Šabac is a city and the administrative centre of the Mačva district in western Serbia. The traditional centre of the fertile Mačva region, Šabac is located on the right banks of the river Sava. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has population of 53,919, while its administrative area comprises 118,347 inhabitants; the name Šabac was first mentioned in Ragusan documents dating to 1454. The origin of the city's name is uncertain; the city is known by a variety of different names: Zaslon in medieval Serbian, Szabács in Hungarian, Böğürdelen in Turkish, Schabatz in German. Archaeological evidence attests to more permanent settlement in the area from the Neolithic. In the Middle Ages, a Slavic settlement named; the settlement was part of the Serbian Despotate until it fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1459. In 1470, the Ottomans named it Beyerdelen. In 1476 the Hungarian king Matthias Corvinus captured the fort. Under Hungarian administration, the town was part of the Banate of Macsó, whereas under Ottoman administration it was firstly part of the Sanjak of Zvornik within the Province of Bosnia, part of the Sanjak of Smederevo.
Šabac was the administrative centre of the nahiye of a local Ottoman administrative unit. During the Ottoman period, Šabac was a typical oriental town with tiny streets, small shops and several mosques; the population was composed of both Muslims and Serbs, along with smaller numbers of Hungarians and Croats. Until the 19th century, Šabac was under Ottoman administration, but control of the town changed hands several times between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Monarchy during the Ottoman-Habsburg wars; the first period of Habsburg rule began in 1718, when Šabac was incorporated into the Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia. After the Treaty of Belgrade, Šabac reverted to Ottoman control and, straddling the boundary between the two empires, it gained importance as a market town. A second period of Habsburg control of the area followed starting in 1789; the storming of the city was one of the early experiences of the renowned military leader Józef Poniatowski. Ottoman control over the area was restored a few years later.
Šabac became a site of importance in Serbian history in the First Serbian Uprising when, in 1806, Karađorđe led the Serbian insurgents into one of the first victories over the Ottoman army near the nearby village of Mišar. Until 1813, the town was part of Revolutionary Serbia. A brief period of restored Ottoman control followed, but after the Second Serbian Uprising in 1815, Šabac was included into the now-autonomous Principality of Serbia under the Obrenović dynasty; this first ruling family of modern Serbia left its mark on the town. The Ottoman army evacuated the fort of Šabac in 1867, marking the end of the Ottoman presence in the area; the first newspaper in the Kingdom of Serbia was printed in Šabac in 1883, the town was the first in Serbia where women started visiting kafanas on Sunday afternoons, as was customary for men. The town prospered until the First World War, when it was occupied and devastated by the Austro-Hungarian army and had its population halved. World War I is remembered for the battle on nearby Cer mountain where the Serbian army under general Stepa Stepanović won an early victory against Austria-Hungary in August 1914, the first Allied victory in the war.
After the war, Šabac was decorated with the French War Cross with Palm, the Czechoslovak War Cross, the Order of the Karađorđe's Star with Swords. In 1918, the town became a part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes. From 1918 to 1922, it was the administrative seat of Podrinje District, from 1922 to 1929 the administrative seat of Podrinje Oblast, from 1929 to 1941 it was a part of the Drina Banovina. An early milestone in the Yugoslav era of the town's history was the opening of the Zorka chemical plant in 1938; the city's renewal was interrupted by occupation by German troops. During the German occupation, Šabac was part of the area governed by the Military Administration in Serbia; some 5,000 residents of Šabac were imprisoned along with 20,000 others in the Šabac concentration camp. 7,000 inmates were killed. The city was liberated from occupation by the Yugoslav Partisans in 1944. After the war, it was included into People's Republic of Serbia within the new socialist Yugoslavia.
Since it grew into a modern industrial city with the aforementioned Zorka chemical plant and an expanded population. The 1970s saw the construction of the first modern sports hall; the swamp at the city's outskirts, Benska Bara, was drained and turned into a residential neighborhood, a new bridge was built over the Sava river. By 2010, the population of the city and its suburbs had risen to 75,000. According to the 2011 census results, the city of Šabac has a population of 115,884 inhabitants; the ethnic composition of the city of Šabac: Prior to 1990, Šabac had one of the best developed economies among cities in Yugoslavia. However, international sanctions against Yugoslavia during t
Klojen is a district in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Downtown Malang is located in the district. Klojen, postal code 65111 Rampal Celaket, postal code 65111 Oro-Oro Dowo, postal code 65112 Samaan, postal code 65112 Penanggungan, postal code 65113 Gadingkasri, postal code 65115 Bareng, postal code 65116 Kasin, postal code 65117 Sukoharjo, postal code 65118 Kauman, postal code 65119 Kiduldalem, postal code 65119 Northern side of Klojen bordering with Lowokwaru and Blimbing subdistricts, eastern side bordering with Kedungkandang subdistrict, southern side bordering with Sukun subdistrict, western side of Klojen bordering with the Sukun and Lowokwaru sub-districts; the climate in Klojen features tropical monsoon climate according to Köppen–Geiger climate classification system, as the climate precipitation throughout the year is influenced by the monsoon, bordering with subtropical highland climate. Most months of the year are marked by significant rainfall; the short dry season has little impact.
The average temperature in Klojen is 23.7 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 2090 mm. Districts of East Java List of districts of Indonesia Official website of Kecamatan Klojen
Meet Mr. Lucifer is a black and white British comedy satire film released in 1953 starring Stanley Holloway, it was filmed at Ealing Studios, is one of the Ealing Comedies. The film is based on the play Beggar My Neighbour by Arnold Ridley; the film opened on 26 November 1953 at the Haymarket Gaumont cinema in London. When Mr Pedelty leaves his firm, he is given a television set as a retirement present. At first he enjoys all the attention from his neighbours, but soon the attraction wears off, he sells it on to a young married couple living in the flat above him, they soon encounter the same problems, again the set is passed on to several different characters all with the same results. Stanley Holloway as Sam Hollingsworth / Mr. Lucifer Peggy Cummins as Kitty Norton Jack Watling as Jim Norton Barbara Murray as Patricia Pedelty Joseph Tomelty as Mr. Pedelty Kay Kendall as Lonely Hearts Singer Gordon Jackson as Hector McPhee Charles Victor as Mr. Elder Humphrey Lestocq as Arthur Jean Cadell as Mrs. Macdonald Raymond Huntley as Mr. Patterson Ernest Thesiger as Mr. Macdonald Frank Pettingell as Mr. Roberts Olive Sloane as Mrs. Stannard Gilbert Harding as Himself Philip Harben as Himself McDonald Hobley as Himself David Miller as Himself Olga Gwynne as Principal Boy Joan Sims as Fairy Queen Ian Carmichael as Man Friday Irene Handl as Lady with Dog Gladys Henson as Lady in Bus Roddy Hughes as Billings Eliot Makeham as Edwards Bill Fraser as Band Leader Dandy Nichols as Mrs. Clarke Toke Townley as Trumpet Player Fred Griffiths as Removal Man Meet Mr. Lucifer at BritMovie Meet Mr. Lucifer film review at Timeout Meet Mr. Lucifer at the British Film Institute's Film and TV Database Meet Mr. Lucifer on IMDb Meet Mr. Lucifer at AllMovie
American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic is a 2007 non-fiction book written by American historian Joseph Ellis and published by Alfred A. Knopf, examining the successes and failures of the Founding Fathers. Structured episodically, the book examines six turning points in the early history of the United States: the writing of the Declaration of Independence, George Washington's winter at Valley Forge, James Madison's debate with Patrick Henry over Constitutional ratification, Washington's treaty with Creek leader Alexander McGillivray, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's founding of the Democratic-Republican Party, the Louisiana Purchase. Ellis, who had won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for History, wanted to write a book portraying the Founders neither as demigods nor villains, but as flawed men who were improvising in response to immediate crises; the book reached #4 on The New York Times Best Seller list, received positive reviews from critics.
Joseph Ellis is an American professor of history who held an endowed Ford Foundation Chair at Mount Holyoke College in Massachusetts. His previous works on the Founding Fathers had received several awards, including a 1997 National Book Award for American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson and the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for History for his Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation. American Creation was his sixth book. Ellis states in American Creation's foreword that the book was prompted by repeated questions he received on his 2000 book tour for Founding Brothers negatively comparing presidential candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore to the Founders, his difficulty in properly assessing the Founders made him want to write a book that both acknowledged their achievements and punctured the myth that they were "demigods". He stated in an interview that he wanted to show that "these folks didn't understand what they were doing... They were improvising on the edge of catastrophe." Ellis did the research for the book rather than working with research assistants.
He wrote the manuscript by hand with a rollerball pen. American Creation consists of a foreword, six chapters, an afterword. In the prologue, Ellis discusses what he calls the "stunning achievement" of the Founders in creating a nation that became "the accepted global formula for national success", he criticizes the "wildly extravagant claims and hyperbolic counterclaims" that deify or vilify the Founders those of academic historians who treat the Founders as "racists and sexists". In contrast, Ellis states his intention to present a balanced portrayal of Founders—acknowledging their successes, such as the creation of a nation-sized, secular republic governed by political parties, as well as their failures to deal with slavery and to reach a just settlement with Native Americans; the book's first chapter, "The Year", examines the Declaration of Independence as well as the American Revolutionary War. Ellis discusses how, "latently and surreptitiously", the Declaration held more long-term revolutionary implications than the Founders realized.
The second chapter, "The Winter", discusses General George Washington's achievement in holding the Continental Army together during a hard winter at Valley Forge. The army's poor condition causes a critical shift in strategy that would prove decisive for the Americans, forcing Washington to attempt to control the countryside rather than stage a decisive battle with the British; the third chapter, "The Argument", details James Madison's efforts to secure a strong federal government at the 1787 Constitutional Convention. Madison fails to win approval for a national government that can veto state laws, considers the convention a failure. Instead the Constitution creates a political system in which sovereignty is shared and "blurred", providing a framework for ongoing debate. Madison emphasizes this advantage, as well as the weakness of the prior Articles of Confederation government during the Revolutionary War, to defeat Anti-Federalist orator Patrick Henry in a debate over Virginia's ratification of the Constitution.
Chapter Four, "The Treaty", considers Washington's failure as president to reach an equitable settlement with Native Americans, with particular consideration to his treaty with Creek leader Alexander McGillivray. Though Washington declares the issue one of his highest priorities and negotiates a treaty, it proves worthless in the face of the relentless expansion of white settlers into Creek territory, the intransigence of the Georgian legislature, McGillivray's attempts to ally with Spain. Ellis calls the inability to make a fair peace with Native Americans "the greatest failure of the revolutionary generation", second only to their failure to end slavery; the fifth chapter, "The Conspiracy", presents the achievement of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in creating American party politics by forming the Democratic-Republican Party. As he works to undermine Washington's administration from within, Jefferson disparages party politics and denies that he is capable of acting in a partisan fashion, thus failing to understand his own accomplishment.
"The Purchase", the book's final chapter, explores the story behind the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, discussing President Jefferson's achievement in making the Purchase but his failure to prohibit slavery in the new territory. Ellis argues that Jefferson thus set the nation on the course that would lead to the Civil War, that as a result, "tragedy trumped triumph in the story of the Purchase". In the afterword, Ellis states that "perhaps the most creative act of the founding era" was "an expanding liberal mandate that left room, up ahead, for an Abraham Lincoln and a Martin Luther King to join the list of found
Residency Towers Chennai is a five-star luxury hotel located at T. Nagar, India. Built at a cost of ₹ 500 million, the hotel is the second Residency hotel in the city and fourth in the chain. Upon acquiring a land measuring 26 grounds from the Russian consulate, Sood & Sood joined with Appaswamy Group on joint development of commercial complexes. However, they subsequently chose to build a four-star hotel instead. Built on a land measuring 26 grounds, the hotel has 16 floors with 176 rooms, 11 theme-based suites, theme restaurants, convention halls and car parking facilities for around 180 to 200 cars. Thirty percent of the land has been taken up for the building, while the rest will be used for the car park and landscaping. Other features of the hotel include a 24-hour restaurant with an interactive kitchen and an ambiance of a recreated European street, an old-world themed bar, with beer barrels, old prints and a 1945 Norton motorcycle suspended from the ceiling and a southern specialty restaurant recreated in Chettinad style with original wooden pillars and paintings from this region.
There are two executive club floors with a lounge, one suite floor, six banquet halls with a capacity of 100 to 1000. The hotel has a business centre, swimming pool, health club and a spa. In addition, the hotel has an exclusive ladies lounge and ladies floor. In June 2003, the hotel launched its banana leaf service at its southern speciality restaurant, Southern Aromas. Hotels in Chennai List of tallest buildings in Chennai Homepage of The Residency Towers Chennai
Jeremiah Townley Chase was an American lawyer and land speculator from Annapolis, Maryland. He served as a delegate for Maryland in the Continental Congress of 1783 and 1784, for many years was chief justice of the state’s court of appeals. Chase was born in Maryland, to Richard and Catherine Chase; when both his parents died in 1757 he was adopted by his uncle Reverend Thomas Chase, the Anglican rector of St. Paul's parish in Annapolis, his uncle took over his education as he had done earlier for his own son, Samuel Chase. When Jeremiah Chase was a young man, he followed his second cousin Samuel Chase to Annapolis, he read law in Samuel's office and was admitted to the bar of Anne Arundel County in 1771. Chase established a practice in both Annapolis and Baltimore, which he continued in Annapolis until 1791 with interruptions for public service, he never went into practice with his cousin but they made several appearances in court for the same clients, a few as opponents. There were several young men who studied law with both cousins when one was out of town.
This list of men included Roger B. Taney, Chief Justice of the United States, he married Hester Baldwin on June 24, 1779. In 1773 Chase was elected to the Colonial House of Delegates. In 1774 he joined the prerevolutionary Maryland Committee of Correspondence for Baltimore and was elected to the revolutionary Annapolis Convention that created the state constitution of Maryland. In 1776 he attended the state's Constitutional Convention for Anne Arundel County. Under the new constitution he was elected to the House of Deputies in Baltimore from 1775 to 1777. Chase's adopted father, Rev. Chase, died in 1779 and after that Jeremiah moved to Annapolis; that same year he was named a member of Maryland's Executive Council, which functioned as the upper house of the legislature, he would serve there until 1783, from 1785 to 1788. Chase was Mayor of Annapolis in 1783 and 1784; those same years he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress, which held sessions for those years in Annapolis. It was there he became a friend of David Howell of Rhode Island.
In 1788 Chase was a delegate to the Maryland convention called to ratify the United States Constitution. He was among those opposed to its adoption; when the Bill of Rights was formally adopted by Congress in 1789, Chase became a supporter of the Federalist Party. He drafted the Northwest Ordinance of 1784 as part of its drafting committee. Jeremiah Chase and his cousin, John Francis Mercer vehemently opposed the Federal Constitution's ratification. Being elected to the state convention, he became an Antifederalist leader. Chase feared the Federalists would abolish state laws protecting personal rights, he called for a federal bill of rights at the convention. Having owned 11 slaves, by mid 1780s Chase was of the opinion Maryland's slaves should be freed. At the 1788 state ratification convention he spoke against slavery being supported by a federal Constitution, he was one of 12 leaders. Chase returned to state politics after the constitutional crisis. Despite his opposition to the Constitution, Chase was named as a justice in the state's General Court in 1789, serving for six years.
He held the tax commissioner office of Anne Arundel County in 1788. As tax commissioner, together with Charles Ridgely and his cousin Samuel, he speculated in ex-Tory lands in Annapolis and the port of Baltimore, he served in the Maryland State Senate in 1796, where he became a strong Republican in a Federalist state. In 1806 he was appointed chief justice of the Maryland Court of Appeals, for the third district, until 1826, retiring that year. Jeremiah Chase remained married to Hester Baldwin until her death in 1823 and had five children: Richard, Hester and Catherine, he rented a wing of the Hammond House from Matthias Hammond as a law office. His residence was on nearby King George Street. In 1811 he purchased the Hammond-Harwood House for his eldest daughter Frances Lookcerman to live in with her husband Richard Loockerman, it was customary for the father in law to give the deed to his son in law. However, Judge Chase did not trust his son in law, kept the deed in his name; when Chase died at home in 1828, he was buried in the City Cemetery, or St. Anne's Cemetery in Annapolis.
Some of his land was confiscated by the state from former Tories. The Hammond-Harwood House still stands on Maryland Avenue at King George Street in Annapolis; the home is open to visitors. The museum interprets the Loockerman family living in the house. United States Congress. "Jeremiah Chase". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Hammond House museum website