Peninsula

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Florida, an example of a peninsula.

A peninsula (Latin: paeninsula from paene "almost" and insula "island") is a piece of land surrounded by water on the majority of its border, while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. Examples are the upper and lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan, the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Niagara peninsula.[1][2][3][4] The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a single body of water. Peninsulas are not always named as such; one can also be a headland, cape, island promontory, bill, point, or spit.[5] A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape.[6] A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water; in English, the plural of peninsula is peninsulas or, less commonly, peninsulae.

Prevalence[edit]

Peninsulas can be found on coastlines and in smaller bodies of water throughout the world, ranging in scale from square meters to millions of square kilometers, some major peninsulas are:

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Antarctica[edit]

Africa[edit]

Australia[edit]

Asia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries, ed. (2004). Word Histories and Mysteries: From Abracadabra to Zeus. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 216. ISBN 978-0547350271. OCLC 55746553. 
  2. ^ "pen·in·su·la". American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Cambridge Dictionaries Online. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  4. ^ "Definition of peninsula". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "List of peninsulas". Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2016. 
  6. ^ http://travelingluck.com/Africa/Sierra%20Leone/Northern/_2409328_Fourah+Point.html#local_map

External links[edit]