Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue was an American architect celebrated for his work in Gothic Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival design. He designed notable typefaces, including Cheltenham and Merrymount for the Merrymount Press. In life, Goodhue freed his architectural style with works like El Fureidis in Montecito, one of the three estates designed by Goodhue. Goodhue was born in Pomfret, Connecticut to Charles Wells Goodhue and his second wife, Helen Grosvenor Goodhue. Due to financial constraints he was educated at home by his mother until, at age 11 years, he was sent to Russell's Collegiate and Commercial Institute. Finances prevented him from attending university, but he received an honorary degree from Trinity College in Connecticut in 1911. In lieu of formal training, in 1884 he moved to Manhattan, New York City, to apprentice at the architectural firm of Renwick and Russell. Goodhue's apprenticeship ended in 1891. After completing his apprenticeship, Goodhue moved to Boston Massachusetts, where he was befriended by a group of young, artistic intellectuals involved in the founding of the Society of Arts and Crafts - Boston in 1897.
This circle included Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard University and Ernest Fenollosa of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. It was through this group that Goodhue met Ralph Adams Cram, who would be his business partner for 25 years. Cram and Goodhue were members of several societies, including the "Pewter Mugs" and the "Visionists". In 1892–1893 they published a quarterly art magazine called The Knight Errant; the multitalented Goodhue was a student of book design and type design. In 1896, he created the Cheltenham typeface for use by Cheltenham Press; this typeface came to be used as the headline type for The New York Times. In 1891, Cram and Goodhue formed the architectural firm of Cram and Goodhue, renamed Cram and Ferguson in 1898; the firm was a leader in Neo-Gothic architecture, with significant commissions from ecclesiastical and institutional clients. The Gothic Revival Saint Thomas Church was designed by them and built in 1914 on Manhattan's Fifth Avenue in New York City. In 1915, Goodhue accepted membership to what is known now as the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
In 1917, Goodhue was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member, became a full Academician in 1923. When Goodhue left to begin his own practice in 1914, Cram had created his dreamed of Gothic Revival commission at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City, continued to work in the Gothic style mode for the rest of his career. Goodhue, in departed into a series of radically different stylistic experiments over his independent career, his first was the Byzantine Revival style for St. Bartholomew's Episcopal Church on New York City's Park Avenue, built on a new platform just above the Grand Central Terminal railyards. In California, in 1915, Bertram Goodhue re-interpreted masterful Spanish Baroque and Spanish Colonial architecture complete with the latter's traditional Churrigueresque detailing into what became known as the Spanish Colonial Revival Style of architecture; this was for the significant commission of the El Prado Quadrangle's layout and buildings at the major 1915 Panama-California Exposition, located in San Diego's Balboa Park.
He was the lead architect, taking over from Irving Gill, with Carleton Winslow Sr. and Lloyd Wright assisting. The Panama-California Exposition's style was seen by many and published, becoming influential in California and the Southern and Southwestern United States, it led to California's assimilation of Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecture as its dominant historical regional style, which continues to this day. The singular style for the rebuilding of Santa Barbara after its 1925 destruction by a major earthquake was drawn from the local Mission Revival and Goodhue's Panama-California Exposition Spanish Colonial Revival style trends. Examples of influential private Californian commissions, both extant registered landmarks now, are his 1906 J. Waldron Gillespie Estate El Fureidis and 1915 Dater - Wright Ludington Estate Dias Felices — Val Verde in Montecito. Goodhue and Gillespie had done a six-month research and acquisitions tour together through Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula before collaborating on the classic Persian gardens layout and Roman and Spanish Colonial Revival residence at El Fureidis.
Goodhue's Spanish Colonial Revival style work went on to dominate the Hawaiian architecture of public buildings and estate residences during the 1920s building boom in the Territory of Hawaii. Goodhue's architectural creations became freed of architectural detail and more Romanesque in form, although he remained dedicated to the integration of sculpture, mosaic work, color in his surface architectural details. Towards the end of his career, he arrived at a personal style, a synthesis of simplified form and a generalized archaic quality, those innovations paved the way for others to transition to modern architectural idioms; this style is seen in his last major projects: the 1926 Mediterranean revival and Egyptian revival Los Angeles Public Library. Goodhue died in 1924 in New York City, he was interred within a wall vault in the north transept of his Church of the Intercession, at his request in the building he considered his finest. Architectural sculptor Lee Lawrie created a Gothic styled tomb for him there, featuring Go
San Diego Museum of Art
The San Diego Museum of Art is a fine arts museum located at 1450 El Prado in Balboa Park in San Diego, California that houses a broad collection with particular strength in Spanish art. The San Diego Museum of Art opened as The Fine Arts Gallery of San Diego on February 28, 1926, changed its name to the San Diego Museum of Art in 1978; the official Balboa Park website calls the San Diego Museum of Art "the region's oldest and largest art museum". Nearly half a million people visit the museum each year; the museum building was designed by architects William Templeton Johnson and Robert W. Snyder in a plateresque style to harmonize with existing structures from the Panama–California Exposition of 1915; the dominant feature of the façade is a ornamented door inspired by a doorway at the University of Salamanca. The Cathedral of Valladolid influenced the museum's exterior design, the architects derived interior motifs from the Santa Cruz Hospital of Toledo, Spain; the original construction took two years.
Sponsor Appleton S. Bridges donated the building to the City of San Diego upon its completion. In 1966 the museum added a west wing and a sculpture court which doubled its size, an east wing in 1974 further increased its exhibition space. Plans are underway for a renovation to the rotunda, sculpture garden, façade and other features; the Museum's collections are encyclopedic in nature, with pieces ranging in date from 5000 BC to 2012 AD. The museum's strength is in Spanish works by Zurbarán, Cotán, Ribera and El Greco. Much of the museum's old master collection was donated by sisters Anne and Irene Putnam; the museum's first major acquisition was the 1939 purchase of Francisco Goya's El Marques de Sofraga, which had belonged to a private family collection until that time and had never before been on public exhibition. The Putnam sisters provided financial backing for the purchase; the following year, director Reginald Poland acquired a portrait by Giovanni Bellini for the museum's collection. In 1941 the museum purchased a Diego Velázquez portrait of the Infanta Margarita of Spain, a study for a larger portrait of her in Vienna.
Other major benefactors during the museum's first quarter century were Archer M. Huntington and Mr. and Mrs. Henry Timken, whose small art collection is housed in the nearby Timken Museum of Art, established in 1965. In 2012, the Museum of Art received 48 German Expressionist paintings and prints from a range of artists, including Otto Dix, Egon Schiele, Alexej von Jawlensky, Gabriele Münter and Gustav Klimt from the collection of Vance E. Kondon and his wife Elisabeth Giesberger; the museum houses works by Italian masters Giorgione, Giambattista Pittoni, Veronese and Canaletto. Works by Rubens and van Dyck represent the Northern European School; the museum hosts touring exhibits and has been working to display its standard collection in new ways, including an upstairs gallery discussing information which can be gathered by looking on the back of the canvas. In 2010, The San Diego Museum of Art in conjunction with the Agitprop gallery created The Summer Salon Series; the program, curated by Alexander Jarman and David White, featured local emerging artists who presented and performed temporary art works and workshops in direct response to the Toulouse-Lautrec exhibition.
Each of the ten presentations involved Contemporary Artists' responses to the Modern Art on display in the museum. Each April since 1981 the Museum hosts its major fundraiser, "Art Alive". Floral designers use flowers and other organic materials to express their interpretation of a work of art from the Museum's permanent collection. For four days the resulting creations are displayed next to the art work; the museum hosts events such as "Art after Hours" and "Culture and Cocktails", which encourage attendees to sample the collection into the evening during extended opening hours or partake in social events centered in the gallery. San Diego Museum of Art website Summer Salon Series, 2010
Zoro Garden is a 6-acre sunken garden within Balboa Park in San Diego, California. It is located between the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center and the Casa de Balboa; the name refers to the Persian mystic Zoroaster. The stone garden was built for the 1915-16 Panama-California Exposition. During the 1935-36 California Pacific International Exposition it was the site of the Zoro Garden Nudist Colony, which featured mostly-nude performers rather than practicing nudists. Zoro Garden is now planted as a butterfly garden, it can be reserved for special events. San Diego Park and Recreation Balboa Park
Balboa Park Gardens
Balboa Park Gardens are cultivated areas of Balboa Park in San Diego, California. There are multiple individual gardens throughout the park, including Alcazar Gardens, the Botanical Building and Reflecting Pool, the Cactus Garden, the Casa del Rey Moro Garden, the Inez Grant Parker Memorial Rose Garden, the Japanese Friendship Garden, the Marston House Garden, Palm Canyon, Zoro Garden. In addition, the San Diego Zoo includes a noteworthy collection of plants. Balboa Park contains 350 species of plants on 1,200 acres of rolling hills and canyons, with 1,500 trees. Many of the trees were selected and planted by horticulturalist Kate Sessions referred to as "the Mother of Balboa Park". Kate Sessions List of Parks in San Diego Gold Gulch Puplava, Kathy. Trees and Gardens of Balboa Park. City of San Diego Park and Recreation Department. Pp. 107–117. ISBN 0-938711-73-3. Official San Diego Parks Department - Balboa Park website Balboa Park Foundation garden section
San Diego History Center
The San Diego History Center is a museum showcasing the history of San Diego, located in the city's Balboa Park. Founded in 1928 by businessman and civic leader George W. Marston, the San Diego Historical Society was housed in the Mission style Junípero Serra Museum on Presidio Hill, the site of the earliest settlement in San Diego and California; the original building was designed by architect William Templeton Johnson. In 1982, the San Diego Historical Society moved its collections and research library to the Casa de Balboa building in Balboa Park, the Society changed its name to the San Diego History Center in 2010. Of special note among the museum's collections are the Historic Clothing and Textile Collection, which includes over 7,000 items illustrating the history of dress from the late 18th century to the present, the San Diego Fine Art Collection, notable for its early 20th century plein air paintings, with works by Maurice Braun, Alfred Mitchell, Charles Fries, Belle Baranceanu, Charles Reiffel, Alice Klauber, Donal Hord.
In addition to its museum exhibits, the History Center maintains a research library and archives serving residents, scholars and researchers. The Document Archives, the region’s largest collection of historical materials, holds over 45 million documents including public and architectural records, maps, manuscripts, ephemera and oral histories; the photograph collection, with 2.5 million photographs, is one of the largest regional photography collections in the United States. It includes a large number of 19th and early 20th century images of the San Diego region acquired in 1979 from the Union Title & Trust Insurance Company. Highlights of the photograph collection include the Edward H. Davis Collection of Indian Photographs and Drawings, 1900s-1940s, the Norman Baynard Collection of the African-American Community of Logan Heights, 1939-1985. Since 1955 the center has published the Journal of San Diego History in cooperation with the University of San Diego. In 2013, the History Center became a Smithsonian Affiliate.
Edward H. Davis Collection of Indian Photographs and Drawings, San Diego History Center Norman Baynard Collection, San Diego History Center Media related to San Diego History Center at Wikimedia Commons Official website
House of Hospitality (Balboa Park)
The House of Hospitality is a building located at San Diego's Balboa Park, in the U. S. state of California. It was built for the Panama–California Exposition as the Foreign Arts Building. Intended to be temporary, was changed to the House of Hospitality for the California Pacific International Exposition; the building was demolished in the 1990s for structural reasons and reconstructed using the original building as a model. El Prado Complex Woman of Tehuantepec Media related to House of Hospitality at Wikimedia Commons
A showgirl is a female dancer or performer in a stage entertainment show intended to showcase the performer's physical attributes by way of revealing clothing, toplessness or nudity. The term show girl is sometimes applied to a promotional model employed in trade fairs and car shows. Showgirls date back to the late 1800s in Parisian music halls and cabarets such as the Moulin Rouge, Le Lido, the Folies Bergère; the trafficking of showgirls for the purposes of prostitution was the subject of a salacious novel by the nineteenth-century French author Ludovic Halévy. The first casino on the Las Vegas Strip to employ dancing girls as a diversion between acts was the El Rancho Vegas in 1941. Showgirls were presented in Las Vegas in 1952 as the opening and closing act for Las Vegas headliners, sometimes dancing around the headliner, they were introduced at the Sands Casino for a show with Danny Thomas. In 1957 Minsky's Follies took the stage at the Desert Inn giving birth to the topless showgirl in Vegas.
This was followed by a long-running The Lido de Paris at the Stardust Casino. The Gold Diggers films, including The Gold Diggers, Gold Diggers of Broadway, Gold Diggers of 1933, Gold Diggers of 1935, Gold Diggers of 1937, Gold Diggers in Paris Bolero, a 1934 film in which American burlesque dancer Sally Rand played a carnival showgirl and performed a fan dance The Golddiggers, a troupe that performed on The Dean Martin Show beginning in 1968 Showgirls, a 1995 movie directed by Paul Verhoeven and starring Elizabeth Berkley Guys and Dolls, a 1950 Broadway production, depicts a Miss Adelaide as the main character's fiancée, a singer and showgirl in various musical numbers. Kylie Minogue was inspired by different types of showgirls and named and styled her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour and Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour concerts after them. Showgirl themes can be seen at many corners through Minogue's entire career. Several showgirl cars are seen at the Dinoco booth during the animated film Cars.