Lazar Kujundžić-Klempa was a Serbian Chetnik commander, active in Old Serbia and Macedonia. He was born near Prizren, he finished the teacher school of the Orthodox seminary in Prizren. He was a teacher in Kičevo, he participated in the Fight on Čelopek. After the fight, he did not want to flee into Serbia but continued to operate in Old Serbia with commanders Savatije Milošević and Živojin Milovanović. On the Feast of the Ascension, his band appeared in Velika Hoča, they were received by Albanian Lanja Ukin who had given them his word that nothing would happen to them in his house, however, he alarmed the Turks in Orahovac who surrounded them. They set the house on fire; the Chetniks sung Chetnik songs. The Turks brought Lazar's mother to recognize him for them, but she did not, in order to save her village and family. During the Interwar period, he was hailed as a great hero, he entered the literature, count Ivo Vojnović wrote Lazarevo Vaskrsenje. Trbić, Vasilije. Memoari: 1898-1912. Kultura. Nikolajević, Dušan S..
"Лазар Кујунџић". Београдске Општинске новине. 54: 468–470. Ranković, Ž. J.. "Четничка акција I". Београдске Општинске новине. 57: 173–184. K. S.. "Јуначка смрт..." Vreme. P. 2
Stanislav Krakov was a Serbian officer, Chetnik guerrilla, journalist and film director. He participated in the Balkan Wars and First World War. During the Second World War, he supported his maternal uncle, General Milan Nedić, was the editor of Nedić's newspapers Novo vreme and Obnova. Krakov was born in Kingdom of Serbia, his father, was a doctor of Polish origin, his mother Persida was a granddaughter of Nikola Stanojević, a lord from Zeoke and nephew of lord Stanoje Mijailović, killed during the First Serbian Uprising. Not being able to enroll in the regular army, since he was only 17 years old, he joined the volunteer guard of Vojvoda Vuk, a Chetnik unit, in the war against the Ottoman Empire in 1912; the following year he was back on the frontline of the Serbian defence, this time against Bulgaria, where he was wounded near Kriva Palanka. Together with the last class of cadets-corporals, he left the military academy in 1914 and went straight to the front to fight the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
For much of 1914 he, much to his frustration, was assigned to Pirot, far from the front. In 1915 he participated in many battles, survived the Serbian army's retreat through Albania, was one of the first who reached the top of the impregnable Kajmakčalan. During these wars he was awarded eighteen times. In 1937 Krakov became chief of Propaganda for Zbor thanks to Dimitrije Ljotić and subsequently, the editor-in-chief of the pro-Nazi Obnova newspaper, hailing from Belgrade. After the First World War, from 1919 to 1931, he published prose in all newspapers and magazines in Serbia, he wrote novels: "Kroz buru", "Krila", travel guide "Kroz južnu Srbiju", memoirs "Naše poslednje pobede", a book of short stories "Crveni pjero". When it comes to historical-fiction works, he wrote "Plamen četništva", "Prestolonaslednik Petar" and "General Milan Nedić". "Život čoveka na Balkanu" was his autobiography. Stanislav Krakov was a director of the film "Za čast otadžbine i požar na Balkanu", which premiered on 25 March 1930, "Golgota Srbije" in 1931, still regarded as the best Serbian documentary film account of World War I ever.
He was editor of "Politika" and "Vreme", CEO of Radio Belgrade. During the Second World War he supported his uncle, General Milan Nedić, the rest of his life he spent in exile, he died in Switzerland. In his autobiography "Život čoveka na Balkanu", published posthumously, Stanislav wrote: I felt all the high points of success and all the bitterness and humiliation when you reach the bottom of human society. If the adventure is always an unexpected twist, always a surprise, most a danger a dazzling success, more hursh fall I lived a crazy brilliant and painful adventure of my time and my native soil... "Kroz buru" "Krila" "Kroz južnu Srbiju" "Naše poslednje pobede" "Crveni pjero" "Plamen četništva" "Prestolonaslednik Petar" "General Milan Nedić" "Život čoveka na Balkanu" Petranović, Branko. Srbija u Drugom svetskom ratu 1939-1945. Beograd: Vojnoizdavački i novinarski centar. Milosavljević, Olivera. Potisnuta istina - kolaboracija u Srbiji 1941-1944. Beograd: Helsinški odbor za ljudska prava u Srbiji.
ISBN 86-7208-129-3. Koprivica, Caslav. 2014. "Stanislav Krakov: Phenomenology of the Inner Consciousness of Combat". Filozofija I Drustvo. 25, no. 3: 323-342. MarinkoviÄ‡, Nikola. 2011. "Stanislav Krakov: The Polemical Context of the Life of the Man from the Balkans". Serbian Studies: Journal of the North American Society for Serbian Studies. 22, no. 2: 189-199. Ristovic, Milan. 2008. "Rural'anti-utopia' in the ideology of Serbian collaborationists in the Second World War". European Review of History: Revue Europeenne D'Histoire. 15, no. 2: 179-192. Tešić, Mojca Mihelič. 1992. "Stanislav Krakov". Nova Revija. 11: 266-267. Berec Nebojša, Stanislav Krakov: A biography, Zbornik Matice srpske za drustvene nauke, 2016:637-668
Aksentije Bacetić, known as Baceta, was a Serbian secret agent and Chetnik commander in Macedonia. His surname has been spelled Bacetović. Bacetić was born in the Principality of Serbia, he had red hair. As a youngster he joined the ranks of the People's Radical Party, he participated in the Timok Rebellion in 1882. He went to the Russian Empire where he enrolled in the NCO school finished with the rank of junker, he returned to Serbia. He translated works from Bulgarian into Serbian. Bacetić worked as a double agent in Bulgaria, giving the Serbian command information on Bulgarian troop placements during the Serbo-Bulgarian War, he was caught and sentenced to death, but the Serbian side insisted on prison during the peace treaty talks, he was given 101 years of imprisonment. He managed to escape from prison and returned to Serbia, was sent to carry out espionage in Austria-Hungary, he was expelled from service. After the May Coup, he started to work with old crafts in Old Macedonia. Bacetić subsequently built relations with and joined the Serbian Chetnik Organization, becoming one of the board members, organizing operations in Macedonia.
He "fanatically" led the Chetnik movement. After the fight in Tabanovce, Savatije Milošević, Lazar Kujundžić and Baceta left their offices as organizators of the action, wanting to feel the Chetnik lifestyle "from within" as voivodes. Baceta was to replace the Chief of Upper Staff, Ilija Jovanović. Baceta and Savatije, by mid-April, had moved 107 fighters across the border; the Chetniks defeated a local Ottoman army contingent at the Fight on Čelopek. The victory enraged the Ottomans; the rebels were forced to retreat across the border, were dispersed. Čiča Pavle and Bacetović were surrounded by the Ottoman army near the village of Beljakovce on 16 June, all in their bands were killed. His surname has been spelled "Bacetović". List of Chetnik voivodes Đurić, Veljko Đ.. Ilustrovana istorija četničkog pokreta. Jerinić, D. S.. "Војводе из четничке акције у Старој Србији и Маћедонији 1903-1912". Добровољачки гласник, бр. 32. Година 17. Удружење ратних добровољаца 1912-1918: 29–30. Jovanović, Aleksa. Spomenica dvadesetogodišnjice oslobodjenja Južne Srbije, 1912-1937.
Južna Srbija. Krakov, Stanislav. Plamen četništva. Belgrade: Hipnos. Pp. 216–222. Ilić, Vladimir. Српска четничка акција 1903-1912. Belgrade: Ecolibri. ISBN 978-86-7905-044-1. Trifunović, Ilija. Trnotivim stazama. Belgrade
Jovan Stojković, known as Jovan Babunski, was a Serbian Chetnik commander during the Macedonian Struggle, Balkan Wars and World War I. Following the murder of his brother and nephew by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, he joined a Chetnik band and took command of Chetnik units on the Vardar River, where he and his men engaged Bulgarian and Ottoman forces. With the outbreak of the First Balkan War he joined the Serbian Army and was wounded while fighting in the village of Strevica. During the Second Balkan War, he joined a Serbian volunteer detachment and fought at the Battle of Bregalnica. During World War I, Babunski and his Chetnik detachment fought Austro-Hungarian forces in the summer of 1914 and fought on the Salonika Front, where Babunski was ordained by French General Louis Franchet d'Espèrey after he and his men captured two German midget submarines and their crews. After the war and his 250-strong force helped Serb authorities suppress Bulgarian resistance in the Macedonian towns of Bitola and Tikveš, committing several atrocities in the process.
Considered one of the most famous Chetnik commanders of his time, Babunski died in Veles in February 1920. Jovan Stojković was born in the village of Martolci in central Macedonia, at the foot of Mount Babuna, near Veles, on 25 December 1878. In his youth, he was nicknamed "Babunski", by, he began attending primary school at the age of 10. It was here that his teacher Bulgarianized his name into "Ivan Stoykov". Displeased, Babunski's father took his son to the Serbian consulate in Skopje and requested that his son be transferred to a primary school in Belgrade. Babunski's primary and secondary education took place in Belgrade, Valjevo and Niš. In his twenties, he worked as a School teacher in Veles. In 1905, Babunski's brother and nephew were killed by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization. Seeking revenge, he joined the Chetnik band of Gligor Sokolović and Temeljko Barjaktarević; that year, he became a Chetnik vojvoda. Afterwards, he defended the right bank of the Vardar River against Bulgarian insurgents and protected persecuted Serb villages against Bulgarian and Ottoman attacks.
This prompted the VMRO to place a bounty of 20,000 leva on his head. Through these actions, Babunski became one of the five leading Serbian guerilla chiefs in Macedonia. Babunski's participation in the struggle against the Ottomans and Bulgarians came at a great personal cost. With the Young Turk Revolution in 1908, the Ottomans declared a ceasefire between their forces and those of the Chetniks. Babunski returned to civilian life, he was arrested by the Ottoman authorities, but escaped from prison. That year, he returned to the Serbia. Babunski fought with the Royal Serbian Army during the First Balkan War and was wounded in a skirmish with Ottoman Turkish forces in the village of Strevica while serving under commander Vojin Popović. During the Second Balkan War, he fought with a Serbian volunteer detachment at the Battle of Bregalnica. Following the outbreak of World War I, Babunski formed the Sava Chetnik detachment, placed under the command of Major Vojislav Tankosić; the unit suffered its first casualties when Austro-Hungarian river monitors shelled Belgrade on the night of 28 July 1914, killing a 16-year-old Chetnik volunteer named Dušan Đonović, the first victim of the war.
Shortly afterwards, Babunski's Chetniks destroyed a railway bridge on the Sava to prevent the Austro-Hungarians from crossing. Babunski and his men fought Bulgarian guerillas; that autumn Babunski and his Chetniks were assigned to the town of Kačanik, where they joined other Serbian forces in fighting a Bulgarian division that they managed to hold to a standstill for nearly a month despite suffering heavy losses. With the Serbian army's retreat through Albania that winter and his men withdrew to the Greek island of Corfu, they joined Serb forces at the Salonika Front. Here, Babunski was assigned to the Serbian First Army and was involved in guarding Lake Prespa from the Bulgarians, he and his Chetnik detachments participated in capturing enemy soldiers and gathering intelligence from the front. In 1917, French General Louis Franchet d'Espèrey awarded Babunski a medal following the capture of two German midget submarines and their crews by him and his men. Babunski was a recipient of the Order of the Star of Karađorđe.
After the war, Babunski's Chetniks were dispatched to Kosovo and Macedonia, reinforcing the 50,000 soldiers, deployed to quell the armed uprisings there. Babunski's force of 250 men helped the authorities suppress resistance in the towns of Bitola and Tikveš, targeting locals sympathetic to the Bulgarian komitas, committing several atrocities in the process. Forces under his command committed several atrocities in Albania. Chetnik bands, including those of Babunski, are said to have enslaved locals and turned them into forced labourers for the armed forces of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. By the summer of 1919, the authorities had decided that paramilitary formations such as Babunski's were not "furthering the state's aims in the region". Babunski died in Veles on 17 February 1920, after contracting influenza; the historian Dušan T. Bataković characterizes Babunski as "exceptionally courageous and determined". John Paul Newman, a historian specializing in Yugoslavia's interwar paramilitary formations, believes Babunski would hav
Gligor Sokolović was one of the supreme commanders of the Serbian Chetnik Movement, that fought the Ottoman Empire and Albanian armed bands during the Macedonian Struggle. He was one of the most famous Chetniks, the foremost in Western Povardarie. In Bulgaria he is considered a Bulgarian who switched i.e. Serboman. After murdering a local Ottoman lord, Sokolović went into the woods with some friends and formed a guerrilla unit which would target Ottomans, he joined the Bulgarian revolutionary organizations of SMAC and IMRO, fought throughout the wider Macedonia region. After the Ottomans' suppression of the Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising in 1903, he, like many others, fled to Serbia, he was acquainted with Dr. Gođevac, one of the founders of the Serbian revolutionary organization that sought liberation of Macedonia, became one of its supreme commanders that would fight in the Prilep region. With the Young Turk Revolution, he became a deputy of the National Assembly of the Serbs in Turkey, he was killed in 1910 by the Ottoman government.
Sokolović was born in 1870 under the Ottoman Empire. His father was Sokol Lamević, he grew up without education. At a young age, Sokolović killed a noted Turk from Prilep, Ali-Aga, the property intendant of Avdi-Pasha, who held villages around Babuna, was a notorious persecutor of Christians. Avdi-Pasha, the Lord of Babuna, had an infamous chiflik intendant in his service, Ali-Aga, a notorious persecutor of Christians. Ali-Aga had cancelled weddings; when Ali-Aga gathered the tax, he took an amount that suited him, never followed any law. Ali-Aga beat villagers, he ordered villages to slay sheep just. The villagers had none at their side, so five villages secretly conspired to murder Ali-Aga, but no one dared to fulfill the task. Gligor Sokolović, aged 25, from a sixth village, accepted it. Sokolović, with his friend Tale Šejtan, prepared an ambush on the road of Babun, waited for several days. One morning the villagers of Stepanci came and told them that Ali-Aga had just turned to collect tax from the farms.
Tale climbed a tree and had a full view of the surroundings, while Sokolović went and lay with his gun on the end of the road. As Ali-Aga advanced on his horse, Sokolović aimed and shot, Ali-Aga fell hard to the ground, his horse screamed and fled towards Prilep, Sokolović and Tale hurried to disappear into the forest though no one had seen them. Prilep was soon alarmed, an army went into pursuit. Sokolović had returned to the village by the night, the villagers greeted him for his deed. Forces searched through the houses; when they entered Sokolović's house, he waited while they found nothing. As soon as the troops had left the village, Sokolović went back to the forest and took his hidden gun, he began guerrilla warfare in the summer of 1895, he would never look back on the village life, he gathered a few friends: Đorđe Palaš from Prisad, Riste Todorović-Šika from Drenovci, Koce from Omorani, that would form a band. As they did not want to be far away from home, they moved through the forests of Babun and Nebregovo, ate what the shepherds had prepared for them in the heights of the village areas.
In the fall, when the forests became thinner and the first snow made traces, they were forced to flee the site, they had heard that in Bulgaria, some kind of committee for the struggle against the Ottoman Empire had been founded. Hungry, pursued, they joined the Bulgarian revolutionaries, where they would not have much rest. On Atanasov dan, 1896, his band of 9 friends were led by Dimo Dedoto, from Thessaloniki back across the border. There was heavy snow, severe cold, he managed to Nebregovo. Sokolović was not allowed to see his family, so he went to his friend, Stanko Bogojević, in belief that he would not be noticed; the frozen flesh of his feet fell of, they were healed with grass. The village heard. Stanko, fearing for his family, went to Sokol, Gligor's father, told him that he could not care for the hajduk any more. Sokol came for his son, when he saw his wounds in the light, he cried. Sokolović was taken to his father's house and there he healed; when snow fell on Babuna again, he left for the forest again, gathering a small band from old friends.
In springtime, there was time for the Turks to collect livestock tax from the shepherds, who tried to hide the animals in caves and the heights, but the Turks searched there too. One day, the begs arrived in Drenovci to a shepherd who told them that there were none left, but the one beg, went into the hut to inspect; the beg was shot in the head, the others left the premises running – in the hut was Sokolović and his band. The band could not stay in Babuna, crossed into Mariovo, on the way they left the bodies of four begs from Vitolište, but they could not stay in Morihovo for long, they retreated to Belica in Poreče. One day, there came a message that two Turkish merchants from Ohrid would travel through the Babuna to Veles. Sokolović had the time to prepare an ambush before Stepanci; the merchants came on horses, they had silver revolvers in their belts – Sokolović shouted "Throw your pistols!" in Turkish, jumping in front of them. T
Milan Aleksić, nicknamed Miša, known by his nom de guerre Marinko, was a Serbian Chetnik active from 1905 to 1918. He was born at the time part of the Ottoman Empire, he fled Ottoman tyranny to Kuršumlija, in the Kingdom of Serbia, where he graduated from the Military Academy as a non-commissioned officer. He joined the Serbian Chetnik Organization in 1905, fighting under Jovan Babunski and Gligor Sokolović in Poreč and on the Babuna against Bulgarian and Albanian bands, he was an assistant of the Upper Staff of Panta Radosavljević-Dunavski, Nikola Janković-Kosovski and Pavle Blažarić as a non-commissioned officer. In 1908, he worked with Vojislav Tankosić in training volunteers in Bosnia, he is regarded a hero in all wars between 1912 and 1918, during which he had the rank of lieutenant colonel. He wore an Albanian costume during battle, he died of exhaustion in Veliki Bečkerek, in Banat, on May 27, 1923
Ljubomir "Ljuba" Jezdić, known by his nom de guerre Razvigora was a Serbian Chetnik voivode in the Macedonian Struggle, a lawyer. Jezdić was born in Loznica, Kingdom of Serbia on October 1, 1884; the Loznica Jezdići live in Donja Brnjac. He finished six grades in the Šabac gymnasium entered the Serbian Military Academy, but he was forced to cancel his studies before the end of the third year, he entered the Law School in Belgrade, a period when he became one of the notable nationalistic youth leaders. He was a fellow student with a future brother-in-arms, he had joined the Serbian Chetnik Organization and crossed the Serbian-Ottoman border and entered Old Serbia on February 1, 1905, joining the band of vojvoda Đorđe Ristić. He made transfer to the band of Rista Starački; when Starački's was wounded in the hand fighting in Drenak and went and vacated in Serbia, Jezdić became the vojvoda of this unit. He adopted the war name Razvigora, due to the first warm springtime wind, which made the leaves sprout.
He participated in the great battle with the Ottoman army at Čelopek. On 28 April 1905, the larger Kragujevac- and Belgrade bands arrived at the Dubočica village, led by Borko Paštrović and Aksentije Bacetović respectively. Ilija Jovanović, Lazar Kujundžić, Pavle Mladenović and Ljuba Jezdić awaited them with their bands, he was a sergeant during the Balkan Wars, in the First World War he was a band commander, commander of machine gunners in the Yugoslav volunteer regiment. After he fell sick, he was appointed a military delegate in Tunisia, he lived in Belgrade since 1918, working as a lawyer, died there on September 15, 1927