Lilongwe is the capital city of Malawi with a projected population of 1,227,100 for 2018. The city is located in the central region of Malawi, near the borders with Mozambique and Zambia, it is an important economic and transportation hub for central Malawi, it is named after the Lilongwe River. Lilongwe had existed for centuries as a small fishing village on the banks of the Lilongwe River. During British Colonial Rule, the settlement became an administrative centre due to its strategic location. Formally founded in 1906 as a trading post, Lilongwe was recognised as a town in 1947. After gaining independence, it developed into an important trading centre in Malawi's central region, its growth was encouraged when the country's leader, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, established it as Malawi's new capital city in 1975. The last government offices were relocated to Lilongwe in 2005; the city's population is increasing with an annual growth rate of 4.3%. Lilongwe is governed by Lilongwe City Council, dominated by Malawi Congress Party The Malawian parliament is in Lilongwe.
It was built by the Chinese. Lilongwe is located on a plateau in Central Malawi, forming part of the East African Rift Valley situated at an altitude of 1,050 m above sea level, along Lilongwe River. Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate, with pleasantly warm summers and mild winters. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics. Lilongwe features a short wet season that runs from December to March and a lengthy dry season that covers much of the remainder of the year June and July which are cooler than the rest of the year. However, the city sees heavy downpours during its rainy season, seeing around 200 millimetres of rain in a month during the wettest months. Lilongwe is divided into a Old City; the former hosts hotels, governmental institutions, offices while the latter has markets, bus stations and restaurants. The modern shops of the City are contrasted by walled markets of Old Town.
See also: Economy of Malawi While Blantyre is the commercial Capital of Malawi, Lilongwe's economy is dominated by the government and public institutions. Kanengo, in the north of the city, is the main industrial area, where food processing, tobacco storage and sales, maize storage, other activities related to light industry take place. Finance, retail trade, transport, public administration and tobacco manufacturing are the main economic activities in the city. 76 percent of Lilongwe's population live in informal settlements, while poverty stands at 25 percent and unemployment at 16 percent. The civil service employs about 27 percent of all formal workers, while 40 percent work in the private sector and 2 percent are self-employed. A variety of bars and night clubs offer opportunities for live music and parties. Lilongwe International Airport is located to the north of the city. There are regular bus services from Lilongwe to Blantyre, Zomba and Mzuzu. International buses to South Africa and Tanzania are available daily.
There is a rail service to Lilongwe. To the west the line runs towards Zambia, to the east to Salima. There are 38 private and 66 public primary schools with a total of 103,602 pupils as well as 29 secondary schools with 30,795 students in Lilongwe. A new national stadium with a capacity of 40,000 has been constructed with the help of a $70 million loan from the Government of the People's Republic of China; the stadium is called Bingu National Stadium, opened early 2017. The other football stadiums include Civo Stadium and Nankhaka Ground. Big teams in Lilongwe are Silver Strikers, Civo Sporting, Blue Eagles, Kamuzu Barracks and Masters Security FC. Basketball is played at African Bible College, Civo Court, Don Bosco, other private institutions. Other sporting disciplines in Lilongwe include Netball played at Gateway Mall, Don Bosco, Nankhaka and ABC. There is a Rugby Union competition based in the city, with multiple teams competing; the city of Lilongwe is divided into areas. The numbers are assigned chronologically, not geographically, so Area 1 would be the first area, Area 2 the second and so on.
Houses in Lilongwe are given a number: Area number / random number. So a house in Area 43 might be called 43/123. Lilongwe is twinned with: Taipei, Taiwan Lusaka, Zambia Gerke, W. J. C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi Lilongwe travel guide from Wikivoyage
Lilongwe International Airport
Kamuzu International Airport is an international airport serving Lilongwe, the capital city of Malawi. It is known as Lilongwe International Airport; the airport was built in 1977 by the Nello L. Teer Company, taking over most airliner operations from Old Lilongwe Airport some 6 km west of the city centre. Owned by Airport Developments Limited; the airport is at an elevation of 4,035 feet above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 14/32 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,540 by 45 metres. Current weather for FWKI at NOAA/NWS Accident history for LLW at Aviation Safety Network
Liwonde is a township in the Southern Region of Malawi. Located in Machinga District on the Shire River along the main road connecting Zomba to Lilongwe, Liwonde is an important crossroad linking the four districts in the area. Liwonde, in an African sense, is a transportation hub, it is a rail line to Mozambique. Liwonde is however better known more because of its proximity to Liwonde National Park, it is becoming more important as the staging area for trips into Liwonde National Park. From Liwonde, the park is accessible by boat along the Shire River or by vehicle from the south entrance. In 2002 the city had basic services: water, electricity and mobile coverage. Liwonde has a hospital and filling station; the market had a wide range of goods. Food items on a regular basis were maize flour, onion, banana, green leaf, sweet potato, Irish potato, kidney beans, goat and the fruit in season. On occasion green beans, egg plant and sugar cane were available; the PTC and McConnells supplied a wide range of processed foods.
Euro Superette has a diverse stock of sundries and beverages from Mozambique. At the Mangochi turn off there is a selection of carving though just outside town on the way to Zomba, the next village has an excellent selection of chief chairs; the city itself has a reputation of being hot. As you drive down from Zomba, the heat and the humidity of the valley can be felt; the trees become spare and the grasses and flame trees share the land with brick walled, iron sheet homesteads. There are few expatriates. Most expatriates are seen travelling to the game park; the few that do stay are well received
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston known as Harry Johnston, was a British explorer who traveled in Africa, artist, colonial administrator and linguist who spoke many African languages. He published 40 books on African subjects and was one of the key players in the Scramble for Africa that occurred at the end of the 19th century. Born at Kennington Park, south London, the son of John Brookes Johnstone and Esther Laetitia Hamilton, he attended Stockwell grammar school and King's College London, followed by four years studying painting at the Royal Academy. In connection with his study he travelled to Europe and North Africa, visiting the little-known interior of Tunisia. In 1882 he visited southern Angola with the Earl of Mayo, in the following year met Henry Morton Stanley in the Congo, becoming one of the first Europeans after Stanley to see the river above the Stanley Pool, his developing reputation led the Royal Geographical Society and the British Association to appoint him leader of an 1884 scientific expedition to Mount Kilimanjaro.
On this expedition he concluded treaties with local chiefs, in competition with German efforts to do likewise. In October 1886 the British government appointed him vice-consul in Cameroon and the Niger River delta area, where a protectorate had been declared in 1885, he became acting consul in 1887, deposing and banishing the local chief Jaja. While in West Africa in 1886, Johnston sketched what has been termed a "fantasy map" of his ideas of how the African continent could be divided among the colonial powers; this envisaged two blocks of British colonies, one of continuous territory in West Africa, the Nile valley and much of East Africa as far south as Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa, the other in southern Africa south of the Zambezi. This left a continuous band in Portuguese occupation from Angola to Mozambique and Germany in possession of much of the East African coast; the original proposal for a Cape to Cairo railway was made in 1874 by Edwin Arnold, the editor of the Daily Telegraph, joint sponsor of the expedition by H.
M. Stanley to Africa to discover the course of the Congo River; the proposed route involved a mixture of railway and river transport between Elizabethville, now Lubumbashi in the Belgian Congo and Sennar in the Sudan rather than a rail one. Johnston acknowledged his debt to Stanley and Arnold and when on leave in England in 1888, he revived the Cape-to-Cairo concept of acquiring a continuous band of British territory down Africa in discussion with Lord Salisbury. Johnston published an supporting the idea article in Times anonymously, as "by an African Explorer" and in 1888 and 1889 published a number of articles in other newspapers and journals with Salisbury's tacit approval; the Berlin Conference had allocated Katanga to the sphere of influence of King Leopold of Belgium's Congo Free State, but under the Berlin Conference's Principle of Effectivity this was only provisional. In July 1890, Leopold protested to Lord Salisbury that Johnston, as agent for Cecil Rhodes, was circulating maps showing that the Congo Free State did not include Katanga, in response to Salisbury's enquiries, in August 1890 Johnston presented Rhodes' claim, which included the false information that Msiri, King of Garanganze in Katanga had asked for British protection.
In November 1890, to justify his claim, Johnston sent Alfred Sharpe to act for Rhodes and the British South Africa Company, to obtain a treaty with Msiri, a move which had the potential to precipitate an Anglo-Belgian crisis. Sharpe failed with Msiri, though he obtained treaties with Mwata Kazembe covering the eastern side of the Luapula River and Lake Mweru, with other chiefs covering the southern end of Lake Tanganyika; when Leopold again protested to Salisbury in May 1891, the latter had to admit Msiri had not signed a treaty asking for British protection and left Katanga open to Belgian colonisation. In 1891 Leopold sent the Stairs Expedition to Katanga. Johnston dissuaded it from accessing Katanga through Nyasaland, but it went through German East Africa instead, took Katanga after killing Msiri; the southern border of the Congo Free State was settled by an Anglo-Congo agreement of 1894. In 1879 the Portuguese government formally claimed the area south and east of the Ruo River and in 1882, occupied the lower Shire River valley as far north as the Ruo.
It attempted to gain British acceptance of this claim without success, failed in a claim that the Shire Highlands was part of Portuguese East Africa, as it was not under effective occupation As late as 1888, the British Foreign Office would not accept responsibility for British missionaries and settlers in the Shire Highlands after the African Lakes Corporation had tried but failed to become a Chartered company with interests there and around the western shore of Lake Malawi. However, in 1885–86 Alexandre de Serpa Pinto had undertaken an expedition which reached Shire Highlands, which had failed make any treaties of protection with the Yao chiefs west of Lake Malawi. To prevent possible Portuguese occupation, in November 1888, Johnston was appointed as Commissioner and Consul-general for the Mozambique and the Nyasa districts, arrived in Blantyre in March 1889. On his way to take up his appointment, Johnston spent six weeks in Lisbon attempting to negotiate an acceptable agreement on Portuguese and British spheres of influence in southeastern Africa.
However, as the draft agreement did not expressly exclude the Shire Highlands from the Portuguese sphere, it was rejected by the Foreign Office. Among several pressing problems was t
Chileka International Airport
Chileka International Airport is an airport located 16 km from Blantyre, the second largest city in the Republic of Malawi and the commercial Capital of Malawi's Southern Region. The airport resides at an elevation of 2,555 feet above mean sea level, it has two asphalt paved runways: 10/28 measures 2,325 by 30 metres and 15/33 measures 1,372 m × 30 m. The airport underwent some major improvements to the terminals. Media related to Chileka International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Current weather for FWCL at NOAA/NWS Accident history for BLZ at Aviation Safety Network
Urbana is a city in and the county seat of Champaign County, United States. The population is estimated at 41,989 as of July 1, 2017. Urbana is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area, it is included in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area. Urbana is notable for sharing the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign with its sister city of Champaign; the Urbana area was first settled in 1822, when it was called "Big Grove". When the county of Champaign was organized in 1833, the county seat was located on 40 acres of land, 20 acres donated by William T. Webber and 20 acres by Col. M. W. Busey, considered to be the city's founder, the name "Urbana" was adopted after Urbana, the hometown of State Senator Vance; the creation of the new town was celebrated for the first time in July 4, 1833. Stores began opening beginning in 1834; the first mills were founded in c.1838-50. The town's first church was built c.1840 with the Baptist Church following in 1855 and the Methodist Church in 1856.
The Presbyterian Church was founded in 1856. The city's first school was built in 1854. Urbana suffered a setback when the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad, expected to pass through town, was instead laid down two miles west, where the land was flatter; the town of West Urbana grew up around the train depot built there in 1854, in 1861 its name was changed to Champaign. The competition between the two cities provoked Urbana to tear down the ten-year-old County Courthouse and replace it with a much larger and fancier structure, to ensure that the county seat would remain in Urbana. Champaign-Urbana was selected as the site for a new state agricultural school, thanks to the efforts of Clark Griggs. Illinois Industrial University, which would evolve into the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, opened in 1868 with 77 students. A number of efforts to merge Urbana and Champaign have failed at the polls. On October 9, 1871 a fire burned much of downtown Urbana. Children playing with matches started the fire.
Downtown Urbana is located west of the intersection of its two busiest streets: U. S. 10 and U. S. 45. Most of Urbana lies south of I-74. There are three exits: Lincoln and University; the Lincoln exit is closest to the University of Illinois, while the Cunningham exit goes to downtown Urbana. The University exit goes to downtown Urbana as well as Illinois Route 130 to Philo; the Norfolk Southern operates an east to west line through Urbana. The NS line connects industries in eastern Urbana to the Norfolk Southern main line at Mansfield, west of Champaign; the line now operated by Norfolk Southern is the former Peoria & Eastern Railway operated as part of the Big Four, New York Central, Penn Central, Conrail systems, being sold by Conrail to Norfolk Southern in 1996. Construction of the line was begun by the Danville, Urbana and Pekin Railroad; this short-lived entity became part of the Indianapolis and Western Railway before the railroad was completed. A branch line of the Norfolk and Western Railway used to connect Urbana with the main line from Danville to Decatur at Sidney, but this was first rerouted and closed in the early 1990s.
Willard Airport serves the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 36,395 people, 14,327 households, 6,217 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,468.3 people per square mile. There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 1,459.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 67.01% White, 14.34% African American, 0.18% Native American, 14.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population. There were 14,327 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 56.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83. In the city, the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,819, the median income for a family was $42,655. Males had a median income of $32,827 versus $26,349 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,969. About 13.3% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Urbana has Mayor-Council government, of the strong-mayor form; the city council has seven members, each elected from a different ward. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Urbana is located at 40°6′35″N 88°12′15″W. According to the 2010 census, Urbana has a total area of 11.69 square miles, of which 11.65 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Urbana borders the city of Champaign; the main campus of the University of Illinois is situated on this border. Together, these two cities are referred to as Urbana-Champaign (the designation used by th