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Ātman (Hinduism)

Ātman is a Sanskrit word that means inner self, spirit or soul. In Hindu philosophy in the Vedanta school of Hinduism, Ātman is the first principle, the true self of an individual beyond identification with phenomena, the essence of an individual. In order to attain liberation, a human being must acquire self-knowledge, to realize that one's true self is identical with the transcendent self Brahman; the six orthodox schools of Hinduism believe. This is a major point of difference with the Buddhist doctrine of Anatta which holds that there is no unchanging soul or self. "Ātman" is a Sanskrit word which means "essence, soul." It is derived from the Proto-Indo-European word *h₁eh₁tmṓ.Ātman, sometimes spelled without a diacritic as atman in scholarly literature, means "real self" of the individual, "innermost essence", soul. Atman, in Hinduism, is considered as eternal, beyond time, "not the same as body or mind or consciousness, but is something beyond which permeates all these". Atman is a metaphysical and spiritual concept for the Hindus discussed in their scriptures with the concept of Brahman.

The earliest use of the word "Ātman" in Indian texts is found in the Rig Veda. Yāska, the ancient Indian grammarian, commenting on this Rigvedic verse, accepts the following meanings of Ātman: the pervading principle, the organism in which other elements are united and the ultimate sentient principle. Other hymns of Rig Veda where the word Ātman appears include I.115.1, VII.87.2, VII.101.6, VIII.3.24, IX.2.10, IX.6.8, X.168.4. Ātman is a central idea in all of the Upanishads, "know your Ātman" is their thematic focus. These texts state that the core of every person's self is not the body, nor the mind, nor the ego, but "Ātman", which means "soul" or "self". Atman is the spiritual essence in their real innermost essential being, it is eternal, it is the essence, it is ageless. Atman is that; the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad describes Atman as that in which everything exists, of the highest value, which permeates everything, the essence of all and beyond description. In hymn 4.4.5, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad describes Atman as Brahman, associates it with everything one is, everything one can be, one's free will, one's desire, what one does, what one doesn't do, the good in oneself, the bad in oneself.

That Atman is indeed Brahman. It is identified with the intellect, the Manas, the vital breath, with the eyes and ears, with earth, air, ākāśa, with fire and with what is other than fire, with desire and the absence of desire, with anger and the absence of anger, with righteousness and unrighteousness, with everything — it is identified, as is well known, with this and with that; as it does and acts, so it becomes: by doing good it becomes good, by doing evil it becomes evil. It becomes virtuous through good acts, vicious through evil acts. Others, say, "The self is identified with desire alone. What it desires, so it resolves; this theme of Ātman, soul and self of oneself, every person, every being is the same as Brahman, is extensively repeated in Brihadāranyaka Upanishad. The Upanishad asserts that this knowledge of "I am Brahman", that there is no difference between "I" and "you", or "I" and "him" is a source of liberation, not gods can prevail over such a liberated man. For example, in hymn 1.4.10, Brahman was this before.

I am Brahman, therefore it became all. And whoever among the gods had this enlightenment became That, it is the same with the same with men. Whoever knows the self as “I am Brahman,” becomes all this universe; the gods cannot prevail against him, for he becomes their Ātma. Now, if a man worships another god, thinking: “He is one and I am another,” he does not know, he is like an animal to the gods. As many animals serve a man, so does each man serve the gods. If one animal is taken away, it causes anguish; therefore it is not pleasing to the gods. Along with the Brihadāranyaka, all the earliest and middle Upanishads discuss Ātman as they build their theories to answer how man can achieve liberation and bliss; the Katha Upanishad, for example, explains Atman as immanent and transcendent innermost essence of each human being and living creature, that this is one though the external forms of living creatures manifest in different forms, for example, in hymns 2.2.9 and others, its states As the one fire, after it has entered the world, though one, takes different forms according to whatever it burns,so does the internal Ātman of all living beings, though one, takes a form according to whatever He enters and is outside all forms.

Katha Upanishad, in Book 1, hymns 3.3 to 3.4, describes the cited analogy of chariot for the relation of "Soul, Self" to body and senses. Stephen Kaplan translates these hymns as, "Know the Self as the rider in a chariot, the body as the chariot. Know the intellect as the charioteer, the mind as the reins; the senses, they say are the horses, sense objects are the paths around them". The Katha Upanishad declares that "when the Self understands this and is unified, integrated with b


Plazomicin, sold under the brand name Zemdri, is an aminoglycoside antibiotic used to treat complicated urinary tract infections. As of 2019 it is recommended only for those, it is given by injection into a vein. Common side effects include kidney problems, diarrhea and blood pressure changes. Other severe side effects include hearing loss, Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea and muscle weakness. Use during pregnancy may harm the baby. Plazomicin works by decreasing the ability of bacteria to make protein. Plazomicin was approved for medical use in the United States in 2018, it is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. The price of 10 days of treatment in the United States costs about US$6,600. Plazomicin is approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration for adults with complicated urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis, caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, or Enterobacter cloacae, in patients who have limited or no alternative treatment options.

Zemdri is an intravenous infusion, administered once daily. The FDA declined approval for treating bloodstream infections due to lack of demonstrated effectiveness. Plazomicin has been reported to demonstrate in vitro synergistic activity when combined with daptomycin or ceftobiprole versus methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, vancomycin-resistant S. aureus and against Pseudomonas aeruginosa when combined with cefepime, imipenem or piperacillin/tazobactam. It demonstrates potent in vitro activity versus carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. Plazomicin was found to be noninferior to meropenem; the drug was developed by the biotech company Achaogen. In 2012, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration granted fast track designation for the development and regulatory review of plazomicin; the FDA approved plazomicin for adults with complicated UTIs and limited or no alternative treatment options in 2018. Achaogen was unable to find a robust market for the drug, declared bankruptcy a few months later.

A generic version is manufactured by Cipla USA. It is derived from sisomicin by appending a hydroxy-aminobutyric acid substituent at position 1 and a hydroxyethyl substituent at position 6'. Plazomicin is the international nonproprietary name. "FDA Briefing Information for the May 2, 2018 Meeting of the Antimicrobial Drugs Advisory Committee". U. S. Food and Drug Administration. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2019. "Achaogen Briefing Information for the May 2, 2018 Meeting of the Antimicrobial Drugs Advisory Committee". U. S. Food and Drug Administration. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2019. "Errata to the Achaogen Briefing Information for the May 2, 2018 Meeting of the Antimicrobial Drugs Advisory Committee". U. S. Food and Drug Administration. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2019. "Plazomicin". Drug Information Portal. U. S. National Library of Medicine

The Doll (1968 film)

The Doll is a 1968 Polish film directed by Wojciech Jerzy Has. The film is an adaptation of the novel The Doll by Bolesław Prus, regarded by many as one of the finest Polish novels written; the influence of Émile Zola is evident, some have compared the novel to Madame Bovary by Gustave Flaubert. The movie, may be more compared to Stendhal's The Red and the Black; the Doll constitutes a panorama of life in Warsaw between 1878 and 1879, at the same time is a subtle story of three generations of Polish idealists, their psychological complications, their involvement in the history of the nineteenth century, social dramas, moral problems and the experience of tragic existence. At the same time this story describes the disintegration of social relationships and the growing separation of a society whose aristocratic elite spreads the models of vanity and idleness. In the bad air of a backward country, anti-Semitic ideas are born, valuable individuals meet obstacles on their way, scoundrels are successful.

This poetic love story follows a nouveau riche merchant, Stanislaw Wokulski, through a series of trials and tribulations occasioned by his obsessive passion for an aristocratic beauty, Izabela Lecka. As a descendant of an impoverished Polish noble family, young Wokulski is forced to work as a waiter at Hopfer's, a Warsaw restaurant, while dreaming of a life in science. After taking part in the failed 1863 Uprising against Tsarist Russia, he is sentenced to exile in Siberia. On eventual return to Warsaw, he becomes a salesman at Mincel's haberdashery. Marrying the late owner's widow, he comes into money and uses it to set up a partnership with a Russian merchant he had met while in exile; the two merchants go to Bulgaria during the Russo-Turkish War, Wokulski makes a fortune supplying the Russian Army. The enterprising Wokulski now proves a romantic at heart, falling in love with Izabela, daughter of the vacuous, bankrupt aristocrat, Tomasz Łęcki. In his quest to win Izabela, Wokulski begins frequenting aristocratic salons.

The indolence of these aristocrats, who secure with their pensions, are too lazy to undertake new business risks, frustrates Wokulski. His ability to make money is respected but his lack of family and social rank is condescended to; because of his "help" to Izabela's impecunious but influential father, the girl becomes aware of his affection. In the end she consents to without true devotion or love. Mariusz Dmochowski - Stanislaw Wokulski Beata Tyszkiewicz - Izabela Lecka Tadeusz Fijewski - Ignacy Rzecki Halina Gallowa - Zaslawska Wiesław Gołas - Krzeszowski Kalina Jędrusik - Wasowska Jan Koecher - Prince Jan Kreczmar - Tomasz Lecki Tadeusz Kondrat - Szlangbaum Halina Kwiatkowska - Krzeszowska Andrzej Łapicki - Kazimierz Starski Jan Machulski - Julian Ochocki Józef Pieracki - Doctor Szuman Janina Romanówna - Countess Joanna The Doll on IMDb

Dominic Knowles

Dominic Thomas Knowles is an English footballer who plays for Boston United as a striker. Born in Accrington, Knowles started his career at Burnley in 2008, coming through the youth system, but never made a first team appearance before his release in June 2012. Knowles joined Gainsborough Trinity, after failed trials with York City and Stevenage, he went on to score 10 goals in 18 appearances before being released after an unsanctioned trial with Burton Albion, he joined Harrogate Town, in January 2013 scoring 10 goals in 14 games before joining Burton Albion permanently in the summer of 2013. On 18 June 2013, Knowles was awarded a permanent contract having spent the final months of last term at Burton. On 30 January 2015, Dominic signed for Conference play off hopefuls Kidderminster Harriers on loan till the end of the season. On 19 March, Dominic was recalled by his parent club. In July 2015 after his release from Burton Albion he rejoined Harrogate Town on a 1-year deal. Scoring a goal on his first game back in pre-season vs Gateshead.

On 20 June 2091, Knowles joined Boston United. As of match played 15 February 2014 Dominic Knowles at Soccerbase

Beaufort High School

Beaufort High School is a public high school within the Beaufort County School District, located in Beaufort, South Carolina, United States, on Lady's Island. It school serves students in downtown areas of Beaufort and Port Royal in addition to students living on Lady's Island and St. Helena Island; the school enrolled 1,328 students in the 2013-2014 school year, down from a reported 1,462 students in 2011-2012. A According to data released by the South Carolina Department of Education, Beaufort High School earned a "B" letter grade for the 2012-2013 school year, exceeding academic expectations put forth by the state in standardized testing and graduation accomplishment; the school earned a "C" for the 2011-2012 school year. Beaufort High School received "excellent" scores on the Absolute Rating and Growth Rating metrics on its 2012 state report card. In 2012, 94.3% of students passed the state-mandated High School Assessment Program. The four-year graduation rate was 75.6% in 2012, an increase from 71.1% in 2011.

The teacher retention rate was 86.0%. Based on 2011 financial data, the dollars spent per student was $7,060. In 2012, the average student-teacher ratio in core subjects was 26.7 students for every 1 teacher. In total, 25.2% of students were enrolled in Advanced Placement courses and 56.3% of students were enrolled in career/technology courses. Beaufort High School is accredited by the Southern Association of Schools; the school has seen tangible academic improvements in recent years due in part to a variety of initiatives. In 2010, the "small schools" concept was adopted by Beaufort High School, in which learning academies were created to help foster students into their career paths; the school is split into four academies: Freshman Academy, International Studies, Arts and Technologies, Health Professions. In 2011, the "Everyday Math" and "Everyday English" programs were set in place for incoming freshmen students who scored in the lower third of their middle school competency exams. Beaufort High competes at the Class AAAA level in the South Carolina High School League.

The school fields teams for boys in baseball, wrestling, swimming, cross country, track & field and golf. Beaufort's rival is cross-town Battery Creek High School, but due to the relegation of Battery Creek to Class AAA, the schools do not play each other at the same frequency as before. With Bluffton High School having moved to Class AAAA, it is anticipated that the proximity of the schools will help foster a future rivalry. Candice Glover, American Idol season 12 winner Boyce Green, NFL running back, Cleveland Browns, Kansas City Chiefs Scott Mullen, Major League Baseball player Ron Parker, NFL player Devin Taylor, linebacker for the Detroit Lions Asher Wojciechowski, professional baseball player School website 2015 school report card by S. C. Department of Education

Afzelia rhomboidea

Afzelia rhomboidea is a species of legume in the family Fabaceae. It is found in Indonesia and the Philippines, it is threatened by habitat loss. A tindalo tree was planted by Pres. Manuel L. Quezon during the inauguration of Bacolod City, Negros Occidental Philippines as a charter city on October 19, 1938, with Mayor Alfredo Montelibano and Gov. Valeriano Gatuslao. Asian Regional Workshop. Conservation & Sustainable Management of Trees, Viet Nam, August 1996. "Afzelia rhomboidea". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. T33192A9759772. Doi:10.2305/IUCN. UK.1998. RLTS. T33192A9759772.en. Retrieved 18 December 2017. Bacolod Tours 2012 Blogsite. Retrieved on 30 June 2012