Édouard Philippe

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Édouard Philippe
Edouard Philippe.jpg
Prime Minister of France
Assumed office
15 May 2017
President Emmanuel Macron
Preceded by Bernard Cazeneuve
Member of the National Assembly
for Seine-Maritime's 7th constituency
Assumed office
23 March 2012
Preceded by Jean-Yves Besselat
President of the Agglomeration Community of Le Havre
Assumed office
18 December 2010
Preceded by Antoine Rufenacht
Mayor of Le Havre
In office
23 October 2010 – 15 May 2017
Preceded by Antoine Rufenacht
General Councillor of Seine-Maritime
for Le Havre-5
In office
17 March 2008 – 22 April 2012
Preceded by Jean-Yves Besselat
Succeeded by Anita Gilletta
Regional Councillor
for Upper Normandy
In office
29 March 2004 – 18 March 2008
President Alain Le Vern
Personal details
Born (1970-11-28) 28 November 1970 (age 46)
Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
Political party The Republicans (2015–present)
Other political
affiliations
Socialist Party (1990s)
Union for a Popular Movement (2002–2015)
Spouse(s) Edith Chabre
Children 3
Residence Hôtel Matignon
Alma mater Sciences Po
École nationale
d'administration

Édouard Philippe (born 28 November 1970) is a French lawyer and politician, serving as the Prime Minister of France since 15 May 2017.

A member of the Union for a Popular Movement, later the Republicans, he has served as a member of the National Assembly representing the 7th constituency of Seine-Maritime since 2012, as well as mayor of Le Havre and president of the agglomeration community of Le Havre since 2010.

On 15 May 2017, President Emmanuel Macron appointed him Prime Minister; Philippe subsequently named his government on 17 May.

Early life and education[edit]

Édouard Philippe, the son of French teachers, was born in Rouen in 1970 and grew up in a left-wing household. He obtained his baccalauréat in Bonn, and after a year in hypokhâgne, he studied at Sciences Po for three years and graduated in 1992, and later studied at the École nationale d'administration from 1995 to 1997 (the "Marc Bloch cohort").[1][2]

In his years at Sciences Po, he supported Michel Rocard and was influenced by him, identifying with the Rocardian and social democratic wings of the Socialist Party. His brief flirtation with the Socialists ended after Rocard was toppled from the leadership of the Socialist Party. After leaving the ENA in 1997, he went on to work at the Council of State,[1][2] specializing in public procurement law.[3]

Political career[edit]

In 2001, Philippe joined Antoine Rufenacht as deputy mayor of Le Havre charged with legal affairs;[4] Rufenacht served as mayor of Le Havre from 1995 to 2010 and campaign director for Jacques Chirac in the 2002 presidential election.[2] Recognizing the ideological proximity between Michel Rocard and Alain Juppé, Philippe supported the latter at the time of the creation of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) in 2002, marking the end of his left-wing activism;[2] the same year, he failed to win his constituency in the legislative elections.[3] He served under Juppé as director general of services of the UMP until 2004, when the mayor of Bordeaux was convicted as a result of the fictitious jobs case implicating the Rally for the Republic (RPR). He then took a job in the private sector, working with the American law firm Debevoise & Plimpton LLP,[1][2] and was elected to the regional council of Upper Normandy the same year.[4]

In the wake of Nicolas Sarkozy's victory in the 2007 presidential election, he briefly returned to political life in the short-lived cabinet of Juppé, who served as Minister of Ecology, before being appointed Director of Public Affairs at Areva, where he worked from 2007 to 2010.[2] He has been substitute to deputy Jean-Yves Besselat, elected to Seine-Maritime's 7th constituency, since 2007.[1] In 2008, he was elected to the general council of Seine-Maritime in the canton of Le Havre-5,[5] and in 2010 was elected mayor of Le Havre after the resignation of Rufenacht,[2] his mentor,[1] and also became president of the agglomeration community of Le Havre the same year.[4] After Besselat's death in 2012 following a long illness, Philippe took his seat,[6] successfully holding it in the subsequent legislative elections.[2] He was re-elected as mayor of Le Havre in the 2014 municipal elections in the first round, with an absolute majority of 52.04% of expressed votes.[5]

2017 presidential election[edit]

He worked for the campaign of Alain Juppé in the primary of the right and centre in 2016, serving as a spokesperson alongside Benoist Apparu.[7] Though Philippe and Apparu, as well as Christophe Béchu, later joined the campaign of François Fillon for the 2017 presidential election after his victory in the primary, the three parliamentarians – close to Juppé – quit on 2 March 2017 after the candidate was summoned to appear before judges amidst the Fillon affair.[2][8] He said he would not seek to retain his seat in the legislative elections in June to avoid broaching the law limiting the accumulation of mandates. Following the victory of Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election, Philippe was speculated to be a potential choice for Prime Minister, representing three essential aspects: political renewal (at the age of only 46 years old), affiliation with the moderate right, and familiarity with the political terrain.[2]

Prime Minister[edit]

On 15 May 2017, Philippe was appointed as Prime Minister by Emmanuel Macron.[9]

Personal life[edit]

Philippe is married to Edith Chabre, the executive director of the School of Law at Sciences Po,[10][11] and they have three children.[12][13]

Published works[edit]

Philippe has co-authored two works of fiction:

In 2015, he prefaced Promenades avec Oscar Niemeyer by Danielle Knapp, published by Petit à Petit.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Valérie Peiffer; Pierre Simon; Pascal Mateo (16 December 2010). "Edouard Philippe de A à Z". Le Point. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Jules Pecnard (10 May 2017). "Trois choses à savoir sur Edouard Philippe, le potentiel futur Premier ministre". L'Express. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Justine Chevalier (11 May 2017). "Qui est Edouard Philippe, juppéiste pressenti pour être Premier ministre?". BFM TV. Retrieved 14 May 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "Biographie et actualités de Edouard Philippe". France Inter. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Edouard Philippe : Biographie et articles". Le Point. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Jean-Yves Besselat, député UMP de Seine-Maritime, est mort". Le Monde. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  7. ^ Damien Fleurot (14 October 2014). "QG, porte-parole: Alain Juppé lance sa campagne". BFM TV. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Les juppéistes Apparu, Philippe et Béchu se retirent de la campagne Fillon". Le Figaro. Agence France-Presse. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  9. ^ "Le premier ministre Philippe prépare « un gouvernement rassembleur de compétences »". Le Monde. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "School of Law". Sciences Po. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Qui est la "très discrète" Edith Chabre, épouse d'Edouard Philippe, le nouveau Premier ministre?". France Soir. 16 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "All you need to know about France's little-known Prime Minister Edouard Philippe". The Local France. 15 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  13. ^ "Session 1: Building a Smart Port City for today and tomorrow (Durban)". 14th World Conference Cities and Ports. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Alain Auffray (15 May 2017). "Edouard Philippe, la transgression à Matignon". Libération. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Antoine Rufenacht
Mayor of Le Havre
2010–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Antoine Rufenacht
President of the Agglomeration Community of Le Havre
2010–present
Preceded by
Bernard Cazeneuve
Prime Minister of France
2017–present
National Assembly of France
Preceded by
Jean-Yves Besselat
Member of the National Assembly
for Seine-Maritime's 7th constituency

2012–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Emmanuel Macron
as President
Order of precedence of France
as Prime Minister
Succeeded by
Gérard Larcher
as President of the Senate