The Čelebići camp was a prison camp run by Bosniak and Bosnian Croat forces during the Bosnian War. It was used by several units of the Bosnian Ministry of the Interior, Croatian Defence Council and the Bosnian Territorial Defence Forces; the camp was located in a village in the central Bosnian municipality of Konjic. The camp, operational from May to December 1992, was used to detain Bosnian Serb prisoners of war, most of whom were civilians arrested during military operations that were intended to unblock routes to Sarajevo and Mostar in May 1992 that had earlier been blocked by Serb forces; the exact number of prisoners that were held at the camp is unknown but estimates range between 400 and 700. Detainees at the camp were subjected to torture, sexual assaults and otherwise cruel and inhuman treatment. Certain prisoners were beaten to death. Investigators believe. However, the ICTY's indictment only listed the deaths of 13 people. Hazim Delić, Esad Landžo, Zejnil Delalić and Zdravko Mucić were indicted for their roles in the crimes committed at the camp.
All were found guilty, except for Delalić. In reaching its decision, the ICTY made a landmark judgement by qualifying rape as a form of torture, the first such judgement by an international criminal tribunal. During the conflict in Yugoslavia, Konjic municipality was of strategic importance as it contained important communication links from Sarajevo to southern Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the Siege of Sarajevo the route through Konjic was of vital importance to the Bosnian government forces. Furthermore, several important military facilities were contained in Konjic, including the Igman arms and ammunition factory, the Yugoslav People's Army Ljuta barracks, the Reserve Command Site of the JNA, the Zlatar communications and telecommunications centre, the Čelebići barracks and warehouses. Although the Konjic municipality did not have a majority Serb population and did not form part of the declared "Serb autonomous regions", in March 1992, the self-styled "Serb Konjic Municipality" adopted a decision on the Serbian territories.
The Serbian Democratic Party, in co-operation with the JNA, had been active in arming the Serb population of the municipality and in training paramilitary units and militias. According to Dr. Andrew James Gow, an expert witness during ICTY trial, the SDS distributed around 400 weapons to Serbs in the area. Konjic was included in those areas claimed by Croatia in Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the "Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia", despite the fact that the Croats did not constitute a majority of the population there either. Thus, there were HVO units established and armed in the municipality by April 1992. Following the international recognition of the independent Bosnian state and the walk-out of SDS representatives from the Municipal Assembly a War Assembly was formed to take charge of the defence of the municipality. Between 20 April and early May 1992 Bosnian government forces seized control over most of the strategic assets of the Municipality and some armaments. However, Serb forces controlled the main access points to the municipality cutting it off from outside supply.
Bosniak refugees began to arrive from outlying areas of the municipality expelled by Serbs, while Serb inhabitants of the town left for Serb-controlled villages according to the decision made by Serb leadership. On 4 May 1992, the first shells landed in Konjic, thought to be fired by the JNA and other Serb forces from the slopes of Borašnica and Kisera; this shelling, which continued daily for over three years, until the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, inflicted substantial damage and resulted in the loss of many lives as well as rendering conditions for the surviving population more unbearable. With the town swollen from the influx of refugees, there was a great shortage of accommodation as well as food and other basic necessities. Charitable organizations attempted to supply the local people with enough food but all systems of production foundered or were destroyed, it was not until August or September of that year that convoys from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees managed to reach the town, all communications links were cut off with the rest of the State.
A clear priority for the Konjic authorities was the de-blocking of the routes to Sarajevo and Mostar. This objective required that the Serbian forces holding Bradina and Donje Selo, as well as those at Borci and other strategic points, be disarmed. An attempt was made at negotiation with the SDS and other representatives of the Serb people in Bradina and Donje Selo; this did not, achieve success for the Konjic authorities and plans were made for the launching of military operations by the Joint Command. The first area to be targeted was the village of Donje Selo. On 20 May 1992 forces of the HVO entered the village. Bosnian government soldiers moved through Viniste towards the villages of Bjelovcina. Cerići, the first shelled, was attacked around 22 May and some of its inhabitants surrendered; the village of Bjelovcina was attacked around that time. According to witnesses heard by the ICTY, the Serb-populated village of Bradina was shelled in the late afternoon and evening of 25 May and soldiers in both camouflage and black uniforms appeared, firing their weapons and setting fire to buildings.
48 Serb civilians were killed in the Bradina massacre and the village was burned to the ground. Many of the population sought to flee and some withdrew to the centre of the village; these people were, arrested at various times around 27 and 28 May, by TO, HVO and MUP soldiers and police. The military operations resulted in the arrest of many
The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; the tomb is the centrepiece of a 17-hectare complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall. Construction of the mausoleum was completed in 1643, but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years; the Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be 52.8 billion rupees. The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri; the Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage".
It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India's rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year and in 2007, it was declared a winner of the New7Wonders of the World initiative; the Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1631, to be built in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, who died on 17 June that year, giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. Construction started in 1632, the mausoleum was completed in 1643, while the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later; the imperial court documenting Shah Jahan's grief after the death of Mumtaz Mahal illustrates the love story held as the inspiration for the Taj Mahal. The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian and earlier Mughal architecture. Specific inspiration came from successful Timurid and Mughal buildings including the Gur-e Amir, Humayun's Tomb which inspired the Charbagh gardens and hasht-behesht plan of the site, Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, Shah Jahan's own Jama Masjid in Delhi.
While earlier Mughal buildings were constructed of red sandstone, Shah Jahan promoted the use of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones. Buildings under his patronage reached new levels of refinement; the tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin; the base structure is a large multi-chambered cube with chamfered corners forming an unequal eight-sided structure, 55 metres on each of the four long sides. Each side of the iwan is framed with a huge pishtaq or vaulted archway with two shaped arched balconies stacked on either side; this motif of stacked pishtaqs is replicated on the chamfered corner areas, making the design symmetrical on all sides of the building. Four minarets frame one at each corner of the plinth facing the chamfered corners; the main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of Shah Jahan.
The most spectacular feature is the marble dome. The dome is nearly 35 metres high, close in measurement to the length of the base, accentuated by the cylindrical "drum" it sits on, 7 metres high; because of its shape, the dome is called an onion dome or amrud. The top is decorated with a lotus design which serves to accentuate its height; the shape of the dome is emphasised by four smaller domed chattris placed at its corners, which replicate the onion shape of the main dome. The dome is asymmetrical, their columned bases provide light to the interior. Tall decorative spires extend from edges of base walls, provide visual emphasis to the height of the dome; the lotus motif is repeated on guldastas. The dome and chattris are topped by a gilded finial which mixes traditional Persian and Hindustani decorative elements; the main finial was made of gold but was replaced by a copy made of gilded bronze in the early 19th century. This feature provides a clear example of integration of traditional Persian and Hindu decorative elements.
The finial is topped by a typical Islamic motif whose horns point heavenward. The minarets, which are each more than 40 metres tall, display the designer's penchant for symmetry, they were designed as working minarets— a traditional element of mosques, used by the muezzin to call the Islamic faithful to prayer. Each minaret is divided into three equal parts by two working balconies that ring the tower. At the top of the tower is a final balcony surmounted by a chattri that mirrors the design of those on the tomb; the chattris all share the same decorative elements of a lotus design topped by a gilded finial. The minarets were constructed outside of the plinth so that in the event of collapse, a typical occurrence with many tall constructions of the period, the material from the towers would tend to fall away from the tomb; the exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal are among the finest in Mughal architecture. As the surface area changes, the decorations are refined proportionally; the decorative elements were created by applying paint, st
Al "Bubba" Baker is a former professional American football defensive lineman who played in the National Football League. He was named to three Pro Bowls during his career, he was named 1978 NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year. He was one of the famous anchors of the "Silver Rush." Baker, a graduate of Weequahic High School in Newark, New Jersey and Colorado State University, was drafted in the second round of the 1978 draft by the Detroit Lions. Listed as 6-6 and 250 pounds, he combined strength, he made his mark early as he began his NFL career with the Lions with an incredible 23 sacks his rookie year, with five sacks in a single game against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers. He played for the Lions for five seasons. In his last season with the Lions, 1982, when sacks became an official statistic, he totaled 8.5 in only nine games. He had two career interceptions with the Lions. During his career with the Lions he unofficially totaled 75.5 sacks including 23 sacks in 1978, 16 in 1979, 18 in 1980 and 10 in 1981, which are the franchise's top three all-time, single-season sack efforts.
He played the next four seasons, 1983–86, with the St. Louis Cardinals, for whom his season sack totals were 13, 10, 4 and 10.5. In 1983, along with the 13 sacks, he had two interceptions. In 1987, he was a reserve defense lineman for the Cleveland Browns served in the same position in 1988 for the Minnesota Vikings, he returned to the Browns as a starter for all 16 games of the 1989 season as well as for all nine games he played for the Browns in 1990, his final NFL season at age 34. Baker said in the NFL. My son can be a doctor, he won't have to play this dumb game". Baker now lives with his family, including his wife of 34 years, Sabrina, in Avon, Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland, he owns a restaurant called Bubba's Q World-famous Bar-B-Que & Catering in Avon, he appeared on the ABC-TV show Shark Tank on December 6, 2013, in which investor and entrepreneur Daymond John agreed to invest $300,000 for a 30 percent share in Queen Ann Inc. the food company started by Baker and Baker's children, Brittani Bo Baker and James Albert London Baker.
Part of the agreement was the licensing of Baker's patent for de-boning pork ribs. DBA/Bubba's-Q Boneless Baby Back Ribs sold at stores such as QVC, have appeared on Good Morning America and are sold by retailers online. Baker and daughter Brittani are partners in the patented Boneless Baby Back Ribs. In 2004, he was picked as the 9th Greatest Pass Rusher in NFL History by Sports Illustrated. In 2007, he was named to the Greater Cleveland Sports Hall of Fame. Brittani Bo Baker is the managing partner with her father, former National Football League football player Al “Bubba” Baker, of their restaurant Bubba's-Q World-famous BBQ & Catering in Avon, Ohio. In 2006 Brittani and Al patented Bubbas's Boneless Ribs, a product and process for removing bones from an intact slab of ribs, making it possible for people to eat cooked deboned BBQ ribs with a knife and fork – this is not a reshaped patty; the co-inventors' patented product was featured on ABC's show Shark Tank where the father-daughter team partnered with branding expert and FUBU creator Daymond John.
Brittani is the vice president of the company formed through the partnership with Daymond John. In 2012 Brittani published a cookbook, Al Bubba Baker's Simple Southern Cookbook, featuring simplified southern family recipes, she created the cookbook to honor her father. The book includes Sports Illustrated articles, cooking tips and NFL action shots of her father during his football career. Baker helps the homeless and less fortunate in the Cleveland area. For her 29th birthday, she hosted and fed 100 homeless men at Bubba's-Q Restaurant in Avon, Ohio. Baker serves as a board member for Lutheran Metropolitan Ministries Social Enterprise, which helps former homeless people learn the necessary skills to gain and maintain jobs in the culinary arts field. Brittani has been seen on QVC with her father on the show In the Kitchen with David starring David Venable. Three-time Pro Bowl selection 1978 NFL Defensive Rookie of the Year Cleveland Sports Hall of Fame Six-time Cleveland Magazine Silver Spoon Award winner – Best Restaurant Al Baker-Legendary Lions Bubba's Q World Famous Bar-B-Q and Catering
Wardour is a settlement in Wiltshire, about 13 miles west of Salisbury and 4 miles south of Hindon. A parish in its own right, it is now part of the civil parish of Tisbury; the land was an estate of Wilton Abbey by the 11th century. The old 15th century Wardour Castle was slighted during the English Civil War, The stronghold was replaced in 1776 by New Wardour Castle, built between 1769 and 1776, it was long the home of the Lords Arundell of Wardour and of Cranborne Chase School. All Saints' Roman Catholic chapel, Wardour belonged to the Arundells' household, it was enlarged in 1788 by the eighth Lord Arundell to the designs of Giacomo Quarenghi and John Soane. The chapel still has regular services and is used for musical events. In the 18th century part of the estate was in Tisbury part in Donhead St Andrew. In 1835 Tisbury was divided into three parishes: West Tisbury and Wardour. In 1927 East Tisbury and Wardour were united as Tisbury civil parish. Wardour Catholic Primary School was built in 1862.
John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales said of Wardour: WARDOUR, a parish in Tisbury district, Wilts. Post town, under Salisbury. Acres and real property returned with Tisbury. Pop. 710. Houses, 119. W. Castle is the seat of Lord Arundell of W.. An ancient castle here was built by the Martins, before the time of Edward III; the living is annexed to Tisbury. The parish was noted for its quarrying Chilmark Stone, Tisbury Stone and Vale of Wardour Stone. Chicksgrove Quarry was operated near Tisbury in the Vale of Wardour; the Purbeck beds in Wardour have long been abandoned. The Arundell baronetcy Lucy Neville-Rolfe, senior civil servant and politician Nicholas Hyde, Lord Chief Justice of England
SS Louise Lykes was a Type C2-F ship built in 1941 at Federal Shipbuilding of Kearny, New Jersey. She sailed for the Lykes Brothers Steamship Company out of Louisiana. On 9 January 1943, she was sunk with all hands in the North Atlantic by German submarine U-384. Louise Lykes was laid down at Federal Shipbuilding of Kearny, New Jersey, launched on 27 September 1941. After her October 1941 completion, she was delivered to her owners, the Lykes Brothers Steamship Company, registered at New Orleans, Louisiana. Little information on the earliest parts of Louise Lykes' career are reported in secondary sources, but some time after the United States entered World War II in December 1941, the ship was armed with one 4-inch, two 3-inch, eight 20-millimetre guns, a Naval Armed Guard detachment to man them. Information on most of Louise Lykes' wartime activities is absent from secondary sources, but she is recorded as sailing in Convoy UGF 2 from Hampton Roads, Virginia, to Casablanca in November 1942 with 21 other merchant vessels, the return convoy, GUF 2, which returned to Hampton Roads on 11 December.
Both convoys were escorted across the Atlantic by the American battleship Arkansas and other escorts and support ships. Less than a month after her cruise to Casablanca and back, Louis Lykes departed from New York City for Belfast with a cargo of munitions. Sailing independently on a zig-zag course, she was discovered at 20:25 GWT some 500 nautical miles south-southeast of Iceland by Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Achim von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski, in command of German submarine U-384. Lookouts on Louise Lykes spotted the German vessel and opened fire, straddling the submarine with misses. In response, von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski launched a spread of four torpedoes at the American vessel from a distance of 2,000 yards. Although two of the torpedoes were wide of the mark, the other pair did their job and struck home on the cargo ship, igniting her cargo and raining debris on the deck of U-384. After a crash dive to avoid damage at the hands of the exploded American ship, von Rosenberg-Gruszcynski surfaced after five minutes to find no trace of the ship afloat.
Master Edwin J. Madden, 9 other officers, 41 crewmen, 32 Naval Armed Guardsmen were killed in the attack on Louise Lykes, the first of two ships sunk by U-384 during the war. Browning, Robert M.. U. S. Merchant Vessel War Casualties of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-087-8. OCLC 32310902
Roseann Ambrosia Ketchmark is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri and a former Assistant United States Attorney. Ketchmark received a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree, in 1986, from the University of Oklahoma, she received a Juris Doctor in 1990 from the University of Kansas School of Law. She began her career as an Assistant Prosecutor in Jackson County, from 1990 to 1995. From 1995 to 2001, she was First Assistant Prosecutor in Platte County. From 2001 to 2015, she served as an Assistant United States Attorney in the Western District of Missouri, she served as First Assistant United States Attorney from 2001 to 2006 and again from 2009 to 2010. She served as Executive Assistant United States Attorney from 2006 to 2007 and again in 2010, she served in the Corruption Unit. On November 20, 2014, President Obama nominated Ketchmark to serve as a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Missouri, to the seat vacated by Judge Gary A. Fenner, who at the time was taking senior status on a date to be determined.
He assumed senior status once Ketchmark was confirmed on September 8, 2015. On December 16, 2014 her nomination was returned to the President due to the sine die adjournment of the 113th Congress. On January 7, 2015, President Obama renominated her to the same position, she received a hearing on her nomination on March 11, 2015. On April 23, 2015 her nomination was reported out of committee by voice vote. On September 8, 2015 the U. S. Senate voted in favor of final confirmation by a vote of 96–0, she received her judicial commission on September 14, 2015. Roseann A. Ketchmark at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Roseann A. Ketchmark at Ballotpedia