Technical University of Denmark
The Technical University of Denmark, often simply referred to as DTU, is a university in Kongens Lyngby, just north of Copenhagen, Denmark. It was founded in 1829 at the initiative of Hans Christian Ørsted as Denmarks first polytechnic, DTU, along with École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Eindhoven University of Technology and Technical University of Munich, is a member of EuroTech Universities Alliance. DTU was founded in 1829 as the College of Advanced Technology with the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted, a professor at the University of Copenhagen, the inspiration was the École Polytechnique in Paris, France which Ørsted had visited as a young scientist. The new institution was inaugurated on 5 November 1829 with Ørsted as its principal, the new colleges first home was two buildings in Studiestræde and St- Pederstræde in central Copenhagen. Although expanded several times, they remained inadequate and in 1890 a new building complex was inaugurated in Sølvgade in 1890, the new buildings were designed by the architect Johan Daniel Herholdt.
In the 1920s space had once again become insufficient and in 1929 the foundation stone was laid for a new school at Østervold, completion of the building was delayed by World War II and it was not completed until 1954. From 1933 the institution was known as Danmarks tekniske Højskole. The formal name, Den Polytekniske Læreanstalt, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, in 1960 a decision was made to move the College of Advanced Technology to new and larger facilities in Lyngby north of Copenhagen. They were inaugurated on 17 May 1974, on 23 and 24 November 1967 the University Computing Center hosted the NATO Science Committees Study Group first meeting discussing the newly coined term Software Engineering. The President of DTU is appointed by the university board, the president in turn appoints deans, and deans appoint heads of departments. Since DTU has no faculty senate, and since the faculty is not involved in the appointment of president, deans, or department heads, the area was previously home to the airfield Lundtofte Flyveplads.
DTU was the subject of controversy in 2009 because the former director of the Department of Chemistry was a high-ranking member of Scientology. In relation to this, the university was accused of violating the principles of free speech by threatening to fire employees who voice their criticism of the institute director. On 7 April 2010, his successor was announced, at a department meeting, as Erling Stenby, shortly thereafter, the university management threatened Rolf W. Berg with dismissal for publicly criticizing the university. In November 2007 the Times Higher Education Supplement put the university as number 130 in their ranking of the universities of the world, in the The Worlds Most Innovative Universities 2015 ranking by Thomson Reuters, DTU is ranked, No. A student union at DTU is the student association Nul-kryds formed in 1947. Barrett, former CEO of Intel Jørgen Lindegaard, former CEO of the SAS Group Henrik O
The Rundetaarn, or Rundetårn, is a 17th-century tower located in central Copenhagen, Denmark. One of the architectural projects of Christian IV, it was built as an astronomical observatory. It is most noted for its equestrian staircase, a 7. 5-turn helical corridor leading to the top, today the Round Tower serves as an observation tower for expansive views of Copenhagen, a public astronomical observatory and a historical monument. In the same time the Library Hall, located above the church, astronomy had grown in importance in 17th-century Europe. Countries had begun competing with other in establishing colonies, creating a need for accurate navigation across the oceans. Many national observatories were established, the first in 1632 at Leiden in the Dutch Republic. Only five years the Round Tower Observatory, first referred to as STELLÆBURGI REGII HAUNIENSIS, after Tycho Brahe had fallen out of favour and left Denmark, Christian Longomontanus had become Christian IVs new astronomer and the first professor of astronomy at the University of Copenhagen.
In 1625 he suggested the king build a tower as a replacement for Brahes Stjerneborg which had been demolished after his death in 1601. Longomontanus initial proposal was to erect the new observatory on the top of the hill Solbjerget, but since there were plans for the construction of a new students church and a library for the university, the idea of merging the three buildings into one grand complex emerged. Already in 1622, Christian IV had bought the land where it was decided to build the Trinitatis Complex. His original plans for the site are not known but as it was located next to the Regensen dormitories. From 24 November 1636, stones were brought to the site for the foundation, first from the citys ramparts, bricks were ordered from the Netherlands since local manufacturers could not meet the high quality standards requested. In February 1637, a contract was signed with a Henrik van Dingklage in Emden for the supply of bricks for the construction, the first three ship loads were to be delivered in May, the next three loads the following month and the remainder on demand.
The Trinitatis Complex was set for construction in a neighbourhood of narrow streets. The area first had to be cleared, on 18 April 1637,200 men and personnel from Bremerholm began to demolish the half-timbered houses occupying the site. The foundation stone was laid on 7 July 1637, when Hans van Steenwinckel died on 6 August 1639, Leonhard Blasius was brought to Denmark from the Netherlands as new Royal Building Master. On several occasions construction work came to a due to shortage of funds. Churches in Denmark and Norway were therefore ordered to contribute a share of their earnings during the construction years, in 1642, the tower was finally completed, though the church was completed only in 1657 and the library in 1657
Rosenborg Barracks, one of two barracks of the Royal Danish Life Guard, is located next to Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen, Denmark. Its address is Gothersgade but it has a long facade along Øster Voldgade, the building originates in King Christian Vs pavilion which was built in 1670 with the assistance of architect Lambert van Haven. It was flanked by two long wings, one on each side, which ran parallel to the new Eastern Rampart which had been constructed in the 1650s. The central pavilion was used for royal banquets, supplementing the Christian IBs old pavilion which the king converted into a more intimate Hermitage. In 1709, the complex was interconnected to form one long building. In 1743 the building was adapted into the Baroque style by Johan Cornelius Krieger, the work lasted from 1785 to 1786 and involved an extension of the building with an extra storey. In 1845 and 1930 further alterations were made, in 1985, the headquarters of the Royal Life Guard moved to Høvelte Barracks, located between Allerød and Birkerød north of Copenhagen.
Since Rosenborg Barracks only houses guards on duty at Amalienborg Palace, the buildings contain a small museum dedicated to the history and artefacts of the Royal Life Guards, from their foundation in 1658 and to the present day. It was inaugurated on 12 January 1978, Amalienborg Palace Old Artillery Barracks, Christianshavn Official website
Christian Hansen (architect)
He was the brother of Theophilus Hansen who was an internationally successful architect, active in Athens and Vienna. He is considered to be a pioneer in the study and application of polychrome architecture, Christian Hansen was born in Copenhagen. Christian Frederik Hansen taught him an approach to architecture and Hetsch introduced him to Schinkel whose influence he had brought to Denmark. In 1831 Christian Hansen won the Academys large gold medal and a travel scholarship and he set out on a journey to Italy and Greece, first spending two years in Italy, mainly in Rome and Sicily. In 1833, Hansen travelled to Athens, recently chosen as the new capital of the nascent Greece which had recently gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire. At the time, Athens was just a village with a few thousand inhabitants, chosen as capital for historic. It was therefore set for redevelopment to become a modern metropolis. Hansen won the favour of King Otto and was appointed Court Architect in 1834, in 1838, he was joined by his brother Theophilus who had studied architecture at the Academy in Copenhagen but had been unsuccessful in getting commissions.
Christian Hansens most famous work in Athens is the main building for the National. Construction started in 1839 using the proceeds of a campaign from Greeks at home. It was inaugurated in 1841, though not entirely completed until 1864 due to lack of funds and it is part of the so-called Neoclassical, or Athenian, Trilogy which was completed by his brother with the Academy of Athens and the National Library of Greece. Hansen designed houses and churches. The latter include the Anglican St. Pauls Church and it is designed in a mixed Victorian and Gothic Revival style. Hansens work in Athens involved archeological excavations and investigations, Hansens reputation reached outside Greece and in 1850 Österreichischer Lloyd commissioned him to build a marine arsenal and dockyards at Trieste. The extensive building complex designed in the Rundbogenstil with details inspired by Byzantine architecture was constructed from 1852 to 1856, after the revolt in September 1843 in Athens, a nationalist wave made it hard for foreigners to work in Greece.
In 1851, Hansen returned to Denmark after almost 20 years abroad, in 1867, he became a member of the Academy in Copenhagen and Royal Building Inspector for Zealand and Falster. That same year he took over the professorial chair in architecture at the Academy which had become vacant with Michael Gottlieb Bindesbølls death the year before. As a practicing architect, Hansen never got the prominent role in Denmark upon his return which could have expected after his achievements abroad
Vester Voldgade is a street in Copenhagen, Denmark which runs from Jarmers Plads to the waterfront between Frederiksholms Kanal and Langebro, passing the City Hall Square on the way. Vester Voldgade was originally a narrow alley which ran along the margin of Copenhagens West Rampart, part of the Bastioned Fortification Ring which enclosed Copenhagen. The citys haymarket was located at the site of the current City Hall Square until the New Haymarket was inaugurated on 1 January 1888, the section from the haymarket to the harbour was originally known as Filosofgangen. That section of the ramparts was one of the last to be decommissioned, lange Bridge was located at the far end of the street until 1903 when it was moved to the end of Vestre Boulevard. No.11 was built for Niels Gades Music Academy in 1887 in the Renaissance Revival style by Christian L Thuren and it now houses the Russian Center of Science and Culture. No.19 and 21 are both from the late 1790s and are listed, the building was designed by Phillip Smidth who designed Politikens Hus on the corner with Vestergade in 1904–07.
The newspaper Politiken has been based in the building since 1912, vester Voldgade Voldgade 33 is a Functionalist extension from 1934. The section of Vestervoldgade which runs from the City Hall Square to the waterfront is currently being redeveloped as a green promenade, the plan concentrates car traffic in two lanes instead of four covers Dantes Plads which connects the street to H. C. Andersens Boulevard in front of the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek and it is designed by the architectural firm COBE and GHB Landskabsarkitekter. The low yellow building at No.119 is a hay storage from about 1799. The building was considerably longer but was shortened when Thorvald Jørgensens Post Giro Building was built in 1838. The 45-bay, half-timbered building on the side of the Post Giro Building, part of Fæstningens Materialgård. Vester Voldgade School was completed in 1890 to a design by Ludvig Fenger and it has housed Den Classenske Legatskole since 1938. The low building on the corner of Stormgade was the first home of Overformynderiet which moved to a new building on Jolmens Kanal, the building was designed by Hans Jørgen Holm and is from 1884.
The small space in front of Vartorv and Palace Hotel, adjoining the City Hall Square, was renovated to a design by Hall McKnight in 2013, the refurbished square received a Civic Trust Award and a RIBA EU Award in 2014. On 1 July 2014, the space was renamed Regnbuepladsen in reference to the rainbow flag, plan of the new promenade and square
Oslo Plads is a public square in the Østerbro area of Copenhagen, Denmark. The square received its name in 1962, before then, the square was part of the street Østerbrogade. In 1962, the part of Østerbrogade that stretched from Kristianiagade to Lille Triangel was renamed Dag Hammarskjölds Allé, the name extends to the neighborhood north of Østbanegade, where many of the streets are named after Norwegian cities. Where Oslo Plads now lies, there used to be the old Østerport, now in its place lies Østerport Station, which was erected between 1894 and 1897 by the architect Heinrich Wenck. Across the square from the lies the Den Frie Udstilling building. Designed by the painter and sculptor J. F. Willumsen, another building here is the Hotel Østerport, originally built as a poverty hotel after World War II, but completely rebuilt in 1955 and 1990. On the corner of Østbanegade at Oslo Plads 12-16 is a residential and office property in a mansion style. It was erected between 1900 and 1903 by architect Andreas Clemmensen, who designed similar houses on Stockholmsgade as well as Otto Benzons villa on the corner Kristianiagade.
There are three other similar zero point stones in Copenhagen, at Nørreport, at Rådhuspladsen and at on Torvegade at Christianshavns Vold
National Gallery of Denmark
National Gallery of Denmark is the Danish national gallery located in the centre of Copenhagen. The museum collects, maintains and handles Danish, the major part of the museums older collections comes from the art chambers of Danish kings. The display of European Art 1300–1800 is a collection of art over the 500-year period, featuring works by Mantegna, Titian, Rubens. The art is spread over thirteen rooms, and is the oldest art collection in Denmark, with a emphasis on Danish, Flemish, French, Spanish. Danish and Nordic Art 1750-1900 charts Scandinavian art from the beginnings of Danish painting through the ‘Golden Age’ to the birth of Modernism and it displays over 400 works through 24 galleries. It features work by Abildgaard, Eckersberg, Købke, Ring, SMK gained its modern French art collection in 1928 when it was donated by the late collector Johannes Rump. This collection features some of the museum’s most famous pieces from artists such as Matisse, Picasso and Braque. The collection was first offered to the SMK by Rump in 1923, housed in the museum’s 1993 extension, this 20th and 21st century collection is predominantly focused on the most important examples of modern Danish art.
A long corridor of paintings looking onto Østre Anlæg park works as an overview of the work from this period. The beginnings of this collection were made around the time of Christian II, in his diary from 1521 the German painter Albrecht Dürer says he has given the King the best pieces of all my prints. In 1843 the various works, which had so far been the private collection, were displayed to the public. It was moved into the Statens Museum for Kunst when the first building was completed in 1896, along with The Royal Collection of Paintings, although the papers contain a great number of foreign works, Danish art constitutes the main part of the collection. This collection is open to the public through the Print Room, the Royal Cast Collection is held at the West India Warehouse, Toldbodgade 40, between The Little Mermaid and Nyhavn in Copenhagen. It consists of over 2,000 naked plaster casts of statues and reliefs from collections, temples, the Royal Cast Collection is only open for special events.
At the start of the Second World War the art of antiquity became increasingly unfashionable, associated with an archaic artistic tradition. In 1966, as abstract art became popular, the Royal Cast Collection was removed to a barn outside Copenhagen for storage. The collections of the Danish National Gallery originate in the Art Chamber of the Danish monarchs, when the German Gerhard Morell became Keeper of Frederick Vs Art Chamber about 1750, he suggested that the king create a separate collection of paintings. To ensure that the collection was not inferior to those of other European royal houses and local counts, the collection became particularly well provided with Flemish and Dutch art
Rosenborg Castle Gardens
Rosenborg Castle Gardens is the oldest and most visited park in central Copenhagen, Denmark. The park plays host to art exhibitions and other events such as concerts throughout the summer. A drawing by Otto Heider from 1649, the oldest dated garden plan from Denmark, the garden contained a pavilion, statues, a fountain and various other features. Its plants included mulberries, apples, pears, in the century, as fashions changed, the garden was redesigned. A garden plan from 1669 show a garden maze, a feature of the Baroque garden. It had a system of paths which led to a central space with an octagonal summerhouse in its centre. The 12-hectare park is bounded by the streets Gothersgade, Øster Voldgade, Sølvgade and Kronprinsessegade, Rosenborg Castle is located in the north-western section of the park and is surrounded by a moat on three sides. The two main entrance are the Kings Gate at the corner of Gothersgade and Kronprinsessegade, and the Queens Gate at the corner of Øster Voldgade and Sølvgade, there are four other entrances to the park.
The tree-lined avenues were planted as part of Kriegers Baroque garden, special sections include the PerennialsGarden in front of the wall along Sølvgade and the Rose Garden. Rosenborg Barracks is located on the corner of Gothersgade and Øster Voldgade and was originally a pavilion, in 1709 they were built together to form one large orangery complex and in 1743 it was redesigned into the Baroque style by Johan Cornelius Krieger. From 1885 to 1886 it was converted for use by the Royal Life Guard by Engineer Officer Ernst Peymann, in 1985 they moved to new premises at Høvelte between Allerød and Birkerød and since Rosenborg Barracks has only housed guards on duty at Copenhagen. The Commandants House is located just left of the entrance to Rosenborg Castle. It was built from 1760 to 1763 to designs by Jacob Fortling, today the building plays host to special exhibitions. The building is used as an exhibition space. It was built in 1688 and extended with a story in 1777. The gateway affords access to the park, the Gartners House is attached to Slotsforvalterboligen.
It was built around the same time The Hercules Pavilion stands at the end of Kavalergangen and it is flanked by two smaller niches with statues of Orpheus and Eurydice. The three statues were made by the Italian sculptor Giovanni Baratta and acquired by Frederik IV during his visit to Italy, along Kronprinsessegade and parts of Gothersgade, the park is enclosed by a wrought-iron grill incorporating 16 small pavilions, which opens to the street side
Royal Life Guards (Denmark)
The Royal Life Guards is an infantry regiment of the Danish Army, founded in 1658 by King Frederik III. It serves in two roles, as a front line unit, and as a guard/ceremonial unit to the Danish monarchy. Until its disbandment, the Royal Horse Guards, served the role as the mounted guard/ceremonial unit, during the time period 1684-1867, the Royal Life Guards were called The Royal Foot Guard, in order to distinguish between the regiment and the Royal Horse Guards. During his time in the Danish forces, Crown Prince Frederik served a tour in the Royal Life Guards with the rank of Sergeant. The Royal Life Guards provide a permanent guard at the Amalienborg Palace, Rosenborg Castle/garrison of the Royal Life Guards in Copenhagen, on occasions guard is kept at Fredensborg Palace, Marselisborg Palace, Gråsten Palace, Christiansborg Palace and other locations inside the Danish realm. The review order uniform of the Royal Life Guards, worn while they are on duty, consists of bearskin headdresses, dark blue tunics.
The ceremonial uniform, worn on special occasions, substitutes a scarlet tunic for the dark blue. The bearskin dates from 1803 and is decorated with the regiments cap badge. Symbolic infantry sabers are carried by the rank and file and these were part of the spoils from the First Schleswig War of 1848–1850 and were originally derived from a French infantry weapon. The regiment itself has three battalions and the Guards Company, 1st Battalion – Founded 1658, mechanized Infantry Battalion, part of 2nd Brigade. Mechanized Infantry Battalion, part of 2nd Brigade
Rosenborg Castle is a renaissance castle located in Copenhagen, Denmark. The castle was built as a country summerhouse in 1606 and is an example of Christian IVs many architectural projects. It was built in the Dutch Renaissance style, typical of Danish buildings during this period, architects Bertel Lange and Hans van Steenwinckel the Younger are associated with the structural planning of the castle. The castle was used by Danish regents as a residence until around 1710. After the reign of Frederik IV, Rosenborg was used as a residence only twice. The first time was after Christiansborg Palace burned down in 1794, located on the third floor, the Long Hall was completed in 1624. It was originally intended as a ballroom, around 1700 it was used as Royal Reception Room and for banquets. It was not until the half of the 19th century that it became known as the Knights Hall. Christian V had the hall partly modernised with twelve tapestries depicting the Kings victories in the Scanian War, the stucco ceiling seen today is from the beginning of the 18th century.
It shows the Danish Coat of Arms surrounded by the Orders of the Elephant, side reliefs depict historical events from the first years of the reign of Frederik IV, including the liberation of the serfs, the founding of the dragoons and of the land militia among them. The frescos in the ceiling by Hendrick Krock, represent the Regalia, among the main attractions of Rosenborg are the coronation chair of the absolutist kings and the throne of the queens with the three silver lions standing in front. The Long Hall contains a collection of silver furniture. Some of these once belonged to the nobility and the aristocracy. The castle, now property, was opened to the public in 1838. Of special interest to tourists is a Schatzkammer displaying the Crown Jewels, a Coronation Carpet is stored there. The Throne Chair of Denmark is located in the castle, in the summer time, flowers bloom in front of the castle in the castle garden. The castle is situated in Kongens Have, known as Rosenborg Castle Garden, the Rosenborg Castle Garden is the countrys oldest royal garden and was embellished in the Renaissance style by Christian IV shortly before the construction of the main castle.
Today, the gardens are a popular retreat for the people of Copenhagen, next to the castle are barracks where the Royal Life Guards is garrisoned