Harlem Hospital Center

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Harlem Hospital Center
New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation
Harlem Hospital Center Lenox Avenue facade.jpg
the Lenox Avenue facade
Location New York City, New York, United States
Funding Public hospital
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university Columbia University
Emergency department Level I trauma center
Beds 272
Founded 1887
Lists Hospitals in New York

Harlem Hospital Center is a 272-bed[1] public, municipally owned teaching hospital[1] affiliated with Columbia University.[2] It is located in New York City at 506 Lenox Avenue at 135th Street in the Harlem community of Manhattan and was founded in 1887.[1]


Administratively, Harlem Hospital Center is a member of the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation. It is designated as a Level 1 Trauma Center[1] and an Area Wide Burn Center[3] that includes a specialty in plastic and reconstructive surgery to reduce the scarring unique to the African-American community.[1] It is also designated as a Heart Care Station by the American Heart Association and participates in the 911 Receiving Hospitals Advisory Committee. It has been affiliated with the College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University since 1962.[1]

The Harlem Hospital Center has engaged in many innovative programs specialized for its inner-city location, such as one of the few specialized asthma centers.[4] While four percent of the national population suffers from asthma, that figure approaches 20 percent in Harlem.[1] It has a referral Center for Tuberculosis, Charles P. Felton National Tuberculosis Center, that served as a premier Model for TB control nationwide.

The hospital provides health care to an economically disadvantaged community; the median family income for its primary service area of Central Harlem is $24,230. Harlem Hospital Center is an important social, political and economic force within the community, and one of the largest US training centers for minority and female physicians.[5]

Harlem Hospital Center provides 450,000 outpatient visits, 76,000 emergency department visits,[1] and 13,000 inpatient admissions per year, and operates a School of Nursing and a Physician assistant program.

May Edward Chinn, the first African-American woman to graduate from Bellevue Hospital Medical College, was also the first African-American woman to intern at Harlem Hospital.[6]

Eric Mose painting a mural at Harlem Hospital (October 1936)

Art work[edit]

The hospital owns a set of Works Progress Administration murals, painted by artists including Charles Alston, Alfred Crimi, Georgette Seabrooke, Elba Lightfoot and Vertis Hayes.[7] In addition, a sculpture by John Rhoden, "Untitled (Family)", adorns some of the entrances.[8]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "HHC - Harlem Hospital Center". Nyc.gov. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  2. ^ http://cumc.columbia.edu/harlem-hospital/general-information/affiliations
  3. ^ Jason Hollander (Published: Oct 23, 2000Last modified: Sep 18, 2002). "Columbia News ::: Harlem Hospital Dedicates New Emergency Room and Celebrates Columbia Affiliation". Columbia.edu. Retrieved 2008-11-04.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ "HHC - Press Release". Ci.nyc.ny.us. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  5. ^ http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/Dec06/COFHE.MLawrence.pdf
  6. ^ Davis, George. "A HEALING HAND IN HARLEM", The New York Times, April 22, 1979. Accessed June 3, 2010.
  7. ^ "Harlem Hospital WPA Murals". Columbia.edu. Retrieved 2008-11-04. 
  8. ^ Rose, Derek. "Crafting a Big Tribute: Sculptor John Rhoden recalled as art genius" New York Daily News (February 23, 2001)

Further reading

  • Bailey, A. Peter, The Harlem Hospital Story: 100 Years of Struggle Against Illness, Racism and Genocide (1991) ISBN 096251697X
  • "Medical murals." Direction 1 (June 1938): cover, 14-15. Photo essay on murals with medical themes in hospitals by Eric Mose and Ruth Egri (Lincoln Hospital, NYC), and Rudolph Crimi (Harlem Hospital). Cover photograph of Mose at work.

External links[edit]