10,000 metres at the Olympics

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10,000 metres
at the Olympic Games
Women's 10,000 metres.jpg
The 2012 Olympic women's 10,000 m final
Overview
Sport Athletics
Gender Men and women
Years held Men: 19122016
Women: 19882016
Olympic record
Men 27:01.17 Kenenisa Bekele (2008)
Women 29:17.45 Almaz Ayana (2016)
Reigning champion
Men  Mo Farah (GBR)
Women  Almaz Ayana (ETH)

The 10,000 metres at the Summer Olympics is the longest track running event held at the multi-sport event. The men's 10,000 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1912. The women's event was added to the programme over seventy years later, at the 1988 Olympics, it is the most prestigious 10,000 m race at elite level. The competition format is a straight final between around 30 athletes, although prior to 2004 a qualifying round was held.

The Olympic records for the event were both set by Ethiopians at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and 2016 Rio Olympics: Kenenisa Bekele set the men's record at 27:01.17 minutes, while Almaz Ayana set the women's mark at 29:17.45 minutes. The 10,000 metres world record has been broken at the Olympics on two occasions; Lasse Virén's winning time of 27:38.35 minutes in 1972 stood as the record for less than a year, and Almaz Ayana knocked 14 seconds off the women's record in 2016.[1]

Six men have won the Olympic title twice: Paavo Nurmi became the first in 1928 and he was followed by Emil Zátopek, Lasse Virén, Haile Gebrselassie, Kenenisa Bekele and Mo Farah. Two women have achieved the feat: Derartu Tulu won her second title in 2004 and Tirunesh Dibaba had back-to-back wins in 2008 and 2012. Derartu Tulu is the only athlete to have reached the podium on three occasions. Historically, athletes in this event have also had success in the 5000 metres at the Olympics, the winner of the men's Olympic 10,000 m has completed a long-distance track double on nine occasions, the most recent being Farah at the 2016 Rio Olympics. Tirunesh Dibaba is the only woman to complete this double, having done so at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Almaz Ayana smashed the world record in a time of 29:17.45. It was the first time four women broke 30 minutes in a single race.

Ethiopia is the most successful nation in the event, with ten gold medals among its total of 24. Finland is the next most successful, with six gold medals and thirteen overall. Finland's period of great success in early 20th century led to wide usage of the nickname the Flying Finns; Kaarlo Maaninka was the last Finnish athlete to medal over 10,000 m, in 1980. Kenya has won eleven medals, although Naftali Temu is the only Kenyan to have won Olympic gold.

It was not the first long-distance track event to feature at an Olympic competition: 5-mile (8 km) races featured at the 1906 Intercalated Games and the 1908 Summer Olympics before the metric 5000 metres and 10,000 m events were initiated.

Medal summary[edit]

Men[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1912 Stockholm
details
 Hannes Kolehmainen (FIN)  Lewis Tewanima (USA)  Albin Stenroos (FIN)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Paavo Nurmi (FIN)  Joseph Guillemot (FRA)  James Wilson (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
 Ville Ritola (FIN)  Edvin Wide (SWE)  Eero Berg (FIN)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Paavo Nurmi (FIN)  Ville Ritola (FIN)  Edvin Wide (SWE)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 Janusz Kusociński (POL)  Volmari Iso-Hollo (FIN)  Lasse Virtanen (FIN)
1936 Berlin
details
 Ilmari Salminen (FIN)  Arvo Askola (FIN)  Volmari Iso-Hollo (FIN)
1948 London
details
 Emil Zátopek (TCH)  Alain Mimoun (FRA)  Bertil Albertsson (SWE)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Emil Zátopek (TCH)  Alain Mimoun (FRA)  Aleksandr Anufriyev (URS)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Vladimir Kuts (URS)  József Kovács (HUN)  Al Lawrence (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
 Pyotr Bolotnikov (URS)  Hans Grodotzki (EUA)  Dave Power (AUS)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Billy Mills (USA)  Mohammed Gammoudi (TUN)  Ron Clarke (AUS)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Naftali Temu (KEN)  Mamo Wolde (ETH)  Mohammed Gammoudi (TUN)
1972 Munich
details
 Lasse Virén (FIN)  Emiel Puttemans (BEL)  Miruts Yifter (ETH)
1976 Montreal
details
 Lasse Virén (FIN)  Carlos Lopes (POR)  Brendan Foster (GBR)
1980 Moscow
details
 Miruts Yifter (ETH)  Kaarlo Maaninka (FIN)  Mohamed Kedir (ETH)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Alberto Cova (ITA)  Mike McLeod (GBR)  Michael Musyoki (KEN)
1988 Seoul
details
 Brahim Boutayeb (MAR)  Salvatore Antibo (ITA)  Kipkemboi Kimeli (KEN)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Khalid Skah (MAR)  Richard Chelimo (KEN)  Addis Abebe (ETH)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Tergat (KEN)  Saleh Hissou (MAR)
2000 Sydney
details
 Haile Gebrselassie (ETH)  Paul Tergat (KEN)  Assefa Mezgebu (ETH)
2004 Athens
details
 Kenenisa Bekele (ETH)  Sileshi Sihine (ETH)  Zersenay Tadese (ERI)
2008 Beijing
details
 Kenenisa Bekele (ETH)  Sileshi Sihine (ETH)  Micah Kogo (KEN)
2012 London
details
 Mo Farah (GBR)  Galen Rupp (USA)  Tariku Bekele (ETH)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Mo Farah (GBR)  Paul Tanui (KEN)  Tamirat Tola (ETH)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1= Nurmi, PaavoPaavo Nurmi  Finland (FIN) 1920–1928 2 0 0 2
1= Zátopek, EmilEmil Zátopek  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1948–1952 2 0 0 2
1= Virén, LasseLasse Virén  Finland (FIN) 1972–1976 2 0 0 2
1= Gebrselassie, HaileHaile Gebrselassie  Ethiopia (ETH) 1996–2000 2 0 0 2
1= Bekele, KenenisaKenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia (ETH) 2004–2008 2 0 0 2
1= Farah, MoMo Farah  Great Britain (GBR) 2012–2016 2 0 0 2
7 Ritola, VilleVille Ritola  Finland (FIN) 1924–1928 1 1 0 2
8 Yifter, MirutsMiruts Yifter  Ethiopia (ETH) 1972–1980 1 0 1 2
9= Mimoun, AlainAlain Mimoun  France (FRA) 1948–1952 0 2 0 2
9= Tergat, PaulPaul Tergat  Kenya (KEN) 1996–2000 0 2 0 2
9= Sihine, SileshiSileshi Sihine  Ethiopia (ETH) 2004–2008 0 2 0 2
12= Wide, EdvinEdvin Wide  Sweden (SWE) 1924–1928 0 1 1 2
12= Iso-Hollo, VolmariVolmari Iso-Hollo  Finland (FIN) 1932–1936 0 1 1 2
12= Gammoudi, MohammedMohammed Gammoudi  Tunisia (TUN) 1968–1972 0 1 1 2

Medals by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Finland (FIN) 7 4 4 15
2  Ethiopia (ETH) 5 3 6 14
3  Great Britain (GBR) 2 1 2 5
4=  Soviet Union (URS) 2 0 1 3
4=  Morocco (MAR) 2 0 1 3
6  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 2 0 0 2
7  Kenya (KEN) 1 4 3 8
8  United States (USA) 1 2 0 3
9  Italy (ITA) 1 1 0 2
10  Poland (POL) 1 0 0 1
11  France (FRA) 0 3 0 3
12  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 2 3
13  Tunisia (TUN) 0 1 1 2
14=  Hungary (HUN) 0 1 0 1
14=  United Team of Germany (EUA) 0 1 0 1
14=  Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
14=  Portugal (POR) 0 1 0 1
18  Australia (AUS) 0 0 3 3
19  Eritrea (ERI) 0 0 1 1

Women[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1988 Seoul
details
 Olga Bondarenko (URS)  Liz McColgan (GBR)  Yelena Zhupiyeva-Vyazova (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Derartu Tulu (ETH)  Elana Meyer (RSA)  Lynn Jennings (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Fernanda Ribeiro (POR)  Wang Junxia (CHN)  Gete Wami (ETH)
2000 Sydney
details
 Derartu Tulu (ETH)  Gete Wami (ETH)  Fernanda Ribeiro (POR)
2004 Athens
details
 Xing Huina (CHN)  Ejagayehu Dibaba (ETH)  Derartu Tulu (ETH)
2008 Beijing
details
 Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH)  Elvan Abeylegesse (TUR)  Shalane Flanagan (USA)
2012 London
details
 Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH)  Sally Kipyego (KEN)  Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
 Almaz Ayana (ETH)  Vivian Cheruiyot (KEN)  Tirunesh Dibaba (ETH)

Multiple medalists[edit]

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1= Tulu, DerartuDerartu Tulu  Ethiopia (ETH) 1992–2004 2 0 1 3
1= Dibaba, TiruneshTirunesh Dibaba  Ethiopia (ETH) 2008–2016 2 0 1 3
3 Ribeiro, FernandaFernanda Ribeiro  Portugal (POR) 1996–2000 1 0 1 2
4= Wami, GeteGete Wami  Ethiopia (ETH) 1996–2000 0 1 1 2
4= Cheruiyot, VivianVivian Cheruiyot  Kenya (KEN) 2012–2016 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Ethiopia (ETH) 5 2 3 10
2  China (CHN) 1 1 0 2
3=  Soviet Union (URS) 1 0 1 2
3=  Portugal (POR) 1 0 1 2
5  Kenya (KEN) 0 2 1 3
6=  Great Britain (GBR) 0 1 0 1
6=  South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
6=  Turkey (TUR) 0 1 0 1
9  United States (USA) 0 0 2 2

Five miles[edit]

Intercalated Games[edit]

The 1906 Intercalated Games were held in Athens and at the time were officially recognised as part of the Olympic Games series, with the intention being to hold a games in Greece in two-year intervals between the internationally held Olympics. However, this plan never came to fruition and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) later decided not to recognise these games as part of the official Olympic series. Some sports historians continue to treat the results of these games as part of the Olympic canon.[2]

At this event a men's five-mile race was held – the first time a long-distance event featured at an Olympic competition. A British runner, Henry Hawtrey, won the event. Two 1908 Olympic participants for Sweden, John Svanberg and Edward Dahl, were the minor medalists.[3]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1906 Athens
details
 Henry Hawtrey (GBR)  John Svanberg (SWE)  Edward Dahl (SWE)

1908 Olympics[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1908 London
details
 Emil Voigt (GBR)  Edward Owen (GBR)  John Svanberg (SWE)

References[edit]

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. ^ "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009" (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. Pages 546, 551=2. Archived from the original (pdf) on June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2009. 
  2. ^ 1906 Athina Summer Games. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-26.
  3. ^ Athletics Men's 5 mile Medalists. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-26.

External links[edit]