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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
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Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 1st century AD

This article covers the first nine years of the Anno Domini era, which began on January 1st, AD 1 and ended on December 31st, AD 9.

Events[edit]

AD 1[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]
Africa[edit]
Americas[edit]
  • Moxos ceases to be a significant religious area in South America (approximate date).
  • The Teotihuacan culture in Mesoamerica begins (approximate date).
  • The Olmec 2 phase of the Olmec civilization begins; San Lorenzo and La Venta grow in population.

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]
Religion[edit]
  • Birth of Jesus, as assigned by Dionysius Exiguus in his anno Domini era according to at least one scholar.[1][2] However, most scholars think Dionysius placed the birth of Jesus in the previous year, 1 BC.[1][2] Furthermore, most modern scholars do not consider Dionysius' calculations authoritative, placing the event several years earlier (see Chronology of Jesus).[3]


AD 2[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Africa[edit]
  • Juba II of Mauretania joins Gaius Caesar in Armenia as a military advisor. It is during this period that he meets Glaphyra, a Cappadocian princess and the former wife of Alexandros of Judea, a brother of Herod Archelaus, ethnarch of Judea, and becomes enamoured of her.
Asia[edit]
  • Wang Mang begins a program of personal aggrandizement, restoring marquess titles to past imperial princes and introducing a pension system for retired officials. Restrictions are placed on the Emperor's mother, Consort Wei and members of the Wei Clan.
  • The first census is concluded in China after having begun the year before: final numbers show a population of nearly 60 million (59,594,978 people in slightly more than 12 million households). The census is one of the most accurate surveys in Chinese history.[4]
  • The Chinese census shows nearly one million people living in Vietnam.


AD 3[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
East Asia[edit]
  • King Yuri of Goguryeo moves the capital from Jolbon Fortress to Gungnae City.
  • Wang Mang foils a plot by his son, Wang Yu, his brother-in-law, Lu Kuan, and the Wei clan to oust him from the regent's position. Wang Yu and Lu Kuan are killed in the purge that follows.


AD 4[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Middle East[edit]
Korea[edit]
China[edit]

By topic[edit]

Arts and sciences[edit]


AD 5[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]


AD 6[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
China[edit]
  • January – Some Chinese fear for the life of the young, ailing Emperor Ping Di as the planet Mars disappears behind the moon this month.[6]
  • February 3 – The boy emperor, Ping Di, dies of unexpected causes at age 14; Wang Mang alone selects the new emperor, the Ruzi Ying, age 2,[6] starting the Jushe era of the Han dynasty.
  • Candidates for government office must take civil-service examinations.
  • The imperial Liu clan suspect the intentions of Wang Mang and foment agrarian rebellions during the course of Ruzi Ying's reign. The first of these is led by Liu Chong, Marquess of Ang-Zong (a/k/a Marquis of An-chung), with a small force starting in May or June.[6]


AD 7[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • Vonones I becomes ruler of Parthia.
  • Zhai Yi, Governor of the Commandery of Dong (modern Puyang, Henan) declares Liu Zin, Marquess of Yang Xiang (modern Tai'an, Shandong), emperor. This proves to be the largest of the rebellions against Emperor Ruzi of Han.
  • Wang Mang puts down the rebellion during the winter. The Zhai is captured and executed while Liu Xin escapes.


AD 8[edit]

By place[edit]

Roman Empire[edit]
Europe[edit]
Middle East[edit]
Asia[edit]
  • Start of Chushi era of the Chinese Han dynasty.
  • In China, Wang Mang crushes a rebellion by Chai I, and on the winter solstice (which has been dated January 10 of the following year) officially assumes the title emperor, establishing the short-lived Xin dynasty.[6]

By topic[edit]

Arts[edit]
  • After completing Metamorphoses, Ovid begins the Fasti (Festivals), 6 books that detail the first 6 months of the year and provide valuable insights into the Roman Calendar.

AD 9[edit]

By place[edit]

China[edit]
  • January 10Wang Mang founds the short-lived Xin dynasty in China (until AD 25). Wang Mang names his wife Empress Wang (Xin dynasty) and his son Wang Lin Crown Prince and heir to the throne.
  • Empress Wang is given the title of Duchess Dowager of Ding'an, while Ruzi Ying, the former Emperor of Han, becomes the Duke of Ding'an. Ruzi Ying is placed under house arrest.
  • Lui Kuai, Marquess of Zuziang, attacks the Dukedom of Fuchong under his brother Liu Ying. Lui Kuai is defeated and killed in the ensuing battle.
Roman Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]

Literature[edit]

Significant people[edit]

Births[edit]

AD 1

AD 2

AD 3

AD 4

AD 5

AD 6

AD 7

AD 8

AD 9

Deaths[edit]

AD 1

AD 2

AD 4

AD 6

AD 7

AD 8

AD 9


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerome (Chronicon 2020) says he died in AD 4 in the 70th year of his life, which would place the year of his birth at 65 BC.

Sources[edit]

  • Declercq, Georges (2000). Anno Domini: The origins of the Christian Era. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols. pp. 143–147. ISBN 978-2503510507. 
  • Declercq, Georges (2002). "Dionysius Exiguus and the introduction of the Christian Era". Sacris Erudiri. Brussels: Brepols. 41: 165–246. doi:10.1484/J.SE.2.300491. ISSN 0771-7776. Annotated version of a portion of Anno Domini 
  • Dunn, James D. G. (2003). Jesus Remembered. Christianity in the Making. 1. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 324. ISBN 978-0802839312. 
  • Klingaman, William K. (1990). The First Century: Emperors, Gods and Everyman. Harper-Collins. ISBN 978-0785822561.