Kennedy family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Kennedys" redirects here. For other people named "Kennedy", see Kennedy (surname).
Kennedy family on jpk birthday sept 1963.jpg
Kennedy family in September 1963
Coat of Arms of John F. Kennedy.svg
Place of origin New Ross, County Wexford (Irish forebears)
Boston, Massachusetts (American political dynasty)
Distinctions Prominence in politics
Family tragedies
Estate Kennedy Compound, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts

The Kennedy family is an American family that has been prominent in American politics, public service, and business during the 20th century. At least one Kennedy family member held federal elective office in every year between 1947 and 2011, and then from 2013 onwards, a span of time comprising more than a quarter of the nation's existence.[1] Three of the four sons of Joseph, Sr. and Rose Kennedy served as Senator, and later ran for the presidency.


The first Kennedys to reside in the United States were Patrick Kennedy and Bridget Murphy, who sailed from Ireland to East Boston in 1849.[2] Their son P. J. went into Massachusetts politics and business; his wife's brother, Charles M. Hickey, served as mayor of Brockton, Massachusetts in 1913.

P.J. and his wife Mary Hickey were the parents of businessman and politician Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.[3] Joseph Sr. was the first Kennedy to achieve national prominence, and amassed a fortune in banking and securities trading, which he further expanded by investing heavily in other growing industries. Under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Sr. was appointed the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, directed the Maritime Commission, and served a controversial term as Ambassador to the United Kingdom in the lead-up to World War II.

Joseph Sr.'s wife was Rose Fitzgerald, whose father, John F. Fitzgerald, served as a state senator (1892-94), member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1895-1901, 1919), and mayor of Boston (1906-08, 1910-14).

Joseph Sr. and Rose had nine children: Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, and Ted. John served as the President of the United States, while Robert and Ted both became prominent senators. Every Kennedy to hold elective office has served as a Democrat while other members of the family have worked for the Democratic Party or held Cabinet posts under Democratic administrations. Many have attended Harvard University, and the family has contributed greatly to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Joseph Sr. originally hoped for his eldest son, Joseph Jr., to become a politician and ultimately to be elected President. After Joseph Jr. was killed in World War II, Joseph, Sr.'s hopes transferred to his second son, John. After returning from military service in 1947, John served in the U.S. House of Representatives for six years, and later as the junior Senator from Massachusetts until he was elected President in 1960. During his presidency, John appointed Robert as Attorney General. Meanwhile, Ted was elected to the Senate in 1962. The family received intense publicity during John's term as President, often emphasizing their relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics.

The family has suffered many tragedies in the present day, which contributed to the idea of the "Kennedy curse". Rosemary underwent a lobotomy which left her incapacitated; John and Robert were both assassinated in the 1960s; Ted was involved in the Chappaquiddick incident in 1969, which caused the death of his young assistant, Mary Jo Kopechne; and Joseph Jr., Kathleen, and John Jr. all died in airplane crashes.


Kennedy family tree[i]
I.[ii] Patrick Kennedy
(c.1823, Ireland–​1858, U.S.)[iii]
II. Mary L.
Joanna L. Kennedy
Kennedy III
Margaret M. Kennedy
Patrick Joseph 'P.J.' Kennedy
Mary Augusta Hickey
III. Joseph P. 'Joe' Kennedy Sr.
Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald
Francis Benedict
Mary Loretta
George William
Margaret Louise
Charles Joseph
IV. Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr.
John Fitzgerald

Rose Marie

Kathleen Agnes (Marchioness of Hartington)

Eunice Mary

Patricia Helen

Robert Francis 'Bobby'

Jean Ann

(b. 1928)
Edward Moore 'Ted'

Jacqueline Lee

William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
Robert Sargent Shriver Jr.
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford

(b. 1928)
Stephen Edward

Virginia Joan Bennett
(b. 1936)
1st m./div.
Victoria Anne Reggie
(b. 1954)
2nd m.
V. Arabella Kennedy
Caroline Bouvier

(b. 1957)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr.
Patrick Bouvier

Kara Anne

Edward Moore
Kennedy Jr.

(b. 1961)
Patrick Joseph
Kennedy II

(b. 1967)
Robert Sargent Shriver III
(b. 1954)
Maria Owings Shriver
(b. 1955)
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
(b. 1947)
Timothy Perry Shriver
(b. 1959)
Mark Kennedy Shriver
(b. 1964)
Anthony Paul Kennedy

(b. 1965)
Stephen Edward
Smith Jr.
(b. 1957)
William Kennedy

(b. 1960)
Amanda Mary
(b. 1967)
Kym Maria
(b. 1972)
Christopher Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1955)
Sydney Maleia Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1956)
Victoria Francis Lawford
(b. 1958)
(b. 1961)
Kathleen Hartington Kennedy
(b. 1951)
Joseph Patrick Kennedy II
(b. 1952)
Robert Francis Kennedy Jr.
(b. 1954)
David Anthony Kennedy
Mary Courtney Kennedy
(b. 1956)
Michael LeMoyne

Mary Kerry

(b. 1959)
Christopher George

(b. 1963)
Matthew Maxwell Taylor 'Max' Kennedy
(b. 1965)
Douglas Harriman

(b. 1967)
Rory Elizabeth Katherine

(b. 1968)
JPK2-R MSh-Schw CK-S
VI.[vii] Joseph Patrick
Kennedy III

(b. 1980)
Katherine Eunice

(b. 1989)
Patrick Arnold

(b. 1993)
Rose Kennedy

(b. 1988)
John Bouvier

(b. 1993)
  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl (10 May 2003). "Patrick Kennedy". The Peerage. p. 6527 § 65269. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Patrick Kennedy M, b. circa 1823, d. 22 November 1858 
  2. ^ The numbering of generations (in Roman numerals I–VII) is arbitrary
  3. ^ Parents: Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  4. ^ Marriage: Collier, P.; Horowitz, D. (1984). The Kennedys - An American Drama. [full citation needed]
  5. ^ Marriage: "Mary Augusta Hickey". Find A Grave. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ Parents: Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp. 88–89. 
  7. ^ In generation VII, only notable family members are listed

Offices held[edit]

Italics denote members who married into the family. Only members who held political office are shown below.

Since John F. Kennedy's election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1946, there have been very few times in which a Kennedy was not holding office, first from December 22, 1960 until January 20, 1961 (from Kennedy's resignation from the Senate to his assumption of the Presidency) and next from Patrick J. Kennedy's departure from the House on January 3, 2011 until Joseph P. Kennedy III's election to the House on January 3, 2013.


  1. ^ Levenson, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Pondering a Congress without Kennedys". The Boston Globe. 
  2. ^ Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  3. ^ The Kennedy Family The JFK Library, accessed Feb 10, 2016

External links[edit]