1. Fußballclub Union Berlin e. V. known as 1. FC Union Berlin, is a professional German association football club based in Berlin; the club emerged under the current name in 1966 but can be traced back to 1906, when predecessor FC Olympia Oberschöneweide was founded. From 2009 to 2019, they competed in the 2. Bundesliga, the second tier of German football. In 2019, after defeating VfB Stuttgart in the relegation play-offs, Union won promotion to the Bundesliga top flight for the first time in the club's history, for the 2019–20 season. During the Cold War era, Union was based in the East Berlin sector of the city, joining the common German league structure upon the reunification of the city and the country in 1990; the home ground Stadion An der Alten Försterei is the largest single-purpose football stadium in the German capital. It has been home to Union Berlin and its forerunners since it was opened in 1920; the stadium became internationally famous for concerts and events like the annual Weihnachtssingen and the WM-Wohnzimmer in 2014.
The club is well known for its enthusiastic and creative fan base and for its chant "Eisern Union". The name 1. FC Union Berlin was used by two football clubs that shared a common origin as FC Olympia 06 Oberschöneweide, founded in 1906 in Oberschöneweide, which by that time was a suburb of Berlin; the side took on the name SC Union 06 Oberschöneweide in 1910. Union was one of Berlin's premier clubs in the interwar period winning local championships and competing at the national level, including an appearance in the 1923 German championship final which they lost 0–3 to Hamburger SV. Early on the team was nicknamed "Schlosserjungs", because of their all blue kit, reminiscent of the typical work clothing worn in the factories of the industrial Oberschöneweide district; the popular cry of Union-supporters – "Eisern Union!" – emerged at this time. Since its foundation the club had a working-class image in contrast to other local clubs with middle-class origins, such as Viktoria 89 Berlin, Blau-Weiß 90 Berlin, BSV 92 Berlin or Tennis Borussia Berlin.
In 1933, German football was reorganized under the Third Reich into 16 top flight divisions known as Gauligen. Oberschöneweide'became part of the Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg where they earned middling results, they were relegated in 1935 and returned to first division play in 1936 after only one season's absence. In 1940, the team finished first in Group B of the division and defeated Blau-Weiss to win the overall division title; that advanced the club to the national playoffs where they were put out by Rapid Wien in the opening group round. Union resumed its place as an unremarkable side, they were relegated again in 1942 and played the final war-shortened Gauliga season in 1944–45. After World War II, occupying Allied authorities ordered the dissolution of all organizations in Germany, including sports and football associations. A new Municipal Sports Group called SG Oberschöneweide was formed in late 1945 and it played in the City League organized after the war which had four regional departments.
The team did not qualify to the newly created Oberliga Berlin in 1946 after a poor season, but was promoted in 1947, won the division title right away and regained club status as SG Union 06 Oberschöneweide during 1948–49. The club finished the 1949–50 season in second place in Berlin and qualified to take part in the national final rounds. However, escalating Cold War tensions led Soviet authorities to refuse the team permission to travel to take part. Two Union teams emerged as most players and coaches fled to the west to form Sport-Club Union 06 Berlin which took part in the scheduled playoff match in Kiel against Hamburger SV, losing 0–7; the players remaining in the east carried on as Union Oberschöneweide while a number of players who had fled to the west to form SC organized a third side called Berliner Ballspiel-Club Südost. The western team was a strong side until the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961, drawing huge crowds to matches in the Olympiastadion; the division of the city led to a change of fortunes for the club which plays today in the lower divisions before meager crowds.
The eastern branch of the club went through a number of name changes: Union Oberschöneweide, BSG Motor Oberschöneweide, SC Motor Berlin, TSC Oberschöneweide, TSC Berlin – becoming the football club 1. FC Union Berlin in 1966, they developed a bitter rivalry with Stasi-sponsored BFC Dynamo. While their arch rivals won 10 titles in a row, Union yo-yoed between the DDR-Oberliga and the DDR-Liga with little success. Union managed to win the East German Cup in 1968 when they defeated FC Carl Zeiss Jena 2–1 although they lost in their second cup appearance in 1986 to 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig by a score of 1–5. After German reunification in 1990, the team continued to perform well on the field, but collapsed financially, they managed to hang on through some tight times and find sponsorship, but only after winning their division in both 1993 and 1994 and each time being denied a license to play in the 2. Bundesliga due to their financial problems; the club had another close brush with financial failure in 1997.
Union again came close to advancing to 2. Bundesliga in 1998 -- 99 and 1999 -- were disappointed, they were successful in 2000–01, under Bulgarian manager Georgi Vasilev winning the Regionalliga Nord and moving up a division to become the city's second most popular side. That same year they appeared in the final of the German Cup where they lost 0–2 to FC
Wong Yip Yan known as Y. Y. Wong, is a Singaporean Chinese businessman, founder of the Wywy Group of Companies. According to Businessweek, the Wywy Group controlled 76 companies and had annual sales of over $900 million; when Wong was 26, he became the first Singaporean director at Borneo Company Limited, a British trading company. Wong said his boss told him that a Chinese couldn't get promoted to the company's main board of directors, causing Wong to start his own business. To start the Wywy Group, Wong got funding from executives of Fujifilm, who had worked with Wong at Borneo, they helped him get a credit line of $178,000 from The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, which allowed him to start the Wywy Group as a distributor of copy machines. Wong served as the Chairman of Yeo Hiap Seng, Singapore's largest drink manufacturer. Wong has three grown children. Wong's oldest son, Dr. Wong Meng Ee, contracted retinitis pigmentosa; the condition resulted in permanent blindness. Dr. Wong Meng Ee is the president of the Retinitis Pigmentosa Society Singapore.
Wong is uncle of Wong Meng Cheong. Meng Cheong is a prominent Singaporean physician who famously took his father's mistress to court over his $7 million house after his passing, he lost his case against his father's mistress. Wong is an alumnus of the Harvard Business School
Jōyō is a city located in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It is halfway between Nara, it contains historical sites including the Shibagahara Mito shrine. The city was founded on May 3, 1972; as of 2015, the city has an estimated population of 76,869 and a population density of 2350.5 persons per km². The total area is 32.71 km². Joyo has two sister cities: Gyeongsan, South Korea Vancouver, United States Gold and Silver threadGold and silver threads weaved into Kimono and Obi are produced at Joyo. Joyo produces 60 % of all the silver thread in Japan. Agriculture fig tree Sweet Potato Currently about 10,000 Ume trees are planted in this 20-hectare area, considered the largest in Kyoto Prefecture. A detailed origin of this ume grove is not known, it is known that in the beginning of the Medieval era a prince wrote a Tanka to praise this ume grove. Sanga Town Joyo is an official training field for the Kyoto Sanga F. C. which belongs to the Japanese professional association football league, J. League. Media related to Jōyō, Kyoto at Wikimedia Commons Jōyō City official website Jōyō City official website