Peter Fonda

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Peter Fonda
Peter Fonda 2009.jpg
At book signing event for Another Man's War by Sam Childers, Beverly Hills, California, May 5, 2009
Born Peter Henry Fonda
(1940-02-23) February 23, 1940 (age 77)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Residence Paradise Valley, Montana
Alma mater University of Nebraska at Omaha
Occupation Actor
Years active 1962–present
Spouse(s) Susan Jane Brewer
(m. 1961; div. 1974)
[1]
Portia Rebecca Crockett
(m. 1975; div. 2011)

Margaret 'Parky' DeVogelaere
(m. 2011)
[2]
Children 2, including Bridget Fonda
Parent(s) Henry Fonda
Frances Ford Seymour
Relatives Jane Fonda (sister)

Peter Henry Fonda (born February 23, 1940) is an American actor. He is the son of Henry Fonda, younger brother of Jane Fonda, and father of Bridget and Justin Fonda (by first wife Susan Brewer, stepdaughter of Noah Dietrich). Fonda is an icon of the counterculture of the 1960s.[3][4]

Early life[edit]

Fonda was born in New York City, the only son of actor Henry Fonda and his wife Frances Ford Seymour; he is the younger brother of actress Jane Fonda.[5][6] He and Jane had a maternal half-sister, Frances de Villers Brokaw (1931-2008), from their mother's first marriage, their mother committed suicide in a mental hospital when Peter, her youngest, was ten.

On his eleventh birthday, he accidentally shot himself in the stomach and nearly died, he went to Nainital and stayed for a few months for recovery. Years later, he referred to this incident while with John Lennon and George Harrison while taking LSD,[7][nb 1] he said, "I know what it's like to be dead." This inspired The Beatles' song "She Said She Said".[10]

Early on, Fonda studied acting in Omaha, Nebraska, his father's home town. While attending the University of Nebraska at Omaha, Fonda joined the Omaha Community Playhouse, where many actors (including his father and Marlon Brando) had begun their careers.[citation needed] Before he attended the University of Nebraska at Omaha, Peter attended Fay School in Southborough, MA and was a member of the class of 1954.[11]

Career[edit]

Early years and film work[edit]

with Patty McCormack guest starring in The New Breed TV series, 1962.

Fonda found work on Broadway, where he gained notice in Blood, Sweat and Stanley Poole, written by James and William Goldman.

Fonda's first film came when producer Ross Hunter was looking for a new male actor to romance Sandra Dee in Tammy and the Doctor (1963). He was cast in the role, in what was a minor hit,[12] he followed this with a support part in The Victors (1963), a bleak look at American soldiers in World War Two, directed by Carl Foreman. Fonda's performance won him a Golden Globe Award for most promising newcomer.

Fonda had impressed Robert Rossen, who had directed the Oscar winner All the King's Men. He cast Fonda in what would be Rossen's last movie, Lilith (1964), alongside Warren Beatty, Jean Seberg and Gene Hackman. Fonda's performance was well reviewed.

He graduated to starring roles in 'The Young Lovers (1964), about out-of-wedlock pregnancy, the sole directorial effort of Samuel Goldwyn Jnr, and not very popular. He also appeared in an episode of the ABC drama about college life, Channing In its 1963–1964 season.

Counter Culture Figure and Roger Corman[edit]

By the mid-1960s, Peter Fonda was not a conventional "leading man" in Hollywood, as Playboy magazine reported, Fonda had established a "solid reputation as a dropout". He had become outwardly nonconformist and grew his hair long, alienating the "establishment" film industry. Desirable acting work became scarce. Through his friendships with members of the band Byrds, Fonda visited The Beatles in their rented house in Benedict Canyon in Los Angeles in August 1965. While John Lennon, Ringo Starr, George Harrison, and Fonda were under the influence of LSD, Lennon heard Fonda say, "I know what it's like to be dead." Lennon used this phrase as the tag line for his song, "She Said She Said", which was included on the Revolver (1966) album.[10]

In 1966, Fonda was arrested in the Sunset Strip riot, which the police ended forcefully, the band Buffalo Springfield protested the department's handling of the incident in their song "For What It's Worth". Fonda did some singing and in 1968, recorded a 45 for the Chisa label: "November Night" (written by Gram Parsons) b/w "Catch The Wind" (the Donovan song), produced by Hugh Masekela.[13]

Fonda's first counterculture-oriented film role was as a biker in Roger Corman's B-movie, The Wild Angels (1966). Fonda originally was to support George Chakiris but graduated to the lead when Chakiris revealed he could not ride a motorycle, Fonda helped name his character "Heavenly Blues"; in the film, Fonda delivered a "eulogy" at a fallen Angel's funeral service. This was sampled by Psychic TV on their recording "Jack the TAB" LP (1988), it was later sampled in the Primal Scream recording "Loaded" (1991), and in other rock songs. The movie was a massive hit at the box office, screened at the Venice Film Festival, launched the biker movie genre, and established Fonda as a movie name.

Fonda next played the male lead in Corman's film The Trip (1967), a take on the experience and "consequences" of consuming LSD which was written by Jack Nicholson, the movie was very popular.

Fonda then travelled to France to appear in the portmanteau horror movie Spirits of the Dead (1968), his segment co-starred Fonda's sister Jane and was directed by her then-husband Roger Vadim.

Easy Rider[edit]

Replica of the "Captain America" Harley-Davidson chopper which Fonda rode in Easy Rider (1969), on display in a German museum.[14]

In 1968, Fonda produced, co-wrote and starred in Easy Rider, directed by Dennis Hopper, which was Fonda's breakthrough role, and a critical and commercial success. Easy Rider is about two long-haired bikers traveling through the southwest and southern United States where they encounter intolerance and violence. Fonda played "Captain America," a charismatic, laconic man whose motorcycle jacket bore a large American flag across the back. Dennis Hopper played the garrulous "Billy". Jack Nicholson was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his turn as George Hanson, an alcoholic civil rights lawyer who rides along with them. Fonda co-wrote the screenplay with Terry Southern and Hopper.

Hopper filmed the cross-country road trip depicted almost entirely on location. Fonda had secured funding in the neighborhood of $360,000 - (largely based on the fact he knew that was the budget Roger Corman needed to make The Wild Angels).[15]

The film was released in 1969 to international success, the guitarist and composer Robbie Robertson, of The Band, was so moved by an advance screening that he approached Fonda and tried to convince him to let him write a complete score, even though the film was nearly due for wide release. Fonda declined the offer, instead using Steppenwolf's "Born to Be Wild", Bob Dylan's "It's Alright Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)" sung by the Byrds' Roger McGuinn, and Robertson's own composition "The Weight" performed by The Band, among many other tracks. Fonda, Hopper and Southern were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, the film grossed over $40 million.[16]

Director[edit]

After the success of Easy Rider, both Hopper and Fonda were sought for film projects. Hopper made the drug-addled jungle epic The Last Movie (in which Fonda co-starred along with singer Michelle Phillips of The Mamas & the Papas). Fonda directed and starred in the Western film, The Hired Hand (1971). Fonda took the lead role in a cast that also featured Warren Oates, Verna Bloom and Beat poet Michael McClure. The film received mixed reviews and failed commercially upon its initial release, but many years later in 2001 a fully restored version was shown at various film festivals gaining critical praise, and was re-released by the Sundance Channel on DVD that same year.

Fonda tried another film as director, the science fiction film Idaho Transfer (1973). Fonda did not appear as an actor and the movie was little seen.

As an actor only he played a Vietnam War deserter in Two People (1973) for director Robert Wise.

Action Star[edit]

In 1974 Fonda starred alongside Susan George in the film Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry, a film about two NASCAR hopefuls who execute a supermarket heist to finance their jump into big-time auto racing, the film was a notable box-office hit that year and it would go on to become a cult classic.

It led to Fonda making a series of action movies: Open Season (1974), with William Holden; Race with the Devil (1975), fleeing devil worshippers with Warren Oates (another hit); 92 in the Shade (1975), again with Oates, for writer-director Thomas McGuane; Killer Force (1976) for director Val Guest; Futureworld (1976), a sequel to Westworld (1973); Fighting Mad (1976), a reuniting with Roger Corman, directed by Jonathan Demme.

Outlaw Blues (1977) was a drama, with Fonda playing a musician opposite Susan St. James . After some more action with High-Ballin' (1978), Fonda returned to directing, with the drama Wanda Nevada alongside Brooke Shields, his father Henry Fonda made a brief appearance as well, and it is the only film in which they performed together.

1980s[edit]

Fonda appeared in the hit film, The Cannonball Run (1981), as the "chief biker" that was a tongue-in-cheek nod to his earlier motorcycle films, he played a cult leader in Split Image (1983) but audiences were poor despite good reviews.

Most of his 1980s films were undistinguished: Daijōbu, My Friend (1983); Spasms (1983); Certain Fury (1985); The Rose Garden (1989).

He contributed to the script of Enemy (1990), in which he starred.

1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s Fonda had support roles in many "independent" films: Deadfall (1993), directed by Christopher Coppola; Bodies, Rest & Motion (1993), starring his daughter Bridget; Love and a .45 (1994); Nadja (1994), produced by David Lynch. He had a good support role in Escape from L.A. (1996).

Ulee's Gold[edit]

After years of films that did not attract much attention, Fonda received high-profile critical recognition and universal praise for his performance in Ulee's Gold (1997), he portrayed a stoic North Florida beekeeper who, in spite of his tumultuous family life, imparts a sense of integrity to his wayward convict son. He takes risks to protect his drug-abusing daughter-in-law, his performance gained him an Academy Award nomination that year for Best Actor. Fonda's long movie career has embraced the contrasts between the wide-eyed and questing (possibly amoral, certainly drug-dealing) rebel motorcyclist in Easy Rider and the heartsick, embittered, war-veteran father he played nearly three decades later in Ulee's Gold. The older man represents decency as he tries to share the wisdom of age with his defiantly nihilistic son, and saves the life of his addicted daughter-in-law.

In 1998, Peter Fonda starred in a TV movie version of The Tempest, based in part on Shakespeare's play of the same name, this version has often been overlooked when versions of the play are listed or quoted. It was directed by Jack Bender and starred Fonda, John Glover, Harold Perrineau, and Katherine Heigl,[17] although not available on DVD, it is available on VHS tape.

Two years later Fonda appeared in the 1999 crime film The Limey as the money laundering/celebrity rock music producer Terry Valentine, it was directed by Steven Soderbergh in a neo noir style.

Later work[edit]

In 2001 a fully restored version of The Hired Hand was exhibited at a number of festivals, despite generating mixed reviews upon its initial release, in 2001 it gained a generally enthusiastic critical response. The Sundance Channel released a DVD of the film in two separate editions that same year, and the film has since found an audience as a cult Western classic.

In 2002, Fonda was inducted into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame, he did the voice-over of the aging hippie, The Truth, in the video game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004), which was very successful.

In a 2007 interview, Fonda said that riding motorcycles helped him to focus, stating,

"I ride an MV Agusta. This is an Italian racing motorcycle, it forces focus. You have to be focused and in my life, in this business, focus is hard to find sometimes. So I need to force focus and that's great, the bike takes you on a free road. There's no fences on the roads I ride and I don't ride freeways. That's as much as I can tell you because there are more lands waiting for this little Christian boy. That's not true. I'm an atheist, but what the heck."[18]

In 2007, Fonda made a notable return to the big screen as the bounty hunter Byron McElroy in the remake of the 1957 Western, 3:10 to Yuma. He appeared together with Christian Bale and Russell Crowe. The film received two Academy Award nominations, and positive reviews from critics, he also appeared in the last scenes of the biker comedy Wild Hogs as Damien Blade, founder of the biker gang Del Fuegos and father of Jack, played by Ray Liotta. This year also featured Fonda portraying Mephistopheles, one of two main villains in the 2007 film Ghost Rider. Although he wanted to play the character in the sequel, he was replaced by Ciarán Hinds.

In 2009, he appeared as 'The Roman', the main villain, in The Boondock Saints II: All Saints Day, the sequel to a cult hit. 'Il Duce' was played by Billy Connolly. Fonda also appeared in the TV series Californication.

He was once asked about performing in the classic stage drama 12 Angry Men, for which his father Henry was renowned. Peter's response: "Don't hold your breath for that one."[citation needed]

Other work[edit]

Fonda wrote an autobiography, Don't Tell Dad (1998).[19]

Honors[edit]

In 2000, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him.[20]

Personal life[edit]

Fonda has had a permanent home in Paradise Valley, Montana since 1975.[21]

Politics[edit]

In 2011, Fonda and Tim Robbins produced The Big Fix, a documentary that examined the role of BP in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and its effects on the Gulf of Mexico. At a press conference at the Cannes Film Festival, Fonda stated that he had written to President Barack Obama about the spill and attacked him as a "fucking traitor" for allowing "foreign boots on our soil telling our military—in this case the Coast Guard—what they can and could not do, and telling us, the citizens of the United States, what we could or could not do.’"[22]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1963 Tammy and the Doctor Dr. Mark Cheswick
The Victors Weaver Nominated—Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor
1964 Lilith Stephen Evshevsky
The Young Lovers Eddie Slocum
1966 The Wild Angels Heavenly Blues
1967 The Trip Paul Groves
1968 Spirits of the Dead Baron Wilhelm (segment "Metzengerstein")
1969 Easy Rider Wyatt Nominated—Academy Award For Best Original Screenplay
Nominated—Writers Guild of America Award for Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen
(both shared with Dennis Hopper and Terry Southern)
1971 The Hired Hand Harry Collings Also director
The Last Movie Young Sheriff
1973 Idaho Transfer Director
Two People Evan Bonner
1974 Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry Larry Rider
Open Season Ken
1975 Race with the Devil Roger March
92 in the Shade Skelton
1976 Killer Force Bradley
Futureworld Chuck Browning
Fighting Mad Tom Hunter
1977 Outlaw Blues Bobby Ogden
1978 High-Ballin' Rane
1979 Wanda Nevada Beaudray Demerille Also director
1981 The Cannonball Run Chief Biker (cameo appearance)
1982 Split Image Kirklander
1983 Peppermint-Frieden Mr. Freedom
Dance of the Dwarfs Harry Bediker
Daijôbu, mai furendo Gonzy Traumerai
Spasms Dr. Tom Brazilian
1985 Certain Fury Rodney
1987 Hawken's Breed Hawken
1988 Mercenary Fighters Virelli
1989 The Rose Garden Herbert Schlüter
1990 Enemy a.k.a. Fatal Mission Ken Andrews Also co-writer
1992 South Beach Jake
Family Express Nick
1993 Deadfall Pete
Bodies, Rest & Motion Motorcycle Rider
1994 Give Me Your Life Marcantony Appfel
Love and a .45 Vergil Cheatham
Nadja Dracula/Dr. Van Helsing
1996 Escape from L.A. Pipeline
Grace of My Heart Guru Dave
1997 Ulee's Gold Ulysses "Ulee" Jackson Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor
Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Southeastern Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated—Independent Spirit Award for Best Male Lead
Nominated—National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor (2nd place)
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor
Painted Hero Ray the Cook
1999 The Limey Terry Valentine
2000 South of Heaven, West of Hell Shoshonee Bill
Thomas & the Magic Railroad Grandpa Burnett Stone
Second Skin Merv Gutman
2001 Wooly Boys Stoney
2004 The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things Grandfather
Ocean's Twelve Bobby Caldwell Deleted scene[23]
Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas The Truth (voice)
2006 In God We Trust aka Cobrador Millionaire
2007 Ghost Rider Mephistopheles
Wild Hogs Damien Blade
3:10 to Yuma Byron McElroy Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2008 Japan Alfred
2009 The Perfect Age of Rock 'n' Roll August West
The Boondock Saints II: All Saints Day The Roman, The old man, Louie
2011 The Trouble with Bliss Seymour Bliss
2012 Smitty Jack
Harodim Solomon Fell
2013 The Ultimate Life Jacob Early
The Harvest Grandfather
Copperhead Avery
As Cool as I Am Gerald
House of Bodies Henry Lee Bishop
2015 The Runner Rayne Pryce
Jesse James Lawman Mayor
2017 The Most Hated Woman in America Reverend Harrington
Boundaries In post-production
The Ballad of Lefty Brown Edward Johnson In post-production

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1962 Naked City Jody Selkin Episode: "The Night the Saints Lost Their Halos"
The New Breed Ronnie Bryson Episode: "Thousands and Thousands of Miles"
Wagon Train Orly French Episode: "The Orly French Story"
1963 The Defenders Gary Foster Episode: "The Brother Killers"
Channing Episode: "An Obelisk for Benny"
1964 Arrest and Trial Alex Bakalyan Episode: "A Circle of Strangers"
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Verge Likens Episode: "The Return of Verge Likens"
Twelve O'Clock High Lt. Andy Lathrop Episode: "The Sound of Distant Thunder"
1966 Insight Episode: "Politics Can Become a Habit"
What's My Line? Himself/Mystery Guest
1968 Certain Honorable Men Robbie Conroy TV film
1980 The Hostage Tower Mike Graham TV film
1985 A Reason to Live Gus Stewart TV film
1988 Sound Roberto Lovari TV film
A Time of Indifference Leo TV miniseries
1994 In the Heat of the Night Marcantony Appfel Two episodes
1996 Don't Look Back Mouse TV film
1997 Space Ghost Coast to Coast Himself Two episodes
1998 The Tempest Gideon Prosper TV film
1999 The Passion of Ayn Rand Frank O'Connor TV film
Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated—Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor – Miniseries or a Movie
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
2002 The Laramie Project Dr. Cantway TV film
2003 The Maldanoda Miracle Father Russell TV film
2004 Capital City President Bridgewater TV film
A Thief of Time Harrison Houk TV film
Back When We Were Grownups Dr. Will Allenby TV film
2005 Supernova Dr. Austin Shepard TV film
2007 The Gathering Thomas Carrier TV miniseries
ER Pierce Tanner Episode: "300 Patients"
2008 Journey to the Center of the Earth Edward TV film
2009 Revolution Lawrence Fortis TV film
Californication Himself Episode: "So Here's the Thing..."
2011 CSI: NY William Hunt Two episodes
Hawaii Five-0 Jesse Billings Episode: "Mea Makamae"
2014 HR Jonathan Quaff TV movie
The Blacklist Geoff Pearl Episode: "The Mombasa Cartel"
2016 Documentary Now! Peter Fonda Episode: "Mr. Runner Up: My Life as an Oscar Bridesmaid"
Ride with Norman Reedus Himself Episode: "The Keys with Peter Fonda"
2017 Tom Clancy's Jack Ryan[24] Filming

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peter Fonda- Biography
  2. ^ "Easy Rider star Peter Fonda marries for the third time at 71". Daily Mail. London. 2011-06-20. 
  3. ^ Nathan Rabin (2003-10-01). "three questions with Peter Fonda". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved 2010-01-09. 
  4. ^ "Peter Fonda". New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2011. 
  5. ^ Sweeney, Kevin (1992). Henry Fonda: a bio-bibliography. New York [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-26571-2. 
  6. ^ "Peter Fonda profile at". FilmReference.com. Retrieved September 3, 2011. 
  7. ^ Everett 1999, p. 62.
  8. ^ Rodriguez 2012, p. 149.
  9. ^ a b Gilmore, Mikal (25 August 2016). "Beatles' Acid Test: How LSD Opened the Door to 'Revolver'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  10. ^ a b Brown, Peter and Gaines, Steven (1983). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-36134-4
  11. ^ "Notable Alumni". Fay School. Retrieved 13 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Looking at Hollywood: Ross Hunter Gives New Actors Chance Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 26 June 1962: a1.
  13. ^ "Chisa Records: A Discography". Dougpayne.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  14. ^ "Startseite". Zweirad.de. Retrieved 2007-10-27. 
  15. ^ Peter Fonda interview, "Easy Rider: Shaking the Cage" (1999), documentary on Easy Rider DVD
  16. ^ "Box office / business for Easy Rider". 
  17. ^ Shakespeare's The Tempest
  18. ^ Murray, Rebecca (2010-06-17). "Ben Foster and Peter Fonda Talk About 3:10 to Yuma". Movies.about.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  19. ^ Fonda, Peter (1998). Don't tell Dad: a memoir. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6111-8. 
  20. ^ Palm Springs Walk of Stars by date dedicated
  21. ^ Hemingway, Valarie (Fall 2006). "A Conversation With Peter Fonda". Distinctly Montana. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  22. ^ Jen Yamato (2011-05-19). "Peter Fonda Bashes President Obama in Cannes: ‘You are a F*cking Traitor’". MovieLine. 
  23. ^ Peter Fonda joins Ocean's Twelve as Matt Damon's character's father
  24. ^ http://deadline.com/2017/03/peter-fonda-tom-clancys-jack-ryan-amazon-drama-series-abbie-cornish-john-krasinski-1202035988/

Additional sources[edit]

  • Playboy, "Playboy Interview: Peter Fonda", HMH Publishing Co., Inc., pp. 85–108, 278–79 (September, 1970).
  • Filmography: Internet Movie Database.
  • Also in Thomas and the Magic Railroad[specify]

Further reading [edit]

  • Collier, Peter (1991). The Fondas: A Hollywood Dynasty. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13592-8. 
  • Fonda, Peter (1998). Don't tell dad: a memoir. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6111-8. 

External links[edit]


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