.300 Savage

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.300 Savage
.300savagepic.JPG
A side-by-side size comparison between the .308 Winchester (left) and the .300 Savage (right)
TypeRifle cartridge
Place of originUnited States
Production history
DesignerSavage Arms
ManufacturerSavage Arms
Produced1920
Specifications
Parent case.250 Savage [1]
Case typeRimless, bottleneck
Bullet diameter.308 in (7.8 mm)
Neck diameter.339 in (8.6 mm)
Shoulder diameter.446 in (11.3 mm)
Base diameter.471 in (12.0 mm)
Rim diameter.473 in (12.0 mm)
Case length1.871 in (47.5 mm)
Overall length2.60 in (66 mm)
Rifling twist1-10"
Primer typeLarge rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
150 gr (10 g) Remington Core-Lokt soft point factory load 2,630 ft/s (800 m/s) 2,303 ft⋅lbf (3,122 J)
150 gr (10 g) Hornady Superperformance SST factory load 2,740 ft/s (840 m/s) 2,500 ft⋅lbf (3,400 J)
180 gr (12 g) Federal Soft Point factory load 2,350 ft/s (720 m/s) 2,207 ft⋅lbf (2,992 J)
150 gr (10 g) FMJ hand load 2,765 ft/s (843 m/s) 2,547 ft⋅lbf (3,453 J)
165 gr (11 g) PSPCL hand load 2,676 ft/s (816 m/s) 2,624 ft⋅lbf (3,558 J)
Test barrel length: 24
Source(s): Midway USA (factory loads)[2]
Accurate Powder (hand loads)[3]

The .300 Savage cartridge is a rimless, .30 caliber rifle cartridge developed by the Savage Arms Company in 1920. It was designed to replace the less powerful .303 Savage in their popular Savage Model 99 lever-action rifle.[4] Despite having a short case and a rather stumpy neck, the cartridge is capable of propelling a 150-grain (9.7 g) bullet at over 2,600 ft/s (790 m/s) with an effective range of over 300 yd (270 m).[5]

History[edit]

The original intent of its designers was to offer a cartridge that could approach the ballistics of the original version of the .30-06 Springfield, while at the same time using a smaller case that could be cycled through a short-action lever rifle. Although it fell somewhat short of its ballistic goals (by about 70 ft/s), its performance outclassed other contemporary .30 caliber lever-action cartridges including the .30-30 Winchester and .30 Remington. It soon became a popular deer and medium-sized game cartridge among North American hunters, and by mid-century nearly every major US firearms maker offered a .300 Savage chambering in at least one of its rifle models.[6]

The .300 Savage distinguished itself further by serving as a peer to the .308 Winchester (7.62×51mm NATO) cartridge, a round that was developed for the U.S. armed forces in the 1950s and which is still in use today.[7]

Despite its decline as a sporting round, the .300 Savage remains quite popular with handloaders who are able to use newer smokeless powders and more aerodynamic bullets to obtain optimum performance from it.[8]

Performance[edit]

Pressure level for the .300 Savage is set by SAAMI at 46,000 CUP.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Royal (2016). A Collector's Guide to the Savage 99 Rifle and its Predecessors, the Models 1895 and 1899. Charlotte Royal. Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-7643-5026-9.
  2. ^ "300 Savage". MidwayUSA. n.d. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  3. ^ ".300 Savage" (PDF). Accurate Powders. n.d. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 30, 2007.
  4. ^ The Savage Model 99 by Jon Y Wolfe at Chuck Hawks
  5. ^ Barnes, Glen (May 2004). "Classic combo: Remington's .300 Savage M700 classic". Guns Magazine. Archived from the original on 6 January 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2010.
  6. ^ Farewell to the Savage 1899 by Holt Bodinson in Guns Magazine Jan 2000
  7. ^ The .300 Savage by Chuck Hawks
  8. ^ The .300 Savage by Chuck Hawks (subscription required)
  9. ^ Reloading data at Accurate Powder Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]