Robert F. Kennedy Jr.

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Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
Robert F. Kennedy Jr. by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Kennedy in 2017
Personal details
Born Robert Francis Kennedy Jr.
(1954-01-17) January 17, 1954 (age 63)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Emily Black
(m. 1982; div. 1994)

Mary Richardson
(m. 1994–2010)

Cheryl Hines
(m. 2014)
Children 6
Parents Robert F. Kennedy
Ethel Skakel Kennedy
Relatives See Kennedy family
Alma mater Harvard University (BA)
London School of Economics
University of Virginia (JD)
Pace University (LLM)

Robert Francis Kennedy Jr. (born January 17, 1954) is an American radio host, environmental activist, author and attorney specializing in environmental law. He is an Irish American, son of Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy and the nephew of former U.S. President John F. Kennedy. Kennedy is President of the Board of Waterkeeper Alliance, a non-profit organization focused on grass-roots efforts to protect and enhance waterways worldwide, he currently co-hosts Ring of Fire, a nationally syndicated American radio program. Kennedy has written three political books and two children's books.

Early life[edit]

Kennedy was born in Washington, D.C. He is the third of eleven children born to Senator Robert F. Kennedy and socialite Ethel Skakel Kennedy, and is a nephew of World War II casualty Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy Jr., President John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy, and longtime Senator Edward Moore "Ted" Kennedy. Kennedy was 9 years old when his uncle John F. Kennedy was assassinated while serving as president. Kennedy remembered crying with his father upon seeing him after hearing of his uncle's assassination, he had been informed by his mother of President Kennedy's death.[1] He was 14 years old when his father was assassinated while running for president in the 1968 election, he spoke and read excerpts from his father's speeches at the Mass commemorating his death at Arlington National Cemetery.[2][3] Following his father's death, Kennedy had difficulty coping and got in trouble at home and with the law, getting arrested for loitering and marijuana possession.[4]

After obtaining his high school diploma from Pomfret School in Connecticut, Kennedy continued his education at Harvard and the London School of Economics, graduating from Harvard College in 1976 with a Bachelor of Arts in American History and Literature. He went on to earn a J.D. from the University of Virginia and a Master of Laws from Pace University.[5]

Legal career[edit]

In 1983, Kennedy was hired as Assistant District Attorney by New York County District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau.

In September 1983, Kennedy was charged with heroin possession in South Dakota when he became ill in the lavatory of an airplane that stopped in Rapid City, South Dakota;[6] in February 1984, he pleaded guilty to a felony charge of possessing heroin.[7] He was sentenced to community service after being sent to rehab.[8][9]

In 1984, Kennedy joined the Riverkeeper organization to satisfy the 1,500 hours community service to which he was sentenced. Riverkeeper was founded in 1966 by a group of fishermen and residents from New York with the goal of maintaining the purity of New York City drinking water.[10] While there, Kennedy worked with the group to sue alleged polluters of the Hudson River, after his 1,500 hours were complete, the group hired Kennedy as its chief attorney.[11] Kennedy also founded and is the president of Waterkeeper Alliance,[12] which connects and supports local waterkeeper groups.

Since 1987, Kennedy has served as a Clinical Professor of Environmental Law and co-director of the Pace Environmental Litigation Clinic[13] at Pace University School of Law, the clinic allows second- and third-year law students to try cases against alleged Hudson River polluters. Kennedy also serves as a senior attorney for the Natural Resources Defense Council,[14] a non-profit organization based in New York which works to expand environmental laws and restrict land use.

In the beginning of 2016 Kennedy, as part of Kennedy & Madonna LLP, joined Morgan & Morgan law firm as of counsel.[15] The partnership arose from the two firms’ successful collaboration on the case against SoCalGas Company following the Aliso Canyon gas leak in California.

Politics[edit]

Environmental activism[edit]

Kennedy in 2007

In 1998, Kennedy, along with Chris Bartle and John Hoving, created a bottled-water company that donates all of its profits to Waterkeeper Alliance,[16] they named their Manhattan-based company Tear of the Clouds LLC, after the lake of the same name, the source of the Hudson River in the Adirondack Mountains.[17] Their product is bottled under the name Keeper Springs;[18] in 1999, Kennedy accused Rudy Giuliani, then Mayor of New York City, of putting his political ambitions above the protection of New York City's drinking water by failing to enforce a 1997 watershed agreement to regulate development around reservoirs which provided drinking water to the city. Kennedy insisted New York City's Department of Environmental Protection was becoming "an agent of destruction in the New York City's watershed."[19]

In April 2001, Kennedy was arrested for trespassing at Camp Garcia, the United States Navy training facility on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, where he and others were protesting of the use of a section of the island for training. The trespassing incident forced the suspension of live-fire exercises for almost three hours, despite the best efforts of his counsel, former Governor of New York Mario Cuomo, Kennedy was sentenced to 30 days in jail by Judge Hector Laffitte on July 18, 2001.[20][21] In February 2013, while protesting the Keystone Pipeline, Kennedy was arrested for blocking a thoroughfare in front of the White House during a protest. Kennedy's son Conor was also arrested.[22]

In a December 16, 2005 editorial for The New York Times, Kennedy argued, "As an environmentalist, I support wind power, including wind power on the high seas. I am also involved in siting wind farms in appropriate landscapes, of which there are many, but I do believe that some places should be off limits to any sort of industrial development. I wouldn't build a wind farm in Yosemite National Park. Nor would I build one on Nantucket Sound, which is exactly what the company Energy Management is trying to do with its Cape Wind project."[23] This position angered some environmentalists.[24]

In a 2005 book by conservative writer Peter Schweizer, it was claimed that Kennedy allegedly received royalty payments from two family-owned oil drilling companies, and that he used private jets while lecturing about the perils of global warming.[25]

On July 7, 2007, Kennedy appeared in New Jersey at the Live Earth event, where he gave a speech challenging the public to question the implied position of the energy industry that economic and environmental policies are mutually exclusive, he referred to several media personalities (Glenn Beck, John Stossel, Sean Hannity and Rush Limbaugh among them) as "flat-Earthers" and "traitors."[26] Kennedy's speech concludes with the statement "And I will see all of you on the barricades." He describes himself as pro-life on the subject of abortion.[27] Kennedy also sits on the board of directors of the Food Allergy Initiative.[28]

In 2009, Kennedy collaborated on an article titled "The Energy of Bobby Kennedy Jr."[29] for the debut summer issue of Above, an environmentally-themed magazine based in London.

In May 2010, Kennedy was named one of Time.com's "Heroes for the Planet" for his success in helping Riverkeeper to restore the Hudson River.[30]

In June 2011, Kennedy appeared at select screenings of The Last Mountain produced by Bill Haney, and co-written by Haney and Peter Rhodes, the film depicts a battle in Appalachia between a local community and a large fossil fuel company over coal exploration. In October 2012, Kennedy gave a phone interview with Politico, where he called on environmentalists to direct their dissatisfaction towards the U.S. Congress, rather than President Barack Obama. Kennedy reasoned that Obama "didn't deliver" due to having a U.S. Congress "like we haven’t seen before in American history." Kennedy still wanted climate change to receive more attention in the 2012 presidential election, which was only a month away.[31]

On October 3, 2013, Kennedy voiced his belief that weighing economic concerns against environmental protection is a "false choice" during a speech at the Franklin and Marshall College.[32]

Kennedy's early environmental work is featured in two films by director Les Guthman: The Hudson Riverkeepers[33] and The Waterkeepers.[34] In September 2014, Kennedy voiced his wish that there would be a law which punished skeptics and deniers during an interview with Climate Depot during New York City's People's Climate March, he also accused politicians who failed to act on climate change policy as serving their own special interests. “Those guys are doing the Koch Brothers' bidding and are against all the evidence of the rational mind, saying global warming does not exist,” Kennedy said. “They are contemptible human beings.” He accused the Koch Brothers of "polluting our atmosphere" and confirmed that he believed they were treasonous and should be imprisoned.[35] On the Koch Brothers, he further stated "The Koch brothers have all the money. They’re putting $300 million this year into their efforts to stop the climate bill. And the only thing we have in our power is people power, and that’s why need to put this demonstration on the street."[36] In October 2014, Kennedy endorsed Eric Schneiderman for re-election as Attorney General of the State of New York, citing his record on the environment. Kennedy expressed optimism over partnering with Schneiderman and his second term: "I look forward to partnering with Eric over the next four years on this important work, and I’m proud to endorse him for re-election.” Kennedy's endorsement was criticized by a spokeswoman of John Cahill, the Republican candidate running against Schneiderman.[37]

In February 2015 Kennedy was among "notable" alumni of Harvard University including Natalie Portman, Darren Aronofsky and Susan Faludi who wrote an open letter to Harvard University demanding that it divest coal, gas, and oil companies from its $35.9 billion endowment.

Those students have done a remarkable job in garnering overwhelming student support for divestment, and the faculty too have delivered a strong message, but so far Harvard has not just refused to divest, they've doubled down by announcing the decision to buy stock in some of the dirtiest energy companies on the planet.

— Open letter to Harvard university from notable alumni, 2014, [38]

Views on the murder of Martha Moxley[edit]

In January 2003, Kennedy wrote a controversial article in The Atlantic Monthly entitled "A Miscarriage of Justice" about the 1975 murder of Martha Moxley in Greenwich, Connecticut, of which his cousin Michael Skakel was charged. Skakel and Kennedy are first cousins: Kennedy's mother and Skakel's father are siblings; in the article, Kennedy insists that Michael's indictment "was triggered by an inflamed media, and that an innocent man is now in prison." Kennedy's article presents the argument that there is more evidence suggesting that Kenneth Littleton, the Skakel family's live-in tutor, killed Moxley. He also calls Dominick Dunne the "driving force" behind Skakel's prosecution;[39] in July 2016, Kennedy released a book entitled Framed: Why Michael Skakel Spent over a Decade in Prison for a Murder He Didn't Commit.[40]

Views on autism and vaccines[edit]

Kennedy is an outspoken opponent of the inclusion of the mercury-based preservative thimerosal in vaccines; in June 2005, Kennedy authored an article in Rolling Stone and Salon.com titled "Deadly Immunity", alleging a government conspiracy to cover up connections between the vaccine preservative thimerosal and childhood autism.[41] The article contained a number of factual errors, leading Salon.com to issue five corrections and ultimately to retract the article completely on January 16, 2011. The retraction was motivated by accumulating evidence of errors and scientific fraud underlying the vaccine-autism claim.[42] Previous to this retraction, sometime in 2010, Rolling Stone had inadvertently broken the link to Kennedy's article during a website redesign, but never considered retracting the story,[41][43] the article is still posted on Kennedy’s website.[44]

In April 2015, Kennedy promoted a film, Trace Amounts, which links autism to vaccinations. Kennedy discussed issues on April 24's Real Time with Bill Maher, at a screening in Sacramento, California, Kennedy described the alleged incidents of vaccinations causing autism as a "holocaust."[45]

On January 10, 2017, Kennedy met with President-elect Trump. Following the meeting, Kennedy claimed that he was offered by Trump to chair a new commission on vaccines. However, a Trump Spokesperson said that no decision had been made regarding setting up such a commission.[46]

Views on 2004 and 2008 presidential elections[edit]

Kennedy during a 2007 speech in Urbana, Illinois

Kennedy endorsed John Kerry in the 2004 American presidential election, noting his strong environmental record, while also criticizing George W. Bush.[47] In an article in the June 5, 2006 issue of Rolling Stone, "Was the 2004 Election Stolen?",[48] Kennedy comes to the conclusion that the Republican Party stole the 2004 American presidential election. Farhad Manjoo, Technology staff writer for Slate.com, has criticized Kennedy's interpretation and methodology.[49] Kennedy responded to Manjoo's criticisms in detail.[50]

In late 2007, Kennedy[51] and his sisters Kerry and Kathleen[52] announced that they would be endorsing Hillary Clinton.

Kennedy at a taping of ETown during the 2008 Democratic National Convention

In response to subsequent endorsements by Caroline Kennedy, Ted Kennedy, and Patrick J. Kennedy for Barack Obama, Robert Jr., Kerry, and Kathleen wrote in a January 29, 2008, editorial:

"By now you may have read or heard that our cousin, Caroline Kennedy, and our uncle, Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, have come out in favor of Sen. Barack Obama. We, however, are supporting Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton because we believe that she is the strongest candidate for our party and our country."[53]

Kennedy was also featured in an ad campaign for Clinton alongside the grandson of Cesar Chavez;[54] in October 2008, on the eTown radio program where he received their E-chievement Award and was interviewed, he cited the need to elect Barack Obama.[55]

Views on 2012 presidential election[edit]

Kennedy supported the reelection of Barack Obama. Both Obama and Mitt Romney aimed to make the U.S. less dependent on foreign oil by continued development of domestic energy resources. Kennedy, however, believed President Obama's and Romney's plans were different in important ways, he thought Romney was primarily interested in helping his allies in the traditional energy industry.[56]

Views on JFK assassination and the Warren Commission[edit]

On the evening of January 11, 2013, Charlie Rose interviewed Robert Kennedy Jr. and his sister Rory Kennedy in Dallas at the Winspear Opera House as part of Mayor Mike Rawlings' hand-chosen committee’s year long program of celebrating the life and presidency of John F. Kennedy. Robert F. Kennedy Jr. said that he was convinced that Lee Harvey Oswald was not solely responsible for the assassination of his uncle, President John F. Kennedy; and said his father Robert Kennedy was "fairly convinced" that others besides Oswald were involved in his brother's assassination and privately believed the Warren Commission report was a "shoddy piece of craftsmanship."[57] Kennedy was nine years old when President Kennedy was assassinated and 14 years old when his father was assassinated.

Views on US foreign policy in the Middle East[edit]

In an article entitled "Why the Arabs don’t want us in Syria," published in Politico in February 2016, Kennedy referred to the "bloody history that modern interventionists like George W. Bush, Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio miss when they recite their narcissistic trope that Mideast nationalists 'hate us for our freedoms.' For the most part they don’t; instead they hate us for the way we betrayed those freedoms — our own ideals — within their borders." Kennedy wrote that the reverberations from decades of "CIA shenanigans continue to echo across the Mideast today in national capitals and from mosques to madras schools over the wrecked landscape of democracy and moderate Islam that the CIA helped obliterate." He cites evidence for claims that Syria's president, Bashar al-Assad, led military and intelligence planners to foment a Sunni uprising by his rejection of a proposed Qatar-Turkey pipeline through Syria in 2009, well before the Arab Spring led to uprising against Assad.[58]

Political aspirations[edit]

Kennedy first considered running for political office in 2000, considering a run for United States Senator in New York,[59] after deciding not to run in that election, he then considered running in 2005 for Attorney General. With the possibility of a matchup against his then brother-in-law Andrew Cuomo generating media interest, Kennedy again decided not to run, despite being considered the frontrunner if he were to run.[60]

In a January 2007 interview in O: The Oprah Magazine, Kennedy said he would consider running for the potentially open seat of senator Hillary Clinton of New York if she were to win the 2008 presidential election,[61] his father was elected to the same seat in 1964, and held it for 41 months, until his death in 1968. Clinton ultimately did not win the election, but was instead chosen for United States Secretary of State. Kennedy announced on December 2, 2008 that he did not wish to be appointed to the U.S. Senate, feeling it would take too much time away from his family.[62]

Media work[edit]

Kennedy co-hosts Ring of Fire, which was previously on Air America Radio (now defunct), with Mike Papantonio,[63] even though Kennedy suffers from spasmodic dysphonia,[64] a disorder which makes speech difficult, and causes the voice to sound quavery. "Ring of Fire" is now independently syndicated.

Kennedy has written two books and several articles on environmental issues, his articles have appeared in publications such as The New York Times, The Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, Rolling Stone, Atlantic Monthly, Esquire, The Nation, Outside magazine, and The Village Voice.

Books[edit]

Political books

Children's books

Marriages and children[edit]

Kennedy has been married three times.[65]

He married Emily Ruth Black (born 1957) on April 3, 1982,[66] they had two children: Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy III (born 1984) and Kathleen Alexandra "Kick" Kennedy (born 1988).[67] The couple divorced on March 25, 1994.[68]

On April 15, 1994, three weeks after divorcing Emily, Kennedy married Mary Kathleen Richardson (1959–2012) aboard a research vessel along the Hudson River,[69] they had four children: Conor Richardson Kennedy (born 1994), Kyra LeMoyne Kennedy (born 1995), William Finbar "Finn" Kennedy,[70] and Aidan Caohman Vieques Kennedy (born 2001). On May 12, 2010, Kennedy filed for divorce from Mary; three days later she was charged with drunken driving.[71] On May 16, 2012, Mary was found dead in a building on the grounds of her Mount Kisco, New York, home; the death was ruled by the Westchester County medical examiner to be suicide due to asphyxiation from hanging.[72][73][74]

Kennedy and actress-director Cheryl Hines announced their engagement in late April 2014, and were married on August 2, 2014, at the Kennedy compound in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts.[75]

Personal life[edit]

In 1983, Kennedy was arrested in a Rapid City, South Dakota, airport for heroin possession after a search of his carry-on bag uncovered 182 milligrams (0.0064 oz) of the drug.[9] Upon entering a plea of guilty, Kennedy, then 29 years old, was sentenced to two years' probation, periodic tests for drug use, treatment by joining Narcotics Anonymous, and 1,500 hours of community service by Presiding Judge Marshall P. Young.[9]

In September 2013, The New York Post released excerpts from Kennedy's diary from 2001, which was stolen, in which Kennedy detailed multiple affairs,[76] and penned his opinions about public figures, notably writing that the Revs. Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton “give me the creeps”, in a July 5 entry.[77] Kennedy said the paper had printed "...excerpts from a 13-year-old diary illegally stolen from me...”.[77]

Kennedy is a licensed master falconer and former president of the New York State Falconer's Association,[78] he is also an avid whitewater rafter and has led several rafting trips in Canada and Central America.[14][79] He appeared in the IMAX documentary film Grand Canyon Adventure: River at Risk (2008), riding the length of the Grand Canyon with his daughter and with anthropologist Wade Davis.

Kennedy suffers from spasmodic dysphonia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Jr. on JFK's Assassination: 'We Were All Crying'". Parade. November 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ Storrin, Matt (June 7, 1969). "Folk Mass Honors RFK". Boston Globe. 
  3. ^ "Robert Kennedy's Words Sung In Mass Marking Assassination". The New York Times. June 7, 1970. 
  4. ^ "Robert Kennedy, 17, Fined for Loitering; Pleads No Contest". The New York Times. August 24, 1971. 
  5. ^ The Backbone Cabinet – A Progressive Cabinet Roster, backbonecampaign.org
  6. ^ "Robert Kennedy Jr. Faces Charges of Heroin Possession in S. Dakota", New York Times, September 17, 1983, UPI
  7. ^ "Robert Kennedy Jr. Admits He Is Guilty In Possessing Heroin" New York Times, February 18, 1984
  8. ^ "Oprah Interviews Robert Kennedy Jr" February 2007 issue of O, The Oprah Magazine
  9. ^ a b c "AROUND THE NATION; Kennedy Son Given Probation in Drug Case". The New York Times. March 17, 1984. 
  10. ^ Our Story, Riverkeeper.org
  11. ^ Official website, Riverkeeper.org
  12. ^ "Waterkeeper Alliance". Waterkeeper.org. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ Staff, law.pace.edu
  14. ^ a b Robert F. Kennedy Jr, robertfkennedyjr.com
  15. ^ "Porter Ranch Gas Leak With Attorney Robert F. Kennedy". February 18, 2016. 
  16. ^ The Idea, keepersprings.com.
  17. ^ Charlie Rose, A conversation about the Hudson River pollution with Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and John Cronin, charlierose.com.
  18. ^ Official website, Keeper Springs.
  19. ^ Vaughn, Jacqueline (2003). Environmental Activism: A Reference Handbook. pp. 156–157. ISBN 978-1576079010. 
  20. ^ "Kennedy Gets Noted Defense, And 30 Days". The New York Times. July 7, 2001. 
  21. ^ "US Navy resumes Vieques war games". BBC News. August 2, 2001. 
  22. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Jr., others arrested in Keystone pipeline protest at White House". Washingtontimes.com. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  23. ^ An Ill Wind Off Cape Cod, The New York Times, December 16, 2005.
  24. ^ The Wind and the Willful, grist.org, January 1, 2006.
  25. ^ Schweizer, Peter (October 25, 2005). Do as I Say (Not as I Do): Profiles in Liberal Hypocrisy. Doubleday. pp. 272 pages. ISBN 0-385-51349-6. 
  26. ^ RFK JR – Live Earth on YouTube.
  27. ^ Paulson, Michael (March 15, 2005). "A natural devotion". The Boston Globe. 
  28. ^ "FAI Leadership". at Food Allergy Initiative. 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2008. 
  29. ^ "The Energy of Bobby Kennedy Jr.", Above magazine, Summer 2009.
  30. ^ Rosenblatt, Roger (July 19, 1999). "In Search of the Beauty And Mystery of Home". Time. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  31. ^ Dixon, Darius (October 12, 2012). "Robert F. Kennedy Jr.:Don't Blame Obama for green failures". Politico.com. 
  32. ^ Cusick, Marie (October 3, 2013). "Robert F. Kennedy Jr. calls natural gas a "catastrophe"". StateImpact Pennsylvania. 
  33. ^ "The Hudson Riverkeepers (1998)". IMDb. February 6, 1998. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  34. ^ "The Waterkeepers (TV Movie 2000)". IMDb. February 23, 2000. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  35. ^ Chumley, Cheryl K. (September 23, 2014). "Robert Kennedy Jr.: We need laws to 'punish global warming skeptics'". 
  36. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Jr.: "The Only Thing We Have in Our Power is People Power!"". September 22, 2014. 
  37. ^ Lovett, Ken (October 7, 2014). "Robert Kennedy Jr. endorses Eric Schneiderman for reelection". New York Daily News. 
  38. ^ Atler, Charlotte (February 20, 2015). "Natalie Portman Joins Calls for Harvard to Sell Off Stocks in Big Energy Firms". Time.com. Time. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  39. ^ Kennedy, Robert F. Jr (January–February 2003). "A Miscarriage of Justice". The Atlantic Monthly. 
  40. ^ Melia, Michael (July 12, 2016). "RFK Jr. Book Stokes Intrigue In Michael Skakel Murder Case". Hartford Courant. Retrieved July 12, 2016. 
  41. ^ a b R. F. Kennedy Jr. (June 20, 2005). "Deadly Immunity (corrected)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 22, 2006. 
  42. ^ Kerry Lauerman (January 16, 2011). "Correcting our record". Salon.com. Retrieved January 16, 2011. At the time, we felt that correcting the piece—and keeping it on the site, in the spirit of transparency—was the best way to operate. But subsequent critics, including most recently, Seth Mnookin in his book "The Panic Virus," further eroded any faith we had in the story's value. We've grown to believe the best reader service is to delete the piece entirely..... But continued revelations of the flaws and even fraud tainting the science behind the connection make taking down the story the right thing to do." 
  43. ^ Oransky, Ivan (January 16, 2011). "Salon retracts 2005 Robert F. Kennedy Jr. piece on alleged autism-vaccine link". RetractionWatch. Retrieved October 27, 2011. 
  44. ^ Kennedy Jr., Robert F. (June 16, 2005). "Deadly Immunity". Retrieved January 10, 2017. 
  45. ^ Jeremy B. White (7 April 2015). "Robert Kennedy Jr. warns of vaccine-linked 'holocaust'". Sacramento Bee. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  46. ^ "Vaccine skeptic Robert Kennedy Jr. says Trump asked him to lead commission on ‘vaccine safety’". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-01-11. 
  47. ^ Welch, Craig (October 29, 2003). "RFK Jr. blasts Bush, champions Kerry". The Seattle Times. 
  48. ^ Was the 2004 Election Stolen?, Rolling Stone.
  49. ^ Was the 2004 election stolen? No., Salon News, June 3, 2006.
  50. ^ Was the 2004 election stolen? RFK responds, Salon News, June 6, 2006.
  51. ^ Robert F. Kennedy Jr. endorses Hillary Clinton, CNN, November 29, 2007.
  52. ^ Kennedy Family Split On Endorsements, CBS News, December 16, 2007.
  53. ^ Kathleen Hartington Kennedy, Robert F. Kennedy Jr., and Mary Kerry Kennedy (29 January 2008). "Kennedys for Clinton". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 29, 2008. 
  54. ^ Beth Fouhy (February 2, 2008). "Clinton Ads Feature Kennedy, Chavez Kin". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 6, 2008. Retrieved February 2, 2008. 
  55. ^ Show Number: 0841, Air Date: week of October 8, 2008, "Etown at the DNC Pt. II", ETown
  56. ^ Blodget, Henry (October 23, 2012). "Robert F. Kennedy Jr.: Renewable Energy Is Key to U.S. Growth". Daily Ticker. 
  57. ^ "RFK children speak about assassination in Dallas". The Big Story. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  58. ^ "Why the Arabs don’t want us in Syria". Retrieved May 26, 2016. 
  59. ^ Moore, Martha T. (January 18, 2005). "RFK Jr. ponders attorney general run". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  60. ^ Hicks, Jonathan P. (January 25, 2005). "Robert Kennedy Won't Run for State Attorney General". The New York Times. Retrieved October 20, 2014. 
  61. ^ Tony Allen-Mills (January 21, 2007). "Kennedy Jr. eyes Hillary’s Senate seat". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved February 2, 2008. 
  62. ^ Robert F. Kennedy’s Son Not Interested in Senate Seat, The New York Times.
  63. ^ Ring of Fire, Air America Radio.
  64. ^ Leibovich, Mark (June 25, 2006). "Another Kennedy Living Dangerously". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2007. 
  65. ^ McAfee, Tierny (Sept. 15, 2015). "New Book Details Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s Troubled Marriages", People Magazine. Retrieved Jan 11, 2016.
  66. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Weds Law Classmate". The New York Times. April 4, 1982. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  67. ^ "Kick Kennedy - Biography - IMDb". IMDb. Retrieved March 3, 2015. 
  68. ^ "Robert Kennedy Jr. Gets Quick Dominican Divorce". Orlando Sentinel. March 27, 1994. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  69. ^ Brozan, Nadine (April 20, 1994). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  70. ^ Brozan, Nadine (November 13, 1997). "Chronicle". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  71. ^ "Bobby Kennedy Jr. sues wife for divorce". The Journal News. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  72. ^ "Robert F. Kennedy Jr.'s Wife, Mary Richardson Kennedy, Dead". ABC News. Retrieved May 16, 2012. 
  73. ^ Hall, Christine. "Police: Mary Kennedy Committed Suicide". The Bedford Daily Voice. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  74. ^ Button, Liz. "Hanging Confirmed as Cause of Kennedy's Death". The Bedford Daily Voice. Retrieved July 26, 2012. 
  75. ^ "Robert Kennedy Jr. weds actress Cheryl Hines at Kennedy compound". CNN. August 4, 2014. 
  76. ^ Vincent, Isabel; Klein, Melissa (September 8, 2013). "RFK’s sex diary: His secret journal of affairs - New York Post". New York Post. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  77. ^ a b Vincent, Isabel; Klein, Melissa (September 9, 2013). "Diary bombshell: RFK’s slams against Al Sharpton, Jesse Jackson and Gov. Cuomo - New York Post". New York Post. Retrieved October 23, 2014. 
  78. ^ Robert F. Kennedy Jr, metroactive.com
  79. ^ Waterkeeper Board Members, Waterkeeper Alliance

External links[edit]