Žatec is a historic town in Louny District, Ústí nad Labem Region, in the Czech Republic. It is famous for an over-700-year-long tradition of growing Saaz noble hops used by several breweries. Žatec hosts ` Dočesná', its harvest festival every year on the town square. The earliest historical reference to the Bohemian fortress of Sacz is in the Latin chronicle of Thietmar of Merseburg of 1004, when King Henry II of Germany reconquered it from the Polish duke Bolesław I Chrobry. During the 11th century it belonged to the Vršovci - a powerful Czech aristocratic family, it received the privileges of a royal town under King Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1265. A coat-of-arms was given to the citizens by King Vladislav II for their courage during the storming of Milan. From the outbreak of the Hussite Wars in 1419 to the Thirty Years' War, the town was Hussite or Protestant, but after the Battle of White Mountain the greater part of the Czech inhabitants left the town, which remained German and Roman Catholic until 1945, when the German speaking inhabitants were forced to leave their home and expelled to Germany.

On June 3, 1945 about 5,000 German inhabitants were gathered on the Market place and marched to Postoloprty, where at least 763 were murdered in the Postoloprty massacre, estimates range up to 2,000 victims killed by Czechoslovak military in Žatec and on the March. During and after the Second World War a Messerschmitt production facility and air base for testing aircraft, including new jet fighters, was located close to the town. In 1948 the production facility continued to produce the Avia S-199, a version of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 aircraft which were sold to Israel, with the initial training for the Israeli pilots provided at the air base. Many other military supplies were flown to Israel from the air base, which helped the new state to secure its independence; the Czech Culture Ministry sent the nomination of Zatec as the town of hops for listing among the world heritage to the UNESCO committee on 29/05/2007. Within this round Zatec did not make UNESCO World Heritage Sites list, but it has been encouraged by the respective committee assessing nominations to try again.

In 2018, Žatec was used as one of the locations for Jojo Rabbit. Gabriel Anton Peter Glaser Eugen Gura Petr Kotvald Johannes von Tepl Karel Reiner Adolf Strauss Jan Svěrák Zdeněk Svěrák Maria Treben Miroslav Varga Marie Rumanová Žatec is twinned with: Selibice Official website Friends of Saaz/ Žatec UNESCO on Žatec – the Hops Town "Saaz". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911


Thelikada is a rural village situated in Galle District, in the southern part of Sri Lanka. The Gin River flows near the village; the Gin Dam is lying inside the village. The Wakwella Bridge is nearby. Thelikada is situated 116 km away from the capital Colombo, it is a 2.30 hours drive from the Capital. Access points to the village from Galle Road are Hickkaduwa, Boossa, Pintaliya and Galle. There are over 2,000 residents in the village. Thelikada Sunandaramaya is an old temple which can be seen some old drawings over 100 years old Wall painting. There is a school called Thelikada Maha Vidyalaya. There are over 300 students and 30 teachers. Thelikada Post Office, Sanasa Bank, Thelikada Police station provide services to the village. Since the nineteenth century, brickmaking has been a key local industry although today its importance has declined with sand mining replacing it to a degree. Another important economic activity is agriculture, with cultivation of rubber, tea and rice

Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S. A. v. Hall

Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S. A. v. Hall, 466 U. S. 408, was an American case decided by the United States Supreme Court, holding that purchases in the United States by an out-of-state corporation did not establish general personal jurisdiction. Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, a Colombian corporation, purchased a majority of its helicopters and training for said helicopters in Texas, they provide helicopter transport for construction companies in South America. The incident in question happened on Jan 1976 when a helicopter crashed killing four Americans. In the contract, negotiated in Houston, that the plaintiffs had with the defendants there was a choice of location clause which stated that all controversies would be submitted to Peruvian courts; the Court concluded. While they did engage in business-related activates, these activities did not rise to the level of "continuous and systematic" contacts for the courts to have general jurisdiction. Text of Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S. A. v. Hall, 466 U.

S. 408 is available from: Findlaw Justia Library of Congress Oyez Case Brief for Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S. A. v. Hall at