100 Peaks of Taiwan

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The Baiyue is a list of 100 mountain peaks in Taiwan. They were chosen by a group of prominent Taiwanese hikers from among the peaks known at the time to be over 3,000m in height. The selection criteria included uniqueness, danger, height, beauty and prominence; preference was also given to peaks already named and those with triangulation points.[1][2] As such, "Top" does not refer strictly to the top peaks by elevation, but rather those high peaks most worth hiking. The list was intended to promote enthusiasm for high-altitude hiking in Taiwan.[3] In the resulting list of one hundred peaks, 69 peaks were in the Central Mountain Range, the largest of Taiwan's five principal mountain ranges, while 19 were in the Xueshan Range, and 12 were in the Yushan Range.[4] The Alishan Range and Coastal Mountain Range, being entirely below 3,000m, have no peaks in the list of Baiyue.

History[edit]

Taiwan has one of the highest densities of tall mountains in the world.[citation needed] In order to promote mountain hiking, the Taiwan Province Alpine Association began developing a list of top 100 peaks for Taiwan. Wen-An Lin, after a 1971 crossing of the Central Mountain Range, set about drawing up the list. After extensive consultation with Ching-Chang Tsai, Tian-Cheng Hsing, Tung-San Ting and other prominent hikers of the day, the list of Baiyue was finalized.[1]

Upon completion of the list, hiking the Baiyue immediately became one of the primary goals of avid hikers in Taiwan.[1][2][5][6][7] Finishing the Baiyue is no easy task, however. For aspiring Baiyue hikers, the Big Five, Pointy Three and Ominous One set of peaks, whose unique beauty best represents the majestic grandeur of Taiwan's high mountains, became a popular starting point. Other popular sets of peaks include the Precipitous Ten and the Four Beauties. Many begin with the more easily accessible peaks in the Hehuanshan area.

There are actually over 260 mountains over 3,000m in Taiwan, many of which did not make up the Baiyue but are nevertheless impressive. Therefore, some criticism remains over the inclusion of certain mountains in the list, or the exclusion of others, such as Chushan in the Dongjunshan Chain, and Mutelebushan near Xueshan's North Peak. It is argued that these and other more remarkable peaks should be in the Baiyue, while peaks like Jupenshan, Lushan, Nanhubeishan, Shenmazhenshan, Jianshan, and Bulakesangshan, which can hardly be called "peaks", should be taken off the list. Also, when resurveying was carried out long after the Baiyue list was completed, it was found that Liushunshan and Lushan were actually under 3,000m. However, as the Baiyue already enjoyed such widespread acceptance, they were not removed from the list and remain there to this day.

Complete listing of Baiyue[edit]

The following is a complete listing of the 100 Taiwanese mountain peaks commonly known as the Baiyue:

#
Mountain
[8]

Elevation
[8]
Difficulty Location National park
located in
List Pictures
1 Yushan[i] 3952 m
12966 ft
A Nantou County, Kaohsiung City, Chiayi County Yushan Big Five #1[a]
High Three #1[b]
Yushan(jade mountain) in the morning.jpg
2 Xueshan[ii] 3886 m
12749 ft
A Miaoli County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Big Five #2[a]
High Three #2[b]
HsuehMountain3.jpg
3 Yushan East Peak 3869 m
12694 ft
C+ Nantou County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Precipitous Ten #1[c] JadeMountainEasternPeak.jpg
4 Yushan North Peak 3858 m
12657 ft
B Nantou County Yushan Eight Beauties #1[d]
JadeMountainNorthernPeak.jpg
5 Yushan South Peak 3844 m
12612 ft
C+ Kaohsiung City Yushan Precipitous Ten #2[c] JadeMountainSouthernPeak.jpg
6 Xiuguluanshan[iii] 3825 m
12549 ft
B Hualien County, Nantou County Yushan Big Five #3[a] Siougulan.JPG
7 Mabolasishan[iv] 3785 m
12418 ft
C+ Hualien County, Nantou County Yushan Precipitous Ten #3[c]
8 Nanhudashan 3742 m
12277 ft
B Taichung City Taroko Big Five #4[a] NanhuMountain 02.jpg
9 Dongxiaonanshan 3711 m
12175 ft
C Kaohsiung City Yushan Level Nine #1[e] Dongxiaonanshan.JPG
10 Zhongyangjianshan 3705 m
12156 ft
C+ Taichung City, Hualien County Taroko Pointy Three #1[f] Zhongyangjianshan.JPG
11 Xueshan North Peak[v] 3703 m
12149 ft
C+ Miaoli County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Gentle Ten #2[g] HsuehMountainNorthenPeak.jpg
12 Guanshan[vi] 3668 m
12034 ft
C Taitung County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Precipitous Ten #4[c]
13 Dashuikushan 3642 m
11949 ft
B Hualien County, Nantou County Yushan Gentle Ten #1[g]
14 Nanhushan East Peak[vii] 3632 m
11916 ft
B Taichung City, Hualien County, Yilan County Taroko Rocky Ten #1[h]
15 Dongjundashan[viii] 3619 m
11873 ft
C+ Nantou County Majestic Ten #1[i]
16 Qilaishan North Peak 3607 m
11834 ft
B Hualien County Taroko Precipitous Ten #5[c]
Ominous One[j]
奇萊北峰.JPG
17 Xiangyangshan[ix] 3603 m
11821 ft
A Kaohsiung City, Taitung County Yushan Eight Beauties #2[d]
18 Dajianshan[x] 3594 m
11791 ft
B Taichung City Shei-Pa Precipitous Ten #6[c] Mt.Dajian 20170702.jpg
19 Yunfeng[xi] 3564 m
11693 ft
C Kaohsiung City Yushan Lofty Nine #1[k]
20 Qilaishan[xii] 3560 m
11680 ft
B Hualien County, Nantou County Taroko Lofty Nine #2[k] MountainChiLai.jpg
21 Malijiananshan[xiii] 3546 m
11634 ft
C+ Nantou County, Hualien County Yushan Rocky Ten #2[h]
22 Nanhubeishan[xiv] 3536 m
11601 ft
B Yilan County, Taichung City Taroko Majestic Ten #2[i] NorthernNanhuMountain.jpg
23 Daxueshan 3530 m
11581 ft
C Miaoli County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Majestic Ten #3[i]
24 Pintianshan[xv] 3524 m
11562 ft
B Hsinchu County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Precipitous Ten #7[c]
Four Beauties #1[l]
PintienMountain2.jpg
25 Yushan West Peak[xvi] 3518 m
11542 ft
A Chiayi County, Nantou County Yushan Verdant Ten #4[m] JadeMountainWesternPeak.jpg
26 Touyingshan 3510 m
11516 ft
C Taichung City, Miaoli County Shei-Pa Lofty Nine #3[k]
27 Sanchashan[xvii] 3496 m
11470 ft
A Hualien County, Taitung County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Majestic Ten #3[i] Trigeminal Hill.jpg
28 Dabajianshan[xviii] 3492 m
11457 ft
A Hsinchu County, Miaoli County Shei-Pa Pointy Three #2[f] Mt Dabajian-winter view.jpg
29 Nanhushan South Peak 3475 m
11401 ft
C Taichung City, Hualien County Taroko Rocky Ten #5[h]
30 Dongluandashan 3468 m
11378 ft
C+ Nantou County Eight Beauties #3[d]
31 Wumingshan[xix] 3451 m
11322 ft
C+ Taichung City, Hualien County Taroko Precipitous Ten #8[c]
32 Babashan[xx] 3449 m
11316 ft
C Taichung City, Hualien County Taroko Little Eight #1[n]
33 Maxishan[xxi] 3443 m
11296 ft
C+ Hualien County Yushan Majestic Ten #5[i]
34 Hehuanshan North Peak 3422 m
11227 ft
A Nantou County, Hualien County Taroko Majestic Ten #6[i] 合歡北峰草原.JPG
35 Hehuanshan East Peak 3421 m
11224 ft
A Nantou County, Hualien County Taroko Lofty Nine #4[k] Hehuan East Peak.jpg
36 Xiaobajianshan 3418 m
11214 ft
B Miaoli County Shei-Pa Craggy Eight #2[o]
37 Hehuanshan Main Peak 3417 m
11211 ft
A Nantou County Taroko Gentle Ten #3[g] Hehuanshan.jpg
38 South Yushan 3383 m
11099 ft
C Kaohsiung City Yushan Gentle Ten #4[g] South Yushan.JPG
39 Bilushan[xxii] 3371 m
11060 ft
A Hualien County, Nantou County Taroko Narrow Eight #3[p]
40 Zhuoshedashan 3369 m
11053 ft
C Nantou County Lofty Nine #5[k]
41 Qilaishan South Peak 3358 m
11017 ft
A Nantou County Majestic Ten #7[i] ChiLaiSouthPeak.jpg
42 Nanshuangtoushan 3356 m
11010 ft
C Hualien County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Lofty Nine #6[k]
43 Nenggaoshan South Peak 3349 m
10988 ft
C Nantou County, Hualien County Precipitous Ten #9[c]
44 Zhijiayangdashan 3345 m
10974 ft
A Taichung City Shei-Pa Eight Beauties #4[d]
45 Baigudashan[xxiii] 3342 m
10965 ft
B Nantou County, Taichung City Verdant Ten #7[m]
46 Batongguanshan 3335 m
10942 ft
A Nantou County Yushan Craggy Eight #3[o]
47 Xinkangshan[xxiv] 3331 m
10928 ft
C Hualien County Yushan Precipitous Ten #10[c]
48 Dandashan 3325 m
10909 ft
C Nantou County, Hualien County Nine Walls #3[q]
49 Taoshan 3325 m
10909 ft
A Hsinchu County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Eight Beauties #5[d]
Four Beauties #2[l]
50 Jiayangshan[xxv] 3314 m
10873 ft
B Taichung City Shei-Pa Craggy Eight #4[o]
51 Huoshishan 3310 m
10860 ft
C Miaoli County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Craggy Eight #5[o]
52 Chiyoushan[xxvi] 3303 m
10837 ft
A Hsinchu County, Taichung City Shei-Pa Simple Six #1[r]
Four Beauties #3[l]
ChiYouMountain.jpg
53 Yizeshan[xxvii] 3297 m
10817 ft
A Miaoli County, Hsinchu County Shei-Pa Simple Six #2[r]
54 Beinanzhushan 3295 m
10810 ft
C Kaohsiung City, Taitung County Majestic Ten #8[i]
55 Ganzhuowanshan 3284 m
10774 ft
C Nantou County Narrow Eight #4[p]
56 Taroko Mountain 3283 m
10771 ft
C+ Hualien County Taroko Majestic Ten #9[i]
57 Lulushan[xxviii] 3279 m
10758 ft
C Kaohsiung City Yushan Craggy Eight #7[o]
58 Kaxipananshan 3276 m
10748 ft
C+ Hualien County Yushan Remote Nine #4[s]
59 Neilingershan 3275 m
10745 ft
C Hualien County Majestic Ten #10[i]
60 Lingmingshan 3272 m
10735 ft
B Taichung City, Hualien County Taroko Eight Beauties #6[d]
61 Jundashan 3265 m
10712 ft
A Nantou County Yushan Eight Beauties #7[d] Junda Mountain.JPG
62 Nenggaoshan[xxix] 3262 m
10702 ft
C Nantou County, Hualien County Lofty Nine #7[k]
High Three #3[b]
NengGauMountain.jpg
63 Wandongshan West Peak[xxx] 3258 m
10689 ft
C Nantou County Remote Nine #5[s]
64 Jianshan[xxxi] 3253 m
10673 ft
C Taichung City Shei-Pa Nine Walls #5[q]
65 Pingfengshan 3250 m
10663 ft
B Hualien County Taroko Nine Walls #6[q]
66 Xiaoguanshan 3249 m
10659 ft
C Kaohsiung City, Taitung County Lofty Nine #8[k]
67 Yixiqingmazhishan 3245 m
10646 ft
C+ Hualien County, Nantou County Steep Seven #4[t]
68 Mushan[xxxii] 3241 m
10633 ft
C Nantou County Simple Six #5[r]
69 Yushan Front Peak 3239 m
10627 ft
A Chiayi County, Nantou County Yushan Simple Six #5[r]
70 Shimenshan 3237 m
10620 ft
A Hualien County, Nantou County Taroko Little Eight #2[n] 石門山.JPG
71 Wushuangshan[xxxiii] 3231 m
10600 ft
C+ Nantou County Nine Walls #7[q]
72 Taguanshan[xxxiv] 3222 m
10571 ft
A Taitung County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Steep Seven #5[t]
73 Mabishanshan[xxxv] 3211 m
10535 ft
C Yilan County, Hualien County Taroko Level Nine #7[e]
74 Dafenjianshan[xxxvi] 3208 m
10525 ft
C Nantou County, Kaohsiung City, Hualien County Yushan Pointy Three #3[f]
75 Xueshan East Peak[xxxvii] 3201 m
10502 ft
A Taichung City Shei-Pa Little Eight #3[n] HsuehMountainEastenPeak.jpg
76 Nanhuashan[xxxviii] 3184 m
10446 ft
A Nantou County, Hualien County Narrow Eight #6[p] NanHuaMountain.jpg
77 Guanshanlingshan 3176 m
10420 ft
A Taitung County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Narrow Eight #7[p]
78 Hainuonanshan 3174 m
10413 ft
C Taitung County, Kaohsiung City Gentle Ten #6[g]
79 Zhongxueshan 3173 m
10410 ft
A Miaoli County Shei-Pa Verdant Ten #8[m]
80 Shuanshan 3168 m
10394 ft
A Taichung City Taroko Eight Beauties #8[d]
81 Ganshufeng[xxxix] 3158 m
10361 ft
C+ Hualien County, Taichung City Taroko Little Eight #6[n]
82 Hehuanshan West Peak 3145 m
10318 ft
A Nantou County Taroko Verdant Ten #9[m]
83 Shenmazhenshan[xl] 3141 m
10305 ft
A Yilan County, Taichung City Taroko Contiguous Six #1[u]
84 Kalayeshan[xli] 3133 m
10279 ft
A Hsinchu County, Yilan County Shei-Pa Contiguous Six #2[u]
Four Beauties #4[l]
Kalayeshan.JPG
85 Kuhanuoxinshan 3115 m
10220 ft
A Kaohsiung City Yushan Remote Nine #8[s]
86 Jialishan[xlii] 3112 m
10210 ft
A Miaoli County Shei-Pa Contiguous Six #3[u]
87 Baishishan 3110 m
10203 ft
C Nantou County, Hualien County Steep Seven #6[t]
88 Panshishan[xliii] 3106 m
10190 ft
C Hualien County Taroko Remote Nine #9[s]
89 Patuolushan 3101 m
10174 ft
C Hualien County Taroko Gentle Ten #8[g]
90 Beidawushan[xliv] 3092 m
10144 ft
A Pingtung County, Taitung County Big Five #5[a]
91 Xiluandashan[xlv] 3081 m
10108 ft
A Nantou County Steep Seven #7[t] Mt. Xiluanda 20151213.jpg
92 Tafenshan 3070 m
10072 ft
C Hualien County, Kaohsiung City Yushan Craggy Eight #8[o]
93 Liwuzhushan[xlvi] 3069 m
10069 ft
C Hualien County Taroko Rocky Ten #9[h]
94 Andongjunshan[xlvii] 3068 m
10066 ft
C Hualien County, Nantou County Gentle Ten #9[g]
95 Guangtoushan[xlviii] 3060 m
10039 ft
C Nantou County, Hualien County Level Nine #8[e]
96 Yangtoushan 3035 m
9957 ft
A Hualien County Taroko Narrow Eight #8[p]
97 Bulakesangshan[xlix] 3026 m
9928 ft
C Taitung County, Hualien County Nine Walls #9[q]
98 Jupenshan[l] 3022 m
9915 ft
C+ Nantou County Yushan Contiguous Six #4[u]
99 Liushunshan 2999 m
9839 ft
B Nantou County, Hualien County Level Nine #9[e]
100 Lushan 2981 m
9780 ft
C Kaohsiung City Yushan Contiguous Six #6[u] Lushan Taiwan.JPG

Notes[edit]

Designated lists[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e The Big Five are the biggest of the big in each geographical region and are a must for all Baiyue hikers.[9]
  2. ^ a b c During Japanese rule, these three all had the character for "high" (高) in their name. This list is seldom referred to now that the mountains' names have changed.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Precipitous Ten list is composed of prominent, steep peaks not included in the Big Five, Pointy Three and Ominous One.[9]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h The Eight Beauties were chosen for their beautiful landscapes, gentle slope, meadows of short bamboo and lack of rock scrambling.[9]
  5. ^ a b c d The Level Nine are wide, flat peaks without large rocks or trees, only short bamboo. Comfortable, easy walking.[9][10]
  6. ^ a b c The Pointy Three are well-known mountains with distinct pyramid-like peaks.[9]
  7. ^ a b c d e f g The Gentle Ten have an overall smooth profile, with gentle slopes and little climbing or scrambling needed.[9]
  8. ^ a b c d The Rocky Ten have rocky peaks that require scrambling or climbing to summit.[9]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Majestic Ten were chosen for their size and prominence, wide peaks, gentle slope and serene nature.[9]
  10. ^ Qilaishan North Peak, the Ominous One, is located along the northern end of the Central Mountain Range's central spine. The ascent is steep and difficult in parts, and the dark fragmented slate covering the western face has earned it the nickname "Black Qilai". Some sources spell Qilai "Chilai".
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h The Lofty Nine are tall conspicuous peaks, catching the eye more than neighboring peaks.[9]
  12. ^ a b c d The Four Beauties are also known as the Wuling Sixiu[11] due to their proximity to Wuling Farm. Each of these four peaks has its own unique characteristics. The "Four Beauties" initially chosen by Tian-Cheng Hsing were Chiyoushan, Taoshan, Shilunshan and Kalayeshan, while Pintianshan was listed as one of the Precipitous Ten. However, since Shilunshan was not a Baiyue, hikers began recognizing Pintianshan as one of the Four Beauties instead.[12]
  13. ^ a b c d The Verdant Ten have trails that wind through lush green forests of tall, twisting trees and bamboo.[9]
  14. ^ a b c d The Little Eight are small peaks with gentle slopes that can be easily reached as part of a longer trip.[9]
  15. ^ a b c d e f The Craggy Eight jut out from the surrounding terrain and are surrounded by cliffs and difficult terrain.[9]
  16. ^ a b c d e The Narrow Eight have long narrow ridgelines with cliffs or steep slopes on both sides.[9]
  17. ^ a b c d e These mountains rise up like a wall, wide and flat, blocking the view of a large area like a screen.[9]
  18. ^ a b c d The Simple Six trails are offshoots from another main trail, short in distance and not very strenuous. They are easy side trips when hiking the parent trail.[9]
  19. ^ a b c d The Remote Nine are on distant offshoots of their mountain range and are not easily combined with other peaks into a single journey.[9]
  20. ^ a b c d Steep mountains with cliffs and loose rocks.[9]
  21. ^ a b c d e The Contiguous Six are near other high peaks, and can be reached along a ridge that extends down from the higher peak. They have fairly level trails, the peaks are named and there is some sort of survey marker.[9]

Alternative names and other remarks[edit]

  1. ^ Formerly known as Niitakayama, Mt. Morrison; This mountain is the highest point of Nantou County, Kaohsiung City, Chiayi County.
  2. ^ Formerly known as Tsugitakayama, Mt. Sylvia; Highest point of Miaoli County, Taichung City.
  3. ^ Other names: Mahuolasishan
  4. ^ Other names: Wulamengshan
  5. ^ Other names: Yuliyulishan
  6. ^ Highest point of Taitung County
  7. ^ Highest point of Yilan County
  8. ^ Other names: Kayixishan
  9. ^ Other names: Hongyeshan
  10. ^ Other names: Baduowanuominshan
  11. ^ Other names: Cloud Peak
  12. ^ Other names: Qilaishan Main Peak
  13. ^ Other names: Tabilashan
  14. ^ Other names: Bayoushan
  15. ^ Other names: Boqinxilunshan
  16. ^ Other names: Tiancuifeng
  17. ^ Other names: Xiaxueshashan
  18. ^ Other names: Jiutongshan; Highest point of Hsinchu County
  19. ^ Other names: Qusheshan, Gaotianshan
  20. ^ Other names: Nanhunanshan
  21. ^ Other names: Lagashan, Bainanshan
  22. ^ Other names: Lagashan
  23. ^ Other names: Baigoudashan
  24. ^ Other names: Xinguanshan
  25. ^ Other names: Adubanshan
  26. ^ Other names: Yuluofushan
  27. ^ Other names: Jiangzeshan
  28. ^ Other names: Majiangzhizishan
  29. ^ Formerly known as: Noutakayama
  30. ^ Other names: Huoshan
  31. ^ Other names: Xiaojianshan
  32. ^ Other names: Ganzhuowanshan Southeast Peak
  33. ^ Other names: Maxirouganshan
  34. ^ Other names: Daguanshan
  35. ^ Other names: Mameishan
  36. ^ Other names: Jianshan
  37. ^ Other names: Mingjianshan
  38. ^ Other names: Nenggaoshan North Peak
  39. ^ Other names: Zhongyangnanshan, Yam Peak
  40. ^ Other names: Yezhenjialuosuishan
  41. ^ Other names: Jialiupingshan
  42. ^ Other names: Maibalabianshan
  43. ^ Other names: Shanyuanshan
  44. ^ Other names: Dawushan; Highest point in Pingtung County
  45. ^ Other names: Luandashan
  46. ^ Other names: Tacijilishan
  47. ^ Other names: Andongjunshan
  48. ^ Other names: Zhiyaganshan
  49. ^ Other names: Wulagusanshan
  50. ^ Other names: Yumabogeshan

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 臺灣百岳小史 (Short History of Taiwan's Baiyue), accessed 03 June 2015.]
  2. ^ a b Lonely Planet; Robert Kelly; Chung Wah Chow (1 February 2014). Lonely Planet Taiwan. Lonely Planet Publications. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-74321-835-8. 
  3. ^ Yeh, Joseph (2011-01-31). "Fulfill your dreams while you are young, says daring hiker Lin Cheng-han". The China Post. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  4. ^ 頁面歷史: 台灣百岳, National Park Mountaineering School (History: Taiwan's Baiyue), accessed 03 June 2015.
  5. ^ Huang, Chao-kuo (2007-12-24). "Taiwanese Scales World's Peaks". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  6. ^ Bartholomew, Ian (2001-08-19). "Taiwan's rivers offer vast potential for adventure". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  7. ^ Bartholomew, Ian (2013-03-20). "Mountain lore". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2015-06-03. 
  8. ^ a b Chinese Taipei Alpine Association 百岳一覽表, accessed 03 June 2015.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r 台灣山嶽導覽入門篇 by H領隊, accessed 03 June 2015.
  10. ^ 奇萊主峰濃霧積雪 救難人員舉步維艱, Eastern Daily News, accessed 03 June 2015.
  11. ^ Taiwan's Most Spectacular Hiking Trails, Wanderlust travel magazine, accessed 03 June 2015.
  12. ^ 第二世代台灣百嶽全集上冊,戶外生活圖書股份有限公司,陳遠見主編,2007年8月31日初版, ISBN 9789866994395.