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Ōta Dōkan

Ōta Dōkan known as Ōta Sukenaga or Ōta Dōkan Sukenaga, was a Japanese samurai warrior-poet, military tactician and Buddhist monk. Ōta Sukenaga took the tonsure as a Buddhist priest in 1478, he adopted the Buddhist name, Dōkan, by which he is known today. Dōkan is best known as the builder of Edo Castle in what is today modern Tokyo; the Ōta clan originated in 15th-century Musashi Province. They claimed descent from Minamoto no Yorimasa, through that branch of the Minamoto they claimed kinship with the Seiwa-Genji; the feudal progenitor of the clan name, Ōta Sukekuni, established himself at Ōta in Tanba Province, he adopted this location name as his own. He traced his lineage as a fifth-generation descendant of Yorimasa. In a special context created by the Tokugawa shogunate, the Ōta clan were identified as tozama or outsiders, in contrast with the fudai or insider daimyō clans which were hereditary vassals or allies of the Tokugawas. In, 1638, Ōta Sukemune, the grandson of Ōta Yasusuke, was granted Nishio Domain in Mikawa Province.

Yasusuke's descendants were moved several times by shogunate decree, residing successively in 1687 at Tanaka Domain in Suruga Province, in 1703 at Tanakura Domain in Mutsu Province, in 1728 at Tatebayashi Domain in Kōzuke Province. In the period spanning the years 1746 through 1868, this branch of the Ōta clan established itself at Kakegawa Domain in Tōtōmi; the head of this clan line was ennobled as a "Viscount" in the Meiji period. Although born into the Ōta clan—and claimed by the Ōta as a clan celebrity—Dōkan served as a vassal of the Ōgigayatsu branch of the Uesugi clan which occupied land in the Kantō region of Honshū. Dōkan is credited with designing and building Edo Castle for Uesugi Sadamasa over the fortifications Edo Shigenaga had earlier built. Work on the defensive walls and moats began in 1457. Ōgigayatsu Uesugi Mochitomo ordered Ōta Michizane and Dōkan to construct fortifications at Kawagoe in 1457. As a military strategist, he is reputed to have been an effective tactician. Despite years of distinguished service, the Uesugi clan leader proved fickle.

Dōkan met an untimely end at Uesugi Sadamasa's home in Sagami after he was falsely accused of disloyalty during a period when the Uesugi family struggled through an internal clan conflict. His death poem is as follows: Following his death, the castle was abandoned until it was taken over by Ieyasu in 1590. Dōkan was well-read in classical literature. Dōkan is credited with having selected the site of the Hikawa Shrine, dedicated to Sugawara no Michizane, the kami of poetry and scholarship. Hikawa Shrine is located near Edo Castle. Dōkan's residence in Kamakura became a Buddhist temple; the temple complex was founded by Okaji, a daughter of Ōta Yasusuke who would have been one of Dōkan's great-great-grandsons. Okaji was one of Tokugawa Ieyasu's attendants, she became a foster mother to Tokugawa Yorifusa, the founder of the Mito branch of the Tokugawa family. After Ieyasu's death, Okatsu became a nun; the third shōgun, Tokugawa Iemitsu, granted her the property. In 1636, Eishoin had a temple built and she invited a daughter of Yorifusa to join her.

Eisho-ji's prosperity helped preserve the memory of the 15th century ancestor who once lived in the same place. In the late 16th century, Dōkan's Edo Castle was chosen as the new home of Tokugawa Ieyasu, persuaded by Toyotomi Hideyoshi to transfer the seat of his clan holdings into the Kantō. With the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in the early 17th century, Edo Castle became the center of the shogunate government; when the shogunate was displaced in the Meiji Restoration in the late 19th century, the newly named Tokyo became an Imperial capital with an Imperial Palace rising from the former shōgun's stronghold. Every October 1, modern Tokyo celebrates the anniversary of its founding, which becomes a festival in honor of the memory of the samurai who would become honored as the founder of a great city; the city of Isehara celebrates Dōkan's contributions to the area with the annual Dōkan festival each summer. Dōkan's 15th century poetic description of what was once just a fortified hill on the Sumida River near Edo Bay would become the basis for metropolitan Tokyo Governor Ryokichi Minobe's 1971 re-election slogan: "Give Tokyo back its blue sky!"

Instead of stone walls, the defense works around the 15th-century castle were only grassy embankments, the structures inside them were not grand. The initial enclosure which served as the castle's core area, the space which would have been Dōkan's hon-maru, was modestly sized; these moats and their locations would figure prominently in the serial phases of construction and development which followed. Dōkan is credited with diverting the Hira River east at Kandabashi to create the Nihonbashi River. Celebrations attending the 500th Anniversary of Greater Tokyo illuminated parts of the story of Dōkan's life and achievements. Nakajima Utako Appert, Georges and H. Kinoshita.. Ancien Japon. Tokyo: Imprimerie

Srzentić

Srzentić, sometimes Srezentić, is a Montenegrin and Serbian surname and family. There was a Srzentić brotherhood of the historical Paštrovići tribe; the brotherhood has the slava of St. Nicholas, it was earlier called Ćuda. The family has been connected to the Zanović family, it may refer to: SrzentićMilan Srzentić, Montenegrin navy captain. SrezentićVaso Srezentić, Serbian banker during the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Spiro Srezentić, Yugoslav military attache and political instructor to the Albanian army. Mirko Srezentić, Serbian student, whose murder sparked the February demonstrations in 1935. Nikola Srezentić, SAP Vojvodina delegate. Вукмановић, Јован. Паштровићи: антропогеографско-етнолошка испитивања. Obod. Petrović, Mihailo. Đerdapski ribolovi u prošlosti i u sadašnjosti. 39. Izd. Zadužbine Mikh. R. Radivojeviča. P. 198. Babić, Nebojša. "Братства племена Паштровића". Poreklo

The Eight Gates of Seoul

The Eight Gates of Seoul are eight historical gates that were located in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon Dynasty. Six of these gates exist today. All eight gates were built between 1396 and 1398; the Eight Gates were based in the four cardinal and four intermediate directions of the compass. Of the eight gates, the North, South and West were known as the “Four Great Gates”, while the Northwest, Northeast and Southwest gates were known as the “Four Small Gates”. Of the eight gates, two no longer exist. Memorials are placed where the West and Southwest gates once stood. There has been discussion and announcements about rebuilding the West Gate, but no construction has yet been undertaken for this gate. On February 10, 2008, the South Gate was damaged in a fire set by an arsonist; the gate was rebuilt over five years, reopened to the public on May 4, 2013. This gate has the designation of National Treasure No. 1 of South Korea. Of the eight gates, the South and East gates are the largest, both are located in busy market areas.

Besides these eight cardinal gates, many other gates with important histories exist in Seoul, such as Gwanghwamun, the main gate of Gyeongbokgung Palace. The eight gates have had various names over the centuries, may still be referenced by different names; the charts below give the most common names for the gates. Official names and spellings are taken from signage found at and on the gates themselves. Note that Hanja is read right-to-left at times, left-to right at other times. Thus, the character for "gate" may appear either on the left or right side of actual signboards. List of gates in Korea Heunginjimun: https://web.archive.org/web/20120611045420/http://www.exploringkorea.com/heunginjimun-gate/ Retrieved 2012.06-16. Sukjeongmun: http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=264623 Retrieved 2012-06-16. Sungnyemun: http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=264257 Retrieved 2012-06-16. Changuimun: http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=1035096 Retrieved 2012-06-16.

Hyehwamun: http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=1061567 Retrieved 2012-06-16. Gwanghuimun: https://web.archive.org/web/20120611045410/http://www.exploringkorea.com/gwanghuimun-gate/ Retrieved 2012-06-16. Donuimun: http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/10/22/2009102200725.html Retrieved 2012-06-16. Translations: http://www.koreaaward.com/kor/index.php?mid=news_today&document_srl=5616 Retrieved 2012.06.16

Trevor Smith (ice hockey)

Trevor Smith is a Canadian professional ice hockey centre, an unrestricted free agent. He most played with the San Antonio Rampage in the American Hockey League. Smith is Jewish, was born in Ottawa, Ontario, he is the son of Harvey Smith. His parents are from Montreal, Quebec. Smith grew up in Vancouver, British Columbia, his father has coached Canada's ice hockey team in the Maccabiah Games. Before college, he played in 2001–02 for the Queens Park Pirates Pacific Junior Hockey League, in 2003–04 for the Quesnel Millionaires of the British Columbia Hockey League, in 2004–05 for the Omaha Lancers of the United States Hockey League, for whom he played in the USHL All Star Game, he played two seasons in the NCAA with the University of New Hampshire, in 2005–07. There, he was an All Hockey East First team selection, an NCAA East Second Team All-American, was named to the New England All-Star team, he had 63 points in 78 games over two seasons. He signed as a free agent with the New York Islanders on April 2, 2007.

He played 8 games with the Islanders' American Hockey League affiliate, the Bridgeport Sound Tigers at the end of the 2006–07 campaign, notching three points and two penalty minutes. During the 2007–08 season, Trevor split time between the Utah Grizzlies and the Bridgeport Sound Tigers, playing 53 games in Bridgeport and 22 in Utah, he was picked to represent Utah at the ECHL All-Star game, but could not play as he was recalled to Bridgeport. He was named the Rbk Edge/AHL Rookie of the Month for February 2008 after scoring 15 points in 13 games. Smith had a breakout year during the 2008–09 season for the Sound Tigers playing on the first line between Kurtis McLean and Mike Iggulden, scoring 30 goals and notching 32 assists in 76 games. Trevor made his NHL debut with the Islanders that season, wearing number 77 and scoring one goal in seven games. On July 2, 2010, Smith signed as a free agent to a one-year contract with the Anaheim Ducks. On January 4, 2011, he was traded to the Columbus Blue Jackets in exchange for Nate Guenin.

On July 5, 2011, Smith was signed to a two-way contract with the Tampa Bay Lightning. In 2011–12, he played in the AHL All-Star Game, had an AHL Best Plus/Minus, played for the AHL Calder Cup Champion, had the AHL Most Points Playoffs. On July 1, 2012, Smith was signed to a two-way contract with the Pittsburgh Penguins. Due to the NHL lockout, Smith was directly assigned to the Penguins AHL affiliate, the Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins for the majority of the 2012–13 season, he was recalled by the Penguins and played a solitary game against the New York Islanders on March 22, 2013. During the summer of 2013 he was recruited to play for Team Canada in the 2013 Maccabiah Games in Israel, but was recovering from an upper-body injury sustained during the AHL playoffs and turned down the request, he said: "I would have been upset if Canada had lost because I had not gone". On July 5, 2013, Smith was signed as a free agent to a one-year, one-way contract with the Toronto Maple Leafs for a reported $550,000.

On September 30, he was assigned to the Toronto Marlies of the American Hockey League. On October 4, 2013, Smith was named as team captain of the Toronto Marlies – the Maple Leafs' AHL affiliate, becoming the 5th Captain in team history. On October 8 he debuted for the Leafs. On July 2, 2015, Smith as a free agent signed his first contract abroad, agreeing to a two-year contract with Swiss club, SC Bern of the National League A, he won the 2016 Swiss championship with Bern, but missed large parts of the 2015-16 season after undergoing elbow surgery. He returned to game action in February 2016. During his Bern stint, Smith made 18 NLA appearances producing three goals and two assists and played in four contests of the Champions Hockey League, scoring one goal and two assists, he left after a single season at SCB. On July 2, 2016, he inked a two-year, two-way contract with the Nashville Predators of the National Hockey League. Smith made his debut with the Predators in a solitary game during the 2016–17 season, spending the duration of his contract with Nashville's AHL affiliate, the Milwaukee Admirals.

As a free agent from the Predators, Smith agreed to a one-year AHL contract to add a veteran presence to the San Antonio Rampage on July 30, 2018. List of select Jewish ice hockey players Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or The Internet Hockey Database Trevor Smith on Twitter

Kōun Senshu

The Kōun Senshu is a Japanese anthology of waka poetry. It contains 1,000 poems written by Kazan'in Nagachika known as Kōun, who presented it to the Southern Court in Yamato Province in the spring of 1377, having been unable to do so the previous year due to illness. Nagachika was in his twenties; the work contains extensive commentary and appraisal of the poems by Prince Munenaga, survives in a variety of manuscripts, several in the holdings of the Imperial Household Agency. The Kōun Senshu is an anthology of 1,000 waka in one volume, written by Kazan'in Nagachika, whose art name was Kōun, it was presented to the Southern Court in the spring of Tenju 3. In 1376, the Southern Court had had a 1,000-waka fete at the palace. Six people had made entries: Emperor Chōkei, Prince Hironari, the kanpaku Nijō Noriyori, Fujiwara no Morokane, Fujiwara no Tsunetaka and Prince Munenaga. Munenaga appraised the work of the other five. Nagachika, absent from court due to illness, presented his 1,000 poems the following year.

Only those of Prince Munenaga and Nagachika survive in their entirety, but the surviving manuscripts of Nagachika's include some critical remarks by Prince Munenaga. Nagachika was in his late twenties when he composed the thousand poems, the surviving comments by Prince Munenaga are exhaustive; the manuscript in the possession of the Archives and Mausolea Department of the Imperial Household Agency contains a long and detailed prose work of poetic criticism written by Prince Munenaga and addressed to Nagachika. Some of the manuscripts only include the first book of the work; the copy held by the Yūtoku Inari Shrine in Saga Prefecture, is one of these. Digitized copies of various copies of the Kōun Senshu on the National Institute of Japanese Literature website: 耕雲千首, photographed February 22, 1974 詠千首和歌, photographed August 1993 詠千首和歌, photographed December 1988

School of Chartres

During the High Middle Ages, the Chartres Cathedral established the cathedral School of Chartres, an important center of French scholarship located in Paris. It developed and reached its apex during the transitional period of the 11th and 12th centuries, at the start of the Latin translation movement; this period was right before the spread of medieval universities, which superseded cathedral schools and monastic schools as the most important institutions of higher learning in the Latin West. In the early 11th century, Bishop Fulbert established Chartres as one of the leading schools in Europe. Although the role of Fulbert himself as a scholar and teacher has been questioned, his administrative ability established the conditions in which the school could flourish. Great scholars were attracted to the cathedral school, including Bernard of Chartres, Thierry of Chartres, William of Conches, the Englishman John of Salisbury; these men were at the forefront of the intense intellectual rethinking that culminated in what is now known as the twelfth-century Renaissance, pioneering the Scholastic philosophy that came to dominate medieval thinking throughout Europe.

As with most monastic and cathedral schools, the school's teaching was based on the traditional seven liberal arts, grouped into the trivium and into the quadrivium. There were, differences among the schools on the emphasis given to each subject; the Chartres school placed special emphasis on natural philosophy. Chartres' greatest period was the first half of the twelfth century, but it could not support the city's large number of students and its masters lacked the relative autonomy developing around the city's other schools. By the 12th century, the status of the school was on the wane, it was eclipsed by the newly emerging University of Paris by the School of the Abbey of St. Victor. Edouard Jeauneau, Rethinking the School of Chartres, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2009; the School of Chartres in A History of Western Philosophy Vol. II / by Ralph McInerny