iOS is a mobile operating system, developed by Apple Inc. for iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. Updates for iOS are released through the iTunes software and, since iOS 5, via over-the-air software updates. With the announcement of iOS 5 on June 6, 2011, a USB connection to iTunes was no longer needed to activate iOS devices; data synchronization can happen automatically and wirelessly through Apple's iCloud service. Major new iOS releases are announced yearly during the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), and are usually released in September of the same year, usually coinciding with the release of new iPhone models. On September 24th, Apple rebranded the operating system for the iPad line to iPadOS. iPadOS 13 is similar to iOS 13 but has received a few tablet oriented features. The most recent stable release, iOS 13.1.2, was released on September 30, 2019. The most recent iOS 13 beta release, iOS 13.2 Beta 1, was released on October 2, 2019.
June 2007 saw the official release of what eventually became iOS – concurrently with the first iPhone. iOS did not have an official name until the official release of the iPhone software development kit (iPhone SDK) on March 6, 2008. Before then, Apple marketing simply stated that iPhone ran a version of Mac OS X made specifically for iPhone; when iOS was introduced, it was named iPhone OS. It was officially renamed iOS on June 7, 2010 with the announcement and introduction of iPad; the introduction of iPad, and the existence of iPod Touch, meant the iPhone was no longer the only device to run the mobile operating system. iOS 4 was the first major iOS release that reflected the name change. Apple licensed the "iOS" trademark from Cisco Systems.
Apple concurrently provides the same version of iOS for the comparable model of iPhone and iPod Touch, usually devices released in the same calendar year. iPhone users receive all software updates for free, while iPod Touch users paid for the 2.0 and 3.0 major software updates. As of iOS 4, Apple no longer charges money for iPod Touch updates.
As of 2018,[update] two versions of iOS were never released. iPhone OS 1.2, which after the first beta was replaced by a 2.0 version number; the second beta was named 2.0 beta 2 instead of 1.2 beta 2. The other was iOS 4.2, replaced with 4.2.1 due to a Wi-Fi bug in 4.2 beta 3, causing Apple to release 2 golden masters (4.2 GM and 4.2.1 GM). One version of iOS was pulled back by Apple after being released. iOS 8.0.1 was pulled back by Apple because cellular service and Touch ID were disabled on iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus.
Apple announced iPhone OS 1 at the iPhone keynote on January 9, 2007, and it was released to the public alongside the original iPhone on June 29, 2007. No official name was given on its initial release; Apple marketing literature simply stated the iPhone runs a version of Apple's desktop operating system, OS X; the release of iPhone OS 1.1 brought support for the iPod Touch (1st generation). iPhone OS 1.1.5 was the final version of iPhone OS 1. It became unsupported on 18 May 2010. What Apple did not announce was the prototypecode name "Acorn OS" which looked like the iPod Classic.
Commonly called the iPhone "January '08 Update" and January Software Upgrade by Apple.
Free update for iPhone; $19.95 in iTunes for the iPod Touch.
Mail, Maps, Stocks, Weather and Notes apps for iPod Touch.
Recent calls contact details now show most recent call times.
Google Maps on iPhone gains the 'Locate Me' feature which can determine the phone's approximate location, using a combination of cellular triangulation and Wi-Fi data from Skyhook Wireless; also adds hybrid map support and the 'Drop Pin' feature.
Icons on the home screen can be rearranged and placed on multiple home screens (up to nine).
iTunes gift cards can be redeemed on the iTunes Store.
Movies downloaded through iTunes have chapter support.
Music has lyrics-support feature.
Web Clips can be added to (and subsequently removed from) the home screen.
SMS messages can be sent to multiple contacts using messages.
SMS storage capacity increased from 1,000 to 75,000 messages.
Default GmailIMAP setup for new accounts (formerly was defaulted as POP3).
The clock timer now remembers the last used options (bug fix).
Incoming SMS messages now prompts the user to "Close" or "Reply" (formerly "Ignore" or "Reply"). Pressing either option now marks the message as "seen".
Labels for contact data can now be deleted.
Applications on the phone no longer run as root; they run as the user "mobile" instead.
Ability to listen to music through a Bluetooth headset by going to the voicemail and choosing "Bluetooth" as the audio source no longer works (still works as long as phone is not locked or voicemail screen is active).
Apple announced iPhone OS 2 at the iPhone software roadmap keynote in March 2008, and it was released to the public on July 11, 2008 alongside the iPhone 3G. Apple did not drop support for any devices with this release. iPhone OS 2 was compatible with all devices released up to that time. The release of iPhone OS 2.1.1 brought support for the iPod Touch (2nd generation). iPhone OS 2.2.1 was the final version of iPhone OS 2. It became unsupported on 3 December 2011.
Triple-click on the control button of headphones now jumps music to prior track played.
SMS app can alert up to two additional times if you don't acknowledge an incoming text message (will play the alert sound/vibrate again after a period of time as if a new message just came in).
Update supporting languages.
Option to wipe data after ten failed passcode attempts (after 5 attempts, the device will disable itself for 1 minute. After the 6th attempt, it will disable itself for 5 minutes. In the 10th attempt, it will wipe all data).
Apple announced iPhone OS 3 in March 2009, and it was released to the public on June 17, 2009 alongside the iPhone 3GS. Apple did not drop support for any devices with this release. iPhone OS 3 was compatible with all devices released up to that time, but not all features were available on the original iPhone. The final release supported on the original iPhone and iPod Touch (1st generation) was iPhone OS 3.1.3.[failed verification] The first iPad was introduced along with iPhone OS 3.2. It became unsupported on 9 December 2012.
Features iPhone users got in 2.2 now added for the iPod Touch (e.g. Google Street View, public transit and walking directions, display address of dropped pin, share location via email, and cache of recent locations). Changed behavior when routing directions and showing steps.
Landscape mode that enabled viewing detailed price and change information by dragging one or two fingers across the full-screen chart.
Metadata display for detailed information about the symbol, including full company/fund name, market capitalization, price to earning ratio, dividend yield, and statistics about the day and year price range.
Table of news stories from various internet sources related to the selected symbol.
Can now log into account.
View subscriptions, Favorites, My Videos, History, and Playlists
Comment on videos, rate videos
Recent Calls now show more details (call length, etc.).
Ability to change/set "own number" (my number) in the SIM card. Will be displayed in the Contacts list and iTunes, and possibly used for MMS identification.
Contacts are editable via Recent Calls.
Videos can be trimmed directly from Camera app.
Photos options menu changed (new UI, added copy button).
Holding the home button will no longer force quit an unresponsive application. To force quit an application in 3.0 hold the sleep/wake button until the red power off slider appears. Then hold down the home button to quit the unresponsive application.
Screen captures are no longer numbered separately from photos taken with the camera application; all new images in the camera roll now use a common numbering sequence.
On iPod Touch (2nd generation) the Voice Memos app now successfully records audio if you plug your microphone after you have started the application.
Numbers inside Notes have more options when tap and hold is triggered: Call, Text Message, Create New Contact, Add to Existing Contact.
Voice control over Bluetooth is now available, allowing users to initiate calls and control music playback via Bluetooth headsets (however, voice control while plugged into car audio systems no longer works).
Apple announced iOS 4 in March 2010 and it was released to the public on June 21, 2010 alongside the iPhone 4. With this release, Apple dropped support for the original iPhone and iPod Touch (1st generation), which is the first time Apple had dropped support for any device in an iOS release; the iPhone 3G and the iPod Touch (2nd generation) were capable of running iOS 4, but had limited features. For example, both devices lack multitasking capabilities and the ability to set a home screen wallpaper. However, iOS 4 was the first major release that iPod Touch users did not have to pay any money for; the release of iOS 4.2.1 brought compatibility to the original iPad and was the final release supported on the iPhone 3G and iPod Touch (2nd generation) due to major performance issues. The release of iOS 4.3 brought iPad 2 compatibility. It became unsupported on 18 December 2013.
Table of versions: iOS 4.0.x – iPod Touch and iPhone only
Ability to cancel and delete an app which is currently downloading. Before iOS 4.3, it was only possible to delete an app which had already downloaded.
Stream from an iTunes library to iOS using Home Sharing.
In-app purchases always ask for a password, even if one was entered before.
Internal system clock gets network time updated more often via NITZ (part of the official GSM standard since phase 2+ release 96) and gives a more accurate time for the device, it updates about every five days (iPhone only).
Personal Hotspot feature (Wi-Fihotspot with up to 5 simultaneous devices (Wi-Fi hotspot iPhone 4 only)) on supported carriers.
Ability to set the number of times a text tone repeats (up to 10 times).
In field test mode refresh button has been removed and updated information has been displayed in bottom of the screen (it updates every 4–6 seconds).
Slideshow options moved to Photos app.
New look for taking a picture for a Contact.
When receiving a text message, the iPhone now vibrates 2 times.
Some SMS tones have been shortened (iPod Touch only).
Apple announced iOS 5 on June 6, 2011 at its annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) event, and it was released to the public on October 12, 2011 alongside the iPhone 4S. Apple did not drop support for any devices with this release; support for the iPhone 3G and the iPod Touch (2nd generation) had already been dropped with the release of iOS 4.3 seven months earlier due to major performance issues. Therefore, iOS 5 was released for the iPhone 3GS onwards, iPod Touch (3rd generation) onwards, and the iPad (1st generation) and iPad 2; the release of iOS 5.1 brought support for the iPad (3rd generation). iOS 5.1.1 was the final release supported for the original iPad and iPod Touch (3rd generation). It became unsupported on 12 August 2015.
All notifications concentrated to Notification Center: swipe downwards from the status bar to open it. Notification center shows a list of all notifications and widgets (widgets available only on iPhone and iPod Touch).
Notification order can be arranged.
Choose Notification Type: Banner notifications, the classic pop-up notifications, or no notification at all (selectable on an app-by-app basis).
Notification list on lock screen. Swipe an icon to unlock and go to the specific notification.
Notifications announcing earthquakes with 2 minutes (only in Japan).
Messaging between all iOS devices running iOS 5 through Wi-Fi or 3G. Allows to send text, photos, videos, contacts, and locations.
All iMessages and conversations will be synced between all iOS devices linked under a single Apple ID. You can start a conversation on one device and continue it on another.
Can message between multiple people simultaneously (group messaging).
Shows when other person(s) is typing.
Optional read receipts (enable in Settings).
Animated GIF image support for iMessage.
Ability to set how many times an alert will be shown when a new message is received (ranges from once to ten times).
The name of the person that responds appears in small light blue text directly above the response when SMS is sent to a group.
Slight redesign for text messages. Font and time-stamp layout.
Hide keyboard; hidden by downwards scrolling in message screen (after being used to type a message). Unhidden again by tapping in text entry field.
Can now create, rename, and delete calendars right on the device.
Tap and hold or double-tap to create a new event.
Tap and hold in "all-day events" to create a new all-day event.
Drag appointments to a new time slot.
Drag handles to change start and end times.
Creating new Event, now an "Invitees" field; takes to screen for multiple email address entry, emails sent to all invitees once event is saved.
Invitee can "Accept"/"Decline"/"Maybe"; reply sent to iCloud servers then reflected for all invitees to see.
Calendar event on device lists those invitees accepting event.
All users on iOS 5.x devices get notification when event is nearing.
Ability to specify a time zone to events.
Ability to add URLs to events.
Current time on Calendar if in landscape mode.
Navigate in day view by swiping.
Event attachments can now be viewed directly in the app.
Share calendars through iCloud with friends and family. Edits made by subscribers to that calendar are updated and pushed to other subscribers of that calendar (can be disabled by the creator of the calendar and locked so others cannot make edits).
Japanese or Buddhist calendars support.
Rich text formatting (bold, italics, and underline).
Ability to mark multiple mail items as read.
Ability to flag emails.
Draggable mail address in the recipients field.
Alert if the subject line is blank.
Search now includes body of messages.
Delete mails while in Airplane mode.
Exchange ActiveSync Email can now be deleted offline.
Can create new email folders.
Ability to show 1000 recent messages; 25 message option removed.
Ability to create additional @me.com email address within the Mail settings.
Ability to increase quote level in Mail settings.
New and updated tiny icons on Mail for Windows Live Mail, Gmail, Exchange, etc.
Hotmail accounts now have new icons and folders.
While reading an email you can swipe right to open a list of messages and swipe left to bring back the open email message again.
If you have multiple email accounts configured in Mail.app, swipe left or right from one's mailboxes folder list, it will take you to another account's mailboxes.
Support for three popular Chinese email services: Tencent's QQ Mail, and Netease's 163.com and 126.com mail inboxes.
Built-in basic photo editing: crop, red-eye, auto-enhance and rotate photos.
Ability to create and edit local photo albums folders (only those that aren't synced with iTunes).
Ability to sync pictures taken on one iOS device automatically with other iOS 5 devices using Photo Stream.
Ability to select all when adding pictures to an album.
Slight re-design for video time-line under Photos app.
Safari Reader: new "Reader" icon appears in address bar if Safari detects a webpage article, removing need to click-through to each page. Scrollable window sheet appears over current webpage showing all article pages together separated by page breaks, removing ads and page clutter.
Ability to change font size in reader mode.
Reading List: a new area of the bookmarks window has been added, purposed for pages you might want to read later. New pages can be added from a new option in the action menu or when long-pressing on a link.
Items from the Reading List can be synced to iCloud to be pushed to all of your other iOS devices.
Safari bookmarks can be synced to iCloud.
Ability to open pages in background or in new page (change in Settings).
Ability to replace a word with a word from a list of similarly spelled words spellings when typing in a text box on a web page.
Private Browsing; interface colours change from blue to black (change in Settings).
Ability to remove custom website data.
CSS fixed position support.
Slight fade out at end of long URLs (instead of ellipses) in the address bar.
iTunes, iBooks (books and progress), App Store, Photo, Contacts, Calendar, Notes, Reminders, Mail, Safari (Bookmarks and Reading List), Settings, app data, iWork, and backup data; saved in iCloud to automatically or manually download to all linked devices (iOS and Mac/Windows PCs).
All iMessages and conversations will be synced between all iOS devices linked under a single Apple ID. You can start a conversation on one device and continue it on another.
Backup home screen layout on iCloud.
Ability to buy more storage.
Free upgrade to 256 kbit/s bit rate for iTunes purchased songs if backing up on iCloud.
File names in iCloud Storage are case-sensitive.
Documents/data can now be selected to sync with iCloud account.
Option to disable iCloud Sync via cellular network to save cost, especially if roaming.
Points in Game Center: shows you how many points you have on the home screen of Game Center.
Sort and view Friends on the basis of Points.
Games can be purchased from within Game Center.
New Friend requests screen.
Native support for turn based games.
Help Center: learn more about every option under settings app to explore more about it.
New menu under Location Services, named System Services, where some services can be toggled on or off (such as setting the time-zone, location-based iAds, Diagnostics, etc.).
Hearing Aid Mode.
Ability to rename your device.
Ability to set up an AirPort base station or Time Capsule devices.
Ability to organise Notification Center items "Manually" or "By Time".
Can select which apps can be included in Notification Center.
Can select which type of notification will be used for each app: banner notification, classic pop-up style notification, or no notification.
Ability to turn off app badges.
On the "Ringtone" and "Text Tone" page, instead of showing "new", they are all in one category now.
Custom sounds for New Message, New Voicemail, New Mail, Sent Mail and Reminders alerts.
Ability to purchase text, email, and voicemail alert tones.
Under "Mail, Contacts, Calendars", on the bottom it shows "Reminders" and gives an option to Sync.
In the "Messages" section, the "Alerts", "Show Preview", and "Repeat Alert" options have been removed.
The Usage screen is improved and now shows how much of the memory is consumed by each app.
Storage usage clean up.
Backup to iCloud shortcut added.
Software Update menu added. This allows easier and faster updating of devices independently, without a computer with iTunes installed; the update downloads directly to the iOS device; needs Wi-Fi or cellular network connection.
Photo Stream settings.
New purchases Settings; automatically download new purchases made on other devices (for music, apps, and books). This can also be enabled or disabled for use on cellular when not connected to Wi-Fi.
Twitter sign-in OS-wide with support for multiple Twitter accounts.
Ability to set left or right for mono audio.
Ability to turn on/off sending of iOS diagnostic data to Apple.
Ability to create keyboard shortcuts to replace custom phrases. By default includes "omw" which expands to "On my way!".
Emoji keyboard no longer needs an app to enable it (regarding non-Japanese devices).
Define your own words in Offline Dictionary.
New keyboard with prominent # (hash-tag) and @ (mention) buttons for Twitter app similar to the ".com" button when entering an address into the Safari address bar.
New Chinese-Pinyin keyboard spreading.
Quick Chinese input method.
List of associated words show on the top of Chinese input keyboard.
Siri now available on iPad (3rd, 4th generation and Mini) and iPod Touch (5th generation).
Additional country and language support for Canada (English and Canadian French), China (Mandarin), Hong Kong (Cantonese), Italy (Italian), Korea (Korean), Mexico (Spanish), Spain (Spanish), Switzerland (Italian, French, German), Taiwan (Mandarin), US (Spanish).
Message previews can now be toggled on/off for alerts.
Calendar now shows the current date in the title bar.
Shows ending times for Calendar events.
Added "Do Not Disturb" for Notifications. (See Settings, below, for more information)
Shared Photo Streams. Photos can be shared with other contacts. Photos shared can be commented on and liked. Notifications are enabled for when a contact shares a photo with the user.
New sharing menu, using new icons.
Constantly shows a button to create new Albums.
Sharing menu has options for Twitter, Facebook, Weibo (when Chinese keyboard is enabled), Copy, Slideshow, AirPlay, Use as Wallpaper, Print.
Videos can be uploaded to Youku and Tudou when Chinese keyboard is enabled.
New streamlined UI with white and black themes.
Late Night Mode equaliser.
Redesigned rewind, play/pause, and fast forward controls (videos kept the same touch controls from prior iOS software.)
"Bluetooth" moved to top of Settings list.
Added "Do Not Disturb" mode, allowing users to avoid calls and notifications unless calling parties are on the user's Favorites group. A crescent moon icon will appear in the status bar when enabled. Has no effect when the screen is on.
Fullscreen landscape mode (for iPhone and iPod Touch).
iCloud tab syncing across iOS devices and Macs.
Offline Reading List caches the user's Reading List for later use, even when not connected to the Internet (not available for iPhone 3GS and iPod Touch (4th generation)).
Smart App Banners: Banners on mobile webpages prompt users to download the website's native App Store counterpart in the App Store.
Apps in search results.
Support for photo upload via Camera Roll to web forms with <input type="file"> elements.
Support for up to 24 open tabs on iPad (up from prior limit of 9).
Bookmarks window now displays tabs along the bottom of the window to switch between viewing "Bookmarks", "History" and "Reading List"; formerly was listed all in one source list (iPad 2 and later only).
Bookmarks button changes to Reading List icon with a progress bar when updating the Reading List for offline use (iPad 2 and later only).
Long press the "Back" or "Forward" button to reveal the browsing history (for iPhone 3GS and later, iPod Touch (4th generation) and later. formerly only available for iPad since iOS 5.x).
New music controls on lock screen when you double-press home button.
Siri can now purchase movie tickets via Fandango (USA only).
LTE now works with several European, African, Asian and American carriers.
Individual songs can again be downloaded or deleted when using iTunes Match.
An empty Passbook will automatically add a sample pass explaining passbook functionality. The pass text changes slightly for users in British English speaking countries, changing "movie tickets" to "cinema tickets" in the first sentence, and "theaters" to "cinemas" in the last sentence.
Reset Advertising Identifier button now works.
New cellular data option for iTunes (it is available from iOS 6.0).
When setting up an iOS device for the first time with iCloud, it will now ask you to confirm your Apple ID password for FaceTime and iMessages. It will also ask you to confirm how you'd like people to reach you, and tells you that you can change these settings at any time later on.
Fixed an iPhone 5 bug that prevented the phone from reconnecting to the cellular network when it lost connection for an extended amount of time.
"Accessory attached" splashscreen removed. Bi-directional control now possible.
Fixed a Bluetooth A2DP trigger delay – the beginning of the audio stream cut off (e.g. when navigating turn-by-turn, you heard "HT in .5 miles" instead of "TURN RIGHT in .5 miles" in your A2DP headset/speakers)
Fix CVE-2014-1266, a bug in Secure Transport that can cause it to fail to properly authenticate a SSL/TLS connection. This bug also occurred in iOS 7, and was caused by a duplicate goto fail; statement in the source code that caused critical parts of the certificate verification code to become unreachable code. This bug is informally known as the goto fail bug as a result.
Flat design and move away from skeuomorphism in general (exceptions exist – for a move towards more skeuomorphism, see for example the Countdown with a new skeuomorphic 3D animation of a spinning wheel).
Full Screen apps that make use of the system status bar and navigation bar.
Translucent design in tab bar, navigation bar, status bar, system keyboard, Control Center, and Notification Center (some translucent layers not on the iPhone 4, the iPad 2 and the iPad 3 due to hardware constraints).
Opaque design in Alert view, Action Sheet and Share Sheet.
Borderless buttons in general.
Back navigation gesture by swiping from left edge of the screen.
New UI for arranging tab-bar icons.
System-wide dynamic font size, configurable in Settings.
Enhance the viewing experience of non-iPad apps on iPad 2 and iPad Mini, remove the 1x and 2x toggle, apps are opened in '2x' mode by default on iPad 2 and Mini.
Spotlight Search is now accessible on each screen by pulling it down.
"New" banner on newly installed apps have been replaced with blue dots.
Brand new icons for built-in apps.
Newsstand is now a dedicated app instead of a folder.
A unified screen to quickly access toggles and controls for system settings and services, and for using AirDrop and AirPlay.
System wide, accessible by swiping upward from the bottom of the screen.
Accessible in the lock screen.
Flashlight (device-specific features that come with physical camera) toggle button.
No longer included in the AssistiveTouch, they appear on the layer of the image.
User is warned when plugging their iOS device into their Mac/PC, "Trust the currently connected computer? Trusting this computer will allow it to have full access to your device and all of its data."
Save to iCloud.
Share using AirDrop.
1xRTT icon on CDMA iPhones changed from "o" icon to "1x" icon.
GPRS icon on GSM iPhones changed from "o" icon to "GPRS" icon.
Dots representations for cellular signal strength.
Icon size slightly increased for better readability on the lock screen.
Charging the battery: rather than battery image on the lock screen, x% charged briefly appears under the clock, then reverts to the date.
Access to Notification Center and Control Center.
When playing music, the lock screen will now display the time.
iPad has Camera control on the lock screen, like the prior version on iPhone and iPod Touch.
Timer counting down is shown when the device is locked.
Scrubbing bar is now displayed on the lock screen.
New Wi-Fi diagnostics mode.
Wi-Fi Hotspot 2.0.
New first-time setup menus.
The unlock sound from prior iOS releases up to iOS 6 is no longer present. From now on, whenever one either correctly inputs a passcode or simply slide to unlock on the lock screen, no sound will play when unlocking a device's lock screen.
Photos and Camera tab in iOS Settings has a new "Upload Burst Photos" option.
You can disable Parallax effect independently of other animations when setting up wallpaper.
Notification Center now displays "No Notifications" and "No Missed Notifications" for the "All" and "Missed" sections respectively when there are no notifications.
Caller ID photos: no longer full screen, instead small circle portrait for incoming/outgoing calls.
New Yahoo logo, in both Notification Center and the Weather and Stocks apps.
A new dialogue "Touch ID requires your passcode when iPhone restarts" when restarting.P5S
New iPad wallpapers.
"Touch ID and Passcode" has been moved-up to the main menu in Settings.
Animations and transitions are noticeably faster.
Keyboard has new Shift/Backspace key highlights.
Control Center has a new "spring" animation upon opening.
Control Center sliders – volume and brightness – have momentum.
Icons for Phone, Messages and FaceTime apps have less vibrant colors.
Music app: Albums now in descending order when browsing by Artist.
The buttons are circular in shape and do not show the word of what the icon means.
The Phone and FaceTime app have a new-look dialer and "end call" button.
The slide-to-power-off UI has been redesigned; the shape of the slider is circular and the thing that says "slide to power off" is oval in shape. Same with the "slide to answer" slider in the Phone and FaceTime apps.
Fixes a home screen crash bug.
Fixes display of Mail unread badge for numbers greater than 10,000.
Apple announced iOS 8 on June 2, 2014, at its annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) event, and it was released to the public on September 17, 2014 alongside the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus. With this release, Apple dropped support for only one device, the iPhone 4. iOS 8 has limited support on the iPad 2, iPhone 4S, and the iPod Touch (5th generation), as Apple received widespread complaints of extremely poor/slow performance from owners of these devices. All other devices from the iPhone 5 onwards, iPod Touch (6th generation) onwards, the iPad (3rd generation) onwards, and the iPad Mini (1st generation) onwards were fully supported; the release of iOS 8.1 brought support for the iPad Air 2 and iPad Mini 3, and the release of iOS 8.4 brought support for the iPod Touch (6th generation). iOS 8.3 was the first version of iOS to have public beta testing available, where users could test the beta for upcoming releases of iOS and send feedback to Apple about bugs or issues. The final version of iOS 8 was iOS 8.4.1.
Ability to send voice messages instantly by using a new "microphone" button to the right of the text entry field.
Pressing and holding on the microphone button lets you record your voice and then swipe up to send it.
Messages can be listened to by either pressing play or raise to listen. Messages can also be listened and responded to on the Lock Screen by raising to listen and raising to respond.
Ability to send photo and video messages instantly by using the "camera" button to the left of the text entry field.
Pressing and holding on the camera button lets you take a photo or record a video and instantly send it.
Tapping the camera button shows the most recent photos in your camera roll. Options are also present for taking a new photo or video and to view your entire photo library. Multiple photos and videos can be selected to send at once.
A new details menu is available for each conversation which contains many new functions:
You can now title group message threads.
A list of everyone participating in a message thread is listed with buttons to call, FaceTime and view their full contact card.
Ability to drop or add people to groups.
Ability to leave groups.
Send current location.
Can share location with an individual or group for one hour, until the end of the day or indefinitely until you choose to stop.
Do Not Disturb option per group.
A collection of all photos that have been sent in a message thread.
Batch save/delete all images in a message thread.
Messages threads are now synced between all of your devices.
Images in conversations are now much larger.
Scrolling to the top of a message will now automatically cause older messages to load.
Can mark all texts as read.
Added options to automatically delete standard messages after 1 year, 30 days or never.
Added options to automatically delete video/audio messages after 2 minutes or never.
Faces of contacts display next to contact name on select iPhones.P6P
Left swipe to delete albums.
Can add music to a playlist from another playlist.
The faces of recently conversed people now appears above the open applications, and with a swipe to the right one can also access their favorites.
The animation speed when entering and leaving the app switcher is now much faster.
Share sheet action icons are now redesigned.
Share sheet icons can now be rearranged and hidden.
Improved animation system. Gestures such as bringing down Notification Center won't be blocked by an animation, such as the home screen icons flying in.
Can swipe to the left for options to flag it for follow-up, move it to a folder or delete.
Can swipe all the way across the screen to the left to delete immediately.
Can swipe all the way across the screen to the right to mark as read/unread.
Ability to swipe mail compose sheet down allowing access to the rest of ones mailbox to gather the information needed in order to compose the message.
When Mail recognizes a reservation, flight confirmation, or phone number in an email, a notification appears at the top of the message. In order to add it to the calendar or contacts, one needs to tap the notification(s).
Mail conversations are now threads.
Individual threads can be set as VIP so that the user will receive a notification when a reply is received.
Per thread S/MIME.
Automatic reply messages.
Can delete attachments.
New mailboxes: Unread, To or CC, Attachments, Thread Notifications, Today.
Option to auto optimise storage on device by removing local copies of pictures and videos.
Smart composition tools.
Play/Pause button next to the record button in Voice Memos.
App shortcuts for Handoff on the Lock Screen.
App shortcuts on the Lock Screen based on your location.
Audio iMessages received while the phone is locked can be listened to by raising to listen and responded to by raising to respond.
iTunes Radio "buy" song button on Lock Screen.
iTunes Radio skips remaining displayed on Lock Screen.
New animation when opening apps from the Lock Screen.
Access to Medical ID from emergency dialer.
New "Slide to Unlock" text in certain languages.
QuickType – as one types, they see choices of words or phrases one would probably type next, based on their past conversations and writing style, using a more formal language for mail, and a casual one for Messages. The system also adjusts the system based on the person one converses with, and the region of the user (currently available in 14 countries).
QuickType can be hidden by swiping down.
QuickType can be toggled on or off from within the keyboard switcher.
Extra functions added to the keyboard on select iPhones.P6P6P
Smiley icon for when emoji keyboard is the only alternate keyboard set up. Becomes a globe icon when multiple keyboards are set up.
Streaming voice recognition for Speech to Text.
iOS 6 keyboard no longer appears in apps that are not optimized or updated to a version optimized for iOS 7 or higher.
New keyboards (Indian language and Indian English keyboards, Tagalog, Irish Gaelic, and Slovenian).
Family Sharing – a service of sharing purchases from iTunes between up to 6 people.
All group members must pay for family purchases with the same credit/debit card.
Ask To Buy – a parent can approve youngsters' spending right from a parent's device.
Coincides with iCloud Photo Library – automatically sets up a family photo stream where you can share photos, videos, and comments, and all the family photos are available from any device within the family.
Offers shared calendar and Reminders.
Family Sharing can automatically share the user's location with the family members, or keep their location hidden.
With the Find My iPhone app, family members can use their devices to locate one that's lost and have it play a sound.
Apple IDs for youngsters under age of 13 years are now possible due to Family Sharing.
Health app –shows a dashboard of all the fitness and health data of the user (iPhone and iPod Touch only).
Shows the heart rate, calories burned, blood sugar, cholesterol, etc. of the user.
One can create an Emergency card with medicinal details, from within either the application or the lock screen.
Natively tracks steps taken and other movement activity within the Health app.
Shutter Mode (timer can be set to 3 or 10 seconds).
Burst photos can now be taken with the FaceTime camera in addition to the iSight camera.P5SP6P6P
Every app installed now has its own settings panel, regardless of whether the app specifies its settings to appear in the Settings app (e.g. Notifications, Privacy, Background App Refresh, and Cellular Data usage).
Option to Enable/Disable dictation in keyboard settings.
iBooks icon and Reader view icon in Safari have been redesigned.
Settings app for third-party apps has been tweaked.
Apple Pay support for iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus (in physical store, online, or in app) P6P6P, Apple Watch-compatible devices (in physical store) P5P5CP5SP6P6P, for Touch ID devices (online or in app). P5SP6P6PP6PS6M3
Adds iCloud Photo Library as a beta service.
Adds Camera Roll and My Photo Stream albums back to Photos app after disappearing in iOS 8.0.x.
Removes Recently Added album.
Provides alerts when running low on space before capturing Time Lapse videos.
Adds the ability for iPhone users to send and receive SMS and MMS text messages to an iPad, iPod Touch and OS X Yosemite.P5P5CP5SP6P6P
Resolves an issue where searching messages would sometimes not display results.
Fixes a bug that caused read messages not to be marked as read.
Fixes issues with group messaging.
Resolves issues with Wi-Fi performance that could occur when connected to some base stations, like the FIFA 15 Ultimate Team servers.
Fixes an issue that could prevent connections to Bluetooth hands-free devices.
Fixes bugs that could cause screen rotation to stop working.
Fixes an issue in Safari where videos would sometimes not play.
Adds an option to select between 2G, 3G, 4G, or LTE networks for cellular data on certain carriers (iPhone and iPad (Wi-Fi + Cellular) only).
Fixes an issue where you could be continuously prompted for login credentials
Addresses an issue where some devices disconnect intermittently from Wi-Fi networks
Fixes an issue where hands-free phone calls could become disconnected
Fixes an issue where audio playback could stop working with some bluetooth speakers
Orientation and rotation fixes
Addresses an issue that sometimes prevented rotating back to portrait after having rotated to landscape
Improves performance and stability issues that occurred when rotating the device between portrait and landscape
Fixes an issue where device orientation appeared upside down after pulling the iPhone 6 Plus from your pocket
Resolves an issue that sometimes prevented apps from rotating to correct orientation after switching apps in multitasking
Addresses issues that caused group messages to sometimes split
Fixes an issue that sometimes removed the ability to forward or delete individual messages
Resolves an issue that sometimes prevented a preview from appearing when taking a photo in Messages
Adds the ability to report junk messages directly from the Messages app
Adds the ability to filter out iMessages that are not sent by your contacts
Family Sharing fixes
Fixes a bug where certain apps would not launch or update on family members' devices
Fixes a bug that prevented family members from downloading certain free apps
Increased reliability for 'Ask to Buy' notifications
Fixes an issue where Maps could come up as a black screen
Fixes an issue where the UI could be incorrectly rotated
Fixes an issue where the keyboard could appear on the CarPlay screen when it shouldn't
Improves reliability of installing and updating enterprise apps
Corrects the time zone of Calendar events created in IBM Notes
Fixes a problem that could cause web clip icons to become generic after restarting
Improves reliability of saving the password for a web proxy
Exchange out-of-office message can now be edited separately for external replies
Improves recovery of Exchange accounts from temporary connection problems
Improves compatibility of VPN and Web proxy solutions
Allows use of physical keyboards to log into Safari Web sheets, such as for joining a public Wi-Fi network
Fixes an issue that caused Exchange meetings with long notes to be truncated
Fixes an issue where using the back button in Safari causes VoiceOver gestures to not respond
Fixes an issue where VoiceOver focus becomes unreliable in draft Mail messages
Fixes an issue where Braille Screen Input cannot be used to type text in forms on webpages
Fixes an issue where toggling Quick Nav on a Braille Display announces that Quick Nav is off
Fixes an issue keeping app icons from being moveable on home screen when VoiceOver is enabled
Fixes an issue in Speak Screen where speech will not start again after pausing
Other improvements and bug fixes
Introduces a redesigned Emoji keyboard with over 300 new characters
iCloud Photo Library has been optimized to work with the new Photos app on OS X 10.10.3 and is now out of beta
Improves the pronunciation of street names during turn-by-turn navigation in Maps
Includes support for Baum VarioUltra 20 and VarioUltra 40 Braille displays
Improves the display of Spotlight results when Reduce Transparency is turned on
Adds Italic and Underline format options for iPhone 6 Plus landscape keyboard
Adds the ability to remove shipping and billing addresses used with Apple Pay
Additional language and country support for Siri: English (India, New Zealand), Danish (Denmark), Dutch (Netherlands), Portuguese (Brazil), Russian (Russia), Swedish (Sweden), Thai (Thailand), Turkish (Turkey)
Additional dictation languages: Arabic (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates) and Hebrew (Israel)
Improves stability for Phone, Mail, Bluetooth connectivity, Photos, Safari tabs, Settings, Weather, and Genius Playlists in Music
Addresses an issue where Slide to Unlock could fail to work on certain devices
Addresses an issue that sometimes prevented swiping to answer a phone call on the Lock screen
Addresses an issue that prevented opening links in Safari PDFs
Fixes an issue where selecting Clear History and Website Data in Safari Settings did not clear all data
Fixes an issue that prevented autocorrecting "FYI"
Addresses an issue where contextual predictions did not appear in Quick Reply
Fixes an issue where Maps did not enter night mode from hybrid mode
Resolves an issue that prevented initiating FaceTime calls from a browser or third-party app using FaceTime URLs
Fixes an issue that sometimes prevented photos from properly exporting to Digital Camera Image folders on Windows
Fixes an issue that sometimes prevented an iPad backup from completing with iTunes
Fixes an issue that could cause Podcast downloads to stall when switching from Wi-Fi to cellular networks
Fixes an issue where remaining time on timer would sometimes incorrectly display as 00:00 on Lock screen
Fixes an issue that sometimes prevented adjusting call volume
Fixes an issue that caused the status bar to sometimes appear when it shouldn't
Attempt to fix problems with custom keyboards crashing, not appearing, or being replaced with the default keyboard
Adds support for the new Apple Music streaming service which is available in 100 countries starting on June 30, 2015.
New features including personalized music discovery and recommendation based on the user's favorite genres or artists. Adds support for 24/7 online radio service named Beats 1 and new Connect tab in which all artists can communicate with their listeners.
Apple Music costs $9.99/month for 1 person and $14.99/mo. for up to 6 people and a free trial will be given to users for 3 months.
Apple Radio, Beats One, and Connect feature are still available for users not choosing to subscribe to Apple Music
Redesigned Music Application
Recently Added tab makes it easier to discover music that you recently added
MiniPlayer makes it easier to see what's currently playing and to control music playback
Up Next section lets you see and control what is going to play next
Enables search from anywhere in the music application with a new unified magnifying glass icon at the top. Trending Search was added which shows which music within Apple Music is being searched for most by users.
Adds support for offline music playback including a toggle and icon to show which songs are available offline.
iBooks improvements and fixes
Browse, listen, and download audiobooks inside iBooks
Enjoy the all-new Now Playing feature, designed specifically for audiobooks
Books that are made for iBooks now work on iPhone and iPad
Improves accessibility of widgets, glossary, and navigation in books made with iBooks Author
New default Chinese font.
New setting to turn off Auto-Night theme in your library
Resolves an issue that may have prevented Hide Purchases from working
Resolves an issue that may have prevented downloading books from iCloud.
Bug fixes and stability improvements
Fixes an issue where receiving a specific series of Unicode characters causes device to reboot.
Fixes an issue that prevented GPS accessories from providing location data
Fixes an issue where deleted Apple Watch apps would re-install
Apple announced iOS 9 on June 8, 2015, at its annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) event, and it was released to the public on September 16, 2015 alongside the iPhone 6S, iPhone 6S Plus and iPad Mini 4. With this release, Apple did not drop support for any iOS devices. Therefore, iOS 9 was supported on the iPhone 4S onwards, iPod Touch (5th generation) onwards, the iPad 2 onwards, and the iPad Mini (1st generation) onwards. However, iOS 9 has limited support on the iPhone 4S, iPad 2 and iPad (3rd generation), iPad Mini (1st generation), and iPod Touch (5th generation); this release made the iPad 2 the first device to support six major releases of iOS, supporting iOS 4 thru iOS 9. Despite Apple's promise of better performance on these devices, there were still widespread complaints that the issue had not been fixed. iOS 9.3.5 is the final release on the iPod Touch (5th generation), the Wi-Fi-only iPad 2 and iPad (3rd generation), and the Wi-Fi only iPad Mini (1st generation); iOS 9.3.6 is the final release on the iPhone 4S, the Wi-Fi + cellular iPad 2 and iPad (3rd generation), and the Wi-Fi + cellular iPad Mini (1st generation).
Support for public transit lines, station details with exits and entrances, schedules and directions in select major cities. Also, popular places such as restaurants, stores, and points of interests will be highlighted and presented to the user in a central location.
Apple Pay support is indicated on place cards at participating retail locations.
Adds support for "Follow up by Email" that allows Apple to email users about issues reported.
Browse for places nearby by category, including Food, Drinks, Shopping, Fun and more.
Place cards include Wikipedia information for landmarks and cities.
Adds a new app named News which provides curated lists of personalized news content for iOS users, offering content from popular websites and newspapers and displaying it in an iOS-friendly layout. This app replaces the Newsstand app.
There are now video recording settings to change the quality of recorded videos.
There is a new iCloud Drive app which can be enabled in the iCloud Settings.
Battery moved to the top level.
Updated Notifications icon.
Additional options for Auto-Lock.
Adds 15 new wallpapers to iOS which replaces most of the wallpaper present in iOS 8.
When changing wallpapers, there is a new "Still" option which keeps the wallpaper still.
Replaces the Passbook app with a new app named Wallet and enhances the features of Apple Pay with support for Discover credit/debit card, store loyalty card, and Apple Pay in the UK.
To check out even faster, upcoming payments can be prepared by double-clicking the Home button from the Lock Screen and keeping the finger on Touch ID.
Renamed from Apple Watch.
Updated haptic feedback icons.
Up to one hour of additional time before the battery needs to be charged.
Facedown detection for turning display off when not in use
New Low Power Mode (iPhone only) disables Background App Refresh, Mail Fetch, Motion Effects, and Animated Wallpapers. It also extends device's battery life by up to three hours.P4SP5P5CP5SP6P6PP6SP6SP
Low Power Mode turns off when device is connected to a power source.
Notification Center Widget (when paired with Apple Watch).
Siri has a new colorful interface, similar to that of the Apple Watch.
Removed sound from Siri activation.
Updated Siri icon in Settings.
Search personal photos and videos based on dates, locations and album names.
Ask Siri to remind about things being looked at in apps, including Safari, Mail, Notes and Messages.
Request directions via public transit.
Siri can now use an accent (same language) which differs from the input language.
Siri no longer asks for confirmation of reminders that are created.
A more intelligent Spotlight search provides info such as Weather, News, Stocks, nearby places, and recent/favorite contacts based on the user's preference. Spotlight search can be activated by swiping to the right on the first page of the home screen or swiping down on any page of the home screen.P5P5CP5SP6P6PT6S4S5S6M2M3
Perform tasks such as currency conversions and calculations.
Get sports scores, weather conditions and stock prices.
Initiate messages, phone calls and FaceTime calls from contact search results.
Redesigned notification center view when in landscape.
New keyboard now displays whether the letters are upper-case or lower-case depending on whether the Shift key has been toggled or not.
Cut/Copy functions on the keyboard have been replaced with an Undo/Redo button. The Cut/Copy buttons still appear when text is selected.
Over 50 new flag emojis.
A "deep press" (3D touch) on the keyboard will convert the keyboard to a track pad to move the cursor and make it easier to manipulate text. (6S and 6S Plus only)
Ability to disable character preview.
Performance and stability improvements.
Extends the battery life of iOS devices by an extra hour.
Minimizes iOS update file size to 1.3 GB.
Improves performance on iOS devices by utilising Metal API throughout iOS to deliver faster scrolling, smoother animation, and better overall performance.
Reduced touch latency from sixty milliseconds to less than thirty milliseconds.
Touch ID devices now use a 6-digit passcode by default, though a 4-digit option is still available alongside options for a passcode with a custom number of digits and an alphanumeric passcode.P5SP6P6PS6M3
Adds 2-factor authentication for iCloud on iOS.
Adds support for add a IKEv2VPN directly in Settings without need for third-party app.
Print preview screen. Allows the user to view all pages, select which pages to print, and print in black and white.
Leave a message option if recipient isn't available for a FaceTime call.
Share voicemails from the Phone app using the share sheet.
Added confirmation dialog when an app attempts to open another app.
Support for right-to-left languages.
Flight and package tracking for data detectors
iCloud Drive app.
Easily search for a file or browse in the new iCloud Drive app by date, name, or tags added on associated Mac.
Open files in any compatible app.
Organize folders and files.
Get the iCloud Drive app in Settings > iCloud > iCloud Drive and select Show on Home Screen.
Wi-Fi Assist to automatically use cellular data when Wi-Fi connectivity is poor.
It is possible to go directly back to a formerly used app if a link opens another app.
Recent Contacts have been removed from the multitasking UI. They have now been placed in the new Proactive Menu.
Handoff is now displayed as a pull up menu in the app switcher.
Redesigned Voice Control audio waveform.
Redesigned audio dictation audio waveform.
Expanded language support
New PingFang Chinese system font.
Improved predictions, learning and autocorrection for Chinese in QuickType.
Redesigned punctuation input on 10-key Chinese keyboard.
Redesigned User Interface for right-to-left languages.
Added Siri support for Austria, Belgium (French and Dutch), and Norway.
Added Spotlight search support for Mexico.
New display languages for German (Germany), German (Austria), German (Switzerland), English (Canada), French (France), French (Switzerland), Italian (Italy), Italian (Switzerland), and Traditional Chinese (Taiwan).
New keyboards for French (Belgium), German (Austria), Gujarati, Hindi (Transliteration), Hinglish, Punjabi, Spanish (Mexico), and Telugu.
Predictive input for French (Belgium), German (Austria), Korean, Russian, Spanish (Mexico), and Turkish.
Dictation support for Dutch (Belgium), English (Ireland, Philippines, South Africa), French (Belgium), German (Austria), and Spanish (Chile, Colombia).
Spell check for Finnish and Korean.
Definition dictionary for Hindi, Norwegian and Swedish.
Bilingual dictionary for French-English and German-English.
New Japanese autocorrection and improved predictions and learning in QuickType.
Option to switch between number systems for Arabic and Hindi.
Enterprise and Education
DEP (Device Enrolment Program) Support added for 26 countries.
Assign apps directly to iOS devices without needing to have an iTunes Store account configured.
Improved calendar reliability for customers using Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync v16.
Expanded Per App VPN support for the built-in IPSec and IKEv2 VPN clients.
New networking controls for managed apps to help limit international data roaming costs.
New restrictions to prevent changes to passcodes, device names and wallpapers, or to disable AirDrop on managed devices.
Third party app extension support for VPN, advanced content filtering, and captive Wi-Fi networks.
Touch Accommodations provides additional touch control for those with physical motor limitations.
Speak Selection and Speak Screen can now use Siri voice.
Adds support for a new feature named Night Shift which, manually or automatically (based on user preference), makes the display color warmer so it is easier to view at night. Users can adjust the color temperature in the Settings app.
Adds toggle for Night Shift mode on supported devices.
Night Shift toggle redesign in Beta 4.
Adds support for protecting notes inside the Notes app with a passcode or Touch ID.
News delivers stories that are better curated to a user's tastes.
News suggests editors' and top picks to users at the top.
When checking for updates, News refreshes much faster.
If a story contains video, it is possible to view it directly from your feed.
Health now includes data from the Apple Watch and Activity app.
When removing a photo from an album, users are given a choice to remove the photo or to delete it.
Adds support for the For You and New tabs in the Music section of CarPlay
Adds the Nearby feature in Maps which quickly lets you discover points-of-interest nearby.
Adds support for multi-user logons in schools so any student can log in (with a passcode) to an iPad issued by the school.
Adds a new Classroom app for those devices registered with schools which allows teachers to guide students through a lesson, see their progress, keep them on track, present quizzes and tests, and wirelessly display their work with AirPlay and Apple TV.
Adds support for a device manager in which school administrators can set up multiple Apple IDs, change passwords, enroll students in iTunes U courses, etc.
Dolby Digital Plus
Adds support for playing video encoded with Dolby Digital Plus audio streams. (iPhone 5s and newer, iPod Touch 6th gen and newer, iPad Mini 2 and newer, iPad Air series, iPad Pro series)
Multichannel output is supported using the Apple Lightning Digital AV Adapter.
New 3D Touch shortcuts added for Health, App Store, iTunes, Settings, Weather, Stocks, and Compass apps.
View two pages at once using Split View in Safari on iPad.
Notes collaboration lets user invite people to work on notes together.
Markup support in Messages, Photos and PDFs stored in Notes.
Bedtime Alarm in the Clock app lets user set a regular sleep schedule and receive bedtime reminders.
Health adds support for health records and organ donation (US only).
Stabilisation support for Live Photos for improved camera capture.
Live Filters support when capturing Live Photos.
iCloud Drive now supports Desktop and Documents folders from macOS.
Live search results in Spotlight for Chinese and Japanese.
Siri support for Spanish (Chile), Chinese (Cantonese – China), English (Ireland), English (South Africa).
Ling Wai and Kaiti Black document fonts for Chinese.
Yu Kyokasho and Toppan Bunkyu fonts for Japanese.
New definition dictionaries in Traditional Chinese and Danish and bilingual dictionaries in Dutch and Italian.
New keyboard for Spanish (Latin America).
New display languages and locales for English (Ireland), English (New Zealand), English (Singapore), English (South Africa), Spanish (Argentina), Spanish (Chile), Spanish (Colombia), Spanish (Costa Rica), Spanish (Ecuador), Spanish (United States), Spanish (El Salvador), Spanish (Guatemala), Spanish (Honduras), Spanish (Nicaragua), Spanish (Panama), Spanish (Paraguay), Spanish (Peru), Spanish (Puerto Rico), Spanish (Dominican Republic), Spanish (Uruguay), Spanish (Venezuela), French (Belgium), Dutch (Belgium), Dutch (Netherlands), and Traditional Chinese (Macau).
Magnifier now uses the camera on iPhone or iPad like a digital magnifying glass for real-life objects.
New range of display colour filters to support different forms of colour blindness or other vision challenges.
VoiceOver adds a Pronunciation Editor to customise the way words are pronounced, additional voices and support for multiple audio sources.
Additional text highlighting options in Speak Screen and Speak Selection, as well as the ability to speak keyboard letters and predictive typing suggestions to support multi-modal learning.
Switch control now lets user control iOS, macOS and tvOS all from the same iPhone or iPad, so user doesn't need to configure switches for the secondary device.
Software textphone allows user to make and receive textphone calls without the need for traditional hardware teleprinter accessories.
Bug Fixes from 10.0 (iPhone 7/Plus changelog)
Fixes an issue that could prevent recognizing "Hey Siri" requests.
Fixes issues that could affect audio quality for calls made over VoLTE.
Fixes issues that could impact Bluetooth connectivity and pairing with Apple Watch.
Improves stability of the Camera and Contacts apps.
Siri can now display cricket scores from the Indian Premier League and the International Cricket Council.
Siri updated to be able to pay bills, check on the status of payments, and schedule future rides via Uber and Lyft and other apps that support the function.
Siri now has breadcrumb support. For example, users can say "Hey Siri, open the App Store" and a back arrow (or left arrow) will appear in the left of the iOS status bar to jump back to the Siri interface.
Safari now supports the Reduced Motion accessibility preference for web apps.
The weather icon in the Maps app includes 3D Touch to show hourly forecasts.
Removed 3D globe, replaces it with a flat 2D look.
Shows an alert below the "Event Details" page, for event invitations sent from an unknown senders, and allows users to report event invites sent from unknown senders as junk.
CarPlay includes new shortcuts for launching recently used apps.
There is now an option to 'show disliked' channels on the bottom of the "Favorites" page.
An option has been introduced to where users can now quickly favorite or dislike news channels from the "Explore" section or the news channel that is currently open.
There is now support in Home which allows users to trigger scenes which use accessories that contain switches and buttons.
There is now support in Home which allows users to see the remaining charge of the batteries in their HomeKit accessories.
Conversation View in the Mail app features navigation improvements.
When an email is open in Mail app, the "back" button in the left corner of the screen shows the number of unread emails in the mailbox you opened the email in (Similar to the Messages app).
Slightly refined opening animation for apps to where rounded edges are now visible when opening applications (more noticeable on applications that load slowly).
Now updated for iPhone 7 and 7 Plus devices which contain modems from Intel.
Support for 3D Touch and a Today widget has been added which allows users to access recently updated podcasts.
Podcast shows or episodes can now be shared in the Messages app and they feature full playback support.
Users can now get notifications for settings other than software updates such as for two-factor authentication.
Users can now restrict certain TV providers.
iTunes and App Store
New system level way for developers to request app ratings, opt out option in Settings.
The iCloud tab has moved to the top of Settings instead of being at the bottom, and also now displays the user's name and picture along with the email address(es) associated with their Apple ID(s).
Underneath this new tab is where settings notifications appear.
The amount of storage users have and how much storage users have used is now shown.
iCloud Drive cellular data usage settings have been moved to the cellular tab.
"Backup" has been renamed to 'iCloud Backup".
"Diagnostics and Usage" is now labeled "Analytics", corresponding changes included in menu.
There is a new button to toggle iCloud data over cellular networks.
Touch ID and Passcode
When choosing an alphanumeric code with numbers only, passcodes can no longer be shorter than 4 characters in length. An error displays saying that "this passcode must be longer".
Calls on Other Devices even when not nearby is now enabled for Verizon's Integrated Calling feature.
An option was added where users can disable the Next Up button from appearing while in a news article.
"Show Disliked" section under Favourites, this shows the channels that you have disliked.
Keyboards and IME
Facemarks have been shuffled around in the Chinese and Japanese keyboard layouts.
The icon of the emoji button on the keyboard is now filled in and no longer outlined like it was in previous versions of iOS.
It is now possible to rearrange songs while repeat mode is turned on.
Developers can now respond to reviews on the App Store.
Developers will now be able to update the icons for their apps at any time, with an app update no longer required to push out new icon artwork for their apps.
App Store reviews now include the publish date of when the review was published.
When a user uses 3D Touch on an app review, they can rate the review as Helpful, Not Helpful, or Report a Concern with the review.
Users no longer have to enter their Apple ID password when writing a review.
Spotlight Search Suggestions now have a border, floating text no longer appears.
Other improvements, bug fixes, and enhancements
Users can now rent a movie once and they can watch their iTunes movies across their various devices.
Fixes the 30% battery bug that was present in previous versions of iOS 10 for IPhone 6 and iPhone 6S devices.
An alert is now displayed to indicate that 32-bit apps on 10.3 need to be updated and will no longer work in future versions of iOS. An "App Compatibility" list of 32-bit apps can be accessed by going to General > About > tapping on "Applications".
Improves performance across the system and the responsiveness of the operating system has been improved.
The file system has been updated to the Apple File System (APFS), which replaces HFS Plus, and is designed for Flash/SSD storage. APFS also features improved security and encryption, and improves system performance.
Fixes an issue related to the Messages app where the app would freeze and crash upon receiving a long text message.
Fixes an issue on the iPad Pro where the Apple Pencil's battery wouldn't charge above 5%.
Fixes an issue where the Telephoto lens on the iPhone 7 Plus would not activate while in the 2x zoom mode.
Fixes an issue in Notification Center where tapping the search bar in between the Today view and Notification Center would cause the Springboard to crash and reload.
The passcode menu UIs have been updated to show dots instead of dashes.
VoiceOver stability improvements for the Phone, Safari, and Mail apps
Fixes an issue that could prevent Maps from displaying a user's current location after resetting Location & Privacy settings.
Fixes over 100 security vulnerabilities in various aspects of iOS such as Audio, the Core libraries, and WebKit.
Includes bug fixes and improves the security of your iPhone or iPad.
One of the bugs that is fixed is in the Broadcom Wi-Fi chipset formally known as CVE-2017-9417 and is nicknamed "Broadpwn". Broadpwn allows a worm to propagate among affected Broadcom Wi-Fi chipsets just by having the Wi-Fi chipset turned on even if it is not connected to any networks, and can be used to force a remote code execution on the main CPU of an affected smartphone.
iBooks has been renamed to Apple Books. A continuation of Apple's phasing out of the "i" prefix for its services. Rebranding also includes a redesign, featuring a new introduction, a Reading Now screen that's like Apple Music and the App Store in being more editorialized, and new cards for individual books.
Apple Books settings preferences have been updated. More options and a change of layout when looking at Books under the Settings app.
Leveler has been removed and the function moved to the Measure app as one of its features, still working the same way as previous versions.
The new app built using ARKit 2.0, which allows users to measure the dimensions of real-world objects viewed through the iOS device's camera.
Measure app only works with A9 devices and later.
Redesigned to have three tabs at the bottom of the iPhone version including Spotlight section. A new tab was added, named Channels, which provides a browsable list of followed topics and outlets.
Redesigned for easier-to-view stocks on a new welcome screen, as well as interactive charts. One of a number of first-party iOS apps that have also been ported to macOS Mojave, using new tools still under development.
Apple News integration, this allows you to see news in a panel at the bottom of the app. Expanding the news panel shows stocks in a ticker at the top of the app.
Now available on iPad.
Redesigned immediately shows a clear list of existing recordings when opening the app, with new recordings produced in a compact pop-up panel at the bottom of the app, complete with repositioned waveform graphic.
Now available on iPad.
Air quality settings preferences to tracks air quality. Scrolling to the bottom of the day's weather shows a general "Air Quality" category ("Good" etc.) for the location.
Weather app now tracks the air quality index. As with the general air quality feature, the "Air Quality Index" figure for the detected location is provided at the bottom of the day's weather report.
Field test mode now supports landscape view.
Redesigned app notifications
New wallpaper; removed older wallpapers
Screen Time added
Automatic updates toggle added in Software Update tab
Bedtime Feature in Do Not Disturb
Stocks section added
New Measure section
New app limits page
New Battery Statistics Chart
More battery information: Battery Health out of Beta for more accurate battery capacity readings
Adds support for video and audio calls with up to 32 participants simultaneously
Encrypted end-to-end so your conversations remain private
Start Group FaceTime directly from a group Messages conversation or join an active call at any time
Over 70 new emoji, including new characters with red hair, grey hair and curly hair, new emoji for bald people, more emotive smiley faces and additional emoji representing animals, sport and food
Dual SIM support
Introduces Dual SIM with eSIM, which allows two numbers in one device for iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR
Other improvements and fixes
Introduces Depth Control in Camera preview for iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR
Improves mobile connectivity for iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR
Adds the ability to change or reset your child's Screen Time passcode using Face ID or Touch ID
Fixes an issue where the sharpest reference frame was not always selected in front-facing photos for iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR
Resolves an issue that caused messages to be merged into one thread when two users were signed in with the same Apple ID on multiple iPhones
Addresses an issue that prevented some voicemails from appearing in the Phone app
Resolves an issue in the Phone app that could cause phone numbers to appear without their corresponding contact name
Fixes an issue that could prevent Screen Time from reporting specific websites in the activity report
Addresses an issue that could prevent adding or removing family members from Family Sharing
Adds a performance management feature to prevent the device from unexpectedly shutting down, including the option to disable this feature if an unexpected shutdown occurs, for iPhone X, iPhone 8 and iPhone 8 Plus
Adds the ability for Battery Health to inform users that it is unable to verify if a genuine Apple battery is in iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and iPhone XR
Improves reliability of VoiceOver in Camera, Siri and Safari
Fixes an issue that could cause MDM Device Enrolment to report an Invalid Profile error for some enterprise users
When enabled, the UI, native apps, and supported third-party apps undergo a basic light-on-dark color scheme, and the iOS 13 wallpapers have a darker color scheme. You can also set a schedule for what time Dark Mode comes on, and what time Light Mode comes back on.
Siri's voice is now done by software called "Neural TTS" instead of human voice clips, making Siri sound much more natural.
Siri can now play audio, including music, podcasts, audio books, and radio, with third-party apps.
There is now an option for an Indian-English voice.
Siri now offers personalized suggestions in Apple Podcasts, Safari, and Maps. Siri can also now detect reminders in messages and events in third-party apps.
Siri can now tune into radio shows on command.
The QuickType keyboard now includes QuickPath, which allows the user to type in a word by sliding a finger between the letters without moving it up. QuickPath supports English, Simplified Chinese, Spanish, German, French, Italian, and Portuguese.
Swiping or tapping to type works interchangeably, even mid-sentence.
Alternate word options now appear in the predictive bar.
Dictation will automatically detect what language a user is speaking. This language will be chosen from up to four keyboard languages enabled on the device.
After taking a picture in Portrait Mode, the user can adjust the position and intensity of each Portrait lighting effect.
A new Portrait Lighting effect, called High-Key Mono, "creates a beautiful, classic look with a monochromatic subject on a white background."
Portrait Segmentation API now has skin, hair, and teeth segmentation.
Apple Arcade: A new subscription service with over 100 new games, with no ads or additional purchases.
The App Store now has support for Arabic and Hebrew in stories, collections and lists, product pages, and searches.
Apps with large sizes (especially games) can now be downloaded over a cellular connection, but the user will be warned if the file size exceeds a certain threshold.
The map itself has been redone from the ground up. According to Apple, it features "significantly improved and more realistic details" for areas like roads, beaches, parks, buildings, and more.
The user can now explore the area they are going to before they arrive with a 3D, 360-degree experience.
Collections of favorite locations can be built and shared with others.
The user can now make a list of places they visit often to access them quickly.
A feature called Junction View helps drivers in China eliminate wrong turns and directional misses by lining them up in the correct lane before they need to turn or enter an elevated road.
The process of submitting customer feedback has been redesigned to be faster.
Siri's navigation uses more natural language. For example, instead of saying "in x feet turn left," it says "turn left at the next traffic light". Navigation is also more accurate.
The user can now see departure times live, the location of their bus or train on it's route, and a more detailed schedule of transit stops.
Flight details now include info about a terminal, gate locations, departure times, and more.
Place cards have more improved info, such as Today@Apple sessions at Apple Store locations, and movie theater time listings.
MapKit now has vector overlays, point-of-interest filtering, camera zoom and pan limits, and Dark Mode support.
CarPlay now has easier route planning, search, and navigation. It also includes Junction View (China only), Favorites, and Collections.
Apps can now launch up to twice as fast as on iOS 12.
Unlocking the iPhone X, XS, XS Max, and XR using Face ID is up to 30% faster compared to iOS 12.
Apps from the App Store are packaged in a new way, making them as small as half the size compared to iOS 12, which makes them download faster and take up less storage.
App updates are on average 60% smaller compared to iOS 12, allowing for faster downloads.
Ability to select who you want to AirDrop to by pointing from one iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, or iPhone 11 Pro Max to another using the new U1 chip with Ultra Wideband technology for spatial awareness.
Suggested automations in the Gallery personalized to your daily routine.
Personal and home automations for automatically running shortcuts based on triggers.
Home app support for shortcuts as advanced actions in the Automation tab.
Share ETA to send your estimated time of arrival while your route is in progress.
Optimized battery charging to slow the rate of battery aging by reducing the time your iPhone spends fully charged.
Performance management feature for iPhone XR, iPhone XS and iPhone XS Max to prevent the device from unexpectedly shutting down, including the option to disable this feature if an unexpected shutdown occurs.
Notifications for when Battery Health is unable to verify if a new, genuine Apple battery is in iPhone XR, iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and later.
The Alarm feature of the built in Clock app in the iPhone and iPod Touch has been plagued by major bugs in all versions of iOS 4; the first bug noticed was the "DST bug" which was first seen when some countries switched to/from daylight saving time from/to standard time in October/November 2010. It caused recurring alarms to start going off an hour too early or late. Apple promised the bug would be fixed in iOS 4.2 but according to some reports it still exists even in iOS 4.3.1.
The second alarm clock bug discovered was the "New Year's Day bug" which showed up on January 1, 2011 and January 1, 2012, it caused non-recurring alarms to never work. However two days after each New Year's Day, on January 3, 2011, they "magically" started working again; this bug was seemingly fixed in iOS 4.3.
Apple confirmed that several battery life bugs were negatively affecting battery life in iOS 5, they attempted to fix these bugs with iOS 5.0.1 and 5.1 but the problem still remained. Finally, these bugs were fixed in iOS 5.1.1.
The launch of the iOS 5 update on October 12, 2011 (including iOS 5.0.1 released on November 10, 2011), led many users to report a major bug causing the device to lose Wi-Fi access. This problem has supposedly been fixed with the release of iOS 5.1.1
Some users of the iPhone 4S and iPad (Wi-Fi + Cellular) reported issues with the SIM card in iOS 5.0, and even though Apple attempted to fix these issues in version 5.0.1 build 9A406 (for iPhone 4S only), they still remained.
Some users of the iPhone 4 and iPhone 4S reported issues with having echo problems during phone call in the initial release of iOS 5, which causes echoes to appear randomly during phone calls made through earbuds; the other party in the call is generally unable to hear the conversation due to this problem. Apple has since released version 5.1.1 in an attempt to fix the problem.
Apple has admitted that there were several bugs in the mapping app on iOS 6, with cities in the wrong location, some places being missed off altogether, some places misnamed and places of interest in the sea. Problems submitted by users have gradually been addressed with daily updates to Maps.
Many users report a problem with Bluetooth audio streaming to a range of compatible devices; the sound cuts out every now and then for no apparent reason. As of October 2012[update], no solution has been provided by Apple.
Location-based reminders do not work for iPads, even though they were promised to work on cellular enabled devices, it has later been clarified by Apple that only the 4th generation iPad and the iPad Mini 1st generation or later will be able to use this.
In iOS 6.1, users reported problems with cellular connectivity. This was addressed for the iPhone 4S in iOS 6.1.1 which "fixes an issue that could impact cellular performance and reliability for iPhone 4S."
Do Not Disturb
Many iPhone users experienced a bug with the Do Not Disturb feature when the calendar changed from 2012 to 2013; the feature would be left on past the scheduled time set by the user, allowing texts, notifications, and alarm settings to be missed. The bug was caused by a difference in formatting in the ISO calendar system versus the Gregorian calendar system. Apple did not offer a quick software update for the bug, instead saying that the bug would fix itself on January 7, 2013.
Another bug causes issues when iOS devices connect to a Microsoft Exchange server to retrieve email, resulting in message "mailbox server resources are consumed, log growth becomes excessive, memory and CPU use may increase significantly, and server performance is affected". Microsoft have suggested several workarounds, and Apple responded with a KnowledgeBase article describing the cause of the bug and a suggested temporary workaround, promising a fix in the near future, which was then fixed with release of iOS 6.1.2.
Lockscreen bypass code
On iPhones, another bug found in 6.1 allowing bypassing the lock screen's passcode to temporarily gain full access to the Phone app, by performing a specific sequence of actions on the phone that remained unfixed, with Apple acknowledging the bug and then addressed with release of iOS 6.1.3.
Audio profile speakerphone
iPhone 5 users experienced dropped calls during the release of iOS 6.1.3 when there was an issue with the audio microphone profile. This also caused issues with many voice-over commands, including Siri, to get different results than expected or to fail easily. Apple fixed this bug with the release of iOS 6.1.4, which updated the audio speaker profile so users would get better results.
Shortly after Apple released iOS 7, users running iOS 6 were said to have problems using FaceTime. Apple later released a support document stating that this was due to an expired device certificate and that devices that support iOS 7 should update to it in order to resolve these issues. Devices that are unable to run iOS 7, the fourth-generation iPod Touch and the iPhone 3GS, should upgrade to iOS 6.1.6.
An attacker can collect or modify data in sessions protected by SSL/TLS protocols; this same bug was also reported on iOS 7.0.4 and iOS 7.0.5 for the iPhone 5C and 5S. For the iPhone 3GS and the iPod Touch (4th generation), iOS 6.1.6 was released to fix this issue since iOS 7 is not compatible with these devices (see iOS 7.x).
People are able to bypass the "Enter Passcode" screen; this flaw was discovered within hours of it becoming publicly available. This is only able to be done on iPhone 5 and earlier while the iPhone 5C and iPhone 5S are safe from this bug; this is caused by the ability to use the control center via the lock screen and tapping on the camera or timer buttons. This feature can be turned off in the Settings app; this was fixed in iOS 7.0.2.
Users complained about dizziness and vertigo-like symptoms when using this operating system because of parallax motion effects.
In iOS 7.1, a new function in the Settings app named "Reduce Motion" was introduced to reduce the motion of the user interface and disable the parallax effects.
Creation of CardDAV Accounts not working
Creating a CardDAV Account contains a bug that needs manual fixing of the CardDAV-Server-URL.
Battery drain problems
In iOS 7.1, users have reported seeing significant drain on their batteries after installing the new update.
Issues with video-calling and connection errors; this was fixed in iOS 7.0.4. (See iOS 6.x)
Safari ignores local domain
Local domain names can no longer be resolved in Safari; this breaks short names on the local network, e.g. 'nas' for nas.<ourdomain>.
Home screen crashes
Users have reported various crashes of the home screen, the core service that renders the home screen icons, Notification Center, Control Center, Siri and the lockscreen; this was fixed in iOS 7.1.
Secure transport failed to validate the authenticity of connection; this issue was addressed by restoring missing validation steps. This may cause an attacker with a privileged network position to capture or modify data in sessions protected by SSL/TLS; this issue was addressed by the release of iOS 7.0.6.
Battery Indicator stuck until restart
iPhone 4S users report experiencing problems with the battery indicator; the indicator will freeze at the same value until the iPhone is restarted again.
In iOS 7.1, Touch ID was not functioning on the iPhone 5S. The problem cannot be resolved by turning Touch ID on and off in the "Fingerprint and Passcode" menu, restarting, resetting, or restoring the device using iTunes; this problem was similar to the iOS 8.0.1 release, which crippled iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus of both cellular and Touch ID. This was fixed in iOS 7.1.1.
Shortly after the release of iOS 8, Apple released a statement pointing out that a bug had been found in the operating system which prevented HealthKit-compatible apps from being released alongside iOS 8. Apps already released that included Healthkit functionality were withdrawn from the App Store. iOS 8.0.1/8.0.2 included a fix for this issue.
iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus users who updated to iOS 8.0.1 wirelessly had cellular service and Touch ID disabled due to a software issue. Over-the-Air downloads of iOS 8.0.1 were stopped within an hour of the release of the software, but many early adopters had been affected. These issues were fixed with the release of iOS 8.0.2 a day later.
Users who updated phones with Touch ID enabled to iOS 8.3 found out that they could not use Touch ID to make App Store purchases. A workaround has been devised by users to repair this issue.
Many users of older generation devices such as the iPhone 4s and the iPad 2 reported performance issues with iOS 8. Apple has since released iOS 8.1.1 in attempt to fix the problem.
Several issues with the new Keyboard API in iOS 8 were reported, including problems with custom keyboards crashing or not appearing, or being replaced with the default keyboard. Apple has since released iOS 8.3 in attempt to fix the problem.
When a specific set of Arabic, Unicode, and English characters are sent through iMessage to an iOS device running iOS 8.0 or later, it causes the device to crash. This bug was discovered by a Reddit user in May 2015. Apple has since released a software update (iOS 8.4) to fix this issue.
Many users reported greatly increased Game Center loading times which in turn caused apps that used Game Center logins to appear to load slowly. This was fixed in iOS 9.1.
January 1, 1970
On 64-bit iOS devices, setting the date to January 1, 1970 and restarting the iPhone would brick the device until the device lost power; this was fixed with the release of iOS 9.3.
Updating an iPhone 6 with a replaced Touch ID sensor to a new version of iOS would cause the update to fail and the device's date to be lost due to "Error 53." This was fixed with an iTunes re-release of iOS 9.2.1 with build number 13D20.
Many iPhone SE owners experienced various issues relating to phone calls via Bluetooth connectivity; this issue was fixed with iOS 9.3.2.
A WebKit rendering component exploit was discovered that threatened users' security by allowing access to device sensors was discovered with the release of 9.3.3. The exploit worked by tricking the user to click on a URL contained in an SMS; this was quickly fixed with the release of 9.3.5.
Many users, especially those owning an iPhone 6s, reported that their phones would shut down automatically with 30% battery left; this issue was fixed with the release of iOS 10.3.
As of the iOS 10.2.1 release, iOS throttles CPU performance on iPhones with batteries in poor health. This eventually led to Batterygate shortly after the iOS 11 release; as a result, Apple announced battery replacements would be $29 instead of $79. They also announced that iOS 11.3 would show battery health in the Settings > Battery menu and let the user decide if they wanted the previous 30% shutdown behavior or the throttled CPU.
Many users reported worse battery life with iOS 11 than with iOS 10.3.3. This issue was addressed with the release of iOS 11.1.
Due to an animation bug, quickly typing in an equation caused the built-in Calculator app to display incorrect answers; the bug was fixed in iOS 11.2.
Users with Outlook.com, Office 365, and certain Exchange accounts were unable to send email. This has been resolved with the release of iOS 11.0.1.
Users complained of a bug in the built-in keyboard in iOS 11 that changed the letter "I" to "A [?]". This was fixed with the release of iOS 11.1.1.
December 2 respring
A bug in iOS 11 was present that would cause the device to constantly respring and crash if an app sends local notifications on or after 00:15 on December 2, 2017. Apple responded by releasing iOS 11.2 early, which fixed the bug.
Telugu Character Bug
A bug was present in iOS 10 and 11 that would cause an app to crash when a certain Telugu character(జ్ఞ ా) was pasted into it, or for the phone to respring if pasted into Spotlight; the bug was fixed with iOS 11.2.6.
iPhone 8 touchscreen issues after third party repair
A bug with iOS 11.3 caused some iPhone 8 devices that had had their screens repaired by a third party repair shop to become unusable by disabling the touch screen. Apple corrected this issue by releasing iOS 11.3.1.
iOS 12 merges conversation history for devices using a shared Apple ID, even if separate handles are used, such as unique phone numbers or email addresses. As a result, iMessages may be delivered to the wrong device.
iOS 12.3.2 update problem
The 12.3.2 update, for iPhone 8 Plus devices only, caused users to be unable to back up and transfer data to a new iPhone as only the 8 Plus has this software update.
iOS 12.4 jailbreak
Apple accidentally undid a fix to a kernel code execution exploit (Sock Puppet) that was fixed in iOS 12.3. This made iOS 12.4 vulnerable to the exploit, and a jailbreak was released. Later, the kernel vulnerability was patched again by Apple in iOS 12.4.1.