Zero Gravity Research Facility

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Zero Gravity Research Facility
Zero Gravity Facility - GPN-2000-001454.jpg
Zero Gravity Research Facility is located in Cleveland
Zero Gravity Research Facility
Zero Gravity Research Facility is located in Ohio
Zero Gravity Research Facility
Zero Gravity Research Facility is located in the US
Zero Gravity Research Facility
Location Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
Coordinates 41°24′44″N 81°51′51″W / 41.41222°N 81.86417°W / 41.41222; -81.86417Coordinates: 41°24′44″N 81°51′51″W / 41.41222°N 81.86417°W / 41.41222; -81.86417
Built 1966
Architect NASA
NRHP reference # 85002801[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 3, 1985
Designated NHL October 3, 1985

The Zero Gravity Research Facility at the NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio is a unique facility designed to perform tests in a reduced gravity environment. It has successfully supported research for the United States manned spacecraft programs and numerous unmanned projects. The facility uses vertical drop tests in a vacuum chamber to investigate the behavior of components, systems, liquids, gases, and combustion in such circumstances.

The facility consists of a concrete-lined shaft, 28 feet (8.5 m) in diameter, that extends 510 feet (160 m) below ground level. A steel vacuum chamber, 20 feet (6.1 m) in diameter and 470 feet (140 m) high, is contained within the concrete shaft. The pressure in this vacuum chamber is reduced to 13.3 newtons per square meter (1.3×104atm) before use. Test equipment is typically mounted in a cylindrical container, and has a maximum weight of 2,500 pounds (1,100 kg). Equipment dropped in the chamber experiences microgravity for about 5.15 seconds before landing in a deceleration cart filled with expanded styrofoam beads; it typically experiences 32g during deceleration, but may range up to 65g.

The service building at the top of the shaft contains a shop area, control room, and a clean room. Assembly, servicing, and balancing of the experiment vehicle are accomplished in the shop area. Tests are conducted from the control room, which contains controls for the "pump down" of the vacuum chamber, the experiment vehicle pre-drop checkout, release and the data retrieval system.[2]

History[edit]

The Zero Gravity Research Facility was built in 1966 as part of NASA's Centaur upper-stage rocket development program. In order to ensure proper firing and functioning of upper-stage rockets, NASA needed to understand the behavior of fluids (importantly, the liquid gases fueling the rockets), in the reduced gravity where they would fire. The facility was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1985 for its role in the early space program.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Zero-Gravity Research Facility". Man in Space: National Historic Landmark Theme Study. National Park Service. 2008-06-11. 
  3. ^ "NHL nomination for Zero Gravity Research Facility". National Park Service. Retrieved 2018-04-13. 

External links[edit]