Chlebičov is a village in Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It is part of micro-region Hlučínsko, it has around 1,070 inhabitants. Official website
Kingdom of Prussia
The Kingdom of Prussia was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918. Although it took its name from the region called Prussia, it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg, where its capital was Berlin; the kings of Prussia were from the House of Hohenzollern. Prussia was a great power from the time it became a kingdom, through its predecessor, Brandenburg-Prussia, which became a military power under Frederick William, known as "The Great Elector". Prussia continued its rise to power under the guidance of Frederick II, more known as Frederick the Great, the third son of Frederick William I. Frederick the Great was instrumental in starting the Seven Years' War, holding his own against Austria, Russia and Sweden and establishing Prussia's role in the German states, as well as establishing the country as a European great power.
After the might of Prussia was revealed it was considered as a major power among the German states. Throughout the next hundred years Prussia went on to win many battles, many wars; because of its power, Prussia continuously tried to unify all the German states under its rule, although whether Austria would be included in such a unified German domain was an ongoing question. After the Napoleonic Wars led to the creation of the German Confederation, the issue of more unifying the many German states caused revolution throughout the German states, with each wanting their own constitution. Attempts at creation of a federation remained unsuccessful and the German Confederation collapsed in 1866 when war ensued between its two most powerful member states and Austria; the North German Confederation, which lasted from 1867 to 1871, created a closer union between the Prussian-aligned states while Austria and most of Southern Germany remained independent. The North German Confederation was seen as more of an alliance of military strength in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War but many of its laws were used in the German Empire.
The German Empire lasted from 1871 to 1918 with the successful unification of all the German states under Prussian hegemony, this was due to the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71. The war united all the German states against a common enemy, with the victory came an overwhelming wave of nationalism which changed the opinions of some of those, against unification. In 1871, Germany unified into a single country, minus Austria and Switzerland, with Prussia the dominant power. Prussia is considered the legal predecessor of the unified German Reich and as such a direct ancestor of today's Federal Republic of Germany; the formal abolition of Prussia, carried out on 25 February 1947 by the fiat of the Allied Control Council referred to an alleged tradition of the kingdom as a bearer of militarism and reaction, made way for the current setup of the German states. However, the Free State of Prussia, which followed the abolition of the Kingdom of Prussia in the aftermath of World War I, was a major democratic force in Weimar Germany until the nationalist coup of 1932 known as the Preußenschlag.
The Kingdom left a significant cultural legacy, today notably promoted by the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation, which has become one of the largest cultural organisations in the world. In 1415 a Hohenzollern Burgrave came from the south to the March of Brandenburg and took control of the area as elector. In 1417 the Hohenzollern was made an elector of the Holy Roman Empire. After the Polish wars, the newly established Baltic towns of the German states, including Prussia, suffered many economic setbacks. Many of the Prussian towns could not afford to attend political meetings outside of Prussia; the towns were poverty stricken, with the largest town, having to borrow money from elsewhere to pay for trade. Poverty in these towns was caused by Prussia's neighbours, who had established and developed such a monopoly on trading that these new towns could not compete; these issues led to feuds, trade competition and invasions. However, the fall of these towns gave rise to the nobility, separated the east and the west, allowed the urban middle class of Brandenburg to prosper.
It was clear in 1440 how different Brandenburg was from the other German territories, as it faced two dangers that the other German territories did not, partition from within and the threat of invasion by its neighbours. It prevented partition by enacting the Dispositio Achillea, which instilled the principle of primogeniture to both the Brandenburg and Franconian territories; the second issue was resolved through expansion. Brandenburg was surrounded on every side by neighbours whose boundaries were political. Any neighbour could consume Brandenburg at any moment; the only way to defend herself was to absorb her neighbours. Through negotiations and marriages Brandenburg but expanded her borders, absorbing neighbours and eliminating the threat of attack; the Hohenzollerns were made rulers of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1518. In 1529 the Hohenzollerns secured the reversion of the Duchy of Pomerania after a series of conflicts, acquired its eastern part following the Peace of Westphalia. In 1618 the Hohenzollerns inherited the Duchy of Prussia, since 1511 ruled by Hohenzollern Albrecht of Brandenburg Prussia, who in 1525 converted the Teutonic Order ruled state to a Protestant Duchy by accepting fiefdom of the crown of Poland.
It was ruled in a personal union with Brandenburg
Hlučín is a town in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It is the center of the Hlučín Region; the population was around 14,500 as of 2016. The current mayor in Hlučín is Mgr. Pavel Pashek. Hlučín was part of the Duchy of Opava before the latter was partitioned along the Opava River between Habsburg Austria and the Kingdom of Prussia in 1742 by the Treaty of Berlin after the First Silesian War; the town was administered within the Prussian Province of Silesia until 1920, when it was made part of Czechoslovakia following World War I. The transferral of the Hlučín Region sparked controversy between Germans and Poles. After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Hlučín was annexed by Nazi Germany and again made part of Prussian Silesia, with its German name Hultschin restored to use. Hlučín was restored to its German inhabitants expelled; the villages Bobrovníky and Darkovičky belong to the town of Hlučín. A few of famous artists were born in Hlučín: Pavel Josef Vejvanovský-composer Paul Blashke- composer Bohumil Hynek Bílovský- writer Tomáš Xaver Laštůvka- writer Jan Boshenek- painter Jan Janda- painter Namysłów, Poland Nebelschütz, Germany Ružomberok, Slovakia Museum of the fortifications in Hlučín Official website Map: location of Hlučínsko area within Czech Republic Map: location of the city within Hlučínsko area Information centre of Hlučín
Budišovice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. As of December 31, 2006, the population was 624; the first written mention of the village was in 1282. Official website
Brumovice (Opava District)
Brumovice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 16 km from Opava; the village was first mentioned in a written document in 1377. Brumovice municipality was the site of one of the first Polenlager camps in existence the first ever, it was set up by Nazi Germany in August 1939 in anticipation of the imminent attack on Poland. The KT camp was staffed before the actual invasion, with guards recruited by the SS from Krnov and Opava; the camp, called KZ Skrochowitz was commanded by Heinrich Jöckel from the SS. It was an old sugar refinery set up for Polish military prisoners and civilian hostages captured during the September campaign; the camp functioned until December 15, 1939, with some 700 prisoners of Polish nationality brought in from Cieszyn Silesia and Upper Silesia. The Municipality of Brumovice includes the following subdivisions: Brumovice Kolná Pocheň Pustý Mlýn Skrochovice Úblo Brumovice u Opavy Skrochovice Úblo Skrochovice - první nacistický tábor na Českém území Klub přátel starého Krnova.
Koncentrační tábor, okres Opava at SMIRCI-KRIZE. CZ
Dobroslavice is a village in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. On March 7, 2008, the population was 709; the first written mention of the village was in 1377. Official website