1. Fußball-Club Köln 01/07 e. V. known as 1. FC Köln or FC Cologne in English, is a German association football club based in Cologne, it was formed in 1948 as a merger of the clubs Kölner Ballspiel-Club 1901 and SpVgg Sülz 07. Köln gained promotion back to the Bundesliga in the 2018–19 season after being relegated to 2. Bundesliga the previous season; the team won the first Bundesliga in 1963. The club's nickname Die Geißböcke refers to the club's mascot, a male goat named Hennes after the veteran FC player and manager Hennes Weisweiler; the first Hennes was donated by a circus entrepreneur as a Cologne carnival joke. The current mascot is Hennes IX as of 1 August 2019 after Hennes VIII was retired by the club due to old age. Another nickname for the club, more common locally due to its ambiguity, is FC, a common German abbreviation for football clubs. Characteristic for the dialect spoken around Cologne, this is pronounced "EF-tsay", in contrast to the Standard German pronunciation of the abbreviation where the second syllable is emphasized.
Köln play at home in white and red, both colours having been used as the main shirt colour throughout its history. Like many of Germany's other professional football clubs, 1. FC Köln is part of a larger sports club with teams in other sports like handball, table tennis and gymnastics. 1. FC Köln has over 100,000 members. Kölner BC was formed on 6 June 1901 by a group of young men who were unhappy as part of the gymnastics club FC Borussia Köln and far more interested in football. BC was a competitive side in the Zehnerliga West in the years before World War I who took the Westdeutsche championship in 1912 and advanced to the preliminary rounds of the national finals, their next best result was a losing appearance in the 1920 league final, where they lost a 1–3 to Borussia Mönchengladbach. Spielvereinigung 1907 Köln-Sülz was established in 1907 as Sülzer Sportverein and on 1 January 1919 merged with Fußball Club 1908 Hertha Sülz to form SpVgg, they won the Westdeutscher title in 1928 and they too went out in the early rounds of the national finals in their turn on that stage.
They went on to play as a top flight club in the Gauliga Mittelrhein, one of sixteen premier level divisions established in 1933 in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. The side earned good results through the 1930s – including a divisional championship in 1939 – but faltered in the early 1940s. After the 1941 season the Gauliga Mittlerhein was split into two new divisions: the Gauliga Köln-Aachen and the Gauliga Moselland, which included clubs from occupied Luxembourg. Sülz struggled until they were united with VfL Köln 1899 for the 1943–44 season to form the combined wartime side Kriegspielgemeinschaft VfL 99/Sülz 07 which promptly won the Gauliga Köln-Aachen title by a single point over SG Düren 99 in a close race; the club did not play the next campaign. After the union of these two predecessor sides, 1. FC Köln began play in the tough Oberliga West in the 1949–50 season and by 1954 had won their first divisional championship; that same year they lost the DFB-Pokal final 1–0 to VfB Stuttgart.
Die Geißböcke won their second divisional championship in 1960 and appeared in the national final against Hamburger SV, where they went down to a 2–3 defeat. They went on to finish first in the Oberliga West in each of the next three seasons and again played their way to the national final in 1962 and 1963, they won the'62 match 4–0 over 1. FC Nürnberg resulting in entry to the 1962–63 European Cup where they were one of the favourites to win the trophy. In the first round Köln visited Dundee F. C. of Scotland and lost 1–8, despite winning the second leg back in Germany by 4–0 they were out of the tournament. In the following year's national final they lost 1–3 to Borussia Dortmund. In 1963, FC Köln was selected as one of the original 16 teams to play in the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league. Köln continued their winning ways by becoming the first Bundesliga champion in the league's inaugural 1963–64 season; as German champions, Köln entered the 1964–65 European Cup where it met England's Liverpool at the quarter-final stage.
After two 0–0 draws, a third game was played, a stalemate, this time 2–2. As the penalty shootout had not yet been introduced as the means of deciding a tie, Köln went out of the competition on the toss of a coin. Enough, there was the need for a second coin toss because the first time the coin stuck vertically in the ground; the club became the first Bundesliga side to field a Brazilian player when it signed Zézé for a club record fee of DM 150,000. Domestically, Köln recorded a second-place finish in the 1964–65 Bundesliga season and won its first DFB-Pokal in 1967–68. At the start of the 1970s, Köln reached three DFB-Pokal finals in four seasons; the team achieved another second place Bundesliga finish in 1973 before reaching another DFB-Pokal final in 1977, beating Hertha BSC over two legs to win the trophy for the second time. In 1977–78, FC Köln enjoyed its most successful season, winning the Bundesliga title, its third national title overall, retaining the DFB-Pokal; this makes Köln one of only four clubs to have won the double in the Bundesliga era.
Köln had another losing DFB-Pokal final appearance in 1980, before winning the competition for a fourth time in 1983. In 1986, the club appeared in its first European final, losing 5–3 on aggregate to Real Madrid in the UEFA Cup Final. Two second place Bundesliga finishes, in 1988–89 and 198
Marcel Rohner is a Swiss businessman. He was Group Chief Executive Officer at UBS AG from July 6, 2007 until 26 February 2009, on the Group Executive Board from October 2007 until his resignation. Rohner graduated with a Ph. D. in Economics from the University of Zurich and was a research and teaching assistant at the Institute for Empirical Research in Economics at the University of Zurich from 1990 to 1992. Between 1993 and 1998, Rohner was with Swiss Bank Corporation’s Investment Banking branch, where in 1995 he was appointed Head of Market Risk Control Europe. In 1998, he worked as Head of Market Risk Control of Warburg Dillon Read. In 1999, he was promoted to Group Chief Risk Officer. In 2001 he became Chief Operating Officer and Deputy CEO of the Private Banking Unit of UBS Switzerland. Between 2002 and 2007 he was CEO of Wealth Management & Business Banking, additionally named Chairman in 2004. Rohner was appointed Deputy Group CEO in January 2006. On February 26, 2009, it was announced that Marcel Rohner had resigned from UBS AG.
He was succeeded by Oswald Grübel as the new CEO. Rohner was Vice Chairman of the Swiss Bankers Association in Basel until 2008, the Vice Chairman of The Board of Trustees of The Swiss Finance Institute. In 2013 Rohner was accused of "staggering ignorance" by the Banking Standards Commission over Libor rigging, he is married and has two children
Westende Hamborn is a German association football club from the district of Hamborn in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, a mining and steelworking region. The history of the club includes a number of worker's sports and football clubs; the team was established in 1930 as Sport-Verein Westende Laar and by 1937 was playing as BSG Bergbau Westende Hamborn. That season BSG won promotion out of the Bezirkskreise Niederrhein to the Gauliga Niederrhein, one of sixteen regional first divisions established in the 1933 re-organization of German football under the Third Reich, they earned indifferent results there over the next three seasons and were relegated in 1941. BSG was renamed the team returned to first division play, they promptly took the division title in 1942–43 and advanced to the eighth final of the national playoffs where they were badly handled by VfR Mannheim. After a second-place finish the next season, SV voluntarily withdrew from top-flight competition, they became part of the wartime side Kriegspielgemeinschaft Westende/Schwarz-Weiß Hamborn and took part in lower level competition.
During this period Westende made appearances in the opening rounds of the Tschammerpokal tournament, predecessor to today's DFB-Pokal. Following the end of World War II, occupying Allied authorities ordered the dissolution of most organizations in the country, including sports and football clubs; the club was re-established in 1945 as SV Westende Beeke and in 1947 merged with its wartime partner SV Schwarz-Weiß Hamborn to form SV Schwarz-Weiß Westende Hamborn. Schwarz-Weiß had merged with SV Bergbau Schacht 4/8 Hamborn in 1933 and after 1937 played as WKG Bergbau 4/8 Hamborn until again taking up the name Schwarz-Weiß in 1942. Through the early 50s SW Westende played in the Amateurliga Niederrhein where their best results were a pair of fourth-place finishes; the footballers now compete in the Kreisliga A Duisburg-Mülheim-Dinslaken. The club today has a membership of about 650 and departments for badminton, gymnastics and judo; the club now plays in the tier ten Kreisliga C after relegation from the Kreisliga A in 2011 and the Kreisliga B in 2013.
Gauliga Niederrhein Champions: 1943 Official team site Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv historical German domestic league tables