Copperhill Mountain Lodge
The Copperhill Mountain Lodge is a design hotel on the top of the Förberget Mountain in Åre, Sweden. The hotel opened on December 8, 2008, is one of five hotels in Sweden, the only mountain hotel in Scandinavia referred to as a Design Hotel; the hotel has 112 suites, with a total of 420 regular beds and 160 extra beds. It is directly connected to the Åre ski area with the Copperhill Express; the hotel is designed by American architect Peter Bohlin. It was supposed to consist of co-op apartments, but there was only little interest from buyers. In September 2007, construction was suspended as the main investor, Vanilla Ventures, had financial problems. Dutch venture capitalists Peter Cat and Frans Scholten entered the project under condition that Vanilla Ventures dropped out of the project; when the hotel opened in 2008, the project cost had grown to SEK 730 million, exceeding the original budget with about 230 million. Thus, the project ended up in a financial difficulties shortly after its grand opening and is undergoing financial reconstruction.
On February 23, 2009, the investors applied for bankruptcy protection, on April 26, the hotel was closed with all its staff being laid off. On August 28, 2009, it was announced that the hotel was purchased by the company Home Properties for 200 million SEK; the operation of the hotel is managed by Choice Hotels. Copperhill Mountain Lodge Design Hotels
Storlien is a village and ski resort located in Åre municipality in Jämtland, two kilometres from the Swedish-Norwegian border. The primary bases of the settlement are tourism and outdoor life – alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, hunting and hiking. During the 2000s, retail sales to customers from Norway become important, most of the tourists in Storlien are Norwegians; the Swedish royal family has a house in Storlien, where they celebrate Easter and the New Year. There was previously a sanitarium. Storlien was the centre of winter activities for Skidfrämjandet, now Friluftsfrämjandet, an organisation that promotes outdoor leisure, played a major role in developing downhill skiing in Sweden. Storlien has, among other services, a hotel called Storliens högfjällshotell and a holiday village called Fjäll-lien. A large part of the village is owned by a real estate agent; the hotel was the largest in the country. In 2011 Ulrich John, a Stockholm real-estate investor, bought it, the lifts and "a few thousand hectares of mountain", but he sold the hotel in 2013.
Until the beginning of the 19th century, Storlien was used by Norwegians for hunting and summer pasturing. The village was first settled in 1844, late in the 19th century began its development into a tourist centre; the Central Line opened in 1882, the physician Ernst Westerlund opened a summer practice there in the same year. A few years two hotels opened. Thanks to its accessible high mountain terrain and railway station, Storlien soon became a centre for the activities of the outdoor activities organisation Skidfrämjandet. In 1924, on the initiative of female instructors, they held a four-day course in "modern ski technique" at Storlien in collaboration with the Swedish Ski Delegation and the Swedish Tourist Association; the instructor was Gunnar Dyhlén, who taught different ways to turn the skis, the course is thus considered the starting point for organised Alpine skiing in Sweden. At New Year's in 1931, the first slalom course in Sweden, Möllers Backe, was spontaneously cleared on the mountain slopes of Skurdalshöjden.
In 1933 Prince Gustaf Adolf and Princess Sibylla received as a wedding gift from Skidfrämjandet a holiday cabin, still owned by the royal family. The Swedish ski pioneer Olle Rimfors visited the Austrian Alps and returned with practical knowledge of Alpine skiing. On his return in 1934 he established Slalombacken at Storlien. In 1935, under Rimfors' leadership, Friluftsfrämjandet held there the first international slalom competition in Jämtland under International Ski Federation rules. Sweden's first slalom club, Skidfrämjandets slalomklubb, was organised in Storlien, with the entire country as its region. During World War II Storlien was a restricted destination. In 1940, top-secret military negotiations between Sweden and Nazi Germany were held there in a railway carriage. In 1942 the first ski lift opened in the second one to be built in Sweden. In 1958 the hotel was expanded to a capacity of 550 guests. Between 1972 and 1995, the industrialist Matts Carlgren was majority shareholder of the hotel, which went bankrupt in 1998.
The following year Lars Nilsson bought the hotel and the surrounding land, around 3,000 hectares, for 37 million kronor. In July 2011, Stockholm real-estate investor Ulrich John bought the hotel and a substantial part of the mountain; the hotel did not open for the 2012–13 season, but a new owner has held it open during the 2013–14 season. The ski area at Storlien has 23 slopes. However, the vertical drop is a comparatively low 191 m, the slopes are quite short. There are 3 children's areas with platter lifts and easy slopes, night skiing under lights every Friday at Slalombacken. Storlien's climate is a maritime-influenced subarctic climate. Considering it being a ski resort, Storlien has a mild winter climate, being influenced by the North Atlantic and its warming influence; this means that in spite of the high elevation Storlien averages milder winters than the coastline of the Bothnian Bay on the east coast. It is the Swedish weather station closest to the main Atlantic, if weather stations located by the shores of Kattegat and Skagerrak are excluded.
Summers are influenced by the elevation and the North Atlantic with cool daytime temperatures and cool and sometimes cold nights. Storlien receives plenty of precipitation by Swedish standards, peaking in July and September. However, winter precipitation is still significant enough to nearly guarantee skiing conditions. Storlien Station, in the centre of the village and at 600 m above sea level the highest in Sweden, is on the Central Line / Meråker Line which runs from Trondheim in Norway to Sundsvall in Sweden. Norrtåg operates trains between Storlien. Norwegian State Railways has trains between Trondheim and Storlien, so now Storlien is a border station where passengers need to change trains. There are no night trains here anymore, they end in Duved now, but there were night trains run all year in both directions between Storlien and Gothenburg and Malmö; the closest airports are Trondheim Airport, Værnes 70 kilometres to the west in Norway, Åre Östersund Airport, about 150 kilom
Åre ski resort
Åre is a ski resort in Jämtland, founded 110 years ago in 1909 and owned by SkiStar AB. Åre, short for Årefjällen, is located in Åre Municipality, just outside and above the village of Åre 80 km from the city of Östersund. The ski lift system is at an elevation of 1,420 m; the village and ski area are accessible by train. The nearest airport is Åre Östersund Airport. With a latitude of 63.4° north, the ski area is 350 km south of the Arctic Circle. 1882 – The railway to Åre is finished and opened by King Oscar II. 1891 – Åre tourist information centre opens. ”Tourists and spa guests visiting the climatic spa Åre” is the theme of the first advertising campaign. 1892 – The café on the top of Åreskutan opens. 1910 – Åre Bergbana opens, the first fixed link in Åre, beginning the area's development as a winter sports resort. Tobogganing and skiing are offered. 1935 – The local slalom racing club, the Åre Slalomklubb, is formed. Over the years, the club's members have included such names as Lars-Börje Eriksson, Patrik Järbyn and Richard Richardsson.
1940 – The first drag lift is opened in Åre, located near the Olympia area and Lundsgården. The tiny yellow lift cabin is still in place. 1952 – The Fjällgården ski area is opened. The lift passengers were transported standing up in tall buckets, one of, displayed in front of the funicular station on Åre square. 1954 – Åre hosts the World Championships, making Åre known throughout the skiing world. 1966 – Duveds Linbana, the first chairlift in Duved, is opened, followed by other investments in the Duved ski area. 1976 – The Kabinbanan cable car, servicing the upper part of the ski area, is opened at a cost of 73 million Swedish kronor. At this time, the formidable success of Swedish ski racer Ingemar Stenmark gives a great boost to the Swedish alpine ski industry. 1981 – The first lift is built at Åre Björnen, followed by other investments in the area. The first snow cannons are installed at Åre. 1989 – The Olympia gondola is opened by King Carl XVI Gustav and Queen Silvia. 2001 – In the central part of the Åre ski area, two new lifts are built and three new slopes are opened — the single largest investment since the building of the cable car.
2006 – The Olympia chairlift is replaced by the world's first telemix lift, a lift with chairs and gondolas. 2007 – Åre hosts the World Championships for a second time. 2009 – Åre is named winner of "World's top ski resorts" by the British travel magazine Condé Nast Traveller 2013 – Sadelexpressen, Fjällgårdsexpressen and Tegeliften opened. 2016 – Åre hosts Freestyle Junior World Championships in Moguls, again 2018, this time in Duved. 2017 – Åre hosts the Junior World Championships. 2019 – Åre hosts the World Championships, its third. 2021 – Åre along with Östersund will host the 2021 Special Olympics World Winter Games. 2026 – it will host alpine skiing and freestyle skiing should Stockholm and Åre host the 2026 Winter Olympics and 2026 Winter Paralympics. There is night skiing every evening until week 10; the night skiing is between 6 8 pm. Central Åre: The lift "VM8:an" with the two slopes "Gästrappet" and "Lundsrappet" in the world championship area. Duved: The lift "Hamreliften" and the slopes "Skistarbacken" and "Hamrebacken".
Åre Björnen: The lifts "Björnliften", "Nalleliften" and "Vargliften" with connecting slopes. In Central Åre there are plenty of runs to choose both for beginners and advanced skiers. Central Åre is the largest area in the Åre Ski Area. Advanced skiers prefer the central area with the longest runs which are fairly steep. Lifts in Central Åre Bergbanan Tottliften Fjällgårdsexpressen Hummelliften Kabinbanan Gondolen VM6:an VM8:an Worldcupliften Bräckeliften Lillröda Lillvita Rödhakeliften Rödkulleliften 1 Rödkulleliften 2 Nedre Tväråvalvsliften Nedre Tväråvalvsliften 2 Stendalsliften Ullådalsliften Ullådalsliften 2 Övre Tväråvalvsliften Åre Björnen is the ski area for the youngest skiers and families. ÅreBjörnen is connected to Central Åre with lifts. Lifts in ÅreBjörnen Björnliften Järvenliften Mårdenliften Högåsliften Lokattliften Nalleliften Renenliften Sadellexpressen Vargliften Copperhill liften Tegefjäll is suitable for families with small children, the system is connected to the Duved lift system.
Lifts in Tegefjäll Englandsliften Fjällvallsliften Mini Tege Tegesliften Gunnilliften – at 1.6 kilometers long, this is the longest T-bar lift in the world. Duved offers slopes both for the beginner and the expert. Duved is connected to the Tegefjäll system. Lifts in Duved Byliften Torpliften Duveds Linbana Hamreliften Leråliften www.visitare.com/en – Official visitor guide – Ski area www.are-sweden.com – Information on Åre Ski resort Piste Maps – Åre ski resort
Järpen is a locality and the seat of Åre Municipality in Jämtland County, Sweden with 1,408 inhabitants in 2010. Järpen is located at an altitude of 324m/1,063 ft on the river Indalsälven; the calcareous soil of the surrounding area enables the growth of other plants. Fäviken, recognized as one of the world's 100 best restaurants is located about 16km northwest of Järpen village. Media related to Järpen at Wikimedia Commons
Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe, with strong historical and linguistic ties. The term Scandinavia in local usage covers the three kingdoms of Denmark and Sweden; the majority national languages of these three, belong to the Scandinavian dialect continuum, are mutually intelligible North Germanic languages. In English usage, Scandinavia sometimes refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or to the broader region including Finland and Iceland, always known locally as the Nordic countries. While part of the Nordic countries, the remote Norwegian islands of Svalbard and Jan Mayen are not in Scandinavia, nor is Greenland, a constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark; the Faroe Islands are sometimes included. The name Scandinavia referred to the former Danish, now Swedish, region of Scania. Scandinavia and Scandinavian entered usage in the late 18th century, being introduced by the early linguistic and cultural Scandinavist movement; the majority of the population of Scandinavia are descended from several North Germanic tribes who inhabited the southern part of Scandinavia and spoke a Germanic language that evolved into Old Norse.
Icelanders and the Faroese are to a significant extent descended from the Norse and are therefore seen as Scandinavian. Finland is populated by Finns, with a minority of 5% of Swedish speakers. A small minority of Sami people live in the extreme north of Scandinavia; the Danish and Swedish languages form a dialect continuum and are known as the Scandinavian languages—all of which are considered mutually intelligible with one another. Faroese and Icelandic, sometimes referred to as insular Scandinavian languages, are intelligible in continental Scandinavian languages only to a limited extent. Finnish and Meänkieli are related to each other and more distantly to the Sami languages, but are unrelated to the Scandinavian languages. Apart from these, German and Romani are recognized minority languages in parts of Scandinavia. "Scandinavia" refers to Denmark and Sweden. Some sources argue for the inclusion of the Faroe Islands and Iceland, though that broader region is known by the countries concerned as Norden, or the Nordic countries.
The use of "Scandinavia" as a convenient general term for Denmark and Sweden is recent. According to some historians, it was adopted and introduced in the eighteenth century, at a time when the ideas about a common heritage started to appear and develop into early literary and linguistic Scandinavism. Before this time, the term "Scandinavia" was familiar to classical scholars through Pliny the Elder's writings and was used vaguely for Scania and the southern region of the peninsula; as a political term, Scandinavia was first used by students agitating for pan-Scandinavianism in the 1830s. The popular usage of the term in Sweden and Norway as a unifying concept became established in the nineteenth century through poems such as Hans Christian Andersen's "I am a Scandinavian" of 1839. After a visit to Sweden, Andersen became a supporter of early political Scandinavism. In a letter describing the poem to a friend, he wrote: "All at once I understood how related the Swedes, the Danes and the Norwegians are, with this feeling I wrote the poem after my return:'We are one people, we are called Scandinavians!'".
The clearest example of the use of Scandinavia is Finland, based on the fact that most of modern-day Finland was part of the Swedish kingdom for hundreds of years, thus to much of the world associating Finland with all of Scandinavia. However, the creation of a Finnish identity is unique in the region in that it was formed in relation to two different imperial models, the Swedish and the Russian, as described by the University of Jyväskylä based editorial board of the Finnish journal Yearbook of Political Thought and Conceptual History. Various promotional agencies of the Nordic countries in the United States serve to promote market and tourism interests in the region. Today, the five Nordic heads of state act as the organization's patrons and according to the official statement by the organization its mission is "to promote the Nordic region as a whole while increasing the visibility of Denmark, Iceland and Sweden in New York City and the United States"; the official tourist boards of Scandinavia sometimes cooperate under one umbrella, such as the Scandinavian Tourist Board.
The cooperation was introduced for the Asian market in 1986, when the Swedish national tourist board joined the Danish national tourist board to coordinate intergovernmental promotion of the two countries. Norway's government entered one year later. All five Nordic governments participate in the joint promotional efforts in the United States through the Scandinavian Tourist Board of North America. While the term "Scandinavia" is used for Denmark and Sweden, the term "Nordic countries" is used unambiguously for Denmark, Sweden and Iceland, including their associated territories. Scandinavia can thus be considered a subset of the Nordic countries. Furthermore, the term Fennoscandia refers to Scandinavia and Karelia, excluding Denmark and overseas territories, but the usage of this term is restricted to geology when speaking of the Fennoscandian Shield. In addition to the mainland Scandinavian countries of: Denmark Norway (constitutional monarchy with a parliament
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing, which use skis with free-heel bindings. Whether for recreation or sport, it is practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming and ski patrol. "Off-piste" skiers—those skiing outside ski area boundaries—may employ snowmobiles, helicopters or snowcats to deliver them to the top of a slope. Back-country skiers may use specialized equipment with a free-heel mode for hiking up slopes and a locked-heel mode for descents. Alpine skiing has been an event at the Winter Olympic Games since 1936; as of 1994, there were estimated to be 55 million people worldwide. The estimated number of skiers, who practised alpine, cross-country skiing, related snow sports, amounted to 30 million in Europe, 20 million in North America, 14 million in Japan; as of 1996, there were 4,500 ski areas, operating 26,000 ski lifts and enjoying skier visits.
The predominant region for downhill skiing was Europe, followed by Japan and the US. The ancient origins of skiing can be traced back to prehistoric times in Russia, Finland and Norway where varying sizes and shapes of wooden planks were preserved in peat bogs. Skis were first invented to cross marshes in the winter when they froze over. In the 1760s, skiing was recorded as being used in military training; the Norwegian army held skill competitions involving skiing down slopes, around trees and obstacles while shooting. The birth of modern alpine skiing is dated to the 1850s. Skiing was an integral part of transportation in colder countries for thousands of years. In the late 19th century skiing converted from a method of transportation to a competitive and recreational sport. Norwegian legend Sondre Norheim first began the trend of skis with curved sides, bindings with stiff heel bands made of willow, the slalom turn style. Sondre Norheim was the champion of the first downhill skiing competition held in Oslo, Norway in 1868.
Two to three decades the sport spread to the rest of Europe and the U. S; the first slalom ski competition occurred in Mürren, Switzerland in 1922. A skier following the fall line will reach the maximum possible speed for that slope. A skier with skis pointed perpendicular to the fall line, across the hill instead of down it, will accelerate more slowly; the speed of descent down any given hill can be controlled by changing the angle of motion in relation to the fall line, skiing across the hill rather than down it. Downhill skiing technique focuses on the use of turns to smoothly turn the skis from one direction to another. Additionally, the skier can use the same techniques to turn the ski away from the direction of movement, generating skidding forces between the skis and snow which further control the speed of the descent. Good technique results in a flowing motion from one descent angle to another one, adjusting the angle as needed to match changes in the steepness of the run; this looks more like a single series of S's than turns followed by straight sections.
The oldest and still common form of alpine ski turn is the stem, turning the front of the skis sideways from the body so they form an angle against the direction of travel. In doing so, the ski pushes snow forward and to the side, the snow pushes the skier back and to the opposite side; the force backwards directly counteracts gravity, slows the skier. The force to the sides, if unbalanced, will cause the skier to turn. Carving is based on the shape of the ski itself; the contact between the arc of the ski edges and the snow causes the ski to tend to move along that arc, slowing the skier and changing their direction of motion. The snowplow turn is the simplest form of turning and is learned by beginners. To perform the snowplow turn one must be in the snowplow position while going down the ski slope. While doing this they apply more pressure to the inside of the opposite foot of which the direction they would like to turn; this type of turn allows the skier to keep a controlled speed and introduces the idea of turning across the fall line.
Modern alpine skis are shaped to enable carve turning, have evolved since the 1980's, with variants such as powder skis, freestyle skis, all-mountain skis, kid's skis and more. Powder skis are used when there is a large amount of fresh snow, as the shape of a powder ski is wide allowing the ski to float on top of the snow compared to a normal downhill ski which would most sink into the snow. Freestyle skis are used by skiers; these skis are meant to help a skier who skis jumps and other features placed throughout the terrain park. Freestyle skis are fully symmetric, meaning they are the same dimensions from the tip of the ski to the backside of the ski. All-mountain skis are the most common type of ski, tend to be used as a typical alpine ski. All-mountain skis are built to do a little bit of everything. Slalom race skis referred to as race skis are short, narrow skis, which tend to be stiffer because they are meant for those who want to go fast as well as make quick sharp turns; the binding is a device used to connect the skier's boot to the ski.
The purpose of the binding is to allow the skier to stay connected to the ski, but if the skier falls the binding can safely release them from the ski to prevent injury. There are two types of bindings: the heel and toe system and the plate system binding