113th Cavalry Regiment

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113th Cavalry
Coat of arms
Active 1921–1950
1992 – present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Type Mechanized Cavalry
Garrison/HQ Camp Dodge, Iowa
Nickname(s) Red Horse Squadron
Motto(s) We Maintain
Colors Red, Yellow
Engagements World War II: Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Germany
War on Terror: Afghanistan
Lieutenant Colonel David Nixon
Colonel William S. Biddle,
MG Timothy E. Orr
U.S. Cavalry Regiments
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The 113th Cavalry Regiment is a cavalry regiment originating as an Iowa National Guard unit with history tracing back to the 19th century Indian Wars.

It was heavily involved in fighting during World War II against German forces in France, Belgium, Holland and Germany from June 1944 - May 1945.[1] Following a long period of inactivation after World War II, one squadron of the 113th Cavalry was reactivated in 1992 and is currently serving in Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom.


Iowa had organized the 1st (Iowa) Cavalry Squadron in 1915,[2] a unit with four troops (companies) and which had seen service on the Mexican frontier during the pursuit of Pancho Villa. After World War I, the 113th Cavalry was constituted in 1921 as part of the Iowa National Guard and subordinated to the 24th Cavalry Division. The regiment participated in riot control duties during the Cow War in Iowa in 1931, and elements of the regiment suppressed labor unrest in Newton, Iowa, in 1938. The regiment was relieved from assignment to the 24th Cavalry Division in September 1940, inducted into federal service on 13 January 1941, and moved to Camp Bowie, Texas, on 25 January 1941.[3]

The 113th Cavalry Regiment (Horse-Mechanized) sailed to England, arriving on 28 January 1944. In England, the regiment was converted to the 113th Cavalry Group (Mechanized), with the 1st Squadron becoming the 113th Cavalry Squadron (Mechanized) and the 2nd Squadron becoming the 125th Cavalry Squadron (Mechanized), both subordinated to the 113th Cavalry Group. Subsequently, the 113th Cavalry Group served as the mechanized cavalry group for the U.S. XIX Corps, fighting in Normandy, the Netherlands and the conquest of Germany.[4] The 113th Cavalry Group returned to the New York port of entry on 25 October 1945 and was inactivated at Camp Shanks, New York, on 26 October 1945.[5]

Trooper of the 1-113 Cavalry in Afghanistan, 2011
1-113th Cavalry, September 2010

The 1st Squadron, 113th Cavalry was reactivated on 11 September 1992, at ceremonies at Camp Dodge, Iowa, from former elements of the 194th Cavalry. In 1996 the squadron was restructured for the next ten years with the Headquarters and Headquarters Troop (HHT) at Sioux City, Iowa, Troops A and B at Camp Dodge, Troop C at Le Mars, and Troops D, E and later an F at Waterloo. With the next reorganization, the D, E and F Troops were detached when the 1-113th Cavalry reorganized into a RSTA (Cavalry) and became an organic asset to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 34th Infantry Division. It remains an active duty unit of the Iowa National Guard.

There are three troops that comprise the 1-113th Cavalry and one support unit along with a headquarters troop. A and B troops drill out of Camp Dodge Iowa; and C troop is headquartered in Le Mars, Iowa. The support unit, D Company, 334th Brigade Support Battalion (BSB), trains in Sioux City, along with the HHT, as well as a detachment from 2-168 Transportation Company (TC). C troop returned from Iraq in October 2006. A Troop deployed in June 2007, and the squadron as a whole, including D Company, 334th BSB, and 2-168 TC, deployed in November 2010 with the 2nd Brigade Combat Team as part of Operation Enduring Freedom.

Awards and Decorations[edit]

Campaign credit[edit]

Conflict Unit Streamer Notes
World War I Squadron Streamer WWI V.PNG Without Inscription
World War II Squadron Normandy Normandy
World War II Squadron Northern France Northern France
World War II Squadron Rhineland The Rhineland
World War II Squadron Central Europe 1945 Central Europe
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer WWII Tunisia 1942–1943.png None
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer Anzio.png None
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer Naples-Foggia 1943–1944.png None
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer WWII Rome-Arno 1944.png None
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer WWII North Apennines 1944–1945.png None
World War II HHT & C Troop Campaign Streamer WWII Po Valley 1945.png None
GWOT Squadron Streamer AFGCS.PNG Operation Enduring Freedom
GWOT A Troop Iraq Campaign streamer (USMC).svg Iragi Surge
GWOT C Troop Campaign Streamer Iraqi governance 2004-2005.png Iraqi Governance
GWOT C Troop Iraq Campaign streamer (USMC).svg National Governance

Unit Decorations[edit]

Unit Streamer Year Notes
Squadron Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation
Streamer embroidered Afghanistan 2010-2011
Squadron Streamer SUC.png Superior Unit Award 2008
A Troop Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation
Streamer embroidered Iraq AUG 2007- APR 2008
C Troop Streamer MUC Army.PNG Meritorious Unit Commendation
Streamer embroidered Iraq 2005-2006
HHT & C Troop French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered BELVEDERE None
Group Belgian Fourragere Croix de Guerre 1940 -1945 1947

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stephen Hart (2001). The Battle of the Hedgerows: June–July 1944. Zenith Imprint. p. 145. ISBN 0-7603-1166-8.
  2. ^ Iowa NG history
  3. ^ Steven E. Clay, U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919 - 1941, Volume 2, p. 635, Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press.
  4. ^ 113th Cavalry Group page
  5. ^ Shelby Stanton, World War II Order of Battle, New York:Galahad Books, 1991.

External links[edit]