100 Greatest Britons is a television series, broadcast by the BBC in 2002. It was based on a television poll conducted to determine who the British people at that time considered the greatest Britons in history; the series included individual programmes featuring the top ten, with viewers having further opportunity to vote after each programme. It concluded with a debate and final determination of the ranking of the top ten. Although many living people were included among the top 100, all of the top ten were deceased; the poll resulted in nominees including Guy Fawkes, executed because of his role in the plot to blow up the Parliament of England. Diana, Princess of Wales was judged to be a greater historical figure than Isaac Newton, William Shakespeare, Charles Darwin by BBC respondents to the survey. Michael Crawford was judged to be the greatest living Briton. One of the more controversial figures to be included on the list was occultist Aleister Crowley, his works had a direct influence on the rise in popular occultism and some forms of neopaganism in the 20th century.
In addition to the Britons, some notable non-British entrants were listed, including two Irish nationals, the philanthropic musicians Bono and Bob Geldof. The top 19 entries were people of English origin; the highest-placed Scottish entry was Alexander Fleming in 20th place, the highest Welsh entry was Owain Glyndŵr in 23rd place. Sixty had lived in the 20th century; the highest-ranked living person was Margaret Thatcher, placed 16th. Ringo Starr was the only member of The Beatles not on the list. Isambard Kingdom Brunel occupied the top spot in the polls for some time thanks to "students from Brunel University who have been campaigning vigorously for the engineer for weeks." However, a late surge in the final week of voting put Churchill over the top. Of the top 100, 13 were women; the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2012 Summer Olympics featured the two greatest Britons, Isambard Kingdom Brunel and Winston Churchill as main characters, played by Kenneth Branagh and Timothy Spall, each of them reading a monologue from William Shakespeare's The Tempest.
The ceremony included a personal appearance by Tim Berners-Lee, placed 99th on the list. There were no black Britons on the list, prompting a separate three-month survey to find the 100 greatest black Britons. Although the BBC's original ranked list has been removed from their web server and what remains is only an alphabetical list of the Top 100, several other sources have preserved the original ranked list. There was some question as to whether the Richard Burton listed at No. 96 was the actor or the explorer. A BBC press release makes clear. Historical rankings of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom 100 Worst Britons, made as a spin-off by Channel 4 in 2003 Great Britons on IMDb Churchill memorial press release BBC Great Britons press release BBC Great Britons book and links at National Portrait Gallery The Top 100 Great Britons – places 11 to 100 by rank — BBC
"Gump Roast" is the seventeenth episode of The Simpsons’ thirteenth season. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on April 21, 2002. In the episode, Homer Simpson is honored by the townspeople at a Friars' Club Roast, until it is interrupted by Kang and Kodos; the episode was directed by Mark Kirkland and was written by Dan Castellaneta and his wife Deb Lacusta. The plot idea for the episode came about when The Simpsons cast members were on hiatus following a payment dispute; this is the fifth and, so far, the last clip show The Simpsons has produced. Instead, the series implements one "trilogy episode" each season; when it was first broadcast, "Gump Roast" received a 5.7 rating and was watched by 12.2 million viewers, making it the 16th most watched television show of the night. However, following its release on DVD and Blu-ray, the episode received negative reviews from critics. Homer Simpson sits on a park bench holding a box of chocolates, when Chief Wiggum appears to arrest him for impersonating a movie character.
Homer tells Wiggum a story that he is not interested in at first, but becomes more intrigued when Homer uses flashbacks to help him tell the story. The Simpson family arrives to take Homer to the Friars’ Club, where he is roasted by Krusty the Clown and other prominent citizens of Springfield. Among those roasting him are his children and Lisa, his boss Mr. Burns who tries to warn the people of Springfield of Homer's incompetence which, much to his dismay, they think is a joke; the roasters utilize more clips from previous episodes. Soon and Kodos arrive at the roast and declare that humans are stupid, as demonstrated by more clips. However, when they probe Maggie's brain and see her memories through a monitor, the emotional impact seems to be too much for them and it appears they are crying, but they inform everyone they were just vomiting from their eyes and say Maggies memories just made them more angry. However, Maggie's mind reveals more clips, this time consisting of various celebrities.
Kang and Kodos love celebrities so they and the citizens make a deal, they agree to spare the Earth if everyone agrees to give them a place in the People's Choice Awards and the Daytime Emmys. They do, Kang and Kodos enjoy the award ceremony; the episode ends with the song "They’ll Never Stop the Simpsons", which recounts additional past plots, possible future plots, an apology for airing this clip show. "Gump Roast" was co-written by Dan Castellaneta and his wife Deb Lacusta, while Mark Kirkland served as director. It was first broadcast on the Fox network in the United States on April 21, 2002; the idea for the episode came about when Castellaneta and the other main Simpsons cast members were on hiatus while renegotiating their salaries. During the hiatus and Castellaneta were discussing the film Forrest Gump and questioned whether the stories Gump told happened, or if he made them up, they compared the character to Homer, since they are both dimwitted and have "fumbled into" many different situations.
Writing ensued, when the cast members had settled the payment issue and Lacusta presented the script to show runner Al Jean, who put the script into production. The clip in which Homer skis down a mountain is one of the most used clips during events, according to Jean. One of the plot turns in the episode sees Kodos interrupting the roast; these characters only appear in Halloween episodes, however since "Gump Roast" is a clip show and therefore not in The Simpsons canon and Kodos were included in the episode. Since "Gump Roast", there has not been any more clip shows of The Simpsons. Jean stated in the DVD commentary for the episode, that since the show now produces "trilogy episodes" each season after season 13, making a clip show would be unnecessary; the song "They'll Never Stop The Simpsons" playing at the end of the episode was written by Simpsons writer Matt Selman and sung by Castellaneta. It is a parody on the song “We Didn't Start the Fire” by Billy Joel, was the same length as the song it was based on.
However, because the episode was too long, the song had to be cut to its current length. In 2011, the song was re-recorded with alternative lyrics as a promotional video after The Simpsons was renewed for an additional 24th and 25th season. Castellaneta came in and recorded eight new takes, mixed together with some of the original vocals; the opening scene, which shows Homer sitting on a bench holding a box of chocolates, is a reference to the movie Forrest Gump. At one point Homer drunkenly quotes the film Lies; the act that Ned Flanders and Reverend Lovejoy are performing at the roast is an homage to the Smothers Brothers, who would appear on The Simpsons in the episode “O Brother, Where Bart Thou?”. Moe dresses as Austin Powers from the comedy film series. Dr. Hibbert wears a costume of the character Darth Vader from the Star Wars series, Mr. Burns approaches the podium to the sound of "The Imperial March", aka "Darth Vader's Theme"; the song "They'll Never Stop The Simpsons" is a parody of Billy Joel's song "We Didn't Start The Fire".
In its original American broadcast on April 21, 2002, "Gump Roast" was watched by 12.2 million viewers, according to Nielsen Media Research, making it the 16th most watched television show of the night, as well as the highest-ranked show on the Fox network. It received, along with a new episode of Malcolm in the Middle, a 5.7 rating among adult viewers between ages 18 and 49, meaning it was seen by 5.7% of the population in said demographic. Following the home video release of the thirteenth season of The Simpsons, "Gump Roast" received overwhelmingly negative reviews from critics. Both Ron Martin of 411Mania and Adam R
Under Fire known as Dark Valor, is a 1957 American drama film directed by James B. Clark, written by James Landis, starring Rex Reason, Harry Morgan, Steve Brodie, Peter Walker, Robert Levin and Jon Locke, it was released on September 1957, by 20th Century Fox. The film was produced by son of 20th Century Fox chairman Spyros Skouras. Rex Reason as Lt. Steve Rogerson Harry Morgan as Sgt. Joseph C. Dusak Steve Brodie as Capt. Linn Peter Walker as Lt. Sarris Robert Levin as Pvt. Pope Jon Locke as Corp. John Crocker Gregory LaFayette as Cpl. Quinn Karl Lukas as Sgt. Hutchins William Allyn as Lt. Karl Stagg Frank Gerstle as Col. Dundee Tom McKee as Capt. O'Mar George Chakiris as Pvt. Steiner Filming started in June 1957; the same team made Sierra Baron, Villa!! Under Fire on IMDb