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial, the resting place of over 5,000 American soldiers who died in Northern Europe during World War II. List of protected heritage sites in Neupré Media related to Neupré at Wikimedia Commons "World War II Ardennes American Cemetery and Memorial". American Battle Monuments Commission. Archived from the original on July 16, 2006. Retrieved January 17, 2006
The Great Lakes Relay is a three-day race for runners that crosses the northern portion of Michigan's Lower Peninsula and sometimes part of the Upper Peninsula as well. It is known for its hilly, sandy course, humidity, 270 mile length, it has many similarities with the Great Midwest Relay. They differ in; the GLR was first run with the finish line being in Mackinac City. Due to disputes with local officials, the finish was moved to its present location in Empire, home of the Sleeping Bear Sand Dunes. On January 2, 2020, the Great Lakes Relay announced the end of the race; the new event will be called the Michigan Outback Relay and will be hosted by the same individuals involved in the Great Lakes Relay. The original message is as follows: As we stated at the awards ceremony, the Lakeshore Striders Running Club is closing down this year after 30 in existence and a dwindling membership role; the LSS hosted the Great Lakes Relay. A new organization has been formed with Nick, Bob and Eric to put on the new event named the Michigan Outback Relay.
We always described the race as traipsing through Michigan’s outback so as a nod to Nick’s Aussie heritage, we decided it would be appropriate to name the new event the Michigan Outback Relay. Visit us at our new website – michiganoutbackrelay.com Here’s what doesn’t change – Nick and Bob and the courses they have charted. However and Eric will be replaced by Rick and Morty for the new race in 2020. Same great courses and party in Empire; the race is broken into three days, each of which consists of around 18 legs. The individual legs vary in length from 2 miles to nearly 12 miles; the first two days of the race cover up to 110 miles each, while the last day covers 70 miles. The shortened last day allows for time to relax on the beach and for the after-relay pizza party and awards banquet. Teams are composed of up to 10 people, they are allowed up to three chase vehicles to support their runners on the course. However, vehicle traffic is directed around the runners both for safety and because the trails are inaccessible by car.
The race starts at 6:00AM each day, the team's finish time is recorded. Times from the three days are added together, the team with the shortest time is declared the winner; each year 80 teams compete for glory in the GLR. There are two divisions: Mixed. Mixed teams must have a 4:6, 6:4 male to female ratio. Ages of runners range from as young as high schoolers to competitors in their 60s. A pair of English gentlemen run the GLR. Other running luminaries who have competed include former Olympians for both the U. S. and Canada at 1500m, National Masters record-holders, numerous NCAA All-Americans, numerous top 100 Boston Marathoners, numerous Olympic Trial Qualifiers, the World Beer Half-Marathon Champion, women's beer mile world record holder and the 2014 Diplodash for Ice Cream Bash 5k Run/Walk and Kid's Fun Run Champion. Hype surrounding the 2015 relay was at its highest peak since 2006. A large number of teams were created in an attempt to take down the two-time defending champions, Meat Train, led by legendary captain, Leo Foley.
Internet postings on the popular message board at Letsrun.com saw large amounts of speculation and trash talking