An École des Beaux-Arts is one of a number of influential art schools in France. It is the cradle of Beaux-Arts style in architecture and city planning that thrived in France and the United States during the end of the nineteenth century and the first quarter of the twentieth century; the most famous is the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, now located on the left bank in Paris, across the Seine from the Louvre, at 14 rue Bonaparte. The school has a history spanning more than 350 years, training many of the great artists in Europe. Beaux Arts style was modeled on classical "antiquities", preserving these idealized forms and passing the style on to future generations; the origins of the school go back to 1648 when the Académie des Beaux-Arts was founded by Cardinal Mazarin to educate the most talented students in drawing, sculpture, engraving and other media. Louis XIV was known to select graduates from the school to decorate the royal apartments at Versailles, in 1863 Napoleon III granted the school independence from the government, changing the name to "L'École des Beaux-Arts".
Women were admitted beginning in 1897. The curriculum was divided into the "Academy of Painting and Sculpture" and the "Academy of Architecture". Both programs focused on classical arts and architecture from Ancient Roman culture. All students were required to prove their skills with basic drawing tasks before advancing to figure drawing and painting; this culminated in a competition for the Grand Prix de Rome, awarding a full scholarship to study in Rome. The three trials to obtain the prize lasted for nearly three months. Many of the most famous artists in Europe were trained here, including Géricault, Delacroix, Ingres, Renoir, Seurat and Sisley. Rodin however, applied on three occasions but was refused entry; the buildings of the school are the creation of French architect Félix Duban, commissioned for the main building in 1830. His work realigned the campus, continued through 1861, completing an architectural program out towards the Quai Malaquais; the Paris school is the namesake and founding location of the Beaux Arts architectural movement in the early twentieth century.
Known for demanding classwork and setting the highest standards for education, the École attracted students from around the world—including the United States, where students returned to design buildings that would influence the history of architecture in America, including the Boston Public Library, 1888–1895 and the New York Public Library, 1897–1911. Architectural graduates in France, are granted the title élève; the architecture department was separated from the École after the May 1968 student strikes at the Sorbonne. The name was changed to École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts. Today, over 500 students make use of an extensive collection of classical art coupled with modern additions to the curriculum, including photography and hypermedia. ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Dijon ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Bourges ENSBA École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts Lyon European Academy of Art in Lorient, Rennes and Brest ESADMM École supérieure d'art et de design Marseille-Méditerranée ENSA École nationale des beaux arts de Nancy École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Paris ESAD École supérieure d'art et design de Valence, Valence Académie des Beaux-Arts Architecture of Paris Beaux-Arts architecture Comité des Étudiants Américains de l'École des Beaux-Arts Paris Paris Salon The Ecole des Beaux-Arts – Historical essay École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts – Official website École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts – History
Egbert Starr Newbury was the founder of Newbury Park and the first newspaper reporter in the Conejo Valley. He was the first postmaster in the Conejo Valley, established the Newbury Park Post Office in 1875, he was one of the three first to purchase Rancho El Conejo land in the Conejo Valley, he may have built the valley's first cottage. Born in Michigan, Newbury traveled to California due to health reasons in 1871, he bought 2,200 acres in the Conejo Valley in 1874, on land which stretched from today’s old town Thousand Oaks and into southern Newbury Park. He left Newbury Park after the drought of 1877, moved back to Michigan where he resided in Detroit. Besides the town of Newbury Park and its post office, Newbury Road is named after E. S. Newbury. A replica of Newbury's home is located at the Tri-Village at the Stagecoach Inn museum in Newbury Park. Newbury was a member of the Presbyterian Church. Egbert Starr Newbury was born on September 1843 in Jackson, Michigan; because of health reasons, he moved to Southern California in 1871 where he first settled in Santa Barbara.
In 1872, he traveled to San Francisco to welcome his friend Fannie to California. They were old friends from Jackson, Fannie had just made the decision to relocate to California. Newbury brought Fannie to Santa Barbara in January 1873 and they got engaged, they enjoyed horseback-riding on the beach and Newbury’s engagement present to Fannie was a horse she named Flora. They got married on July 1873 in San Francisco, their honeymoon was a one-week trip by boat and train to Santa Cruz and San Mateo. They sailed by the steamship Orazabo back to Santa Barbara. Newbury was among the first to purchase former Rancho El Conejo land, when he bought 2,200 acres of land in the Conejo Valley in 1874, he would travel for days between the Conejo Valley and Santa Barbara while he built corrals for sheep and a wooden cottage. After Frances Kellogg Newbury gave birth to the first of his four children in May 1874, he decided it was time to relocate the family to his property in Conejo Valley. Here he planted acres of wheat, built a barn and bought 1600 sheep from Winchester Ranch in Santa Barbara.
The Conejo Valley was remote and only five families lived here, on large ranch lands miles apart from one another. There were no grocery stores, medical facilities, schools, or churches in the valleyHe wrote to his sister back home in Michigan on November 23, 1874: take wings and come to Conejo and enjoy our warm bright days all winter… be outdoors instead of confined indoors… I am out all the time and our drives now are just lovely with the country all turning green; the birds stay around our house in flocks all the time… Our roads to the ranch are splendid and they lie through beautiful canyons and large groves of live and white oak and sycamore into an open valley with slopes and surrounding hills covered with evergreen oaks... It was an increased interest in the Conejo Valley, Newbury functioned as a public relations representative for Conejo Valley, he was the correspondent for two Ventura County newspapers, including Ventura Signal. As the residents of the valley had to travel to San Buenaventura in order to get their mail, Newbury applied to Washington, DC for a new post office in town.
He decided on the name Newbury Park. The Newbury Park Post Office was the first post office in Conejo Valley when it opened on July 16, 1875 with Egbert Starr Newbury as postmaster. In November 1876, Conejo Valley residents voted in the presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden; as Newbury’s ranch was the location of the local post office, voters voted from the polling place at Newbury’s home. An unforeseen drought took place between 1876-1878, in which there were only six inches of rain in 30 months. Crops died due to no rain, the ranchers’ sheep died due to the lack of food. Newbury was forced to sell his land at a sheriff's sale, he left with his family in 1877, rode home to Michigan, where he settled in Detroit. He worked as a shoe salesmen here trying to pay down debt collected in California; the harsh climate had a bad impact on Newbury’s health, he died of pneumonia at the age of 36 on February 10, 1880. He is buried in his hometown of Jackson, Michigan
The Aftershock Tour was a tour performed by the heavy metal band Motörhead in support of their album, Aftershock. Motörhead were due to embark on a European tour alongside Saxon, followed by a tour in Germany and Scandinavia due to last until mid December 2013 but the dates were postponed and rescheduled for February and March 2014 due to Lemmy's health problems. However, in January 2014, Motörhead announced the cancellation of the new February and March dates of their European tour as Lemmy was still to reach full recovery from diabetes related health problems. Lemmy Kilmister – bass guitar, lead vocals Phil Campbell – guitar Mikkey Dee – drums "Shoot You in the Back" or "Damage Case" or "We Are Motörhead" "Damage Case" "Stay Clean" "Metropolis" "Over the Top" Guitar Solo "The Chase Is Better Than the Catch" "Rock It" "Lost Woman Blues" "Doctor Rock" "Just'Cos You Got the Power" or "Orgasmatron" "Going to Brazil" "Killed by Death" or "No Class" "Ace of Spades"Encore: "Overkill"