Eric Fish, is the singer of German Medieval metal band Subway to Sally. He performs as a solo musical artist. Eric's first musical merit was that of reaching the finale of a DDR singer/songwriter competition in 1988; the same year he founded Catriona, a folk band based in Königs Wusterhausen, together with Jan Klemm and Marek Kalbus. The band released the Rightfull King, in 1990, before it broke up. Jan Klemm went on to form the Inchtabokatables, Eric joined Subway to Sally in 1992, where he played the bagpipes and shared the position of singer with Simon and Bodenski. With the second release of the band, MCMXCV, Eric took over as main vocalist, his solo project saw the light of day in 1999, with Eric playing up to 6-hour-long gigs in small pubs. He was joined by Rainer Michalek in 2000, Uwe Nordwig shortly thereafter; the program of the concerts consisted of rock cover songs, Irish folk and German singer/songwriter songs, as well as Subway to Sally songs. His first solo album was released in 2004.
Quite a few cover songs were on the record, but original works, penned by Eric or Bodenski. The years of touring start to pay off, with the first sold-out concerts and coverage in the German music press. A new man joins in: Gerit Hecht, at first as backliner/sound engineer, but soon onstage, as keyboarder. A second solo album, Zwilling was released in 2005. Eric participated in "Weiß", a project by Rainer Michalek and Gerit Hecht, as a vocalist on several tracks, he has guest-featured on a few releases in Germany and England. Auge in Auge Zwilling Zugabe Gegen den Strom Zugabe II Anders Sein – Der FilmTourFilm Alles im Fluss Kaskade The Rightfull King Album 1994 MCMXCV Foppt den Dämon! Bannkreis Hochzeit Schrei! Herzblut Die Rose im Wasser Engelskrieger Subway to Sally Live Nord Nord Ost Nackt Bastard Kreuzfeuer Nackt II Schwarz in Schwarz Mitgift Skyclad - "Oui Avant-Garde a Chance" Grave Digger - "Excalibur" Pain of Progress - "Frozen Pain" Adorned Brood - "Erdenkraft" Nik Page - "Sacrifight" Fiddler's Green - "Folk Raider" Fiddler's Green - "Celebrate" Letzte Instanz - "Ins Licht" ASP - "Zaubererbruder" "The Flames still burns" - song on "Ballroom Hamburg — A Decade of Rock" compilation Faun - "Duett" Mono Inc- "Vagabond" Official sites Official website Weiss
Else Ury was a German writer and children's book author. Her best-known character is the blonde doctor's daughter Annemarie Braun, whose life from childhood to old age is told in the ten volumes of the successful Nesthäkchen series; the books, the six-part TV series Nesthäkchen, based on the first three volumes, as well as the new DVD edition caught the attention of millions of readers and viewers. During Ury's lifetime Nesthäkchen und der Weltkrieg, the fourth volume, was the most popular. Else Ury was a member of the German Bürgertum, she was pulled between Jewish cultural heritage. This situation is reflected in her writings, although the Nesthäkchen books make no references to Judaism. Else Ury was born in Berlin on 1 November 1877, into a family of Jewish merchants, her happy childhood and her life with the extended families Ury and Heymann provided the environment and inspiration to write her books. The prosperous bourgeois household with cook, housemaid and impressive furniture, described by Else Ury in her Nesthäkchen series or in Studierte Mädel is a direct reflection of her life in Berlin after moving to the Kantstraße in Charlottenburg, on to Kaiserdamm.
While her father Emil became a successful merchant, her mother Franziska Ury represented the German Bildungsbürgertum. Franziska passed her interest in classic and modern literature, the arts, music on to her children. Sustained by these concepts of Bildung, Else Ury's siblings started successful middle class careers: Ludwig became a lawyer, Hans a medical doctor. Käthe, before getting married and starting a family, planned to train as a teacher. Else, despite attending the Lyzeum Königliche Luisenschule, chose not to pursue a profession, she started writing, for the Vossische Zeitung. In 1905, her first book, Was das Sonntagskind Erlauscht, was published by the Globus Verlag; this collection of thirty-eight moral tales promotes pedagogical ideals such as loyalty and faithfulness. Ury's subsequent book Goldblondchen earned her an honorary remark by the influential Jugendschriftenwarte, a further five publications built on this success, until the Nesthäkchen series was published between 1918 and 1925 and made her a famous author.
With over thirty-nine books Else Ury was not only one of the most productive female writers of her time, she was one of the most successful. The combination of an educated mind and compassionate femininity made her books into best-sellers and she was celebrated. On her fiftieth birthday, on 1 November 1927, for instance, her publisher, Meidigers Jugendschriftenverlag, honoured her with a large reception at the famous Hotel Adlon, her writing made Else Ury rich. Not by an inheritance from her well-to-do father, but from her own earnings, she acquired a vacation home in Krümmhubel in the Riesengebirge, she dubbed the home Haus Nesthäkchen. By 1933, Ury had received 250,000 RM royalties for Nesthäkchen and another series, Professor's Twins, an astronomical sum at the nadir of the Great Depression. Millions of her fans bought her books, heard them read on the radio, attended her receptions, read her newspaper columns. In the Weimar Republic, Else Ury had achieved superstar status. By 1939, Else Ury's situation in Germany had become untenable, she had no hope that it would improve.
Early that year she tried to market her work in England and the US, aspiring to establish an economic basis for emigration. She sent her stories to acquaintances in London, among them her 20-year-old nephew Klaus Heymann, who had immigrated to England because he was not allowed to study in Germany, but Klaus knew no one capable of making a literary English translation of her work. More promising was her contact with nephew Fritz, who had immigrated to England and was acquainted with a Berlin literary agent, Karl Ludwig Schröder. Schröder, in turn, was in contact with the Hollywood agent Paul Kohner, knew that Hollywood was looking for material for its child stars. In a letter to Kohner, 10 March 1939, Schröder refers to Else Ury: "If a company in the USA has a child film star, I will make them aware of the non-aryan German writer Else Ury, whom I represent. I can send copies of her books from Berlin, her works have not been translated into English, although there are French and Norwegian editions."
Kohner answered: "Material for child stars is of extraordinary interest. I ask you to send me as soon as possible any of Else Ury's books that might lend themselves to filming." Schröder's German-Jewish wife had immigrated to Rome, Schröder was back and forth between Rome and Berlin. He wrote to Kohner, referring to his Berlin address, "because of the mail censor, please only write in terms that cannot be misunderstood". In his next letter, Schöder promised, "I write again about her children's books. I will send you a selection of them if they can still be posted from Germany... I must say again that these books, published in the millions, are appropriate for children of all ages. For Shirley Temple, Ury's books would be just as good as the Swiss book Heidi." Kohner, who received this letter 2 June 1939, responded "We are awaiting your report here... But if you think that a book by Ury would be appropriate for Shirley Temple as Heidi, you're not acquainted with the fact that Heidi is a hugely successful a
The Flakpanzer IV "Ostwind" was a German self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the Panzer IV tank. It was developed in 1944 as a successor to the earlier Flakpanzer IV/2 cm Vierling Wirbelwind; the Panzer IV's turret was removed and replaced with an open-top, hexagonal turret that housed a 3.7 cm FlaK 43. In addition to its intended role as an anti-aircraft weapon, the fast-firing gun was effective against light vehicles and minor fortifications. A closed-top design would have been preferable, but this was not possible due to the heavy smoke generated by the gun; the Ostwind's main improvement over the Wirbelwind was the FlaK 43's increased range and stopping power over the 2 cm Flakvierling 38 and better armor on its turret. Although an order for 100 vehicles was placed in August 1944, only 44 vehicles were completed from December 1944 to March 1945, all work being carried out by Ostbau Werke in Sagan, Silesia. Möbelwagen 40M Nimród M19 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage Crusader Mk. III Anti-Aircraft Tank Mk.
I ZSU-37 Panzerworld Ostwind specifications Achtung Panzer article on Flakpanzer IV
The Oerlikon GDF or Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon Contraves. The system was designated as 2 ZLA/353 ML but this was changed to GDF-001, it is used by around 30 countries. The system uses twin autocannons, firing 35×228mm NATO-standard ammunition, it was designated 353 MK and is now designated as the KD series. The same KD series 35mm cannons are used in the Leopard 1 based Gepard and Type 74 tank based Type 87 SPAAG and Marksman self-propelled anti-aircraft guns; the system could be paired with the off-gun Super Fledermaus fire control radar, which in the late 1970s was upgraded to the Skyguard system. The weapons was aimed either directly, by way of an advanced sighting system, or automatically, by locking onto the target with radar. Early models carried 112 rounds ready to fire, an additional 126 stored on the chassis as reloads. Versions with automated reloading carry 280 rounds total. A typical engagement burst is 28 rounds. In 1980 an upgraded model, the GDF-002 was produced, which featured an improved sight, the ability to be directed by an off-gun digital control system.
A few years a third version of the system was being produced, the GDF-003, broadly similar to the GDF-002, but included some enhancements like self-lubricating weapons and integrated protective covers. In 1985 a further upgraded model was produced, the GDF-005, introduced, featuring the Gunking 3D computer-controlled sight with an integrated laser range-finder and digital control system; the GDF-005 introduced an automated ammunition-handling system, which eliminated the need for the two reloaders, reducing the crew from 3 to 1. The guns are transported by a 5-tonne 6×6 truck. Development of the KD series cannon began around 1952 soon after Oerlikon calculated that 35 mm was the optimum calibre for an anti-aircraft gun; the KD series cannons were a design adapted from the post-war 20 mm KAA 204 Gk cannon. Several designs were developed, including a water-cooled design, designated Mk 352, tested by the U. S. Navy; the final design was the Mk 323, developed in two variants, a belt-fed version the KDA, a linkless version the KDC, fed by seven-round clips.
Both designs are gas-operated, with a propped-lock locking system. The Super Fledermaus fire control system was designed and built by the separate Contraves company, it consists of a four-wheeled towed trailer with an E/F band pulse doppler search radar with a range of around 15 km and a pulse doppler tracking radar operating in the J band with a range of 15 km. It was used as the fire control system on the Gepard SPAAG; the Skyguard system is contained within a towed trailer, mounted on the roof of, a pulse doppler search radar, a pulse doppler tracking radar and a co-axial television camera. The trailer houses the crew of two and a small petrol generator. Skyguard is an all-weather air defense system for the control of aircraft at low altitude and at low and medium altitude range up to 3,000 m; the maximum effective distance is given as 4,000 m. The system takes the air surveillance, target acquisition, calculation of the derivative-action values and the control of two Oerlikon 35 mm anti-aircraft guns.
Skyguard is served by four people. It was created by Oerlikon-Buehrle; the weapon was introduced in the 1960s in the Swiss Army and got updates in 1975, 1995 and 2010. They are still in use, it had replaced the system Contraves Super Fledermaus in the Swiss Air Force. The Skyguard radar system was used in the German Air Force for surveillance of low-altitude flight zones; the radar unit is readied through the use of hydraulic systems for antenna erection and leveling after deployment. A typical fire unit using the Skyguard consists of two twin 35 mm gun platforms with a single Skyguard fire control radar. 1982: The system was used by Argentine forces during the Falklands War. The Skyguard radar system was employed by the 601 Antiaircraft Artillery Group and the Super Fledermaus by the 1st Group of the Argentinian Air Force; the Skyguard succeeded in shooting down a Sea Harrier on 4 May 1982 at Goose Green. This resulted in a shift of tactics, so that British aircraft operated outside the weapons system's range.
An RAF Harrier was shot down by these cannons again over Goose Green on 27 May. The system was employed in direct fire mode against British paratroopers during the Battle of Goose Green, killing two and wounding 11 and stopping the advance of two companies; the guns were involved in two deadly friendly fire incidents during the campaign. The first took place on 1 May 1982, when a GADA 601 battery fired three burst of 35 mm rounds at an Argentine Mirage III attempting to make an emergency landing at Stanley, after the aircraft had been targeted by Argentine Marine Hispano-Suiza HS-831 30mm guns deployed along the town; the aircraft fell in flames north of the airport. The other friendly shootdown occurred at Goose-Green, when one A4 Skyhawk flew by mistake over a banned zone, was shot down with the loss of the pilot; the Argentine Air Force conceded that this time the incident was triggered by the pilot's navigation error. The Skyguard radars were targeted by the RAF during Operation Black Buck on May 31 and June 3.
One Skyguard radar was destroyed by shrapnel from a Shrike missile strike and four operators died as a result. Another Harrier was hit by 35 mm splinters over Sapper Hill on June 12 and sustained heavy damage; the aircraft was declared out of service. There was a further direct-fire mission conducted against British troops on Wireless Ridge
Edward Harrison "Dutch" Zwilling was an American professional baseball player. He played in Major League Baseball as an outfielder for four seasons, he first played for the Chicago White Sox of the American League in 1910 for the Chicago Whales of the Federal League from 1914 to 1915, lastly, the Chicago Cubs of the National League in 1916. He, along with Lave Cross and Rollie Zeider, are the only players to have played for at least three different teams in the same city. Zwilling was the last surviving member of the 1915 Chicago Whales, the last champion of the Federal League. Alphabetically, Zwilling was listed last among all MLB players in history, until Tony Zych made his MLB debut in 2015, his most significant playing-time occurred while in the FL, is the short-lived league's all-time leader in home runs with 29. List of Major League Baseball annual home run leaders List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference
Heinkel He 111
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934. Through development it was described as a "wolf in sheep's clothing". Due to restrictions placed on Germany after the First World War prohibiting bombers, it masqueraded as a civil airliner, although from conception the design was intended to provide the nascent Luftwaffe with a fast medium bomber; the best-recognised German bomber due to the distinctive, extensively glazed "greenhouse" nose of versions, the Heinkel He 111 was the most numerous Luftwaffe bomber during the early stages of World War II. The bomber fared well until the Battle of Britain, it proved capable of sustaining heavy damage and remaining airborne. As the war progressed, the He 111 was used in a variety of roles on every front in the European theatre, it was used as a strategic bomber during the Battle of Britain, a torpedo bomber in the Atlantic and Arctic, a medium bomber and a transport aircraft on the Western, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, North African Front theatres.
The He 111 was upgraded and modified, but became obsolete during the latter part of the war. The German Bomber B project was not realised, which forced the Luftwaffe to continue operating the He 111 in combat roles until the end of the war. Manufacture of the He 111 ceased in September 1944, at which point piston-engine bomber production was halted in favour of fighter aircraft. With the German bomber force defunct, the He 111 was used for logistics. Production of the Heinkel continued after the war as the Spanish-built CASA 2.111. Spain received a batch of He 111H-16s in 1943 along with an agreement to licence-build Spanish versions, its airframe was produced in Spain under licence by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA. The design differed in powerplant only being equipped with Rolls-Royce Merlin engines; the Heinkel's descendant continued in service until 1973. After its defeat in World War I, Germany was banned from operating an air force by the Treaty of Versailles. German re-armament began earnestly in the 1930s and was kept secret because it violated the treaty.
The early development of military bombers was disguised as a development program for civilian transport aircraft. Among the designers seeking to benefit from German re-armament was Ernst Heinkel. Heinkel decided to create the world's fastest passenger aircraft, a goal met with scepticism by Germany's aircraft industry and political leadership. Heinkel entrusted development to Siegfried and Walter Günter, both new to the company and untested. In June 1933 Albert Kesselring visited Heinkel's offices. Kesselring was head of the Luftwaffe Administration Office: at that point Germany did not have a State Aviation Ministry but only an aviation commissariat, the Luftfahrtkommissariat. Kesselring was hoping to build a new air force out of the Flying Corps being constructed in the Reichswehr, required modern aircraft. Kesselring convinced Heinkel to move his factory from Warnemünde to Rostock — with its factory airfield in the coastal "Marienehe" region of Rostock and bring in mass production, with a force of 3,000 employees.
Heinkel began work on the new design, which garnered urgency as the American Lockheed 12, Boeing 247 and Douglas DC-2 began to appear. Features of the He 111 were apparent in the Heinkel He 70; the first single-engined He 70 Blitz rolled off the line in 1932 and started breaking records. In the normal four-passenger version its speed reached 380 km/h when powered by a 447 kW BMW VI engine; the He 70 was designed with an elliptical wing, which the Günther brothers had incorporated into the Bäumer Sausewind before they joined Heinkel. This wing design became a feature in this and many subsequent designs they developed; the He 70 drew the interest of the Luftwaffe, looking for an aircraft with both bomber and transport capabilities. The He 111 was a twin-engine version of the Blitz, preserving the elliptical inverted gull wing, small rounded control surfaces and BMW engines, so that the new design was called the Doppel-Blitz; when the Dornier Do 17 displaced the He 70, Heinkel needed a twin-engine design to match its competitors.
Heinkel spent 200,000 man hours designing the He 111. The fuselage length was extended to just over 17.4 m/57 ft and wingspan to 22.6 m/74 ft. The first He 111 flew on 24 February 1935, piloted by chief test pilot Gerhard Nitschke, ordered not to land at the company's factory airfield at Rostock-Marienehe, as this was considered too short, but at the central Erprobungstelle Rechlin test facility, he ignored these orders and landed back at Marienehe. He said that the He 111 performed slow manoeuvres well and that there was no danger of overshooting the runway. Nitschke praised its high speed "for the period" and "very good-natured flight and landing characteristics", stable during cruising, gradual descent and single-engined flight and having no nose-drop when the undercarriage was operated. During the second test flight Nitschke revealed there was insufficient longitudinal stability during climb and flight at full power and the aileron controls required an unsatisfactory amount of force. By the end of 1935, prototypes V2 V4 had been produced under civilian registrations D-ALIX, D-ALES and D-AHAO.
D-ALES became the first prototype of the He 111 A-1 on 10 January 1936 and received recognition as the "fastest passenger aircraft in the world", as its speed exceeded 402 km/h. The design would have achieved a greater total speed had the 1,000 hp DB 600 inverted-V12 en
12.8 cm FlaK 40
The 12.8 cm FlaK 40 was a German World War II anti-aircraft gun. Although it was not produced in great numbers, it was one of the most effective heavy AA guns of its era. Development of the gun began with the contract being awarded to Rheinmetall Borsig; the first prototype gun was completed testing successfully. The gun weighed nearly 12 tonnes in its firing position, with the result that its barrel had to be removed for transport. Limited service testing showed this was impractical, so in 1938 other solutions were considered; the eventual solution was to simplify the firing platform, based on the assumption it would always be securely bolted into concrete. The total weight of the Flakzwilling twin-gun mount system reached 26.5 tonnes, making it impossible to tow cross-country. In the end, this mattered little since by the time the gun entered production in 1942, it was used in static, defensive applications. There were four twin mounts on the fortified anti-aircraft Zoo Tower, they were on other flak towers protecting Berlin and Vienna.
It is claimed that during the Battle of Berlin the guns on the Zoo Tower were used to support ground forces, "where the heavy 128 mm shells obliterated Soviet armor when hit from the side". The rush to capture the Reichstag led to dozens of tanks being destroyed. 200 were mounted on railcars, providing limited mobility. The gun fired a 27.9 kg shell at 880 m/s to a maximum ceiling of 14,800 m. Compared with the 88 mm FlaK 18 & 36, the FlaK 40 used a powder charge four times as great. 12.8 cm FlaK 40 12.8 cm Flakzwilling 40/2 The 12.8 cm Flak 40 ordnance on a static dual mounting with a total weight of 26 tonnes, capable of firing 20 rounds per minute. Used on flak towers. Production started in 1942 with 10 twin sets produced, another eight in 1943, in February 1945 a total of 34 were available. 12.8 cm PaK 40 A derivative anti-tank gun, rejected in favour of the Krupp 12.8 cm Pak 44, used to arm the Sturer Emil prototypes. 120 mm M1 gun, a US gun of identical performance QF 4.5-inch gun: British 113 mm heavy anti-aircraft gun firing lighter shell QF 5.25-inch gun: British 133 mm heavy anti-aircraft gun firing heavier shell 5"/38 caliber gun: US Navy single/dual purpose shipboard 127 mm heavy anti-aircraft gun firing lighter shell, used on many U.
S. Navy ships built during World War II German Flak 12.8 cm FlaK 40 Zwilling on display at the U. S. Army Air Defense Artillery Museum